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Essay on Agriculture for Class 5

Essay on Agriculture for Class 5 : Hello Students are you looking for Essay on Agriculture  for your class. Here in this article we have posted Essay on Agriculture for 5th Class Std.

Agriculture :

Agriculture comprises of cultivation of crops for food and fodder. Agriculture plays a significant role in the Indian economy as the main source of food. Dairy, poultry, fisheries etc. come under animal husbandry, a sub-sector of agriculture. Scientific research and improved farming techniques helped India to achieve the green revolution and attain a self-reliant status in terms of food production. India is the second largest producer of wheat and paddy in the world. India is also the world largest exporter of spices, producer of wheat and sugar care in India. Climate change and pollution have adversely affected the quality and yield of agriculture produce climate change has to lead to a 1.5% decline in the Indian GDP. Agriculture is the prime source of food production and any mistake in it can adversely affect the food supply and our normal course of life.

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Essay On Agriculture – 10 Lines, Short And Long Essay For Kids

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Key Points To Remember When Writing An Essay On Agriculture For Lower Primary Classes

10 lines on agriculture for kids, a paragraph on agriculture for kids, essay on indian agriculture for kids, long essay on agriculture for children, what will your child learn from the essay on agriculture.

Agriculture is one of the major sectors of the Indian economy, and the country. It has been present in the country for thousands of years. Children may have seen farms and fields while travelling from one place to another for a holiday or any other outing, but may not be familiar with what exactly agriculture means.

One effective way to teach them would be through an essay on agriculture in English. Through essay writing on this topic of agriculture for classes 1, 2 and 3, children will learn to gather facts and write them in their own words. Let us guide your child to write an essay on agriculture.

  • Before you begin writing an essay on agriculture, keep the following points in mind:
  • Gather some factual information on agriculture.
  • Jot down your ideas in a well-organised sequence.
  • Weave them into sentences and paragraphs to form a great essay.

For better understanding, you can refer to the following samples of essays that you can use to write a composition of your own.

An essay for classes 1 and 2 can be written in very simple language with accurate facts and ideas. Let us guide your child to write this essay with a few lines on agriculture with this example given below:

  • Agriculture means the cultivation of crops for food and fodder.
  • Agriculture plays a significant role in the Indian economy as the main source of food.
  • Dairy, poultry, fisheries etc. come under animal husbandry, a sub-sector of agriculture.
  • Scientific research and improved farming techniques helped India to achieve the Green revolution and attain a self-reliant status in terms of food production.
  • India is the second-largest producer of wheat and paddy in the world.
  • India is also the world’s largest exporter of spices, primarily exporting ginger, cardamom, curry powder, tamarind, fennel etc.
  • Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of wheat and sugarcane in India.
  • Climate change and pollution have adversely affected the quality and yield of agricultural produce.
  • Climate change has led to a 1.5% decline in the Indian GDP.
  • Agriculture is the prime source of food production, and any mistake in it can adversely affect the food supply and our normal course of life.

Let us write a small paragraph in English on Agriculture:

Agriculture is one of the most important aspects of everyone’s life. It is something that is necessary for the survival of each and every human being. It not only provides food and raw materials but also employment opportunities to a large proportion of the population. Along with being a necessity, it also helps in the economy of the country. Agriculture plays a very vital role in our life. Without agriculture, the existence of human beings is not possible as it is the main source of our food supply to sustain on the earth and it also helps to grow our economy across the world.

Essay for classes 1, 2 and 3 can be made more elaborate by expressing each idea in a few lines with details. Here is an example of a short essay on agriculture:

India largely depends on the agriculture sector. Besides, agriculture is not just a means of livelihood but a way of living life in India. For thousands of years, we have been practicing agriculture. After independence, we use to import food grains from other countries to fulfill our demand. But, after the green revolution, we became self-sufficient and started exporting our surplus to other countries.

We feel gratitude when we hear the word “agriculture”. Without agriculture, it is not possible to feed ourselves. Our farmers work so hard in the agriculture sector to feed us. They also help to prevent future attacks on us or our neighbouring country for food. Our farmers stand for us in any situation by giving food to the world.

Agriculture is a very important aspect of each and everyone’s life. It is impossible to feed human beings without the help of agriculture. There are many types of agriculture such as grain farming, shifting cultivation, dairy farming, etc. There are some bad impacts of agriculture on our environment such as manures and fertilizers causing pollution, soil losing its fertility and many more.

An essay for class 3 would require students to write a long composition with many facts and observations. Guide them to organise these ideas into sub-headings and paragraphs for a good layout.

What Is The Importance Of Agriculture In Our Lives?

Agriculture has a lot of importance in each and everyone’s life. From employment opportunities to trades to consuming the end products of agriculture, it impacts all our lives. It also maintains our ecosystem. It is impossible to feed human beings without the help of agriculture.

Types Of Agriculture

There are many types of agriculture as explained below:

  • Grain Farming: The process of planting a variety of crops which is later harvested at the end of the season. The seeds of the crops are later refined for use. Grains are basically the seeds of the crops planted. In this farming, people from the same family can work on a small piece of land. Grain farming is done to provide food to animals and human beings.
  • Shifting Cultivation:  this cultivation is shifted from one place to another. In this cultivation, farmers use a small piece of land for a temporary time and then leave it to abandon until and unless the land gets its fertility back naturally.
  • Gardening and Fruit Farming: fruits and vegetables are produced on a large scale from a commercial point of view. It requires fewer resources and labourers as compared to grain farming and shifting cultivation.
  • Pastoral Nomads: This is a kind of agriculture that is based on the herding of domesticated animals.
  • Dairy Farming: Dairy farming is related to the prolonged production of milk. This procedure is done for producing products like sweets, chocolates, curd, cheese, etc.

What Is The Role Of Agriculture In Economic Development?

Agriculture plays a role in India’s economic development, for a continuous level of farm surplus is one of the wellsprings of technological and commercial growth. Industries too, depend on agriculture for raw materials. Expansion in the agriculture sector also leads to the expansion of the industrial sector. Also, when there is an increase in the agriculture sector, its production, more employment opportunities will also be generated.  Direct employment in crop raising, and agriculture expansion also provides work in the other sphere.

Problems Faced In Agriculture

Agriculture is the backbone of our economy yet, there are many problems that farmers in the agriculture sector are facing.

  • Poor and outdated techniques
  • Inadequate irrigation facilities
  • Debt of the farmers
  • Low adoption of improved technology
  • Low Rate Of Innovation in Agriculture
  • Rural transport and communication network

Negative Effects Of Agriculture On Environment

Agriculture is the leading source of pollution in many countries. Pesticides, fertilizers and other toxic farm chemicals can poison fresh water, marine ecosystems, air and soil. They also can remain in the environment for generations.

When children compose an essay on agriculture, they learn a lot about a field of work that they may not have seen first-hand. They will learn many new facts and will understand the importance of the hard work of farmers in the hinterlands.

Writing on such a topic requires children to gather facts and present them in dramatically sound language with appropriate vocabulary. This improves the students’ communication skills and makes them analytical thinkers.

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Agriculture Essay

Agriculture is known to be one of the most significant economic activities. It involves the production of plants, livestock, fiber, fuel and more by utilizing natural resources such as water and land. The term agriculture is broader than it is commonly anticipated to be. It includes forestry, fishery, livestock and most importantly crop production. Agriculture sector is also one of the largest employers across the world, mainly in developing and under developed nations. Millions of people around the world, directly or indirectly depend on agriculture sector for their livelihood. It is an activity which provides our everyday requirement of food, vegetables, fruits, spices etc.

Long and Short Essay on Agriculture in English

Here are essay on agriculture in English of varying lengths to help you with the topic in the exam.

These Agriculture Essays will let you understand the meaning of “agriculture” and the significant role it plays in the overall economic growth and prosperity of a nation.

After going through the following Agriculture essay you will be able to understand the advantages of agriculture.

These essays will be helpful during several of your school assignments. You can select any agriculture essay as per your need and interest.

Agriculture Essay 1 (200 words)


Agriculture is basically the cultivation of plants for the production of food, fuel, fiber, medicines and many other things that have become a necessity for the mankind. Agriculture also involves the breeding of animals. The development of agriculture turned to be a boon for the human civilization as it also gave way to their development.

Agriculture is said to be an art, science and commerce all at the same time as it suffices the factors involved in all three.

It is said to be an art as it involves the growth, development and management of crop and animal husbandry. It requires patience and dedication to yield good results in this field and only someone who possesses this art can achieve it.

The knowledge of breeding and genetics is employed to come up with new improved methods of agriculture. Several inventions and explorations are being made in the field. It is ever evolving and thus qualifies as science.

Agriculture supports the economy like no other sector and thus undoubtedly falls in this category too.

With around two-third of the Indian population dependent directly or indirectly on agriculture, it is considered to be the basis of the country’s economic development. It is not just known to be a source of livelihood in India but a way of life.

Agriculture Essay 2 (300 words)

The term agriculture comes from the Latin word ager which means field and cultura that means cultivation. Agriculture basically involves the cultivation and production of crops and livestock products.

History of Agriculture

The history of agriculture dates back several centuries. It began in different parts of the world independently about 105,000 years back mostly by the collection of wild grains for the purpose of eating. Here is how different countries were involved in this activity:

  • In Mesopotamia, pigs were domesticated around 15,000 years ago. They began domesticating sheep around 2000 years later.
  • In China, rice was cultivated around 13,500 years ago. They eventually began cultivating soy, azuki beans and mung.
  • In Turkey, cattle were domesticated around 10,500 years ago.
  • Beans, potato, coca, llamas and alpacas were domesticated around 10,000 years ago.
  • Sugarcane and certain root vegetables were cultivated in New Guinea around 9,000 years ago.
  • Cotton was domesticated in Peru around 5,600 years ago.

Similarly, the domestication of various plants and animals is being done in many other parts of the country since thousands of years.

Impact of Modern Technology on Agriculture

The development in the field of science and technology led to the use of modern techniques in agriculture. While it has contributed a great deal to the development of the agriculture sector, the modern technology has also had certain negative repercussions on the sector. Here is the kind of impact it has had:

  • The use of fertilizers and pesticides as well as the use of technologically advanced equipments for the cultivation of crops has increased the yields drastically however it has also been the cause of ecological damage and impacted the human health negatively.
  • Selective breeding and the use of other modern practices in the rearing of animals has increased the supply of meat however it has raised the concern about animal welfare.

Like every other sector, the agricultural sector has also evolved over the centuries and its development has brought about certain positive and negative repercussions to the society.

Agriculture Essay 3 (400 words)

Agriculture is a vast subject. It encompasses the production of crops, animal husbandry, soil science, horticulture, dairy science, extension education, entomology, agriculture chemistry, agri engineering, agri economics, plant pathology and botany. These subjects are taught in various universities across the world to train people in the field.

Different Kinds of Farming

Here is a look at how the agricultural field has broadly been categorized in our country:

  • Subsistence Farming

One of the most widely practiced technique of farming in India. Under this type of farming, the farmers grow grains for themselves as well as for the purpose of sale.

  • Commercial Agriculture

This type of agriculture focuses on high yield with the aim to export it to other countries to generate profit. Some of the commonly grown commercial crops in the country include cotton, wheat and sugarcane.

  • Shifting Agriculture

This type of farming is majorly practiced by tribal groups to grow root crops. They mostly clear the forested area and grow crops there.

  • Extensive Agriculture

This is more common in the developed countries. However, it is also practiced in certain parts of India. It focuses on the use of machinery to grow and raise crops.

  • Intensive Agriculture

This is a common practice in densely populated areas of the country. It is focused on generating maximizing output of the land by employing different techniques. A good amount of investment in terms of money and huge labour force is required for this.

  • Plantation Agriculture

This type of agriculture involves the cultivation of crops that require a good amount of time and space for growing. Some of these crops include tea, rubber, coffee, cocoa, coconut, fruits and spices. This is mostly practiced in the states of Assam, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Kerala.

  • Wet Land Farming

The areas that receive heavy rainfall are well irrigated and these are apt for the farming of crops such as jute, rice and sugarcane.

  • Dry Land Farming

It is practiced in desert-like areas such as the central and northwest India. Some of the crops grown in such areas are bajra, jowar and gram. This is because these crops require less water for growth.

With the advancement in technology, agriculture has come a long way. It is not limited to just growing crops and rearing of cattle. It includes a whole lot of other subjects and someone who is interested in getting into the agricultural field can choose to specialize in one.

Agriculture Essay 4 (500 words)

Agriculture basically involves the cultivation of crops and the domestication of animals for the purpose of generating food and other things necessary for the mankind. While it is being practiced since centuries, it has evolved over the time and has become one of the major factors in the development of our country’s economy.

Significance of Agriculture

Here is a look at the significance of agriculture:

  • Major Source of Food

It goes without saying that the food we eat is a gift of the agricultural activities that take place in the country. The country has seen times of acute food shortage before independence however the problem was resolved with the advent of the green revolution in agriculture in the year 1969.

  • Major Contributor to National Income

Statistics reveal that, the national income from primary agricultural activities was about 59% in the year 1950-51. While it has come down eventually and reached around 24% about a decade back, the agricultural sector in India is still one of the major contributors to the national income.

  • Development of the Industrial Sector

Agriculture plays a major role in the development of the industrial sector by providing the raw material. Industries such as the cotton textiles, sugar, jute, oil, rubber and tobacco are majorly dependent on the agricultural sector.

  • Employment Opportunities

The agricultural sector offers numerous employment opportunities as a large labour force is required for the smooth functioning of various agricultural activities. It does not only open a vast arena of direct employment opportunities but indirect as well. For instance, the agricultural products need to be transported from one place to another and hence it supports the transport sector.

  • Boost in Foreign Trade

Foreign trade relies majorly on the agricultural sector. Agricultural exports form a good 70% of the total exports. India is an exporter of tea, tobacco, cotton textiles, jute products, sugar, spices and many other agricultural products.

  • Generation of Government Revenue

Excise duty on agro-based goods, land revenue and taxes on the sale of agricultural machinery make for a good source of government revenue.

  • Formation of Capital

The surplus income generated from agricultural activities can very well be invested in banks for capital formation.

