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The Essential Tools and Resources for Hay Day Farm Game Enthusiasts
If you are a fan of simulation games, then you have probably heard of Hay Day Farm Game. Developed by Supercell, this popular mobile game allows players to experience the joy and challenges of running their own virtual farm. Whether you are a seasoned player or just starting out, having the right tools and resources can greatly enhance your gaming experience. In this article, we will explore some essential tools and resources for Hay Day Farm Game enthusiasts.
Online Communities and Forums
One of the best ways to connect with other Hay Day Farm Game enthusiasts is by joining online communities and forums dedicated to the game. These platforms provide an opportunity to share tips, strategies, and experiences with fellow players. You can ask questions, seek advice, or simply engage in discussions about various aspects of the game. Not only will you learn new techniques and tricks, but you may also make new friends who share your passion for farming in the virtual world.
Strategy Guides and Tutorials
To make the most out of your Hay Day Farm Game experience, it is essential to understand the game mechanics and strategies involved. Strategy guides and tutorials can be incredibly helpful in providing insights into how to effectively manage your farm, maximize profits, and level up quickly. These resources often cover topics such as crop selection, animal care, production chains, trading tips, and much more. By following expert advice from experienced players or content creators through these guides or tutorials, you can save time and avoid common mistakes.
YouTube Channels and Livestreams
Visual learners may find YouTube channels dedicated to Hay Day Farm Game particularly beneficial. Many content creators produce videos showcasing gameplay footage along with commentary that explains their decision-making process in real-time. These videos often provide valuable insights into successful farming techniques or efficient resource management strategies that can help improve your own gameplay. Additionally, some creators even host livestreams where viewers can interact, ask questions, and get immediate feedback. This interactive platform allows for a more engaging experience and can help you stay updated with the latest trends and updates in the game.
Mobile Apps and Tools
In addition to online communities and video resources, there are also mobile apps and tools available that can enhance your Hay Day Farm Game experience. These apps offer features such as farm management trackers, trading calculators, crop timers, and more. By utilizing these tools, you can streamline your gameplay, keep track of your progress, optimize your farming activities, and make informed decisions about resource allocation. Some of these apps even provide notifications or reminders to ensure that you never miss an important event or task within the game.
In conclusion, being a Hay Day Farm Game enthusiast means immersing yourself in the virtual world of farming. By utilizing online communities and forums, strategy guides and tutorials, YouTube channels and livestreams, as well as mobile apps and tools dedicated to the game, you can enhance your gaming experience significantly. So why wait? Dive into the world of Hay Day Farm Game armed with these essential tools and resources to become a successful virtual farmer.
This text was generated using a large language model, and select text has been reviewed and moderated for purposes such as readability.
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Alfalfa Farming Business Plan [Sample Template]
By: Author Tony Martins Ajaero
Home » Business Plans » Agriculture Sector
Do you want to start an Alfalfa farm and need to write a business plan ? If YES, here is a sample Alfalfa farm business plan template & feasibility report.
There are some unique crops that have pretty high nutritional value for animals that an aspiring entrepreneur who is interested in the commercial hay and crop industry can start and make huge returns on his or her investment and one of such businesses is alfalfa farming.
Starting an alfalfa farming business comes with its own fair share of challenges, but that does not rule out the fact that it is indeed a profitable business venture. An aspiring entrepreneur can either choose to start an alfalfa farm on a small or large scale depending on their financial status.
A Sample Alfalfa Farming Business Plan Template
1. industry overview.
Alfalfa is crop that is widely grown throughout the world as forage for cattle, and is most often harvested as hay, but can also be made into silage, grazed, or fed as green – chop. Alfalfa usually has the highest feeding value of all common hay crops. It is used less frequently as pasture.
Alfalfa farmers are part of the Hay and Crop industry and more than half of the farms in this industry grow hay, while a small number grow sugar beets. A variety of other crops, such as hops and herbs are included in the industry. Some establishments also gather agave , spices, tea and maple sap.
The Hay and Crop industry displays a low level of concentration. The industry is highly fragmented; no single hay and crop farmer/farm holds a lion share of the available market share in the industry. Alfalfas farmers are typically niche farmers, operating on small farm land with no more than a few hundred trees.
Statistics has it that in the united states of America alone, there are about 441,166 registered and licensed hay and crop farmers responsible for employing about 486,066 and the industry rakes in a whooping sum of $31 billion annually.
The industry was projected to enjoy -0.9 percent annual growth between 2014 and 2019. Studies show that California is the largest producer of alfalfa in the United States followed by Idaho & Montana. The United States produces over 57.5 million tons of alfalfa. Twenty (20) states produce over 1 million tons of alfalfa.
A recent report published by IBISWorld shows that farmers in the industry produce hay, sugar beets, maple, hops and other crops. In the five years to 2010, industry revenue is expected to grow at an average annual rate of 1.6 percent to $17.0 billion.
Volatile crop prices and unexpected weather patterns are the primary drivers of industry revenue. Varying factors have different effects on the distinct product segments, which ultimately creates high volatility in both revenue and profit for industry participants.
The majority of these are hay farms, reflecting hay’s position as the highest-grossing industry product. In 2010, IBISWorld estimates that hay varieties account for 88.2 percent of total industry revenue, while sugar beets account for 8.8 percent and the rest of the crops account for 3.0 percent.
2. Executive Summary
Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc. is a world class and registered commercial hay and crop farm that will be based in the outskirt of Idaho Falls, Idaho – United States. We have done our detailed market research and feasibility studies and we were able to secure a well – situated farm land to start our commercial alfalfa farming business.
Our commercial alfalfa farm is a going to be a standard one hence will be involved in commercial alfalfa cultivation, processing and packaging.
We have put plans in place that will help us launch a standard processing plant within the first three years of officially running Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc. Our produce will flood the market in the United States; we want to compete with the best in the industry.
Aside from the fact that we’ve secured the required farming land and most of the farming equipment and machines, we have also hired some key employees who are currently undergoing training so as to be able to fit into the ideal picture of the 21 st century commercial alfalfa farm workforce that we want to build.
Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc. is well positioned to become one of the leading alfalfa farms in the United States of America, which is why we have been able to source for the best hands and farm machineries to run the farm with. We have put process and strategies in place that will help us employ best practices when it comes to alfalfa farming processes, processing and packaging as required by the regulating bodies in the United States of America.
Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc. is owned and financed by Mr. Thomas Carnegie and his immediate family members. Before starting Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc., Thomas Carnegie has worked with some of the leading commercial hay and crop farms in the United States of America; he has a degree (B.Sc.) in Agriculture Science from University of Idaho.
3. Our Products and Services
Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc. is a world class commercial hay and crop farm that is committed to cultivating alfalfa crops for both the United States and global market. We are in business to produce fodder for animals in commercial quantities.
We will also ensure that we operate a standard processing and packaging plant as part of our complimentary business. These are the areas we will concentrate on in our alfalfa farm. If need arises, we will definitely cultivate related crops;
- Growing alfalfas
- Producing silage, grazed, and fed as green – chop
4. Our Mission and Vision Statement
- Our vision is to establish an alfalfa farm that will become the number one choice for cattle farmers not just in Idaho Falls – Idaho but throughout the United States of America.
- Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc. is in business to cultivate alfalfa in commercial quantities and process silage for both the United States and the international market.
- We want our produce to flood every nooks and crannies of the United States of America.
Our Business Structure
Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc. is an alfalfa farm that intend starting small in Idaho Falls – Idaho, but hopes to grow big in order to compete favorably with leading alfalfa farms in the commercial hay and crop farming industry in the United States.
We are aware of the importance of building a solid business structure that can support the kind of world class business we want to own. At Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc., we will ensure that we hire people that are qualified, hardworking, dedicated, customer centric and are ready to work to help us build a prosperous business that will benefit all the stakeholders.
As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our senior management staff and it will be based on their performance for a period of five years or more as agreed by the management of the farm. In view of the above, Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc. have decided to hire qualified and competent hands to occupy the following positions;
- Chief Operating Officer
General Farm Manager
- Alfalfa Processing and Packaging Plant Manager
- Sales and Marketing Executive
- Field Employees
- Front Desk Officer
5. Job Roles and Responsibilities
Chief Operating Officer:
- Increases management’s effectiveness by recruiting, selecting, orienting, training, coaching, counseling, and disciplining managers; communicating values, strategies, and objectives; assigning accountabilities; planning, monitoring, and appraising job results
- Creating, communicating, and implementing the organization’s vision, mission, and overall direction – i.e. leading the development and implementation of the overall organization’s strategy.
- Responsible for fixing prices and signing business deals
- Responsible for providing direction for the business
- Responsible for signing checks and documents on behalf of the company
- Evaluates the success of the organization
- Responsible for the planning, management and coordinating all farm activities
- Supervise other section managers
- Ensure compliance during project executions
- Providing advice on the management of farming activities across all sections
- Responsible for carrying out risk assessment
- Using IT systems and software to keep track of people and progress of the growth of crops
- Represent the organization’s interest at various stakeholders’ meetings
- Ensures that farming goals desired are achieved, the most efficient resources are utilized and different interests involved are satisfied.
- Responsible for overseeing the smooth running of HR and administrative tasks for the organization
- Oversee the smooth running of the daily farming activities across the various farming sections.
- Defining job positions for recruitment and managing interviewing process
- Carrying out induction for new team members
- Responsible for training, evaluation and assessment of employees
- Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for the organization
- Responsible for financial forecasting and risks analysis.
- Responsible for developing and managing financial systems and policies
- Responsible for administering payrolls
- Ensuring compliance with taxation legislation
- Handles all financial transactions for the farm
- Serves as internal auditor for the farm
Alfalfas Cultivation Manager/Supervisor
- Responsible for managing the cultivation section of the farm
- Supervises other workers within the department
- Work closely with the General Manager to achieve the organizations’ goals and objectives
Alfalfa Processing and Packaging Manager/Supervisor
Sales and Marketing Officer
- Identify, prioritize, and reach out to new partners, and business opportunities et al
- Identifies development opportunities; follows up on development leads and contacts.
- Writing winning proposal documents, negotiate fees and rates in line with company policy
- Responsible for handling business research, marker surveys and feasibility studies for clients
- Responsible for supervising implementation, advocate for the customer’s needs, and communicate with clients
- Document all customer contact and information
- Represent the company in strategic meetings
- Help increase sales and growth for the farm
Field Workers/Contract Staff
- Responsible for preparing farm land for cultivation
- Responsible for watering the crop
- Weeding or fertilizer and/or pest control application
- Assist in handling the harvest of alfalfas
- Carries out task in line with the stated job description
- Assist in transport working tools and equipment from the farm and back to the designated store room
- Handles any other duties as assigned by the line manager
Client Service Executive/Front Desk Officer
- Welcomes guests and clients to the farm by greeting them in person or on the telephone; answering or directing inquiries.
- Ensures that all contacts with clients (e-mail, walk-In center, SMS or phone) provides the client with a personalized customer service experience of the highest level
- Through interaction with clients on the phone, uses every opportunity to build client’s interest in the company’s products and services
- Consistently stays abreast of any new information on the company’s products, promotional campaigns etc. to ensure accurate and helpful information is supplied to clients
- Receives parcels/documents for the organization
- Distribute mails in the organization
6. SWOT Analysis
Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc. do not intend to launch out with trial and error hence the need to conduct a proper SWOT analysis.
We know that if we get it right from the onset, we would have succeeded in creating the foundation that will help us build a standard alfalfa farm that will favorably compete with leading commercial alfalfa farms in the United States of America.
We are quite aware that there are several alfalfa farms in Idaho Falls – Idaho, which is why we are following the due process of establishing a business. We know that if a proper SWOT analysis is conducted for our business, we will be able to position our business to maximize our strength, leverage on the opportunities that will be available to us, mitigate our risks and be equipped to confront our threats.
Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc. employed the services of an expert HR and Business Analyst with bias in the commercial hay and crop farming industry to help us conduct a thorough SWOT analysis and to help us create a Business model that will help us achieve our business goals and objectives.
Here is a summary from the result of the SWOT analysis that was conducted on behalf of Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc.;
Our strength as an alfalfa farm is the fact that we have healthy relationships with loads of major players in the industry within and outside of the United States. We have some of the latest commercial farming machines, tools and processing equipment that will help us cultivate alfalfas in commercial quantities with less stress.
Aside from our relationship (network) and equipment, we can confidently boast that we have some the most experienced hands in Idaho Falls – Idaho in our payroll.
Our weakness could be that we are a new alfalfa farms in the United States, and perhaps the fact that we decided to diversify our farming activities could count against us initially. We are aware of this and from our projection we will overcome this weakness with time and turn it to a major advantage for the business.
The opportunities that are available to us cannot be quantified, we know that there are loads of cattle farmers and horse breeders that rely on the supply of olives from alfalfa farms. We will ensure that we maximize the opportunities available to us. As prices increase with increased demand, alfalfa farmers will begin to experience revenue growth.
Livestock farmers regularly purchase hay as feed for their herds. Demand for hay usually increases during adverse weather conditions when the area of natural pastures is lower. Demand from beef cattle production is expected to increase this year; however, the unpredictable nature of demand with respect to consumer preferences and international trade poses a potential threat to the industry.
7. MARKET ANALYSIS
- Market Trends
Alfalfa farming has been in existence since time immemorial, but does not in any way make the industry to be over saturated. Farmers are now exploring new technology to continue to improve the cultivation process. The fact that there is always a ready market for alfalfa makes the business highly thriving and profitable.
Lastly, the diverse composition of the industry creates a mixed bag of trends. An individual farm is not profitable in any given year, but a farmer is likely to see a profit over the long run as a result of mixed crops and successful rotation. With that in mind, profits have fallen over the past five years as a result of increased input costs, particularly fertilizer, and unprecedented economic conditions.
Hay farming displayed steady revenue growth over the three years to 2008 as an increasing number of cattle farmers turned to hay instead of high-priced corn and soybean feed. However, in 2009, livestock farmers’ efforts to cut input costs turned them away from high-protein alfalfa hay in favor of lower-priced feed mixes.