Agriculture: A hazardous Industry

While agricultural sector is of great importance to the country, we cannot deny the fact that is a hazardous industry. Farmers across the globe have a high risk of work related injuries. One of the common causes of agricultural injuries is tractor rollovers and other motor and machinery related accidents. Due to the nature of their job they are also prone to skin diseases, lung infections, noise-induced hearing problems, sun strokes as well as certain types of cancers. Those exposed to pesticides may have serious illnesses and might even have kids with birth defects.  

However, that said, agriculture does play a significant part in the development of the human civilization as a whole. As Booker T. Washington said, “No race can prosper till it learns there is as much dignity in tilling a field as in writing a poem”, agriculture sector is an integral part of the country.

Agriculture Essay 5 (600 words)

Agriculture is one sector that has been in place since thousands of years. It has developed over the years with the use of new equipments and techniques of farming and domestication. This is one sector that has not only seen immense growth but has also been the reason for growth of various other sectors.

The Growth and Development of Agricultural Sector

India is one such country which is largely dependent on the agricultural sector. Agriculture in India is not just a means of livelihood but a way of life. The government is continually making efforts to develop this sector. Let us learn how this sector has evolved with time.

Though agriculture is being practiced since centuries in India, it remained under developed for a pretty long time. We were unable to produce sufficient food for our people and foreign export was simply out of question. On the contrary, we had to purchase food grains from other countries. This was because agriculture in India depended on the monsoon.

In case, there was enough rain, the crops fertilized properly, when there wasn’t enough rain the crops just failed and most parts of the country were hit by famine. However, things changed with time. After independence, the government planned to bring about improvement in this sector. Dams were constructed, tube-wells and pump-sets were set up, better quality seeds, fertilizers were made available and new techniques were employed.

With the use of technologically advanced equipment, good irrigation facilities and with specialized knowledge about the field things began improving. We soon started producing much more than we required and subsequently started exporting food grains and different agricultural products. Our agricultural sector is now stronger than that of many countries. India stands first in the production of groundnuts and tea and ranks second in the production of sugarcane, rice, jute and oil seeds across the globe.

However, we still have a long way to go and the government is making efforts in this direction.

Negative Repercussions of Agriculture on Environment

As much as it has helped in the development of the human civilization and the growth of the country’s economy, agriculture has also had certain negative repercussions on the people involved in this sector as well as the environment as a whole. Here are the negative repercussions of agriculture on environment:

  • Agriculture has led to deforestation. Many forests are cut to turn them into fields to cultivate crops. The negative impacts of deforestation and the need to control it is hidden from none.
  • Not many of you may be aware that the building of watersheds and draining of water from the rivers for irrigation of fields leads to drier natural habitats.
  • The runoff from the fields into the rivers and other water bodies results in that water getting poisoned owing to the use of excessive nutrients and insecticides.
  • Topsoil depletion and groundwater contamination are some of the other issues that the agricultural activities have given way to.

Agriculture has thus impacted the soil and water resources negatively and this has had a major impact on the environment.

Agriculture is also considered to be a hazardous occupation. Those involved in farming are constantly exposed to different chemical based fertilizers and pesticides and the continual use of these can lead to several health hazards such as skin diseases, lung infections and certain other serious illnesses.

While agriculture has given so much to our society, it comes with its own set of cons that cannot be overlooked. While the government is doing so much to bring about growth and development in this field, it should also take measures to tackle the negative impact it is creating on the environment and those involved in the field.

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  • Agriculture


Introduction to Agriculture

Agriculture is the practice of cultivating plants and livestock in order to provide facilities the human beings. In the rise of the sedentary human lifestyle agriculture was the key development. The cultivation of plant and food grains began years ago in order to provide food to the city population. Agriculture is the main need for the people to live in the society. Agriculture is the main source of livelihood, it provides a source for the people to earn. Most of the population in the rural areas is dependent on agriculture as their main source of income.

Agriculture contributes significantly to a country’s GDP that is the Gross Domestic Production of a country. By the passing of time, there are a number of revolutions that take place in order to improve agriculture throughout the world or a country. If we talk about agriculture, India has witnessed a number of revolutions, that is, the green revolution, yellow revolution, blue revolution, agriculture. Agriculture affects the biodiversity of a country depending upon agricultural activities.

The major agricultural products can be widely grouped into categories of food grains, fibers and raw materials.

Foodgrains included the grains or cereals that have been used for eating. Fiber crops are completely Commercial, they can not be eaten and are completely grown for making money. Raw materials are that category of crops that are completely grown for use as raw materials in industries in order to prepare other items. 

This article provided to help you to learn the topic of agriculture about the history of farming, Commercial farming, primitive farming, its characteristics, types of Commercial Farming, intensive subsidence character, and so on. This will help you to get a clear view of agriculture. Let's have a look at it.

History of Agriculture  

The development of agriculture enables human civilization to grow rapidly. This agriculture that was started by hunting and gathering has now reached the stage of cultivation and industrial form of agriculture also.

The earliest food crop grown was rice which was followed by Moong, soya, azuki beans, etc. Sheep were domesticated in Mesopotamia first, cattle were domesticated in the areas of modern turkey, pig production emerged in Europe, East Asia, and South Asia. There are many hypotheses that are explained by the scholars for agriculture.

Irrigations, crop cultivation, and fertilizers were the advanced form of agriculture that was developed in the 17th century. Modern agriculture has raised or encountered issues such as water pollution, biofeedback, genetically modified organisms, farm subsidies leading to alternative approaches such as that of organic movements.

In the rise of sedentary human civilization agriculture is the key development. Farming of domestic species provided food surpluses that prompted people to live in cities. The history began some thousands of years ago. Pigs, sheep, and cattle were domesticated over 10000 years ago. Plants were cultivated independently in 11 regions of the world. Industrial agriculture based on a large scale in the 20th century came and dominated agriculture output. An estimated number of around 2 billion people still depend on subsistence agriculture.

The major agricultural products are broadly grouped into foods, fibres, fuels, and raw materials. Over one-third of the world’s workers are employed in agriculture and after that to the service sector.

Commercial Farming

Commercial farming is when farmers grow crops or rear animals for economic activity. Commercial farming needs to be practised on a large scale with more efficiency. The goal of the farmer is to earn profits from farming, hence the production and area of production need to be on a larger scale. This practice is also known as agribusiness and is intensively taken up and practised. It has also opened its doors for a lucrative business venture.

Due to the large production in commercial farming and despite its major benefits, it is a bit worrisome as it includes lots of fertilisers, pesticides, weed killers, and other sorts of chemicals.

Crops in this type of agriculture are completely grown in order to provide the farmers with the benefit of money. These crops are not for you to consume but only for the sale.

Here are Some of the Characteristics of Commercial Agriculture:

Large scale production

It is capital intensive

It uses high yielding varieties

It is produced mainly for sale purpose

Heavy machinery and human labour is used

Traditionally practised all year round.

Types of Commercial Farming include the Following:

Dairy farming

Grain farming

Plantation farming

Livestock ranching

Mixed crop and livestock farming

Fruit farming

Primitive Farming

Primitive farming or also known as simple subsistence farming (farming for the farm-family only) is the oldest form of agriculture and is still prevalent in some areas of the world. Primitive farming enabled people to take a step further on the economic ladder by learning the art of domesticating plants. In this type of farming, farmers grow crops for themselves and their families. The growing of crops is only limited. 

Its Characteristics Include the Following:

Sites of farming are selected by experienced elders.

Hill slopes are preferred because of proper drainage

Forests are cleared by fire, as ashes add to the fertility of the soil

This is also called slash and burn agriculture.

The cultivated patches are usually very small

Primitive tools are used in cultivation such as stick and hoe

Intensive Subsistence Agriculture

Intensive subsistence agriculture term is used to describe the type of agriculture which is characterised by high output per unit of land and low output per worker.

Although its nature has changed and is no longer subsistence. These are more sophisticated than primitive agriculture and are also known as monsoon type of agriculture

Very smallholdings

Farming is very intensive

It requires much hand labour

It uses animal and plant manures

The dominance of padi and other food crops

Following are the Types of Subsistence Farming:

Shifting Cultivation: In this method, farmers clear the cultivated land and burn it afterwards. The ashes produced thereafter increase soil fertility. This method is known by different names in different regions. It is further practiced in South America and Southeast Asia. This method is not fit as by exhausting the quality of the soil of one place and then moving to another place for doing the same is not a solution.

Nomadic Herding: It involves herders and farmers traveling from place to place with their group of animals. The herders also provide wool, meat, hide, and dairy products from the livestock. This type of farming is very common in places like Rajasthan, Jammu, and Kashmir. Animals herd here are sheep, goats, camel, and yak

It is quite the opposite of primitive farming. Farmers practice this on wider areas of land, they use modern machinery and add chemical fertilizers for the betterment of crop production.

Whereas in primitive agriculture, all the age-old agricultural practices are done by using the age-old method by which agriculture was done in the past. In the primitive type of agriculture also there is a waste of energy and sources up to some extent without getting a good quality of the crops we were looking for.


FAQs on Agriculture

1. What is Primitive Subsistence Farming Class 10?

This farming is practised on small patches of land with primitive tools. Most often family or community labour is used in this type of farming. It mainly depends on the monsoon and the natural fertility of the soil. Crops are further grown as per climatic and environmental conditions. 

This is further called slash and burn agriculture. The ash obtained is useful for crops as it yields better crops. After repetitions of crops grown, the patch extensively used is left shallow and in turn, a new patch is searched for farming. The patch earlier left fallow and unused again replenishes its fertility by the time new crops are grown in the new patch.

2. What is Commercial Grain Farming Practised in India?

It is a major type of agricultural practice in the area of low rainfall and low density of population where extensive farming is practised. Commercial grain farming is in response to farm mechanization. Crops are yielded according to climatic conditions like floods and drought. Monoculture of wheat is the general practice here. 

Its characteristic includes the following:

Specialization in a single crop

Farms are very large

Highly mechanized

Lack of irrigation

Dependant on Climatic hazards

Depending on market fluctuations

Farm ownership

Low yield per acre

High yield per man

3. What is Commercial Farming?

Commercial farming is a type of farming where the agricultural crop is grown for sale in exchange for some profit. Its example includes tobacco. India is the second-largest producer of tobacco. It is grown largely in semi-arid and rain-fed areas. 

Commercial farming crops are intended for large-scale distribution to wholesalers or retail outlets. Some of the common examples of commercial farming crops include wheat, maize, tea, coffee, sugarcane, cashews, rubber, banana, cotton. These are harvested and sold into world markets. Commercial agriculture also includes livestock production and livestock grazing. Some of the advantages of commercial farming are listed below:

Encourages improvement in local infrastructure

It promotes job creation

Enables lowering of prices of the product

It has provision for raw materials for agribusiness manufacturing companies.

It enables increased productivity and also enhances food security.

4. What does agriculture stand for?

Agriculture describes the practice of growing crops or domesticating animals. The Latin word from which agriculture is divided is agri that means field plus cultural, which means cultivation. Cultivating a piece of land or growing food plants on it on a large basis is what agriculture means. Agriculture is the main reason for livelihood in most parts of the world. In India, nearly 60 percent of the people earn their livelihood through agricultural practices. You can refer to agriculture as the science of raising plants and animals for food, clothing, or other useful products. This is basically the practice of cultivating land and raising livestock in order to meet the need of the people living.

5. What are the three main types of agriculture?

The three main types of agriculture or farming include subsistence farming, Plantation farming, and Shifting agriculture. Subsistence Farming is one that is practiced in most parts of the country to raise plants and livestock. In this method, farmers cultivate on the small piece of scattered land with the help of draught animals. Plantation agriculture was introduced by Britishers in India in the 19th century. In this a piece of land is used completely for growing one type of cash crop, that is a crop that is meant purely for sale. I  Shifting agriculture practiced in forest regions, a particular piece of land is used for cultivation and once its nutrients get exhausted they move to another place for cultivating the crops that are for agriculture.

essay on agriculture for class 5

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Essay on Agriculture: Short Essay, 100 and 250 Words

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Essay on agriculture

Agriculture is one of the major sectors in India that provide livelihood to the people. The majority of the Indian population depends on agriculture as it is the major source of income and contributes to around 18.3% of India’s GDP. It provides food, raw materials, and employment to billions of people across the world. As common people, most of us anticipate that agriculture is just the cultivation of crops. However, it is much more than that, it includes fishery , livestock, forestry , and crop production . It is the backbone of the civilization. Read this blog and get to know how to write an essay on agriculture with the help of examples!

This Blog Includes:

Short essay on agriculture, essay on agriculture 100 words, significance of agriculture, challenges for agriculture, sustainable agriculture.

Also Read: English Essay Topics

Also Read: How to Write an Essay in English

Also Read: Speech on Republic Day for Class 12th

India is also referred to as agricultural land because a major part of India is covered by agricultural activities. The entire world has been practising agriculture for thousands of years from the nomadic times to date. 

Agriculture started during the Neolithic Revolution for the production of food. Nowadays, the scenario has been completely changed with the application of AI tools and Machinery in the world of Agriculture. New technologies and equipment are being developed to replace the traditional methods of farming. Some of the AI technologies are integrated sensors, weathering forecasting, IoT-powered agriculture drones, smart spraying, etc. 

Millions of people across the world depend on agriculture, even animals are also dependent on agriculture for their fodder and habitat. Besides that, agriculture also plays a key role in the economic development of the country because 3/4th of the population depends on agriculture.

Also Read: Agriculture and Animal Husbandry 

Agriculture is the main source of life on earth. Animals and humans depend on agriculture for a living. It is the oldest practice in the history of mankind. There has been tremendous growth and evolution in the field of agriculture.

The use of AI-based technology and modern techniques in farming is helping the sector to generate high yields with better quality. 

Now, our country is able to produce surplus food crops which is enough to satisfy domestic needs. It also helps to eradicate malnutrition and address hunger issues in various parts of the world. Thus, agriculture will always remain the cornerstone of human existence and continue to fulfil the demands of the changing world.

Also Read: Essay on Population Explosion

Essay on Agriculture 250 Words

Agriculture can be termed as the global powerhouse of the world. It is feeding billions of people across the world. Every individual directly or indirectly depends on agriculture.

The significance of agriculture is listed below:

  • The food we consume is a gift of the agriculture sector. Farmers are working day and night to cultivate food crops for the entire human population.
  • It also adds value to the Gross Domestic Product as well as the national income of the country.
  • As it is one of the largest sectors, there is a huge need for a labor force and employees. Thus, it imparts employment to 80% of the people in this world.
  • 70% of the total food crop production of India is used for the purpose of exports. Some of the main items of export are rice, spices, wheat, cotton, tea, tobacco, jute products, and many more.