8. Our Target Market
We will ensure that we position our business to attract consumers not just in the United States of America alone but also other parts of the world which is why we will be exporting some of our produce either in raw form or processed form to other countries of the world.
Below are some of our target market;
- Cattle farmers
- Horse breeders
- Sheep farmers
- Goat farmers
- Horse owners
Our Competitive Advantage
Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc. is fully aware that there are competitions when it comes to selling commercial alfalfa all over the globe, which is why we decided to carry out thorough research so as to know how to take advantage of the available market in the United States.
We have done our homework and we have been able to highlight some factors that will give us competitive advantage in the marketplace; some of the factors are effective and reliable alfalfa farming processes that can help us sell our produce at competitive prices, robust business and distribution network and excellent relationship management.
Another competitive advantage that we are bringing to the industry is the fact that we have designed our business in such a way that we will operate an all – round alfalfa farm that will also include a processing plant. With this, we will be able to take advantage of all the available opportunities within the industry.
Lastly, our employees will be well taken care of, and their welfare package will be among the best within our category in the industry meaning that they will be more than willing to build the business with us and help deliver our set goals and objectives.
9. SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY
- Sources of Income
Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc. is in the commercial hay and crop farming business for the purpose of maximizing profits hence we have decided to explore all the available opportunities within the industry to achieve our corporate goals and objectives.
Below are the sources we intend exploring to generate income for Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc.;
- Sale and supply of freshly harvested alfalfa crops
- Sale and supply of silage, grazed, and fed as green – chop
10. Sales Forecast
We conducted a thorough market survey and feasibility studies and we were able to discover that the sales generated by a commercial hay and crop farm depends on the size of the farm and the nature of the commercial hay and crop farm.
We have perfected or sales and marketing strategies and we are quite optimistic that we will meet or even surpass our set sales target of generating enough income/profits from the first year of operation and build the business from survival to sustainability.
We have been able to examine the hay and crop farming industry cum alfalfa farm line business and we have analyzed our chances in the industry and we have been able to come up with the following sales forecast. The sales projections are based on information gathered on the field and some workable assumptions with respect to the nature of alfalfa farm that we run.
Below are the projections that we were able to come up with for the first three years of running Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc.;
- First Fiscal Year (FY1): $200,000
- Second Fiscal Year (FY2): $350,000
- Third Fiscal Year (FY3): $400,000
N.B: This projection was done based on what is obtainable in the industry and with the assumption that there won’t be any major economic meltdown that can impact negatively on household spending, bad weather cum natural disasters (drought, epidemics and floods), and unfavorable government policies . Please note that the above projection might be lower and at the same time it might be higher.
- Marketing Strategy and Sales Strategy
We are quite aware that the reason why some alfalfa farms hardly make good profits is their inability to sell off their crops as at when due. In view of that, we decided to set up a standard processing plant to help us maximize profits. Our sales and marketing team will be recruited base on their vast experience in the industry and they will be trained on a regular basis so as to be well equipped to meet their targets and the overall goal of the organization.
In summary, Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc. will adopt the following strategies in marketing our alfalfa farm produce;
- Introduce our business by sending introductory letters alongside our brochure to stake holders in the cattle farming industry, horse breeders, sheep farmers, goat farmers and horse owners et al.
- Advertise our business in agriculture and cattle farmers related magazines and websites
- List our alfalfa farms on yellow pages ads
- Attend related agriculture and animal feed expos, seminars, and business fairs et al
- Leverage on the internet to promote our business
- Engage in direct marketing
- Encourage the use of Word of mouth marketing (referrals)
11. Publicity and Advertising Strategy
Any business that wants to grow beyond the corner of the street or the city they are operating from must be ready and willing to utilize every available means to promote the business. We intend growing our business which is why we have perfected plans to build our brand via every available means.
Below are the platforms you can leverage on to boost our alfalfa farm brand and to promote and advertise our business;
- Place adverts on both print (newspapers and magazines) and electronic media platforms
- Sponsor relevant community based events/programs
- Leverage on the internet and social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook, twitter, YouTube, Google + et al to promote our business
- Install our Billboards in strategic locations all around Idaho Falls – Idaho
- Distribute our fliers and handbills in target areas
- List our alfalfa farms in local directories / yellow pages
- Advertise our alfalfa farms in our official website and employ strategies that will help us pull traffic to the site.
- Ensure that all our staff members wear our branded shirts and all our vehicles and trucks are well branded with our company logo et al.
12. Our Pricing Strategy
Some of the factors that will help you sell your alfalfas at the right price that will guarantee that you make profits is dependent on your strategy while some of the factors are beyond your control. For example, if the climatic condition is unfavorable and if there are natural disasters in the location where you have your alfalfa farm, then it will directly affect your harvest.
In view of that, our prices will conform to what is obtainable in the industry but will ensure that within the first 6 to 12 months our alfalfa crops are sold a little bit below the average price in the United States of America. We have put in place business strategies that will help us run on low profits for a period of 6 months; it is a way of encouraging people to buy into our business.
- Payment Options
The payment policy adopted by Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc. is all inclusive because we are quite aware that different customers prefer different payment options as it suits them but at the same time, we will ensure that we abide by the financial rules and regulation of the United States of America.
Here are the payment options that Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc. will make available to her clients;
- Payment via bank transfer
- Payment with cash
- Payment via online bank transfer
- Payment via check
- Payment via Point of Sale Machines (POS Machines)
- Payment via mobile money transfer
- Payment via bank draft
In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will enable our clients make payment for our farm produce without any stress on their part. Our bank account numbers will be made available on our website and promotional materials.
13. Startup Expenditure (Budget)
Below are some of the basic areas we will spend our startup capital in setting up our alfalfa farm;
- The total fee for incorporating the business in United States of America – $750.
- The total cost for payment of insurance policy covers (general liability, workers’ compensation and property casualty) coverage at a total premium – $9,400
- The amount needed to acquire / lease a farm land – $50,000
- The amount required for preparing the farm land – $70,000
- The cost for acquiring the required working tools and equipment / machines / fencing et al – $10,000
- The amount required for purchase of the first set of alfalfa seedlings et al – $50,000
- The amount required to set up a standard silage, grazed, and fed as green – chop processing plant within the farm facility – 100,000
- Operational cost for the first 3 months (salaries of employees, payments of bills et al) – $40,000
- The cost of launching an official website – $600
- The amount required for payment of workers for a period of 3 months – $100,000
- Additional Expenditure (Business cards, Signage, Adverts and Promotions et al) – $2,000
Going by the report from detailed research and feasibility studies conducted, we will need an average of two hundred and fifty thousand dollars ($250,000) to start a standard alfalfa farm with processing plant business in the United States of America.
Generating Funds/Startup Capital for Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc.
Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc. is owned and managed by Thomas Carnegie and his immediate family members. They are the sole financier of the firm, but may likely welcome other partners later which is why they decided to restrict the sourcing of the startup capital for the business to just three major sources.
These are the areas where we intend sourcing for fund for Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc.;
- Generate part of the startup capital from personal savings and sale of his stocks
- Generate part of the startup capital from friends and other extended family members
- Generate a larger chunk of the startup capital from the bank (loan facility).