Every year, the agriculture sector has to face difficult challenges. It includes harsh weather conditions be it drought or flood or extreme heat waves and cold breezes. Soil degradation is also one of the major threats to agriculture due to soil erosion and soil pollution. All these conditions create the need to generate sustainable practices in the agriculture sector.

Advancement in technology helps to create sustainable agriculture. The use of technology in the field of agriculture like weather forecasts, automated sowing, drones, AI-driven sensors, pest control, etc. helps in developing sustainable agriculture.

Besides that, farmers are adopting new farming practices such as crop rotation reduced chemicals, organic farming, etc. for sustainable agriculture.

Also Read: Essay on Water Pollution

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Agriculture is the process of cultivation of crops. Every individual is dependent on agriculture for food crops, and employment. The perfect essay on agriculture must include, what is agriculture, the importance, and the significance of agriculture.

Here are 5 main points about agriculture: Agriculture is the source of food and fodder for the world; It is one of the oldest human practices that date back thousands of years; Agriculture is essential for the breeding and raising of livestock; The incorporation of modern techniques in farming helped in the evolution of the agriculture sector; and Agriculture contributes to the economy of the nation.

Agriculture refers to the science, art, or practice of cultivating crops, raising livestock, and marketing the finished products for the use of human consumption while contributing to the economy of the country.

This was all about an essay on the principle of population. For more information about such interesting topics, visit our essay writing website and make sure to follow Leverage Edu .

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Essay on Agriculture


Agriculture is the most common practice in India, where people engage in farming crops for their livelihood. Through this essay on agriculture, we can educate children about its significance and teach them that agriculture is the backbone of the Indian economy. We will also see how the agricultural sector has changed over the recent years in this agriculture essay in English.

The agriculture in India essay will give a sneak peek into the world of farming. Children will be able to learn how farmers ensure to keep our economy stable by producing different yields. Agriculture has existed in India for a long time, but now, the use of modern equipment and technology has given it a new meaning. Through agriculture essay topics, we will be able to better comprehend this field, and children will be inspired to write a short essay on the topic.

essay about agriculture

Importance of Agriculture

The essay on agriculture begins by highlighting its importance. Not many children know where exactly the food we eat comes from. Surely, they know that their parents bought the vegetables and cereals from the market and cooked them. But are they aware of how these goods are produced? The agriculture in India essay will delve into these aspects and make it easy for children to understand.

Farmers work day and night to produce food, and we are indebted to them for their efforts as they ensure our sustenance. Along with employing many labourers for farming and rearing, the agricultural sector is a major contributor to the national income of the country by exporting commodities like tea, coffee, spices, vegetables etc. Moreover, agriculture plays a significant role in the economic development of the nation as people depend on it for food and livelihood. Hence, it is best to enlighten them about agriculture through this agriculture essay in English.

Negative Impacts of Agriculture

Though we say that agriculture is a boon to the economy, some of the agriculture essay topics will point out that it causes harm to both the environment and the people involved. Since it requires large areas for cultivating crops, trees are cut down, and forests are cleared to make space for agricultural activities. Besides, farmers utilise water from rivers and ponds for irrigation, and this will lead to the fast drying of water resources.

Further, the essay on agriculture discusses that agriculture creates a negative impact on people as well. As there is excessive use of pesticides and fertilisers to protect the crops from damage, this will affect the people who intake the produce. Along with causing many health issues, the use of chemicals leads to the depletion of the topsoil and pollution of groundwater.

We can conclude the agriculture in India essay by saying that we must be wary of its pros and cons though agriculture has given so much to society and the nation. We must incorporate innovative technologies in agriculture to ease the processes, and at the same time, we should limit the damage done to the environment. Through this agriculture essay in English, we can inspire children to spread awareness about the negative effects of agriculture on people and the environment. For more useful and informative essays for kids, check out BYJU’S website.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the importance of the essay on agriculture.

The essay on agriculture will make children aware of the meaning and significance of agriculture. Children will be able to understand how agriculture is an important occupation in India and ensures our survival.

How can children write an essay on agriculture?

Children can refer to the sample agriculture essay provided by BYJU’S to write their essay on the topic. As the essay is written in simple language, children will be able to easily follow it and thus write an essay on it.

What are the negative sides of agriculture?

Agriculture causes deforestation and soil pollution as forests are cleared for cultivation. Fertilisers and chemicals are used to protect crops from insects, which leads to the depletion of the soil. It also results in various health issues when people intake food.

essay on agriculture for class 5

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Essay on Agriculture

Agriculture is one of the most commonly heard words. It’s the most vital practice for the survival of humans. Farmers are considered to be the backbone of agriculture and food production. The food we eat at home, the fruits and vegetables, have a long backstory to them, which in simpler words, can be attributed to agriculture. The following essay comprises fascinating insight into agriculture, its definition, the process and challenges, which can help you in your projects and assignments.

100 Word Essay on Agriculture

200 word essay on agriculture, 500 word essay on agriculture.

Essay on Agriculture

Agriculture is the art of practising soil cultivation, producing crops, and raising livestock. It involves the production of plants and animals for food, fibre, and other products. Agriculture plays a critical role in our lives for several reasons. Firstly, it provides food for people and animals. Without agriculture, we would not have access to the diverse and nutritious diet we enjoy today. Secondly, agriculture provides raw materials for various products, including clothing, medicine, and building materials.

The existence of humans would have been very critical if we hadn’t developed the practice of agriculture.

Agriculture refers to the process of cultivating crops for food, fuel, and other products. It is a crucial part of human civilisation, as it allows us to produce the food and essential items we need for survival.

Types Of Agriculture | The many types of agriculture range from small-scale subsistence farming to large-scale commercial operations. In subsistence farming, farmers grow enough food in small fields or house backyards to feed their families and may sell any excess produce at local markets. In commercial agriculture, farmers grow crops or raise animals on a larger scale, on larger pieces of land, to sell their products to large-scale consumers.

Impact Of Agriculture | Agriculture plays a vital role in the global economy, providing food and other products for people worldwide. It is also an important source of income and survival for many people, particularly in rural areas. However, agriculture can also have negative impacts on the environment. Some farming practices can lead to soil erosion, pollution, and biodiversity loss. As a result, sustainable agriculture has become the need of the hour in recent years, with farmers adopting practices that can help protect the environment while still producing the food we need.

Agriculture refers to cultivating land and raising crops or livestock for sustenance or commercial purposes. It is a crucial part of human civilisation, providing food, raw materials, and essential commodities that support communities and economies worldwide.

Origins of Agriculture

The origins of agriculture can be traced back to the Neolithic period when humans first began domesticating plants and animals. This marked a significant shift in human history as people transitioned from a nomadic lifestyle to a more settled one, with the development of permanent settlements and the growth of complex societies.

Challengeso of Agriculture

Today, agriculture remains a crucial industry, providing food and other products for a growing global population. However, agriculture also has its challenges. Farming can negatively impact the environment, as it involves the use of large amounts of water, pesticides, and other resources and even the negative impacts of climate change. Climate change is impacting agriculture significantly, with extreme weather events, such as droughts and floods, threatening crops and livestock.

What is Sustainable Agriculture?

Despite these challenges, agriculture continues to play a vital role worldwide. In recent years, there has been a focus on sustainable agriculture, which seeks to minimise the negative impact of farming on the environment while still providing food and other essential products for the global population.

My Visit to a Rice Farm

I n July’ 22, I visited a rice farm with my family while we were on a trip to the wedding of one of our close relatives. The farm belonged to my uncle, he gave us a tour of it and explained to us about the art of cultivation of rice and the process of how the rice we eat at her home every other day is cultivated.

What I Learnt | I saw how the water system works in the fields, how much manure, supplements and insecticides are used to keep the crops healthy, and how the storage system works, and I got to explore a lot more about agriculture. I saw how the water system works in the fields, how much manure, supplements and insecticides are used to keep the crops healthy, and how the storage system works, and I got to explore a lot more about agriculture.

How I Felt | It was my first-time visit to the farm, and being a person who has spent all his life living in the city, I was extremely surprised at how peaceful the farm ambience is and how much effort, time and love goes into cultivating crops. We eat fruits and vegetables every day but don't realise how complex and effortful the process of agriculture is.

In conclusion, agriculture is an essential part of human civilisation, providing the food and raw materials that support communities and economies worldwide. While there are challenges to be addressed, such as the impact on the environment and the effects of climate change, agriculture remains crucial to humanity's well-being, survival and future.

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An underwriter is a person who assesses and evaluates the risk of insurance in his or her field like mortgage, loan, health policy, investment, and so on and so forth. The underwriter career path does involve risks as analysing the risks means finding out if there is a way for the insurance underwriter jobs to recover the money from its clients. If the risk turns out to be too much for the company then in the future it is an underwriter who will be held accountable for it. Therefore, one must carry out his or her job with a lot of attention and diligence.

Welding Engineer

Welding Engineer Job Description: A Welding Engineer work involves managing welding projects and supervising welding teams. He or she is responsible for reviewing welding procedures, processes and documentation. A career as Welding Engineer involves conducting failure analyses and causes on welding issues. 

Transportation Planner

A career as Transportation Planner requires technical application of science and technology in engineering, particularly the concepts, equipment and technologies involved in the production of products and services. In fields like land use, infrastructure review, ecological standards and street design, he or she considers issues of health, environment and performance. A Transportation Planner assigns resources for implementing and designing programmes. He or she is responsible for assessing needs, preparing plans and forecasts and compliance with regulations.

Individuals in the architecture career are the building designers who plan the whole construction keeping the safety and requirements of the people. Individuals in architect career in India provides professional services for new constructions, alterations, renovations and several other activities. Individuals in architectural careers in India visit site locations to visualize their projects and prepare scaled drawings to submit to a client or employer as a design. Individuals in architecture careers also estimate build costs, materials needed, and the projected time frame to complete a build.

Landscape Architect

Having a landscape architecture career, you are involved in site analysis, site inventory, land planning, planting design, grading, stormwater management, suitable design, and construction specification. Frederick Law Olmsted, the designer of Central Park in New York introduced the title “landscape architect”. The Australian Institute of Landscape Architects (AILA) proclaims that "Landscape Architects research, plan, design and advise on the stewardship, conservation and sustainability of development of the environment and spaces, both within and beyond the built environment". Therefore, individuals who opt for a career as a landscape architect are those who are educated and experienced in landscape architecture. Students need to pursue various landscape architecture degrees, such as  M.Des , M.Plan to become landscape architects. If you have more questions regarding a career as a landscape architect or how to become a landscape architect then you can read the article to get your doubts cleared. 

An expert in plumbing is aware of building regulations and safety standards and works to make sure these standards are upheld. Testing pipes for leakage using air pressure and other gauges, and also the ability to construct new pipe systems by cutting, fitting, measuring and threading pipes are some of the other more involved aspects of plumbing. Individuals in the plumber career path are self-employed or work for a small business employing less than ten people, though some might find working for larger entities or the government more desirable.

Urban Planner

Urban Planning careers revolve around the idea of developing a plan to use the land optimally, without affecting the environment. Urban planning jobs are offered to those candidates who are skilled in making the right use of land to distribute the growing population, to create various communities. 

Urban planning careers come with the opportunity to make changes to the existing cities and towns. They identify various community needs and make short and long-term plans accordingly.

Construction Manager

Individuals who opt for a career as construction managers have a senior-level management role offered in construction firms. Responsibilities in the construction management career path are assigning tasks to workers, inspecting their work, and coordinating with other professionals including architects, subcontractors, and building services engineers.

Environmental Engineer

Individuals who opt for a career as an environmental engineer are construction professionals who utilise the skills and knowledge of biology, soil science, chemistry and the concept of engineering to design and develop projects that serve as solutions to various environmental problems. 

Orthotist and Prosthetist

Orthotists and Prosthetists are professionals who provide aid to patients with disabilities. They fix them to artificial limbs (prosthetics) and help them to regain stability. There are times when people lose their limbs in an accident. In some other occasions, they are born without a limb or orthopaedic impairment. Orthotists and prosthetists play a crucial role in their lives with fixing them to assistive devices and provide mobility.

Veterinary Doctor

A veterinary doctor is a medical professional with a degree in veterinary science. The veterinary science qualification is the minimum requirement to become a veterinary doctor. There are numerous veterinary science courses offered by various institutes. He or she is employed at zoos to ensure they are provided with good health facilities and medical care to improve their life expectancy.


A career in pathology in India is filled with several responsibilities as it is a medical branch and affects human lives. The demand for pathologists has been increasing over the past few years as people are getting more aware of different diseases. Not only that, but an increase in population and lifestyle changes have also contributed to the increase in a pathologist’s demand. The pathology careers provide an extremely huge number of opportunities and if you want to be a part of the medical field you can consider being a pathologist. If you want to know more about a career in pathology in India then continue reading this article.

Speech Therapist


Gynaecology can be defined as the study of the female body. The job outlook for gynaecology is excellent since there is evergreen demand for one because of their responsibility of dealing with not only women’s health but also fertility and pregnancy issues. Although most women prefer to have a women obstetrician gynaecologist as their doctor, men also explore a career as a gynaecologist and there are ample amounts of male doctors in the field who are gynaecologists and aid women during delivery and childbirth. 

An oncologist is a specialised doctor responsible for providing medical care to patients diagnosed with cancer. He or she uses several therapies to control the cancer and its effect on the human body such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy and biopsy. An oncologist designs a treatment plan based on a pathology report after diagnosing the type of cancer and where it is spreading inside the body.


The audiologist career involves audiology professionals who are responsible to treat hearing loss and proactively preventing the relevant damage. Individuals who opt for a career as an audiologist use various testing strategies with the aim to determine if someone has a normal sensitivity to sounds or not. After the identification of hearing loss, a hearing doctor is required to determine which sections of the hearing are affected, to what extent they are affected, and where the wound causing the hearing loss is found. As soon as the hearing loss is identified, the patients are provided with recommendations for interventions and rehabilitation such as hearing aids, cochlear implants, and appropriate medical referrals. While audiology is a branch of science that studies and researches hearing, balance, and related disorders.