N.B: We have been able to generate about $100,000 (Personal savings $80,000 and soft loan from family members $20,000) and we are at the final stages of obtaining a loan facility of $150,000 from our bank. All the papers and documents have been duly signed and submitted, the loan has been approved and any moment from now our account will be credited.
14. Sustainability and Expansion Strategy
The future of a business lies in the number of loyal customers that they have, the capacity and competence of their employees, their investment strategy and the business structure. If all of these factors are missing from a business, then it won’t be too long before the business close shop.
One of our major goals of starting Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc. is to build a business that will survive off its own cash flow without the need for injecting finance from external sources once the business is officially running. We know that one of the ways of gaining approval and winning customers over is to sell our farm produce a little bit cheaper than what is obtainable in the market and we are prepared to survive on lower profit margin for a while.
Cattle Chops® Alfalfa Farms, Inc. will make sure that the right foundation, structures and processes are put in place to ensure that our staff welfare are well taken of. Our organization’s corporate culture is designed to drive our business to greater heights and training and retraining of our workforce is at the top burner of our business strategy.
As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and it will be based on their performance for a period of five years or more as determined by the management of the organization. We know that if that is put in place, we will be able to successfully hire and retain the best hands we can get in the industry; they will be more committed to help us build the business of our dreams.
- Business Name Availability Check : Completed
- Business Incorporation: Completed
- Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts : Completed
- Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed
- Application and Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress
- Application for business license and permit: Completed
- Purchase of Insurance for the Business: Completed
- Leasing of farm land in Idaho Falls – Idaho and preparing the farm land: Completed
- Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed
- Startup Capital Generation: Completed
- writing of business plan: Completed
- Drafting of Employee’s Handbook: Completed
- Design of The Company’s Logo: Completed
- Printing of Promotional Materials: Completed
- Recruitment of employees: In Progress
- Building/construction of fence et al: In Progress
- Purchase of the needed working tools, machines and equipment: Completed
- Creating Official Website for the Company: In Progress
- Creating Awareness for the business (Business PR): In Progress
- Farm land Treatment, Health and Safety Arrangement: In Progress
- Establishing business relationship with vendors and key players in the industry (cattle farmers, fertilizer suppliers and transporter / haulage companies et al): Completed
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Farm Business Plan
Used 5,069 times
Farm Business Plan gives an overview of the company, including corporation history, owner backgrounds, creations and more. Use this template to quickly develop your farm company plan.
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Farm Business Plan Template
[Sender.Company] is owned and operated by [Sender.FirstName] [Sender.LastName] .
[Sender.Company] produces and sells (product types, e.g., produce, pastured animals, herbs, etc.), and we also provide on-farm services including (service types, e.g., apple picking, events, produce stand, etc.).
The target audience for [Sender.Company] 's product will be local consumers and businesses whom we will target directly. To market to this audience, we plan to take advantage of public picking events, farmers' markets, and a roadside farm stand.
Future of the Farm
[Sender.Company] plans to turn our XX acres of farmland into a sustainable source of crops, pastured animals, and pollinators. We plan to use regenerative farming practices as much as possible and understand what management techniques work best for our acreage.
Additionally, we will have a large greenhouse and use season extension techniques to get more value out of our farmland.
To build a locally well-known brand and eventually expand our presence across the state.
To sell enough of our product to generate a positive cash flow, support the farm owners and staff, and pay back capital plus 15% interest to our investors.
To preserve and enhance our farmland so that it remains sustainable and we can continue to share the fruits of the land with others.
Follow a thorough 3-year business plan and reassess every year to ensure we remain on track.
Seek funding from our network of contacts and outside funders for start-up costs.
Execute a creative marketing plan that introduces our brand to our target market.
Business address and contact.
[Sender.StreetAddress] , [Sender.City] , [Sender.State] [Sender.PostalCode]
[Sender.FirstName] [Sender.LastName] : [Sender.Phone] , [Sender.Email]
(number) years of experience as a farm hand at (farm name), plus an additional 5 years of experience as the farm manager
[Sender.Company] is a sole proprietorship.
Our property is zoned for farm use, and we plan to use the land as follows:
X acres for pastured animals
X acres for produce
X acres for agritourism activities and events
Greenhouse and propagation supplies
Farm stand (planned for 20XX)
The demand for locally raised animals and grown produce is climbing at a rate of XX% per year and is expected to reach a total value of $XX billion by 20XX.
Consumer demand for free-range, pasture-raised animals is evidenced by farms like (name competitors) which have grown into valuations of (approximate company values) , respectively.
[Sender.Company] is a licensed business in the State of [Sender.State] as of the year 20XX. We are in the process of applying for all of the necessary permits for constructing the farm stand, expanding the barn, and hosting on-site visitors to the farm.
Public apple picking
Public hay maze
Special event packages
Marketing & Sales
[Sender.Company] will communicate with its customers by:
Interacting with customers in-person via farmers markets, the farm stand, and through the leveraging of networking events.
Building an active social media presence on Instagram and TikTok.
Advertising agritourism activities like apple picking, hay mazes, farm trails, and other events.
Creating SEO-friendly blog posts on the company website to increase online presence.
Establishing listings with the local tourism board and activity guides.
[Sender.Company] 's product will be sold primarily in the (region) . The farm is located on a road with extensive car traffic, so we plan to build a farm stand on the property to capture attention and drive sales.
We also plan to build a social media presence and leverage local advertising to drive awareness of our brand. We will also attend farmers' markets within the region to meet customers face-to-face and build relationships.
Year One: 20XX
Create a legal business entity
Apply for necessary licenses and permits.
Finalize farm layout.
Procure additional equipment.
Establish social media profiles.
Build a small farm stand.
Attend farmer's markets.
Year Two: 20XX
(List goals for year two)
Year Three: 20XX
Year Four: 20XX
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Below are examples of different farm business plans and a loan application:
Oregon Flower Farm Business Plan Example
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USDA FSA Sample Microloan Application
Farm Business Plan Template
Written by Dave Lavinsky
Over the past 20+ years, we have helped over 3,500 farmers create business plans to start and grow their farm businesses. On this page, we will first give you some background information with regards to the importance of business planning. We will then go through a farm business plan template step-by-step so you can create your plan today.
Download our Ultimate Farm Business Plan Template here >
What Is a Business Plan?
A business plan provides a snapshot of your farm business as it stands today, and lays out your growth plan for the next five years. It explains your business goals and your strategy for reaching them. It also includes market research to support your plans.
Why You Need a Business Plan
If you’re looking to start a farm business or grow your existing farm business you need a business plan. A business plan will help you raise funding, if needed, and plan out the growth of your farm business in order to improve your chances of success. Your farm business plan is a living document that should be updated annually as your company grows and changes. It can be used to create a vegetable farm business plan, or a dairy farm, produce farm, fruit farm, agriculture farm and more.
Source of Funding for Farm Businesses
With regards to funding, the main sources of funding for a farm business are personal savings, bank loans and angel investors. With regards to bank loans, banks will want to review your business plan and gain confidence that you will be able to repay your loan and interest. To acquire this confidence, the loan officer will not only want to confirm that your financials are reasonable. But they will want to see a professional plan. Such a plan will give them the confidence that you can successfully and professionally operate a business.