Healthcare Social Worker

Healthcare social workers help patients to access services and information about health-related issues. He or she assists people with everything from locating medical treatment to assisting with the cost of care to recover from an illness or injury. A career as Healthcare Social Worker requires working with groups of people, individuals, and families in various healthcare settings such as hospitals, mental health clinics, child welfare, schools, human service agencies, nursing homes, private practices, and other healthcare settings.  

For an individual who opts for a career as an actor, the primary responsibility is to completely speak to the character he or she is playing and to persuade the crowd that the character is genuine by connecting with them and bringing them into the story. This applies to significant roles and littler parts, as all roles join to make an effective creation. Here in this article, we will discuss how to become an actor in India, actor exams, actor salary in India, and actor jobs. 

Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats create and direct original routines for themselves, in addition to developing interpretations of existing routines. The work of circus acrobats can be seen in a variety of performance settings, including circus, reality shows, sports events like the Olympics, movies and commercials. Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats must be prepared to face rejections and intermittent periods of work. The creativity of acrobats may extend to other aspects of the performance. For example, acrobats in the circus may work with gym trainers, celebrities or collaborate with other professionals to enhance such performance elements as costume and or maybe at the teaching end of the career.

Video Game Designer

Career as a video game designer is filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. A video game designer is someone who is involved in the process of creating a game from day one. He or she is responsible for fulfilling duties like designing the character of the game, the several levels involved, plot, art and similar other elements. Individuals who opt for a career as a video game designer may also write the codes for the game using different programming languages.

Depending on the video game designer job description and experience they may also have to lead a team and do the early testing of the game in order to suggest changes and find loopholes.

Talent Agent

The career as a Talent Agent is filled with responsibilities. A Talent Agent is someone who is involved in the pre-production process of the film. It is a very busy job for a Talent Agent but as and when an individual gains experience and progresses in the career he or she can have people assisting him or her in work. Depending on one’s responsibilities, number of clients and experience he or she may also have to lead a team and work with juniors under him or her in a talent agency. In order to know more about the job of a talent agent continue reading the article.

If you want to know more about talent agent meaning, how to become a Talent Agent, or Talent Agent job description then continue reading this article.

Radio Jockey

Radio Jockey is an exciting, promising career and a great challenge for music lovers. If you are really interested in a career as radio jockey, then it is very important for an RJ to have an automatic, fun, and friendly personality. If you want to get a job done in this field, a strong command of the language and a good voice are always good things. Apart from this, in order to be a good radio jockey, you will also listen to good radio jockeys so that you can understand their style and later make your own by practicing.

A career as radio jockey has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. If you want to know more about a career as radio jockey, and how to become a radio jockey then continue reading the article.

An individual who is pursuing a career as a producer is responsible for managing the business aspects of production. They are involved in each aspect of production from its inception to deception. Famous movie producers review the script, recommend changes and visualise the story. 

They are responsible for overseeing the finance involved in the project and distributing the film for broadcasting on various platforms. A career as a producer is quite fulfilling as well as exhaustive in terms of playing different roles in order for a production to be successful. Famous movie producers are responsible for hiring creative and technical personnel on contract basis.

Fashion Blogger

Fashion bloggers use multiple social media platforms to recommend or share ideas related to fashion. A fashion blogger is a person who writes about fashion, publishes pictures of outfits, jewellery, accessories. Fashion blogger works as a model, journalist, and a stylist in the fashion industry. In current fashion times, these bloggers have crossed into becoming a star in fashion magazines, commercials, or campaigns. 


Photography is considered both a science and an art, an artistic means of expression in which the camera replaces the pen. In a career as a photographer, an individual is hired to capture the moments of public and private events, such as press conferences or weddings, or may also work inside a studio, where people go to get their picture clicked. Photography is divided into many streams each generating numerous career opportunities in photography. With the boom in advertising, media, and the fashion industry, photography has emerged as a lucrative and thrilling career option for many Indian youths.

Copy Writer

In a career as a copywriter, one has to consult with the client and understand the brief well. A career as a copywriter has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. Several new mediums of advertising are opening therefore making it a lucrative career choice. Students can pursue various copywriter courses such as Journalism , Advertising , Marketing Management . Here, we have discussed how to become a freelance copywriter, copywriter career path, how to become a copywriter in India, and copywriting career outlook. 

Careers in journalism are filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. One cannot afford to miss out on the details. As it is the small details that provide insights into a story. Depending on those insights a journalist goes about writing a news article. A journalism career can be stressful at times but if you are someone who is passionate about it then it is the right choice for you. If you want to know more about the media field and journalist career then continue reading this article.

For publishing books, newspapers, magazines and digital material, editorial and commercial strategies are set by publishers. Individuals in publishing career paths make choices about the markets their businesses will reach and the type of content that their audience will be served. Individuals in book publisher careers collaborate with editorial staff, designers, authors, and freelance contributors who develop and manage the creation of content.

In a career as a vlogger, one generally works for himself or herself. However, once an individual has gained viewership there are several brands and companies that approach them for paid collaboration. It is one of those fields where an individual can earn well while following his or her passion. 

Ever since internet costs got reduced the viewership for these types of content has increased on a large scale. Therefore, a career as a vlogger has a lot to offer. If you want to know more about the Vlogger eligibility, roles and responsibilities then continue reading the article. 

Individuals in the editor career path is an unsung hero of the news industry who polishes the language of the news stories provided by stringers, reporters, copywriters and content writers and also news agencies. Individuals who opt for a career as an editor make it more persuasive, concise and clear for readers. In this article, we will discuss the details of the editor's career path such as how to become an editor in India, editor salary in India and editor skills and qualities.

Fashion Journalist

Fashion journalism involves performing research and writing about the most recent fashion trends. Journalists obtain this knowledge by collaborating with stylists, conducting interviews with fashion designers, and attending fashion shows, photoshoots, and conferences. A fashion Journalist  job is to write copy for trade and advertisement journals, fashion magazines, newspapers, and online fashion forums about style and fashion.

Multimedia Specialist

A multimedia specialist is a media professional who creates, audio, videos, graphic image files, computer animations for multimedia applications. He or she is responsible for planning, producing, and maintaining websites and applications. 

Corporate Executive

Are you searching for a Corporate Executive job description? A Corporate Executive role comes with administrative duties. He or she provides support to the leadership of the organisation. A Corporate Executive fulfils the business purpose and ensures its financial stability. In this article, we are going to discuss how to become corporate executive.

Production Manager

Quality controller.

A quality controller plays a crucial role in an organisation. He or she is responsible for performing quality checks on manufactured products. He or she identifies the defects in a product and rejects the product. 

A quality controller records detailed information about products with defects and sends it to the supervisor or plant manager to take necessary actions to improve the production process.

Production Engineer

A career as a Production Engineer is crucial in the manufacturing industry. He or she ensures the functionality of production equipment and machinery to improve productivity and minimise production costs to drive revenues and increase profitability. 

Product Designer

Individuals who opt for a career as product designers are responsible for designing the components and overall product concerning its shape, size, and material used in manufacturing. They are responsible for the aesthetic appearance of the product. A product designer uses his or her creative skills to give a product its final outlook and ensures the functionality of the design. 

Students can opt for various product design degrees such as B.Des and M.Des to become product designers. Industrial product designer prepares 3D models of designs for approval and discusses them with clients and other colleagues. Individuals who opt for a career as a product designer estimate the total cost involved in designing.

Commercial Manager

A Commercial Manager negotiates, advises and secures information about pricing for commercial contracts. He or she is responsible for developing financial plans in order to maximise the business's profitability.

AWS Solution Architect

An AWS Solution Architect is someone who specializes in developing and implementing cloud computing systems. He or she has a good understanding of the various aspects of cloud computing and can confidently deploy and manage their systems. He or she troubleshoots the issues and evaluates the risk from the third party. 

Azure Administrator

An Azure Administrator is a professional responsible for implementing, monitoring, and maintaining Azure Solutions. He or she manages cloud infrastructure service instances and various cloud servers as well as sets up public and private cloud systems. 

Information Security Manager

Individuals in the information security manager career path involves in overseeing and controlling all aspects of computer security. The IT security manager job description includes planning and carrying out security measures to protect the business data and information from corruption, theft, unauthorised access, and deliberate attack 

Computer Programmer

Careers in computer programming primarily refer to the systematic act of writing code and moreover include wider computer science areas. The word 'programmer' or 'coder' has entered into practice with the growing number of newly self-taught tech enthusiasts. Computer programming careers involve the use of designs created by software developers and engineers and transforming them into commands that can be implemented by computers. These commands result in regular usage of social media sites, word-processing applications and browsers.

ITSM Manager

.net developer.

.NET Developer Job Description: A .NET Developer is a professional responsible for producing code using .NET languages. He or she is a software developer who uses the .NET technologies platform to create various applications. Dot NET Developer job comes with the responsibility of  creating, designing and developing applications using .NET languages such as VB and C#. 

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Short & Long Essay on Agriculture 100, 150, 250, 500 Words

Essay on agriculture.

The essay on Agriculture is written in simple English and has easy words for children and students. This English essay tells about agriculture, what agriculture is for us, and why it is special for us. Students are often asked to write essay on agriculture in their schools and colleges. And if you are also looking for the same, then we have given essay on agriculture in 100 – words, 150 – words, 250 – words, and 500 – words.

An effective way to teach students would be through an essay on agriculture in English. Through essay writing on this topic of Agriculture for classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 10, children will learn to collect facts and write them in their own words.

Essay – 100 Words

India is an agricultural country and it is not just a means of livelihood but a way of life. We have been doing agriculture since ancient times. After independence, we had to depend on other countries to meet the demand for food grains. But, the Green Revolution has made India self-reliant.

Farmers work very hard in the agricultural field to grow food. Our farmers stand by us in every situation by giving us food. Man cannot even imagine living without the help of agriculture. There are many types of agriculture like shifting cultivation, grain farming, fish farming, dairy farming, etc. Some bad effects of wrong farming on the environment have also been seen such as pollution from pesticides, fertilizers, and manure.

Essay – 150 Words

Agriculture is of great importance in our lives. Farmers do not grow anything in their fields rather they provide employment and business opportunities to others. Consumption of the final products of agriculture affects our entire lives. Without its help, it is impossible for a human being to fill his stomach. Agriculture helps maintain our ecosystem.

Agriculture plays an important role in the economic development of any country as many industries depend on agriculture for their raw materials. With the revolution in agriculture, the industrial sector has also expanded. Moreover, when production in the agricultural sector increases, more employment opportunities will also be created and provide work in crop growing, direct employment in agricultural extension, and other sectors as well.

But doing agriculture wrongly has many fatal consequences. It is also a major source of pollution, as pesticides, fertilizers, and other toxic agricultural chemicals can poison water, marine ecosystems, soil, and air.

Essay – 250 Words

Agriculture is the primary source of livelihood for most of the population in India. More than 70 percent of people here depend on agriculture. Agriculture has been in existence since ancient times and in today’s era it has evolved with new technologies and equipment that have replaced the old traditional farming methods.

Even today some farmers use traditional farming methods because they lack education and resources and understanding to use modern technologies. Today, India is the second-largest producer of rice, wheat, cotton, fruits, tea, and vegetables. Various types of spices are cultivated here and these spices are sent all over the world.

Growth and Development of Agricultural Sector

We have been doing agriculture for a long time, yet it has still remained underdeveloped. Even after independence, we used to import food grains from other countries to meet the country’s demand. But, due to the Green Revolution, we have now become self-reliant and export our surplus to other countries. Our government is also making continuous efforts to develop this sector.

Earlier we were completely dependent on monsoon for agriculture, but now we have built canals, dams, tube wells, and pump sets. Additionally, there are now better varieties of pesticides, fertilizers, and seeds that help grow more food.

Agriculture is an important sector of the Indian economy. It is progressing with the continuous changes, development, and policies implemented in the agricultural sector. It will always remain an important factor in India’s economic growth.

Essay – 500 Words

Agriculture is the main sector of the Indian economy and employment of farmers. Agriculture has existed for thousands of years. But it has evolved a lot over the years. In today’s era, the use of new inventions, technologies, and equipment has changed almost all the traditional methods of farming. But, even today some farmers are using old traditional methods of agriculture due to lack of information because they are unable to use modern methods. Agriculture has contributed not only to its development but also to the development of other areas of the country.

Role of Agriculture in Economic Development

Agriculture plays an important role in the economic development of the country as it is one of the largest sources of livelihood in the country. Even today 3/4 of the population is based on agriculture and earlier we mainly depended on monsoons for agriculture, but now canals, dams, tube wells, and pump sets have been constructed.

Industries get raw materials from the agricultural sector on which other businesses depend, hence a large part of the economy depends on the agricultural sector. Agriculture provides employment opportunities to most of the people in the country.

Agriculture contributes to Indian exports and also plays an important role in increasing foreign exchange. India exports goods like spices, coffee, tobacco, tea, vegetables, etc. to other countries.

Types of Agriculture

There are many types of agriculture as mentioned below:

Grain cultivation – This is done to provide food to animals and humans. It involves the process of sowing different types of crops which are then harvested at the end of the season.

Horticulture and fruit cultivation – In this process, fruits and vegetables are produced on a large scale. This is mainly done for business purposes.

Dairy Farming – It deals with the production of milk. In this process, products like sweets, curd, cheese, etc. are produced.

Negative Effects of Agriculture

Although agriculture is very beneficial from the point of view of the country’s economy and employment, some negative effects are also seen. These are harmful to the people involved in the agricultural sector as well as the environment.

First, the use of most chemical fertilizers and pesticides pollutes and poisons the land as well as the surrounding water bodies. Its use causes the depletion of topsoil and pollutes ground water.

Secondly, deforestation is also a negative effect of agriculture. To expand agricultural land, many forests have been cut down and converted into agricultural land. Also, excessive use of river water for irrigation causes many small rivers and ponds to dry up, disrupting the natural balance.

Agriculture has given a lot to the country from food to business, but agriculture has some advantages and disadvantages which we cannot ignore. The government is making every possible effort for the growth and development of proper agriculture. Also, the government needs to do something about the negative impacts on agriculture.

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Essay on Agriculture and Rural Development in English for Children and Students

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Today, urbanization has made people from rural areas to shift to cities and towns, for better opportunities and facilities. This trend isn’t specific to a particular region of the globe, but is witnessed almost in every country. Despite this huge population shift from rural to urban centers, agriculture has remained a significant source of income and livelihood for one-third of the world population. Agriculture, at the grass root level functions as a family run business, by the farmers. Nearly 70-80% of total world’s poor people rely on agriculture for livelihood, including the farmers. Hence, the role that agriculture plays in Rural Development is significant.