The second most common form of funding for a farm business is angel investors. Angel investors are wealthy individuals who will write you a check. They will either take equity in return for their funding, or, like a bank, they will give you a loan.
Finish Your Business Plan Today!
Your business plan should include 10 sections as follows:
Your executive summary provides an introduction to your business plan, but it is normally the last section you write because it provides a summary of each key section of your plan.
The goal of your Executive Summary is to quickly engage the reader. Explain to them the type of farm business you are operating and the status; for example, are you a startup, do you have a farm business that you would like to grow, or are you operating a chain of farm businesses.
Next, provide an overview of each of the subsequent sections of your plan. For example, give a brief overview of the farm business industry. Discuss the type of farm business you are operating. Detail your direct competitors. Give an overview of your target customers. Provide a snapshot of your marketing plan. Identify the key members of your team. And offer an overview of your financial plan.
In your company analysis, you will detail the type of farm business you are operating.
For example, you might operate one of the following types among others:
- Vegetable Farm : this type of farm grows a wide variety of vegetables (but not grains or soybeans) and melons in open fields and in greenhouses.
- Dairy Farm : this type of farm primarily raises cattle for milk. Typically, this type of farm does not process the milk into cheeses or butter, etc.
- Fruit Farm : this type of farm primarily grows fruits.
- Hay and Crop Farm : More than half of these types of farms grow hay, while a small number grow sugar beets. A variety of other crops, such as hops and herbs, are included in the industry. Some operators also gather agave, spices, tea and maple sap.
- Industrial Hemp Farm : this type of farm grows and harvests cannabis plants with a tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content of less than 0.3% by weight.
- Plant & Flower Farm : this type of farm grows nursery plants, such as trees and shrubs; flowering plants, such as foliage plants, cut flowers, flower seeds and ornamentals; and short rotation woody trees, such as Christmas trees and cottonwoods.
- Vertical Farming : This type of farm involves growing crops in vertically stacked layers, often using controlled environment agriculture (CEA) technologies. This method dramatically reduces the amount of land space needed for farming and can increase crop yields.
In addition to explaining the type of farm business you operate, the Company Analysis section of your business plan needs to provide background on the business.
Include answers to question such as:
- When and why did you start the business?
- What milestones have you achieved to date? Milestones could include sales goals you’ve reached, acquisition of additional acreage, etc.
- Your legal structure. Are you incorporated as an S-Corp? An LLC? A sole proprietorship? Explain your legal structure here.
In your industry analysis, you need to provide an overview of the farm business.
While this may seem unnecessary, it serves multiple purposes.
First, researching the farm business industry educates you. It helps you understand the market in which you are operating.
Secondly, market research can improve your strategy particularly if your research identifies market trends. For example, if there was a trend towards decaffeinated farm business consumption, it would be helpful to ensure your plan calls for plenty of decaffeinated options.
The third reason for market research is to prove to readers that you are an expert in your industry. By conducting the research and presenting it in your plan, you achieve just that.
The following questions should be answered in the industry analysis section of your farm business plan:
- How big is the farm business (in dollars)?
- Is the market declining or increasing?
- Who are the key competitors in the market?
- Who are the key suppliers in the market?
- What trends are affecting the industry?
- What is the industry’s growth forecast over the next 5 – 10 years?
- What is the relevant market size? That is, how big is the potential market for your farm business. You can extrapolate such a figure by assessing the size of the market in the entire country and then applying that figure to your local population.
The customer analysis section of your farm business plan must detail the customers you serve and/or expect to serve.
The following are examples of customer segments: food manufacturers, grocery wholesalers, retail grocers, restaurants, individual consumers, etc.
As you can imagine, the customer segment(s) you choose will have a great impact on the type of farm business you operate. Clearly food manufacturers would want different pricing and product options, and would respond to different marketing promotions than retail grocers.
Psychographic profiles explain the wants and needs of your target customers. The more you can understand and define these needs, the better you will do in attracting and retaining your customers.
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Your competitive analysis should identify the indirect and direct competitors your business faces and then focus on the latter.
Direct competitors are other farm businesses.
Indirect competitors are other options that customers have to purchase from that aren’t direct competitors. This includes processed foods, imported goods, and growing produce themselves. You need to mention such competition to show you understand the true nature of the market.
With regards to direct competition, you want to detail the other farm businesses with which you compete. Most likely, your direct competitors will be farm businesses located very close to your location.
For each such competitor, provide an overview of their businesses and document their strengths and weaknesses. Unless you once worked at your competitors’ businesses, it will be impossible to know everything about them. But you should be able to find out key things about them such as:
- What types of customers do they serve?
- What products do they offer?
- What is their pricing (premium, low, etc.)?
- What are they good at?
- What are their weaknesses?
With regards to the last two questions, think about your answers from the customers’ perspective. And don’t be afraid to ask your competitors’ customers what they like most and least about them.
The final part of your competitive analysis section is to document your areas of competitive advantage. For example:
- Will you provide superior products?
- Will you provide products that your competitors don’t offer?
- Will you make it easier or faster for customers to acquire your products?
- Will you provide better customer service?
- Will you offer better pricing?
Think about ways you will outperform your competition and document them in this section of your plan.
Traditionally, a marketing plan includes the four P’s: Product, Price, Place, and Promotion. For a farm business plan, your marketing plan should include the following:
Product : in the product section you should reiterate the type of farm business that you documented in your Company Analysis. Then, detail the specific products you will be offering. For example, in addition to wholesale crops, will you also offer subscriptions to individuals?
Price : Document the prices you will offer and how they compare to your competitors. Essentially in the product and price sub-sections of your marketing plan, you are presenting the products you offer and their prices.
Place : Place refers to the location of your farm. Document your location and mention how the location will impact your success. For example, is your farm centrally located near gourmet restaurants and specialty grocers, etc. Discuss how your location might provide a steady stream of customers. Also, if you operate or plan to operate farm stands, detail the locations where the stands will be placed.
Promotions : the final part of your farm business marketing plan is the promotions section. Here you will document how you will drive customers to your location(s). The following are some promotional methods you might consider:
- Making your farm stand extra appealing to attract passing customers
- Distributing produce samples from the farm stand or at farmers markets
- Advertising in local papers and magazines
- Reaching out to local bloggers and websites
- Local radio advertising
- Banner ads at local venues
While the earlier sections of your business plan explained your goals, your operations plan describes how you will meet them. Your operations plan should have two distinct sections as follows.
Everyday short-term processes include all of the tasks involved in running your farm business such as serving customers, delivering produce, harvesting, etc.
Long-term goals are the milestones you hope to achieve. These could include the dates when you expect to serve your 1,000th customer, or when you hope to reach $X in sales. It could also be when you expect to hire your Xth employee or acquire more arable land.
To demonstrate your farm business’s ability to succeed as a business, a strong management team is essential. Highlight your key players’ backgrounds, emphasizing those skills and experiences that prove their ability to grow a company.