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Long and Short Essay on Agriculture and Rural Development in English

We have given below Short and Long Essay on Agriculture and Rural Development in English under varying word lengths.

After reading these short and long agriculture and rural development essay, you will know what role does agriculture plays in rural development, the world statistics on agriculture; facts and figures around the world; what role does agriculture plays in economy; importance/significance of agriculture; components of rural development; Indian statistics on agriculture and rural development; steps taken by the government of India for rural development etc.

These Agriculture and Rural Development essays are especially beneficial for the students of senior secondary level and help them in essay writing, debate or other competitions.

Agriculture and Rural Development Essay – 1 (200 Words)

Nearly 45% of the total world population resides in villages, that is roughly 339 Crores. By and large, nearly 60% of the global population depends on agriculture and allied businesses. Villages primarily are agriculture based economies, not only in developing but also in developed nations around the world.

Development in rural areas, up to a large extent depends on Agriculture, as it constitutes the prime source of livelihood and food for farmers and other villagers. But, the statement also hold true, the other way round, that is agricultural in a village also depends hugely on the infrastructure developments and scientific advancements in farming.

That is, better roads, 24/7 dedicated electricity supply for farms, irrigation canals, introduction of modern farming technologies are some of the areas of rural development which in turn will mutually benefit the agriculture industry.

Agriculture and Rural Development are directly proportional to each other and a development in any one will consequently lead to the improvement of other. On the other hand a poor state of any one of them will adversely affect the other.

Agricultural economy of a village will suffer in absence of good roads and electricity, hence, stalling the overall economical as well as social development of a village.

Agriculture and Rural Development Essay – 2 (300 Words)


Agriculture plays a significant role in rural development by way of employment creation, food production and livelihood. Almost 60% of world’s population i.e. 450 Crores (roughly) depends directly on agriculture and its allied sectors for their living. Agriculture plays a significant role in rural development by making the villages self sustainable. With better agriculture yield and growth prospects in a village, development is evidently the next natural thing to happen.

World Statistics of Agriculture

Agriculture is an industry which has the potential to end poverty and misery around the world. A little more than half of the world’s population i.e. 450 Crores depends on agriculture for livelihood. Studies reveal that agriculture is the prime source of income for 65% of the world’s poor adult population. Also, agriculture contributes to 6.4% of world’s total economic production, which roughly sums up to $5,084,800 million.

On the contrary, despite such huge potential of agriculture in improving economy and eliminating poverty, rural population in most parts of the world faces slow social and economic development. The farmers, who provide food for almost the entire world population has very low or no access to modern amenities as in urban centers. They considerably lag behind in education, health and other sectors.

Nearly 80% of population in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa that also supports the livelihood of 2.5 billion people, face economic and social marginalization.

Agriculture and Rural Development are two different aspects, yet they are also co-related. While agriculture hugely contributes in sustaining rural economy and strengthening its social structure, reducing poverty etc; rural development on the other hand, includes the developments in agriculture sector as well as other sectors like, health, education, roads, industrialization and others. Agriculture sector is obviously benefited by infrastructure development, because of better accessibility to markets and urban trade centers.

Agriculture and Rural Development Essay – 3 (400 Words)

Agriculture sector has a huge potential for transforming rural economy by making it, self sustainable. Growth in agriculture produces consequently leads to economical development and poverty eradication. It makes the village economy self sustainable; however, the overall development of a rural area depends on wide number of factors other than agriculture. The two however are closely co-related in some aspects as we will know in the following essay.

Facts and Figures

Approximately 45% of World’s population lives in rural areas, that is in terms of numbers 3.4 billion people. Also, nearly 2 billion people have agriculture as their primary source of income. Agriculture sector also employs nearly 866 million people across the globe. Out of which, approx 75% (656 million) are in south-East Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. Around 80% of world food is produced by over 500 million farms run by a family.

Agriculture and Rural Economy

Agriculture is an integral part of many world economies, especially the developing ones, and hence plays a significant role in rural development. It helps the villages to be self reliant by creating new job opportunities, eradicating poverty and improving rural society.

Economic development of a rural area primarily depends on the state of agriculture in that particular area. A decline in agriculture produce will adversely affect the economy. However, over dependency of rural areas on agriculture and allied sectors for employment generation is also a challenge for rural economy.

Though, agriculture is self reliable, it is also vulnerable to natural calamities like drought, flood, storms and pollution. A year of unexpected less rain or drought could put the whole village economy on back foot in terms of economy.

The challenge is therefore to make rural economy more independent of agriculture, by introducing sectors like fish farming, honey bee farming etc.

Agriculture plays a great role in overall development of rural areas; though, it is not the only factor on which rural development depends. Overall rural development includes development in agriculture along with other sectors, like development in education, health facilities, transportation, basic amenities like water and electricity, proper infrastructure etc. There is no doubt that the development in terms of infrastructure, water and electricity will support agriculture sector and hence the village economy.

Agriculture and Rural Development Essay – 4 (500 Words)

Agriculture sector around the world is a major player in sustaining rural economy and development. It is the largest employer in rural areas and hugely contributes in its overall development. Nearly 80% of world population depends on agriculture for its livelihood by supplying food to the rest of the world. Rural development and agriculture are also co-related in more than one way, as we will find out in the following essay.

Significance of Agriculture

The contribution of agriculture in improving rural economy is immense. It sustains village economy by generating food, employment and other related means of livelihood. Agriculture sector is the huge employment provider in rural areas. It provides employment to daily wage labours as well as skilled work force in fields as well as other agriculture related activities.

Agriculture sector is also a mass producer of food, necessary for sustaining human nutritional needs. With low yield or declining agricultural activities, signs of hunger and malnutrition start showing up within no time.

Components of Rural Development

Social, economic and overall development of a rural area depends on a wide number of factors like agriculture, better planning, employment generation etc. We will discuss in brief some of the chief components of rural development below-

1) Employment Generation

Employment Creation is the main component of rural development. Though, in rural areas, agriculture sector is the largest employer. Therefore, to generate employment opportunities in villages, there is a need to strengthen agriculture sector and also setup other industries.

2) Better Planning

Better planning must be done by the government, to boost up local economy of a village by employing development model conducive to its growth. A village economy largely depends on agriculture and hence any positive changes made in the latter will automatically improve the state of former.

3) Better Roads

Better road connectivity is a major sign of rural development which also improves the agriculture sector. Better roads and connectivity to urban trade centers mean that the farm produces reach the market early and fetch good price, hence, aiding in agricultural economy as well.

4) Modern Techniques

Introducing modern techniques in agriculture and allied industries will automatically improve the overall development of villages. Using genetically modified seeds and organic fertilizers for better yield will consequently lead to overall development of rural areas.

5) Basic Amenities

Availability of basic amenities like water and electricity is also a major component of rural development. It also improves crop yield by ensuring that the field never run dry even when the natural rain is scarce. Similarly, continuous electricity supply is also beneficial for agriculture.

Agriculture and Rural Development are the backbones of the economy of a nation. This becomes more befitting in case of developing and underdeveloped economies of the world. In an agrarian economy, the more better the state of agriculture is the better will be the development around rural areas. On the other hand, rural development in terms of infrastructure and other sectors creates an environment conducive to the growth of agriculture sector.

Agriculture and Rural Development Long Essay – 5 (600 Words)

India is primarily an agriculture based economy and a large portion of its population still resides in villages. Therefore, for developing rural India, it is imperative to develop the agriculture sector by introducing new reforms and policies. In the following essay we will go through the state of agriculture and rural development in India, discussing prospects of their improvement.

Agriculture Statistics – India

Nearly 75% of India’s total population (133 Crores) depends primarily on agriculture sector for its livelihood, which roughly sums up to approximately 100.4 Crores people. Agriculture sector in India contributes around 16% of the total GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of India. It is only in third place preceded by service sector and industrial sector at first and third place respectively. Indian economy is the fastest growing economy of the world and is expected to consistently improve.

Role of Agriculture in Economy

Agriculture sector is one of the primary sectors of the Indian economy. Though, the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) contribution of agriculture has consistently declined in past six to seven decades, it still employs nearly 53% of Indian population.

Agriculture also plays a significant role in making the village economy self sustainable and independent. Rural India is still far away from industrialization and the prime source of employment for rural people is the agriculture sector.

Agriculture sector therefore is the main player in Indian economy as it sustains not only farmers but also other small businesses and vendors those rely on it. Agricultural produces are transported to markets, in turn providing employment in transport sector.

While the products breach markets, small vegetable vendors, shop keepers purchase the products for direct selling, thereby generating tremendous employment opportunities. Needless to say that agriculture sector employs skilled and unskilled labours at all levels and in all allied sectors.

Initiatives for Rural Development

1) Five Year Plan

Beginning in 1951, the Government of India has been framing and implementing five year plan, after every five year, to improve the overall development of the country, primarily in the rural areas. Under the five year plan dams had been built, irrigation canals constructed, agricultural reforms introduced etc.

2) Increased Budgetary Allocations for Agriculture

Government has in the subsequent years increased spending on agriculture and related sectors in a bid to make them independent and self reliant. The money is spent on improving agriculture sector right from the production stage to marketing stage.

3) Road Connectivity

Good roads are the most significant symbols of rural development and also the most important one. They not only reduce the distance between villages and cities but also boost up the agricultural industry by providing fast and easy transportation.

4) Giving Agricultural Credit

Giving agricultural loans at reasonable rates to small and poor farmers will also aid in rural development. When a poor farmer is given credit to purchase fertilizers, farm equipments etc, it will consequently improve village economy and development.

5) Rural Job Guarantee Schemes

Rural job guarantee schemes like MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act) which guarantees job on daily basis to rural population do a commendable job in improving the village economy. It provides job not only in agriculture sector but also in other fields such as road and building construction etc.

Indian economy is largely dependent on agriculture, while the latter depends on rural development. It is also true that economic and social development of Indian villages is primarily dependent on agriculture sector. Therefore, it wouldn’t be wrong to see agriculture and rural developments as two sides of one coin, where one depends on or is affected by changes in other.

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Essay On Agriculture For School Students & Kids Class 1 To 10

Essay on agriculture.

Agriculture is simply the art and science of growing plants and animals. Agriculture was an important breakthrough in urban civilization development, where agriculture of domesticated species produced surpluses, which allowed people to live more comfortably in towns.

The history of agriculture can be traced back thousands of years. From the early Age until today, farming has been a common phenomenon in human societies worldwide.

The evolution of agricultural practices can be seen from the simple beginnings of farming to the complex techniques applied today. Agriculture is used for various purposes, including providing food, fuel, cloth, shelter, and water, and in the process, it has provided humans with the means to sustain life on this earth.

There are many reasons why a farmer is involved in farming, but one reason is to provide food and fuel to meet humans’ basic needs and make these available to others. Agriculture also provides livelihoods for many people who engage in farming as a business and those who live in rural areas.

There are many different farming methods, but the most common ones include cropping, tillage, hoeing, plowing, and the planting of trees. These different methods are very effective at providing food and fuel for people.


Each of the methods has its own set of requirements for land and equipment required to ensure that crops are being produced. So, a good farmer has to know the various aspects of each method and how to combine them into one.

Nepal nepalese women people rice paddy Asar Ropai Farming essay on agriculture

Farming today is becoming increasingly mechanized to cut down on the work time of farmers. Machines such as mechanized weeding equipment, sprinklers, tiller, weed control, etc. have significantly reduced farmers’ time to cultivate the land.

The modern techniques of farming are now capable of meeting all the basic needs of people. However, certain aspects of agricultural methods still need to be taken care of to avoid the waste of resources, resulting in poverty.

Agriculture has to be done efficiently and effectively if necessary, to remain a key element in human society. If this does not happen, the benefits of farming could be lost forever. Agriculture is an important part of human history and has become an essential component of daily life.

Agriculture involves the production of food and fuel for human use. The food produced through agriculture is used to meet the basic needs of people. This includes food that is needed to eat, the fuel needed to run vehicles and houses, water that is needed for irrigation, clothing, and other necessities, and so forth.

The food and fuel that are produced from agriculture are sold or exchanged with other consumers. All of us need to consume food and fuel that will be used to meet our basic requirements of life.

Agriculture has made life easier for people all over the world. People involved in agriculture, either directly or indirectly, have given other people a better life through their contributions.

Agriculture is the art and science of growing various species of livestock and plants. Agriculture has been the most important development in human evolution, where farming of domesticate species made food surpluses, which allowed humans to live in civilized cities. The history of agricultural science began thousands of years ago in Asia.

Farming evolved during ancient times. As a result of the changing climate, farmers learned how to better harness nature and improve their productivity. The art of farming was born in India, where crops and animals were domesticated. In the Middle East, cereals, such as wheat, barley, and oats, were introduced to the region.

During ancient times, the development of irrigation made it possible for farming to prosper. This enabled farmers to grow food in large quantities. The first known irrigation system was a system of underground wells, although later systems included canals. Agriculture began in Africa, with the development of olive groves.

The earliest recorded evidence of agriculture came from ancient civilizations. Writing systems, such as the Egyptian Hieroglyphic Papyri, have been discovered to date. The earliest recorded record of agriculture also comes from Egypt, as an illustration of a farming technique. Egypt is thought to have been the first civilization to farm animals, as evidenced by the use of mules, camels, and oxen.

One of the biggest and most important technological advancements in agricultural science was farming equipment. In particular, the plow’s invention was an essential step in improving the productivity of all kinds of farmers. The plow developed the principle of rotating or sowing fields to maximize harvests.

Agriculture has changed tremendously through the centuries, and its role in society has changed along with its importance. Modern-day farmers still rely heavily on the traditional method of raising crops and animals. While modern farming equipment has improved agriculture, farming’s main purpose remains to provide a healthy and plentiful food supply.

Agricultural science continues to be studied by many scientists around the world. The field of agricultural science is becoming extremely important to many countries as they attempt to make themselves more self-sufficient and less dependent on other nations.

Many countries are looking at the agriculture industry as one of the most promising markets to grow their economy. China is currently trying to promote its agricultural science to produce more food at a lower cost.

In recent years, agriculture has become a major concern for many scientists. Scientists have worked hard to understand the relationships between plants, animals, and humans and try to figure out how all of these components interact with one another.

Agriculture is becoming an important part of life for millions of people all over the world. The need for farmers is increasing, and so are the questions that scientists are asking about agriculture. Hopefully, these articles will help shed some light on this fascinating field.

Agriculture is the study and practice of growing plants and livestock within agricultural systems. Agriculture has been the primary invention of urban living, where the cultivation of domestic animals and plants made way for a more sedentary, rural lifestyle.

The history of agricultural science started thousands of years ago when farmers grew cereals on their farms. In the modern era, agriculture has evolved into many forms and has become more complicated with new inventions. With the development of the internet and a global market, agriculture has developed to new heights globally.

The development of agricultural systems has allowed farmers to grow more than just wheat and barley. Now, farmers can grow fruits, vegetables, dairy products, fish, poultry, and other meats.

Agriculture has also improved the quality of life by improving the diet of many people around the world. Modern farming methods have made it possible for many people to eat more healthy food without using a large amount of space or resources.

The growth of the human population has played a role in the increase in agriculture. As people from all over the world came together to start new farms and communities, agriculture became a way of ensuring food supplies were maintained and increased.

When there was more farming and less wildland available, the demand for grain began to increase, which led to an increase in production. Also, many people could build small barns or outbuildings on their farms to farm without leaving their homes.

The development of the internet has greatly helped the growth of agriculture. Farming has expanded worldwide to include many different countries.

Essay about Agriculture

Agriculture is both the art and science of growing food and other livestock. Agriculture has been the driving force behind urbanized human society’s growth, where modern agricultural practices created food surpluses, which allowed humans to live in large cities.

The history of agriculture started thousands of years ago in Egypt, one of the first civilizations to use agriculture for their food requirements. Agriculture became an important aspect of life in both ancient Egypt and China.

It was not until the industrial revolution and the advent of the industrial revolution that farming became much more industrialized.

The Industrial Revolution saw a rise in the large-scale production of foods that had previously only been available to those who lived in the countryside. This led to a shift in farming practices, which caused new problems for farmers worldwide.

Farmers who used to plant wheat, barley, and rice, for example, would now have to find new ways to produce these commodities at a higher yield. This led to the development of new agricultural techniques, which led to a shift in diets and lifestyles. Farmers were now spending more time tending to their crops and less time tending to their families.

Mass production’s arrival also led to an increase in population, as many people moved from farms to large-scale crops such as wheat and barley, where they could have better access to food.

In addition to eating more food, farmers also had access to modern weapons, such as guns and tractors, which could help increase the yields that they could produce.

With the availability of such modern resources, farmers also had more reasons to invest in machinery that allowed them to grow food on larger plots of land. As food prices continued to rise, these increased yields and mechanized equipment meant that more of the food produced in larger towns came into the home of the wealthy.

Many farms’ agricultural productivity was reduced in the United States during the mid-1800s due to the mechanical cultivator’s introduction. In general, it was believed that farmers should cultivate their fields with only their hands.

Essay on Animals For School Students And Kids Class 1 To 10

But as agriculture grew more complex, farmers soon realized that it was easier to hire others to help them grow their crops, allowing the farmers to control the harvest by choosing who received the harvest. And how it was distributed.

Farmers started to use tractors to plow the fields and plow land, which helped increase the yields produced in smaller plots. Farmers started relying on machines, such as the most effective means of increasing production and avoiding the expense of hiring workers to assist them.

Modern agricultural practices also took the form of mechanized farming. This included the application of machinery to every aspect of the production process, including harvesting, production, transportation, and distribution.

The biggest use of machinery during the Industrial Revolution was in agriculture itself. The use of mechanized equipment allowed farmers to process the raw materials needed to create the products that were then sold in markets and stores.

It also allowed for the creation of a larger variety of commodities, such as paper, sugar, cotton, and other agricultural goods. As machines replaced humans in making these commodities, agricultural labor became more complicated and more expensive. Machines also created new jobs for farmworkers, such as machine operators.

Agricultural technology created more jobs, but these jobs came with new and more complicated rules and regulations, as new forms of technology took hold in agricultural circles.

With agriculture also having a direct impact on the environment, farmers were still faced with managing their resources so that they did not destroy the environment in ways that were detrimental to humanity’s future.

Agriculture is the science and art of growing plants and animals. Agriculture has been the single greatest development in human civilization. Farming of agricultural species allowed people to survive in cities, where the production of food surpluses allowed people to live comfortably.

The history of agriculture started thousands of years ago when humans first started to farmland in small communities.

Early farmers found that farming made it easier to feed themselves by keeping down food production costs. The most important aspects of farming are the use of tools and equipment and the production of crops and livestock; this can all be achieved by the use of modern techniques.

As food production became more automated, food production became more mechanized as well. Therefore, farming has moved from being solely about plant growth and harvesting to making use of machinery to grow more products, with some products still being farmed by hand.

Modern-day agriculture has gone far beyond the basic methods used by farmers a few thousand years ago. Farmers today use sophisticated equipment such as tractors, combines, harvesters, and fertilizers to harvest crops for human consumption. They also use sophisticated machinery to make sure that the crops grown are not contaminated.

In addition to producing food for humans, agriculture has a direct effect on the food we consume. Many people buy their food at supermarkets because they offer a range of different types of produce.

This has reduced the need for farmers to work the land. Many supermarkets also provide farmers with a large amount of free advertising by displaying many different varieties of produce, which many people would never see if they did not know to look for them.

Although many people may feel that modern agricultural methods are taking over, agriculture is still very much a part of our society. Many people still grow fruit and vegetables on their own, while others still grow cattle or sheep for meat.

Modern agriculture is responsible for the food we eat, the clothing we wear, and the products we use in our homes. Agriculture is also responsible for the pollution and wastage of resources such as energy and water.

There are many different types of agriculture. Each type of agriculture has its advantages and disadvantages. For example, agriculture, which is done on small farms, has a high degree of sustainability, as the crops grow in the soil rather than in containers.

Farming is one of the largest businesses in the world. If you are looking to get involved in agriculture, then there is a lot of information available to help you get started.

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1.0 Conserving our Environment 1.1 Soil Conservation 1.1.1 Soil recovery Soil is important in a number of ways. They Include:  It’s our life support system  It provides anchorage for plant roots  It holds water and nutrients  It’s a home for various micro-organisms  We build on soil.

Get PDF free notes here; Grade 5 CBC Notes Free Downloads

Therefore soil plays a vital role in our environment. As without soil human life would be very difficult. It’s therefore a resource that should be guarded with a lot of caution. This is why to keep this resource in good we should limit chances of various factors doing away with it.  Soil erosion is the removal of the top soil from one place to another by means of water, wind, or animal activities.  Eroded soils by water are deposited to other places by siltation.  Silt is the deposited soil and is rich in humor such soil very fertile. It comprises of organic matter and can be recovered. Silty soil is slippery when wet, not grainy or rocky Soil recovery/restoration  This is the process of collecting eroded soil from its deposition back to the farm for farming.

Importance of soil recovery  Soil conservation is key to environmental sustainability  It helps protect natural resources and watersheds,  restores habitats for plants and wildlife,  Improves water quality, and makes soil healthier.  Soil conservation also creates economic opportunity. We should therefore look for eroded places and recover the soil and conserve our environment for the future.  Runoff water is the water that runs on the ground at high speed and it removes the soil from its path leaving behind a gully.  Soil eroded by runoff are deposited at the river banks, on the sides of the roads or in places where there are cover crops.  Recovering soil is important to crops because it is very fertile, comprising of decomposed organic matter.  Runoff water has the energy to detach soil particles by scour and to transport entrained soil materials either in suspension or by pushing or rolling larger particles.

Observing runoff

Soil deposit site 1.1.2 Soil Improvement  Soil improvement is the addition of soil nutrients to poor and non-productive soils. This can be done by addict organic manure. Methods of soil conservation  These include fallowing,  using compost, manure, crop residues,  Using fertilizer trees (e.g Calliandra and Pygeum africana),  intercropping legumes with cereals and including the principles of conservation agriculture (crop rotation, ensuring permanent cover for the soil and no disturbing of the top soil layer).

 Organic manure can be prepared by the use of organic materials such as plants materials, animal waste, food remains or kitchen wastes. This can be done by the method of hip compost or pit compost.  With hip compost, the organic materials are hipped on the ground and left to decompose for some time and then transported to the farm where planting takes place.

Constructing compost pit In the absence of compost pit or residue pit, we may use drum or wood pallet as compost bin.”

Wood pallet compost pit Drum  On the other hand, pit manure is prepared by digging underground and dumping all organic waste materials inside. These materials are left for sometimes to decompose then are used in the farm to improve soil.  Once the waste materials have decomposed fully we can plant a suitable crop in the waste pit.

 Dumping green and dry plant remains, food remains and kitchen wastes in a pit situated on a poor soil site is a god farming practice.  This is because once the organic waste materials decay, they release nutrients that are required for the growth of pants.  Therefore if an area has poor soil, it can be improved using organic manure, a crop can be grown successfully. Importance of conserving soil 1. The soil is literally the foundation of plant life. A tree will not be a tree without soil. While there are some plants that can live in water or air, most plants need to be rooted to the ground. It is the soil that provides nutrition to this plant life. It is through this vegetation that nourishes the humankind and the animal kingdom. Plants are important resource of food and fuel and of wood and other by-products that make our other life functions possible. 2. The soil additionally supports the animal kingdom. Our agriculture also relies on soil, for its location and for other functions to be derived from its existence. It will be almost impossible to support the animal and human life without land. 3. The soil is necessary for water supply. This is the magic of nature. The land is also necessary to ensure the quality of water we derive from our earth. Soil and water co-