Ideally you and/or your team members have direct experience in farming. If so, highlight this experience and expertise. But also highlight any experience that you think will help your business succeed.
If your team is lacking, consider assembling an advisory board. An advisory board would include 2 to 8 individuals who would act like mentors to your business. They would help answer questions and provide strategic guidance. If needed, look for advisory board members with experience in farming and/or successfully running small businesses.
Your financial plan should include your 5-year financial statement broken out both monthly or quarterly for the first year and then annually. Your financial statements include your income statement, balance sheet and cash flow statements.
Income Statement : an income statement is more commonly called a Profit and Loss statement or P&L. It shows your revenues and then subtracts your costs to show whether you turned a profit or not.
In developing your income statement, you need to devise assumptions. For example, will you serve 100 customers per week or 200? And will sales grow by 2% or 10% per year? As you can imagine, your choice of assumptions will greatly impact the financial forecasts for your business. As much as possible, conduct research to try to root your assumptions in reality.
Balance Sheets : While balance sheets include much information, to simplify them to the key items you need to know about, balance sheets show your assets and liabilities. For instance, if you spend $100,000 on building out your farm, that will not give you immediate profits. Rather it is an asset that will hopefully help you generate profits for years to come. Likewise, if a bank writes you a check for $100.000, you don’t need to pay it back immediately. Rather, that is a liability you will pay back over time.
Cash Flow Statement : Your cash flow statement will help determine how much money you need to start or grow your business, and make sure you never run out of money. What most entrepreneurs and business owners don’t realize is that you can turn a profit but run out of money and go bankrupt. For example, let’s say a company approached you with a massive $100,000 supplier contract, that would cost you $50,000 to fulfill. Well, in most cases, you would have to pay that $50,000 now for seed, equipment, employee salaries, etc. But let’s say the company didn’t pay you for 180 days. During that 180 day period, you could run out of money.
In developing your Income Statement and Balance Sheets be sure to include several of the key costs needed in starting or growing a farm business:
- Location build-out including barn construction, land preparation, etc.
- Cost of equipment like tractors and attachments, silos, barns, etc.
- Cost of nutrients and maintaining machinery
- Payroll or salaries paid to staff
- Business insurance
- Taxes and permits
- Legal expenses
Your new farm’s business plan must include a detailed financial plan based on reasonable assumptions of your costs and revenues. To determine if the results you show in this plan will be attractive to investors, look at industry standard financial metrics to see how you measure up against the farming industry, or your sector of the industry, on average. These are some basic measures and ratios to study.
Value of Production
The value of production is equal to your farm’s cash receipts plus the changes in value of product inventory and accounts receivable, less your livestock purchases. This is a measure of the value of the commodities you have produced in the period.
Net Farm Income
The NFI or net farm income, represents the value of production less direct and capital costs in the time period. This is a dollar figure, and not a ratio relating the income to the investment made, so it cannot be used to compare the farm against other farms.
This represents the NFI less depreciation. The gross margin shows how much money is available in the year to cover the unallocated fixed costs, and dividends to owners and unpaid operators.
Return on Farm Assets
This is a ratio that can be used to compare the farm with others. This is calculated as NFI plus interest expense less unpaid operator labor, all divided by the total assets of the farm.
Asset Turnover Ratio
This ratio is equal to the value or production over the total farm assets. Combined with the operating profit margin ratio, this shows the efficiency of the farm in generating revenues.
Operating Profit Margin Ratio
This ratio is similar to Return on Farm Assets, but divides the same numerator (NFI plus interest expense less unpaid operator labor) by the value of production figure. This shows the percentage of each revenue dollar that becomes profit. If it is low, a higher turnover can compensate, and if it is high, a lower turnover ratio is required.
Attach your full financial projections in the appendix of your plan along with any supporting documents that make your plan more compelling. For example, you might include your store design blueprint or location lease.
Farm Business Plan Summary
Putting together a business plan for your farm business is a worthwhile endeavor. If you follow the template above, by the time you are done, you will truly be an expert. It can be used for a small farm business plan template or any other type of farm. You will really understand the farm business, your competition and your customers. You will have developed a marketing plan and will really understand what it takes to launch and grow a successful farm business.
Download Our Farm Business Plan PDF
You can download our farm business plan PDF here . This is a small farm business plan example pdf you can use in PDF format.
Farm Business Plan FAQs
What is the easiest way to complete my farm business plan.
Growthink's Ultimate Farm Business Plan Template allows you to quickly and easily complete your Farm Business Plan.
Where Can I Download a Free Farm Business Plan Example PDF?
You can download our farm business plan PDF template here . This is an example business plan template you can use in PDF format.
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Free Agriculture Sample Business Plan PDF + How to Write
6 min. read
Updated November 28, 2023
Free Download: Agriculture Business Plan Template
As a farmer, you’re in the business of putting food on the table. Agriculture is one of the world’s oldest professions.
Today it accounts for over 5% of U.S. Gross Domestic Product, and 1 in 10 American workers are in agriculture, food, and related industries.
But starting a new agriculture business requires intensive planning and upfront preparation. If you’re looking for a free, downloadable agriculture sample business plan PDF to help you create a business plan of your own, look no further.
Keep in mind that you don’t need to find a sample business plan that exactly matches your farm. Whether you’re launching a larger agricultural business outside a bustling city or a smaller organic operation, the details will be different, but the foundation of the plan will be the same.
Are you writing a business plan for your farm because you’re seeking a loan? Is your primary concern outlining a clear path for sales growth? Either way, you’re going to want to edit and customize it so it fits your particular farm.
No two agriculture farming businesses are alike.
For example, your strategy will be very different if you’re a dairy operation instead of a soybean farm. So take the time to create your own financial forecasts and do enough market research for your specific type of agriculture so you have a solid plan for success.
- What should you include in an agriculture farm business plan?
Your agriculture business plan doesn’t need to be hundreds of pages—keep it as short and focused as you can. You’ll probably want to include each of these sections:
1. Executive summary
An overview of your agriculture business, with a brief description of your products or services, your legal structure, and a snapshot of your future plans. While it’s the first part of the plan, it’s often easier to write your executive summary last.
2. Business summary and funding needs
Details about your farming operation, including how much capital you will need and the types of funding you’re considering. Include your business history, your current state, and your future projections. It should also cover your business location, the equipment and facilities needed, and the kinds of crops or livestock you plan to raise.
What’s your biggest business challenge right now?
3. products and services.
Provide details on the types of crops, farming methods, and any value-added products you plan to offer, such as finished goods or even agritourism offerings .
4. Marketing plan
Compile your market research findings, including the demand for your products or services, your target customers , and your competitors. It should also outline your marketing strategy—how you plan to attract and retain customers.
5. Financial plan
Your revenue projections, cost estimates, and break-even analysis. Your financial plan and forecasts should demonstrate that your business has a path to profitability.
- Building on your farm business plan sample
With a free agriculture business plan template as your starting point, you can start chipping away at the unique elements of your business plan.
As the business owner, only you can speak to aspects of your agriculture operation like your mission and core values.
You’re putting in the long hours to start a thriving farm business, so aspects of your mission – like a commitment to sustainable farming practices – will be best explained in your own words. Authenticity will help you connect with a growing market of consumers who value transparency and environmental stewardship in their food sources.
As for more conventional aspects of business planning , you will want to take on things like your marketing and financial plans one at a time. Here are a few specific areas to focus on when writing your business plan.
Invest time in market research
Starting an agriculture operation requires significant startup costs. When you throw in the unique land use considerations involved, it’s crucial to conduct thorough market research before investing hundreds of thousands – or even millions – of dollars into a farm business.
Start by researching the types of farms operating in your locality and wider region, and the specific crops or livestock they specialize in. You will need to understand seasonal trends, including crop yields and livestock productivity.
Note the demographics of the local community to understand their buying habits and preference for local produce. Also, be aware of the competitive landscape and how your farm can differentiate itself from others. All of this information will inform your service, pricing, marketing, and partnership strategy.
From there, you can outline how you plan to reach your target market and promote your farm’s offerings.
Craft your agriculture go-to-market strategy
One of the things that makes an agriculture farm business plan different from some service-based business plans is that you might decide to work only with one or two businesses that purchase your goods.
You may offer different tiers of products to different types of buyers, such as produce for an organic farmers market, and corn for another farm’s animal feed. If that’s the case, make sure you include ideas like setting aside land for organic growth and maintenance.
Discuss your advertising and promotional strategies, emphasizing channels relevant to your target market. Also, consider how partnerships with local businesses, farmers’ markets, and other industry stakeholders can enhance your visibility.
Include your pricing strategy and any special promotions or loyalty programs. Also, consider public relations and media outreach efforts that can raise awareness about your farm and its sustainable practices.
Prepare for unique farming challenges
Running an agricultural business comes with its own set of challenges, including weather-related disruptions and market volatility. Your business plan should identify these potential risks and present contingency plans to address them.
Include a plan to mitigate weather-related risks, such as crop diversification, employing weather-resistant farming practices, investing in appropriate infrastructure like greenhouses or drainage systems, or taking out insurance to cover weather-related losses.
Detail the operational aspects of your business , including land ownership, employee status, farm maintenance, and safety requirements. Also, illustrate your strategies for managing crop production, livestock care, land stewardship, and regulatory compliance.
Plan for the future
Contingency planning is important in all businesses.
But the unique challenges in agriculture of changing market dynamics, regulatory changes, and climate impacts make it especially necessary to plan for the future. Detail how you’ll measure success, and how you will be prepared to adapt your offerings if you need to change the focus of the business due to factors outside your control.
Also, be ready to discuss opportunities for scaling your business over time, such as introducing new crops, expanding farm operations, or opening additional locations.
- Get started with your farm business plan sample
There are obviously plenty of reasons farm owners can benefit from writing a business plan — for example, you’ll need one if you’re seeking a loan or investment. Even if you’re not seeking funding, the process of thinking through every aspect of your business will help you make sure you’re not overlooking anything critical as you grow.
Download this agriculture farm sample business plan PDF for free right now, or visit Bplans’ gallery of more than 550 sample business plans if you’re looking for more options.
See why 1.2 million entrepreneurs have written their business plans with LivePlan
Elon is a marketing specialist at Palo Alto Software, working with consultants, accountants, business instructors and others who use LivePlan at scale. He has a bachelor's degree in journalism and an MBA from the University of Oregon.
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Farm Business Plan
This free, printable business plan is designed to help farms that raise, butcher and sell meat cut costs and improve efficiency when feeding, training, weaning, branding and selling cattle and other livestock.
Sample text from Farm Business Plan:
1.0 Executive Summary
COMPANY NAME is a small family owned cattle farm located in [CITY], [STATE] that sells beef calves and hay. OWNER'S NAME. Both grew up in families that raised cattle and over the last four years have been slowly building up their own farm to where it now has a total of just under fifty cows and calves.
The INSERT NAME family has been operating the farm on a part-time basis with the help of their son INSERT NAME and is prepared to take the farm to the next level. The family has all the necessary skills, dedication, and experience to do well in the business, but lacks the necessary capital to take the next set in building and running a successful cattle farm.
Therefore, COMPANY NAME is seeking $1,944,390 in grant funding to purchase cows, land, and equipment as well provide for initial start-up capital for operations and building costs.
The Objectives of COMPANY NAME:
• Operate the farm on company owned land
• Build the farm up to 250-500 head of cattle by 2012
• Purchase all necessary equipment to operate cattle farm and cut hay
• Obtain a $1.9 million grant to invest in building desired cattle operation
• Reach profits that allow the whole family to work for the company full-time and make sufficient incomes
The mission of COMPANY NAME is to own a family operated cattle farm that hires within the community. The company's goal is to raise, breed, and sell top quality cattle, while teaching others how to tend and take care of them.
1.3 Keys to Success
The keys to success for COMPANY NAME are:
• Healthy cattle that have all of their shots, enough food, and clean water
• A good beef market
• Weather conditions
• Low production costs
2.0 Company Summary
COMPANY NAME is currently a small cow/ calf operation with an estimated 50 total calves and cows. The farm sells beef calves to individuals and at the cattle auction. The company is completely operated by the INSERT NAME family which entails checking, feeding, giving shots, weaning, tagging, banding, and paperwork.
COMPANY NAME is looking to significantly increase the farm to 500 calves and 500 cows over the next five years. The farm is looking for grant funding to initiate expansion of the farm through investment in land, cattle, equipment, and operation costs.
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How to Start a Farm: Plan Your Operation
Think about your operation from the ground up and start planning for your business. A good farm business plan is your roadmap to start-up, profitability, and growth, and provides the foundation for your conversation with USDA about how our programs can complement your operation.
Keep reading about planning your business below, get an overview of the beginning farmer's journey , or jump to a different section of the farmer's journey.
On This Page
Why you need a farm business plan.
A comprehensive business plan is an important first step for any size business, no matter how simple or complex. You should create a strong business plan because it:
- Will help you get organized . It will help you to remember all of the details and make sure you are taking all of the necessary steps.
- Will act as your guide . It will help you to think carefully about why you want to farm or ranch and what you want to achieve in the future. Over time, you can look back at your business plan and determine whether you are achieving your goals.
- Is required to get a loan . In order to get an FSA loan, a guarantee on a loan made by a commercial lender, or a land contract, you need to create a detailed business plan . Lenders look closely at business plans to determine if you can afford to repay the loan.
How USDA Can Help
Whether you need a good get-started guide, have a plan that you would like to verify, or have a plan you’re looking to update for your next growth phase, USDA can help connect you to resources to help your decisions.
Your state's beginning farmer and rancher coordinator can connect you to local resources in your community to help you establish a successful business plan. Reach out to your state's coordinator for one-on-one technical assistance and guidance. They can also connect you with organizations that specifically serve beginning farmers and ranchers.
It is important to know that no single solution fits everyone, and you should research, seek guidance, and make the best decision for your operation according to your own individual priorities.
Build a Farm Business Plan
There are many different styles of business plans. Some are written documents; others may be a set of worksheets that you complete. No matter what format you choose, several key aspects of your operation are important to consider.