exist. So do we and soil co-exist? Taking good care of our soil equates to taking care of our water supply. 1.2 Water Conservation Water conservation is the process of retain water in the soil for planting. Water conservation can be done through mulching, shading, and cores cropping. i. Mulching  Is the process of soil water conservation by spreading dry leaves or planting on the ground surface where the crops are planted.  The dry leaves are called mulch where they are used to conserve soil water/moisture.  Mulching prevents direct sunshine to the soil surface which lowers the rate or evaporation. ii. Shading  This is done by constructing a shade structure and covering its top with dry leaves.  This is usually constructed on top of seedbeds to protect the seedling from the scotching sun and also to protect the soil from losing water through evaporation. 10 | P a g e “ Q u a l i t y i n e v e r y l e s s o n iii. Cover Cropping  Cover cropping is the process of soil water conservation through planting short crops that spread wide on the ground.  Plants used for cover cropping are bean plants, peas and green grams.  Water just like soil, is an important resource in our environment for farming practices. We can use mulching, cover cropping and shading to conserve soil moisture.  These farming practices reduce loss of water from the soil.  Conserving water ensures that water in our farms is well used throughout the growing season 11 | P a g e “ Q u a l i t y i n e v e r y l e s s o n It is important to conserve water because it is an important resource for farming in our homes. Without water, the plants will not grow to produce food for us. Importance of water conservation  Without fresh water you will die in just a few days.  Conserving water is important because it keeps water pure and clean while protecting the environment  Water conservation reduces energy use and can even save your household money. 1.3 Living better with wild animals  Wild animals are very useful to use. Some are dangerous like the leopard and the lion. Importance of wild animals 1. Wildlife provides nutrients to humans 2. People depend on wildlife for their livelihoods 3. Wildlife has cultural significance 4. Wildlife is important for the economy 5. Protecting wildlife creates more jobs  Wild animals generate revenue through local and international tourism. Some animals destroy our crops and some kill our domestic animals.  We can scare and keep away wild animals without killing them.  We can keep away animals by the use sounds, using smells and use of smelly and bitter tasting plants. 12 | P a g e “ Q u a l i t y i n e v e r y l e s s o n i. Use of Sounds Some animals are often scared by sounds made by people talking or shouting. Animals like monkeys and squirrels can be scared away by the use of sounds made by radio. A radio is switched on and put in a plantation to scare wild animals’ away. ii. Using Smells Some wild animals are repellant to bad smells. Smells can be produced by burning items such as rugs, plastics or tires. This smell is used to keep away animals such as rodents. 13 | P a g e “ Q u a l i t y i n e v e r y l e s s o n iii. Use of Smelly and bitter tasting plants Some animals avoid smelly and bitter tasting plants. This method keeps away root eaters (rodents) such as the mole from destroying farm plants, and digging holes in the farm. iv. Care and Safety from Wild Animals Some wild animals can be dangerous. They can attack us or even kill us, they include the wild dog, wild cat and monkeys. Such animals can also transmit dangerous diseases such as rabies. We should always keep a safe distances from wild animals. We should not touch or provoke wild animals. 1.4 Growing Climbing fruit Plants  Fruits are source of food rich in vitamins.  They are important for our bodies for growth vitamins are nutrients needed by the body to repair warm out tissues.  Climbing fruits plants have a stem called a vain. Vains are weak and therefore are needed to be supported using wood or wires.  Such fruits plants can also be made to climb along the fence. They include the passion fruits, grapes, blackberries, kiwi fruits, raspberry fruits and gooseberry fruits. 14 | P a g e “ Q u a l i t y i n e v e r y l e s s o n 1.4.1 How to Plant  Climbing fruit plants can be planted from seeds or from stem cutting. Fruits seeds can be found from the market or can be prepared at home for planting.  To prepare fruits seeds, get a fruit from a tree or from the market, extract seeds from it and wash.  Dry the seeds on the sunlight and select the best seeds for planting. Prepare a seedbed and plant your seeds.  Always water your seeds regularly until the seeds germinate. After germinating and the seedlings are strong, you can transfer them to their place of planting. 15 | P a g e “ Q u a l i t y i n e v e r y l e s s o n  This process of transferring seedlings from the seedbed to their place of planting is called transplanting. Passion fruit seeds  To prepare stem cutting select a sweet able fruit plant to get the stems form. Using a knife, cut the stem into small pieces of about one feet.  Insert the cuttings into a planting site such as a container or a socket. Take care of the planted cutting by watering them, shading and removing weeds. When the cuttings start to develop leaves and roots, you can transplant them to their new places. stem cuttings 16 | P a g e “ Q u a l i t y i n e v e r y l e s s o n  Young climbing fruits plants should be taken care of. We should make a shade of them to prevent them from direct sunlight.  We should also construct a support structure using strong poles and wires for the fruit plant to support itself on.  We also need to guide the plant along wires the process of guiding a climbing fruit plant along a wire is called Training. Ways of training a plant  A grower trains plants to:  Improve flower or plant appearance and management,  improve flower and fruit size and quality and  to protect plants from damage.  Training plants is done by: o supporting, o thinning, o stopping, o disbudding and o pruning.  Water the young fruit plant regularly and apply manure at its roots. Artificial fertilizer can also be used at minimal quantities to ensure safe food, protect the plant from any weeds by weeding them regularly by uprooting weeds from the stem. 1.5 Managing Climbing fruit plants  This is taking care of the plant to ensure that it grows until the harvesting stage. The process of managing fruits plant include, watering, weeding, manure application, training and harvesting.  This can be well achieved by developing a project schedule. 17 | P a g e “ Q u a l i t y i n e v e r y l e s s o n  The planted climbing fruit plant should be watered regularly on the established site.  Weeding should be done to reduce competition from weeds for nutrients, water and light.  It is important to make a shade over the young plants. The shade protects them from direct heat of the sun. It is important to make a fence around them.  A fence protects them from being damaged by animals.  Well-rotted manure should be applied from time to time to ensure that the fruit plants grow healthy.  Climbing fruit plants also need to be supported so that they grow well and receive adequate light. i. Harvesting  Fruits can be harvested at their right time of harvest. Once the fruits are mature, they should be harvested. The right time for fruit harvesting can be determined by observing the colour of the fruit. 18 | P a g e “ Q u a l i t y i n e v e r y l e s s o n  Some fruits like the yellow passion fruit turn their colour to yellow and become a bit softer, smoother and sweet smelling. Some fruits such as the passion fruits fall of from the tree when they are ready for harvesting. ii. Harvesting Process  Climbing fruit plant can easily be damaged during the harvesting process. We should take care not to pull the fruits from climbing fruit plant.  Pulling the fruits can damage both the fruit and the plant. Tender fruits such as berries should be placed in small container immediately after harvesting to prevent damage. 19 | P a g e “ Q u a l i t y i n e v e r y l e s s o n DOMESTIC ANIMALS 2.0 Domestic Animals  Domestic animals are the animals that are kept at home. They include cow, donkey, chicken, duck, horse, rabbit, cat, dog etc.  Domestic animals are important to human life because: o They provide, meat for food, milk, o security, eggs, o manual Labour and o May be sold to generate income. o Some animals like cows, donkey, horses and rabbits produce wastes to make manure. 20 | P a g e “ Q u a l i t y i n e v e r y l e s s o n Animal welfare  Domestic animals are of great use to us. They should be treated well and showed love.  To care for domestic animals, o They should be kept clean and o Given medication for good production. o Food and water should be provide pastes and o Parasites should be controlled and treated to ensure good health among domestic animals. o Water should be given to them and o They should be protected from extreme temperatures. Uses of animals Cat  Its kept for beauty  Provide safety against rats at home Rabbit  Provides meat  Kept for beauty at home Dog  Provides security at home  Used for transport  Provides companionship 21 | P a g e “ Q u a l i t y i n e v e r y l e s s o n Pig  Sold to give us money  Provides pork and bacon Fish  Is a source of food Camel  Used for transport  Provides milk. Horse  Used for sports  Used for riding  Used during war Camel  Provides labour when ploughing land  Used for transporting goods and people  Provides fur Bees  Gives us honey  Pollinate our fruit crops  All domestic animals are important to us. Some domestic animals provide beauty at home, others provide security while others provide us various food products such as meat, milk and honey.  Some domestic animals also provide us with transport. 22 | P a g e “ Q u a l i t y i n e v e r y l e s s o n  Various communities in Kenya use some of the domestic animals during cultural ceremonies e.g. the Somali community use camels as payment for dowry during marriage ceremonies.  We should therefore love and take care of all the domestic animals. We should also encourage other people to treat them well. 23 | P a g e “ Q u a l i t y i n e v e r y l e s s o n 3.0 GARDENING PRACTICES 3.1 Indigenous Food Crops  Indigenous food crops are the crops that grow naturally in the garden. Some of these indigenous food crops have been adopted by human beings and they are now grown artificially to provide food for Kenyans Examples of these crops include; spider weeds, arrow roots, cassava, sorghum, sweet potatoes and black night shade.  Indigenous foods crops are much important to our nutrition because they provide required nutrients and minerals to our body.  They provide carbohydrates from root tubers, vitamins from leafy crops and minerals such as zinc and iron from plant like the black night shade and the spider weeds. Night shade spider sheet 24 | P a g e “ Q u a l i t y i n e v e r y l e s s o n Sweet potato arrowroot Cassava sorghum  Indigenous foods are foods that our great grandparents used to eat  These foods benefit us in a number of ways like providing us with carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins that protect us from diseases, they also help in healing of wounds.  Also when surplus are sold they generate income  Some these plants need to be handled with care like stinging nettle can cause an itching sensation on the skin and should be handled with care. Ensure you put on gloves when handling such leaves. 25 | P a g e “ Q u a l i t y i n e v e r y l e s s o n  Therefore they are important in reducing food shortage and hunger in the country. Most of these crops can be grown using organic manure, hence no need of buying expensive artificial fertilizer. 3.2 Vegetable gardening practices  Vegetable gardening is the process of growing vegetable crops. Vegetable group are important to our bodies because the provide carbohydrates to the body.  Vitamins are best nutrients for the body because they protect our bodies against diseases. Vegetable crop include; tomatoes, cabbage, kales, spinach, cucumber and carrots. A vegetation is a part of a plant that is used as food. Preparing a seedbed  A part from providing food, vegetables can also be sold to earn income for farmers.  Some vegetable are first raised in a nursery before being transplanted. A nursery bed is a small area of land for raising young seedling before they are transplanted to a permanent place called a seedbed.  A nursery bed is prepared to comprise of fine soil particles. Fallow are made using a stick or an index finger, after leveling the nursery bed and mixing the soil with organic manure. 26 | P a g e “ Q u a l i t y i n e v e r y l e s s o n Sowing seeds on a nursery bed  The seeds are then spread along the fallows in the process called drilling. Cover the seeds with a thin layer of fine soil.  Apply dry plant materials to mulch the nursery bed and water it on top of the mulch. Care for the vegetable seedlings in the nursery  Vegetable seedlings are taken care of by constructing a shade on top of them to prevent being weakened by direct sunlight and to preserve water, by preventing water lose from the nursery bed through evaporation.  The seedlings should be watered regularly and weed removed from their midst. When the seedlings are ready, you should transplant them into a seedbed. Preparing a seedbed for planting vegetable seedlings.  Transplanting seedlings in the seedbed should be taken care of. This is through weeding, watering and application of fertilizer or manure. Dried up seedlings after transplanting should be replaced in the process called gapping.  Other practices such as mulching, shading application of pesticides to control pests and diseases are important. Pruning of some vegetables such as tomatoes is needed. This is cutting of excess branches.  Tall tomatoes varieties need to be trained, so that they grow upright. Once the crops are ready, they need to be harvested in time. 27 | P a g e “ Q u a l i t y i n e v e r y l e s s o n  It is important to keep records of various gardening activities such as the date of planting. This can help us to estimate the expected date of harvesting.  Some vegetables such as cabbages take between two to three months before they are harvested. Other vegetables may take longer than this.  Some vegetable fruits are harvested when they are big in size and when they start changing colour. E.g. tomatoes and hot pepper turn red while some pumpkins turn orange.  However, other vegetable fruits such as sweet pepper may still be harvested when they are green in colour.  The ripe fruits are picked by the hand. Care is taken so as not to damage the skin of the fruit. Harvesting of the fruit should be done at the right time to avoid over ripening which lowers their quality.  For leafy vegetables such as kale and spinach, it is good to harvest when the leaves are tender and green. The lower outer leaves are broken from the stem to allow the plant to produce more.  The cabbage head is removed by cutting the base of the stalk with a sharp panga.  Bulb onions are harvested when the top leaves start bending and turning yellow. Soil is loosened around the bulbs and then the bulbs are pulled out. 28 | P a g e “ Q u a l i t y i n e v e r y l e s s o n 3.3 Innovative Gardening 3.3.1 Vertical and Horizontal Gardening 29 | P a g e “ Q u a l i t y i n e v e r y l e s s o n 30 | P a g e “ Q u a l i t y i n e v e r y l e s s o n Vertical gardening is crowing crops above the ground. This is used to minimize the space for practicing crop production. It can be used in places where is enough land to practice gardening on a large piece of land. This practice also save water. The importance of vertical gardening is that it is easy to control weeds, pest and diseases. Crops produced from vertical gardens are also clean because they don’t get into contact with soil. 31 | P a g e “ Q u a l i t y i n e v e r y l e s s o n Leafy vegetables such as kales and spinach are harvested when they large enough to use for cooking. They are carefully plucked using hands to avoid uprooting the whole plant. Fruit vegetables are plucked when they are ripe. Tomatoes should be carefully picked when they are ripe.

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Farmer Essay for Students and Children

500+ words essay on farmer.

Farmers are the backbone of our society. They are the ones who provide us all the food that we eat. As a result, the entire population of the country depends upon farmers . Be it the smallest or the largest country. Because of them only we are able to live on the planet. Thus Farmers are the most important people in the world. Though farmers have so much importance still they do not have proper living.

Importance of farmers

Farmers have great importance in our society. They are the ones who provide us food to eat. Since every person needs proper food for their living, so they are a necessity in society.

Farmer Essay

There are different types of farmers. And they all have equal significance. First are the farmers who grow a crop like wheat, barley, rice, etc. Since the maximum intake in the Indian houses is of wheat and rice. So, the cultivation of wheat and rice is much in farming. Moreover, farmers who grow these crops are of prime importance. Second, are the ones who cultivate fruits. These farmers have to prepare the soil for different types of fruits. Because these fruits grow according to the season. Therefore the farmers need to have a great knowledge of fruits and crops. There are many other farmers who grow different other types . Furthermore, they all have to work very hard to get maximum harvesting.

In addition to the farmers contribute almost 17% of the Indian economy. That is the maximum of all. But still, a farmer is deprived of every luxury of society.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

Conditions of farmers in India

The condition of farmers in India is critical. We are hearing suicide news of farmers every week or month. Moreover, farmers are all living a difficult life from past years. The problem is they are not getting enough pay. Since the middlemen get most of the money, so a farmer gets nothing in hand. Moreover, farmers are not having money to send their kids to school. Sometimes the situation gets so worse that they are not even having proper food. Thus farmers go in famine. As a result, they attempt suicides.

essay on agriculture for class 5

Furthermore, the other reason for the worst condition of farmers is Global warming. Since Global Warming is hampering our planet in every way, it affects our farmers too. Because of global warming, there is a delay in season. As different crops have their own season to ripe, they are not getting nourishment. Crops need proper sunlight and rain to grow. So if the crops are not getting it they get destroyed. This is one of the main reasons why farms are getting destroyed. As a result, farmers commit suicide.

In order to save farmers, our Government is trying to provide them with various privileges. Recently the government has exempted them from all the loans. Moreover, the government pays an annual pension of Rs. 6000 to them. This helps them to at least have some earning apart from their profession. Furthermore, the government provides quotas (reservations) to their children. This ensures that their children get a proper education. All the children should get a proper education in today’s world. So that they get a chance to live a better life.

At last, farming is a profession which hard labor and effort . Moreover seeing the growing population of our country we should take initiatives to help farmers of our country.

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Largest Compilation of Structured Essays and Exams

Essay on Agriculture and its Importance

June 7, 2018 by Study Mentor Leave a Comment

Apart from hunting and food gathering, agriculture (or farming) has been the primary occasion for all humankind ever since their inception. The term agriculture can be defined by scientists as the science of, or practice of, farming- including cultivation of the soil for growing crops.

At times, it includes rearing of animals as well ( animal husbandry ) for poultry, providing help with agriculture, and providing other goods like wool, meat, etc. In India, especially, agriculture holds a major place in ensuring the prosperity of the nation, and in improving its overall economy.

Approximately one third of our economy is based on agriculture, and therefore our nation shall try to improve the agricultural sector and the lives of our farmers with every passing year.  

Essential conditions for agriculture

Every crop is unique, and different from all the other crops, and therefore, each crop needs certain specific conditions to grow and to survive. Firstly, crops can be broadly categorized into Rabi crops and Kharif crops . This categorization happens on the basis of the climate they thrive in, and are sowed and harvested, accordingly.

The first category- Rabi crops- are sown in winter and harvested in the following spring; and the second category- kharif crops- are treated the other way around. Some examples of these categories of crops would be wheat, mustard, and gram (Rabi crops); and rice (or any other variant of paddy), maize and millet (kharif crops). Rabi crops are also sometimes referred to as the winter crops, and kharif crops are often knows to be the monsoon crops.

Although not widely acknowledged in India or south-eastern Asia, there is also a third prominent variety crops known as the Zaid crops, and there is a different season which is reserved for the cultivation of such crops, called the Zaid crop season.

This season refers to the period between the period for Rabi cultivation and kharif cultivation, which is roughly between the months of March and June. The Zaid variety is not very distinct or clear cut, but comprises roughly of some pulses, etc.

The conditions essential for cultivation are obviously the climate, rainfall, soil type, irrigation facilities available, machinery, manual labour, pesticides and fertilisers, government facilities like loans, and some other.   

Table of Contents

Agriculture in India

India thrives in agricultural practices, and is the largest producer of numerous crops, fruits, vegetables, and dairy products all over the world. For instance, India is the second highest producer and exporter of the two major staple food crops consumed in almost all parts of the world- rice and wheat.

Both these crops find wide cultivation in India- rice in the Gangetic valley and the southern states (West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, etc.), as well as in the foothills of the Himalayas (through the practice of terrace farming); and wheat mostly in the northern and western states of India (Punjab, Haryana, Maharashtra, etc.).

Crops are needed in India for both subsistence and export. Subsistence agriculture is a practice where the farmer cultivates the crops only for the purpose of consumption by him and his family. In this system, no excess is produced, and this system is purely aimed towards survival, since the most ancient days.

On the other hand, when excess is produced, it is referred to as commercial farming or agriculture- this is where the farmer, besides saving themselves enough produce for consumption, sells the excess crop in the market to make profit. A large-scale practice of the same kind results in the exports produced by a nation overall.