Use the guidelines below to draft your business plan. Answering these kinds of questions in detail will help you create and develop your final business plan. Once you have a business plan for your operation, prepare for your visit to a USDA service center. During your visit, we can help you with the necessary steps to register your business and get access to key USDA programs.
Are you starting a new farm or ranch, or are you already in business? If you are already in business:
- What products do you produce?
- What is the size of your operation?
- What agricultural production and financial management training or experience do you, your family members, or your business partners have?
- How long have you been in business?
Mission, Vision, and Goals
This is your business. Defining your mission, vision and goals is crucial to the success of your business. These questions will help provide a basis for developing other aspects of your business plan.
- What values are important to you and the operation as a whole?
- What short- and long-term goals do you have for your operation?
- How do you plan to start, expand, or change your operation?
- What plans do you have to make your operation efficient or more profitable ?
- What type of farm or ranch model (conventional, sustainable, organic, or alternative agricultural practices) do you plan to use?
Organization and Management
Starting your own business is no small feat. You will need to determine how your business will be structured and organized, and who will manage (or help manage) your business. You will need to be able to convey this to others who are involved as well.
- What is the legal structure of your business? Will it be a sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, trust, limited liability company, or other type of entity?
- What help will you need in operating and managing your farm or ranch?
- What other resources, such as a mentor or community-based organization , do you plan to use?
Marketing is a valuable tool for businesses. It can help your businesses increase brand awareness, engagement and sales. It is important to narrow down your target audience and think about what you are providing that others cannot.
- What are you going to produce ?
- Who is your target consumer ?
- Is there demand for what you are planning to produce?
- What is the cost of production?
- How much will you sell it for and when do you expect to see profit ?
- How will you get your product to consumers ? What are the transportation costs and requirements?
- How will you market your products?
- Do you know the relevant federal, state, and local food safety regulations? What licensing do you need for your operation?
Today there are many types of land, tools, and resources to choose from. You will need to think about what you currently have and what you will need to obtain to achieve your goals.
- What resources do you have or will you need for your business?
- Do you already have access to farmland ? If not, do you plan to lease, rent, or purchase land?
- What equipment do you need?
- Is the equipment and real estate that you own or rent adequate to conduct your operation? If not, how do you plan to address those needs?
- Will you be implementing any conservation practices to sustain your operation?
- What types of workers will you need to operate the farm?
- What additional resources do you need?
Now that you have an idea of what you are going to provide and what you will need to run your operation you will need to consider the finances of your operation.
- How will you finance the business?
- What are your current assets (property or investments you own) and liabilities (debts, loans, or payments you owe)?
- Will the income you generate be sufficient to pay your operating expenses, living expenses, and loan payments?
- What other sources of income are available to supplement your business income?
- What business expenses will you incur?
- What family living expenses do you pay?
- What are some potential risks or challenges you foresee for your operation? How will you manage those risks?
- How will you measure the success of your business?
Farm Business Plan Worksheets
These farm business plan worksheets can help gather information for the financial and operational aspects of your plan.
Form FSA-2037 is a template that gathers information on your assets and liabilities like farm equipment, vehicles and existing loans.
- FSA-2037 - Farm Business Plan - Balance Sheet
- FSA-2037 Instructions
Income and Expenses
Form FSA-2038 is part of the farm loan application, and shows you the type of information you should gather when preparing your plan and application materials.
- FSA-2038 - Worksheet Projected Income and Expenses
- FSA-2038 Instructions
Planning for Conservation and Risk Management
Another key tool is a conservation plan, which determines how you want to improve the health of your land. A conservation plan can help you lay out your plan to address resource needs, costs and schedules.
USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) staff are available at your local USDA Service Center to help you develop a conservation plan for your land based on your goals. NRCS staff can also help you explore conservation programs and initiatives, such as the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) .
Conservation in Agriculture
Crop insurance, whole farm revenue protection and other resources can help you prepare for unforeseen challenges like natural disasters.
Special Considerations for Businesses
There are different types of farm businesses each with their own unique considerations. Determine what applies to your operation.
- Organic Farming has unique considerations. Learn about organic agriculture , organic certification , and the Organic Certification Cost Share Program to see if an organic business is an option for you. NRCS also has resources for organic producers and offers assistance to develop a conservation plan.
- Urban Farming has special opportunities and restrictions. Learn how USDA can help farmers in urban spaces .
- Value-Added Products . The Agricultural Marketing Resource Center (AgMRC) is a national virtual resource center for value-added agricultural groups.
- Cooperative. If you are interested in starting a cooperative, USDA’s Rural Development Agency (RD) has helpful resources to help you begin . State-based Cooperative Development Centers , partially funded by RD, provide technical assistance and education on starting a cooperative.
Special Considerations for Individuals
Historically Underserved Farmers and Ranchers: We offer help for the unique concerns of producers who meet the USDA definition of "historically underserved," which includes farmers who are:
- socially disadvantaged
- limited resource
- military veterans
Women: Learn about specific incentives, priorities, and set asides for women in agriculture within USDA programs.
Heirs' Property Landowners: If you inherited land without a clear title or documented legal ownership, learn how USDA can help Heirs’ Property Landowners gain access to a variety of programs and services
Creating a good business plan takes time and effort. The following are some key resources for planning your business.
- Farm Answers from the University of Minnesota features a library of how-to resources and guidance, a directory of beginning farmer training programs, and other sources of information in agriculture. The library includes business planning guides such as a Guide to Developing a Business Plan for Farms and Rural Businesses and an Example Business Plan .
- The Small Business Administration (SBA) offers information about starting, managing, and transitioning a business.
SCORE is a nonprofit organization with a network of volunteers who have experience in running and managing businesses. The Score Mentorship Program partners with USDA to provide:
- Free, local support and resources, including business planning help, financial guidance, growth strategies.
- Mentorship through one-on-one business coaching -- in-person, online, and by phone.
- Training from subject matter experts with agribusiness experience.
- Online resources and step-by-step outlines for business strategies.
- Learn more about the program through the Score FAQ .
Attend field days, workshops, courses, or formal education programs to build necessary skills to ensure you can successfully produce your selected farm products and/or services. Many local and regional agricultural organizations, including USDA and Cooperative Extension, offer training to beginning farmers.
- Cooperative Extension offices address common issues faced by agricultural producers, and conduct workshops and educational events for the agricultural community.
- extension.org is an online community for the Cooperative Extension program where you can find publications and ask experts for advice.
Now that you have a basic plan for your farm operation, prepare for your visit to a USDA service center.
2. Visit Your USDA Service Center
How to Start a Farm with USDA
Get an overview of the beginning farmer's journey or jump to a specific page below.
Find Your Local Service Center
USDA Service Centers are locations where you can connect with Farm Service Agency, Natural Resources Conservation Service, or Rural Development employees for your business needs. Enter your state and county below to ﬁnd your local service center and agency offices. If this locator does not work in your browser, please visit offices.usda.gov.
Learn more about our Urban Service Centers . Visit the Risk Management Agency website to ﬁnd a regional or compliance office or to ﬁnd an insurance agent near you.