Most of the cultivation in India is of the subsistence variety. This is caused due to the stark rural urban divide among the farmers of our country, and the lack of awareness regarding proper ways and methods to practice the same.

There is also another subdivision- food crops (crops grown only for cultivation, for example- rice, wheat, etc.) and cash crops (crops grown to be sold and gain money, for example- cotton, jute, etc.). However, while talking of tea or coffee, such lines seem to get somewhat blurred.  

Faulty agriculture practices and ways to overcome them

Jhooming or shift and burn agriculture is a major source of degradation of the soil quality in many fertile parts of our country. In this practice, crops are cultivated in one part of the area available for cultivation, and a few years later, after the fertility of that portion of the soil is properly and completely exhausted; the vegetation is burned and left to regain fertility on its own.

In the meantime, the farmers move on to a new portion of the land to carry on with cultivation. This way, they move from place to place, literally ‘slashing and burning’. This practice was mostly prevalent among various tribes in India, and can be still seen in the present-day areas of Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh.

This system is heavily detrimental because this destroys the fertility of land and lets it renew the same without any artificial support, and it is practically impossible for any piece of fertile land to recover itself over and over every 3-4 years.

This way, through primitive methods, lands are used up during one generation of farmers and no sustainable development occurs, which in turn diminishes the area of fertile land available to the next generation. As this area constantly declines, the subsequent generations are left with little or no scope of expansion due to a lack of education.

This can be overcome by better methods such as crop rotation, or monocrop cultivation. In crop rotations, the same portion of land is used to cultivate different varieties of crops during different parts of the year (and thus, rotating the crops).

In between these cultivation periods, certain leguminous crops such as pulses are cultivated in the same year as they require less effort to maintain, and they naturally fix the nitrogen levels present in the soil.   

Artificial methods in practice

After one point of time, one cannot solely rely on natural processes to replenish the fertility and maintain a good quality of soil. This is where the artificial methods come into use.

These methods include mechanisation; utilisation of pesticides, insecticides, and fertilisers; use of HYV (high yielding variety) seeds, and other government interventions such as the green revolution which came into practice during the late twentieth century in the northern states of India, and brought across a great improvement.

However, the use of pesticides and fertilisers can be really harmful as well. They cause harm to plants and kill certain insects and other forms of life resting amongst the vegetations. Moreover, the increasing use of such artificial techniques to incur monetary profit is causing a rising application of them on the crops.

Human consumption of such elements is not really good for the human digestion system, and can cause certain long-term diseases in us. Therefore, one should always be extremely cautious while treating plants with such chemicals.  

Agriculture has never stopped to be important in the Indian context, and is the current period, it is all the more important to look into the matter of how can agriculture be improved in environment friendly ways, so that no harm is caused to the cultivation capacities of the present as well as the future generations- which is supposed to be sustainable development indeed.

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Essay and Paragraph on Agriculture For Students of Class 5 to 12

Essay and Paragraph on Agriculture

Here, we are presenting long and short Essay and Paragraph On Agriculture in English for students under word limits of 100 – 150 Words, 200 – 250 words, and 500 – 600 words. This topic is useful for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 in English. These provided essays will help you to write effective essays, paragraphs, and speeches.

Essay and Paragraph on Agriculture in 100 Words

For our survival, agriculture is vital. It’s about more than just farming; it’s about our food supply. Farmers cultivate plants, sow seeds, and gather harvests. They also tend to animals such as hens and cows. We get fruits, vegetables, grains, and meat from agriculture.

Farmers put in a lot of effort to make sure we have enough food. To plow the fields, they employ tractors and other equipment. The weather, including sunlight and rain, is also very important to farming. A surplus or deficit can have an impact on the crops.

Agriculture has been practiced for a very long time and is constantly changing. Utilizing technology, modern farming produces more food. It’s critical that everyone recognizes and values the labor-intensive nature of agriculture.

Essay and Paragraph on Agriculture in 200 Words

Growing crops and raising animals for food, fiber, and other products is the vital and age-old practice of agriculture. It is essential to the production of the food we eat on a daily basis. I’m a Grade 8 student, and I’ve learned that agriculture has developed with technology over the course of thousands of years.

Crop cultivation is one of agriculture’s main focuses. When the crops are ready, farmers plant seeds in the ground, tend to the plants as they grow, and then harvest the produce. Depending on the soil and climate, different crops like vegetables, rice, and wheat are grown in different parts of the world.

Animals raised for meat, eggs, and other products, such as pigs, chickens, and cows, are known as livestock farmers. It is the duty of farmers to take care of these animals, making sure they are fed and kept in good health.

Technology has been used in modern agriculture to increase productivity. Fields are prepared for seeding and plowing by tractors and other equipment, and crops are irrigated by irrigation systems. Furthermore, pesticides and fertilizers are applied to plants to protect them from vermin and promote healthy growth.

To sum up, agriculture is essential to our existence because it produces the food we eat and the raw materials for a wide range of goods. Agriculture continues to be a vital component of human civilization, even as we learn new skills and apply them to our work.

Essay and Paragraph on Agriculture in 400 Words

I think agriculture is really important for a lot of reasons as a student. Growing crops is only one aspect of agriculture; other goals include providing food, protecting the environment, and enhancing community relations.

First and foremost, agriculture is the production of food. Consider the grains, fruits, and vegetables we consume on a daily basis. They hail from farms where farmers toil diligently to sow, tend, and gather crops. We wouldn’t have the diversity of foods we do without agriculture. It serves as the basis for our meals, giving us the nutrition and energy we require to be robust and healthy.

In addition, agriculture helps our communities. In addition to producing food, farmers also create jobs. Jobs in agriculture are common, ranging from planting and harvesting to shipping and retailing crops. Our communities thrive and grow as a result of this. The community gains from successful farmers in a manner similar to a domino effect.

The ecosystem also depends on agriculture. Farmers tend to the land, keeping it healthy and productive. They safeguard the air, water, and soil by utilizing sustainable practices. Crop rotation and cover crops, for instance, contribute to the preservation of soil fertility, and the environment gains from the decreased use of hazardous chemicals. Therefore, agriculture is about being good stewards of the Earth as much as it is about producing food.

Furthermore, agriculture is connected to our customs and cultures. Harvest time is a time for many festivals and celebrations. Families gather to give thanks for the food on their tables and to celebrate the crops’ bountiful harvest. Our history is rooted in agriculture, which binds us to the land and the natural cycles.

Agriculture is valuable for purposes other than farming. It’s about providing for our needs, helping out our communities, protecting the environment, and keeping our customs alive. It’s critical that we eighth graders comprehend and value the role that agriculture plays in our daily lives. Therefore, let’s take a moment to appreciate the farmers and everyone involved in agriculture for their hard work and dedication the next time we enjoy a delicious meal or celebrate a festival. They are essential to ensuring that we have food on our plates and a thriving neighborhood that we can call home, after all.

Also Read:  3 Cyber Crime Essay in English For Students of Class 4 to 10

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The Need for Agricultural Biodeversity Conservation

The clean meat movement as the solution to global hunger, nano technology perspective: application of nanotechnology in insect pest management, impacts of pesticides use and its influence on pest management, sampling of soil and sediments, african history, national bank for agriculture and rural development, advancements in agriculture as factors in the emergence of industrial revolution, impact of some soil amendments and mycorrhiza on cowpea damping-off, the effects of the market revolution from 1800 through 1860, the opportuities of nigerian agriculture, analysis of biomass change using remote sensing technique, the indian agriculture system, indian food industry, structural adjustment programs (saps) in tanzania, an empirical study on financial risks in agriculture sector of bangladesh, steps of the wastewater treatment process, agricultural waste, perturbation of selected soil enzyme activities by various hydrocarbons, the pluses of using combine harvesters in farming, relevant topics.

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essay on agriculture for class 5

Essay on Sustainable Agriculture

Introduction: what is sustainable agriculture, importance of sustainable agriculture, population growth, per capita food consumption, sustainable agriculture and technology, green politics, conclusion of sustainable agriculture.


Sustainable agriculture has dominated the sociological understanding of the rural world largely. Following the enthusiasm around the concept as a means of eradication of poverty and turning the economy to a “resource-efficient, low carbon Green Economy” 1 . Global population, and consequently consumption has increased.

However, technology development has matched the demand for food in terms of food production, but the distribution of food is not evenly distributed. This has brought forth the question of the possibility of supplying adequate food to the ever-growing global population.

Further, the challenges posed by depleting non-renewable sources of energy, rising costs, and climate change has brought the issue related to sustainability of food production and the related social and economic impact of the food production into forefront. This paper outlines the meaning and technology related to sustainable agriculture and tries to gauge its impact as a possible solution to the impending food crisis.

Sustainable agriculture is a process of farming using eco-friendly methods understanding and maintaining the relationship between the organisms and environment. In this process of agriculture and animal husbandry are combined to form a simultaneous process and practice. In other words, sustainable agriculture is an amalgamation of three main elements viz. ecological health, profitability, and propagating equality.

The concept of sustainability rests on the principle of not wasting any resources that may become useful to the future generation. Therefore, the main idea of sustainability rests on stewardship of individual and natural resources. Before understanding the technology involved in sustainable agriculture, it is important to know why we need it in the first place.

The rise in population growth and urbanization of people has led to a dietary change of the world population, which now rests more on animal protein 2 . Therefore understanding the demographic changes in the world population has become an important parameter to judge the future demand for food.

As population growth rate is the key variable that affects the demand for food, therefore understanding the number of people increasing worldwide is important. According to the UNDP results, the annual population growth rate had declined from 2.2% in 1962 to 1.1% in 2010, however, this increase to indicate an increase of 75 million people 3 .

However, this increase in population is not equitably distributed as some areas such as Africa, Latin America, and Asia face a growth rate of 2% while others such as the erstwhile Soviet bloc countries have a negative rate.

According to the UNDP predictions, population worldwide is expected to increase to 9 billion in 2050 from the present 7 billion 4 . Therefore, the uncertain growth in population is expected to affect food demand and therefore food production.

Undernourishment is a prevalent problem in the developing world, wherein almost 20% of the developing world that is more than 5 billion people is undernourished.

Further, in emerging economies, food consumption is increasing with increased preference for animal protein such as meat, dairy products, and egg. Therefore, the growth of consumption of animal protein has increased the necessity of grazing of livestock, therefore, increasing further pressure on the food supply.

It is believed that the increase in the demand for food due to the increase in global population and change in dietary habit of the population. In the past, the demand for food and the rate of production has remained at par, but the unequal distribution of food has led to the major problem in food supply and starvation in various parts of the world.

Another problem that food production in the future faces is the constraint of non-renewable natural resources. The most critical resources, which are becoming scant for the future generations are –

  • Land : Availability of land globally to cultivate food has grown marginally due to the increase in global population. The availability of land available per person to grow food has declined from 1.30 hectares in 1967 to 0.72 hectares in 2007 5 . Therefore, a clear dearth in agricultural land is a deterrent to future agriculture.
  • Water : The world comprises of 70% freshwater resources, available from river and groundwater. Deficiency of freshwater has been growing as usage of water has increased more than twice the rate of population growth 6 . As water is required for irrigation purposes, water availability to is not equally distributed around the world. Therefore, reduced water supply would limit the per capita production of food.
  • Energy : Globally, the scarcity of the non-renewable resources of energy is another concern. The global demand for energy is expected to double by 2050, consequently increasing energy prices 7 . Therefore, food production for the future will have to devise a technology based on renewable sources of energy.

The question of sustainability in agriculture arose due to some pressing issues that have limited the utilization of erstwhile processes and technologies for food production. However, it should be noted that sustainable agriculture does not prescribe any set rule or technology for the production process, rather shows a way towards sustainability 8 .

Sustainable agriculture uses best management practice by adhering to target-oriented cultivation. The agriculture process looks at disease-oriented hybrid, pest control through use of biological insecticides and low usage of chemical pesticide and fertilizer. Usually, insect-specific pest control is used, which is biological in nature.

Water given to the crops is through micro-sprinklers which help is directly watering the roots of the plants, and not flooding the field completely. The idea is to manage the agricultural land for both plants and animal husbandry.

For instance, in many southwestern parts of Florida’s citrus orchards, areas meant for water retention and forest areas become a natural habitat for birds and other animals 9 . The process uses integrated pest management that helps in reducing the amount of pesticide used in cultivation.

Sustainable agriculture adopts green technology as a means of reducing wastage of non-renewable energy and increase production. In this respect, the sustainable agricultural technology is linked to the overall developmental objective of the nation and is directly related to solving socio-economic problems of the nation 10 .

The UN report states, “The productivity increases in possible through environment-friendly and profitable technologies.” 11 In order to understand the technology better, one must realize that the soil’s health is crucial for cultivation of crops.

Soil is not just another ingredient for cultivation like pesticides or fertilizers; rather, it is a complex and fragile medium that must be nurtured to ensure higher productivity 12 . Therefore, the health of the soil can be maintained using eco-friendly methods:

Healthy soil, essential to agriculture, is a complex, living medium. The loose but coherent structure of good soil holds moisture and invites airflow. Ants (a) and earthworms (b) mix the soil naturally. Rhizobium bacteria (c) living in the root nodules of legumes (such as soybeans) create fixed nitrogen, an essential plant nutrient.

Other soil microorganisms, including fungi (d), actinomycetes (e) and bacteria (f), decompose organic matter, thereby releasing more nutrients. Microorganisms also produce substances that help soil particles adhere to one another. To remain healthy, soil must be fed organic materials such as various manures and crop residues. 13

This is nothing but a broader term to denote environment-friendly solutions to agricultural production. Therefore, the technology-related issue of sustainable agriculture is that it should use such technology that allows usage of renewable sources of energy and is not deterrent to the overall environment.

The politics around sustainable agriculture lies in the usage of the renewable sources of energy and disciplining of the current consumption rates 14 . The politics related to the sustainable agriculture is also related to the politics of sustainable consumption.

Though there is a growing concern over depleting food for the future and other resources, there is hardly any measure imposed by the governments of developed and emerging economies to sustain the consumption pattern of the population 15 .

The advocates of green politics believe that a radical change of the conventional agricultural process is required for bringing forth sustainable agriculture 16 . Green politics lobbies for an integrated farming system that can be the only way to usher in sustainable agricultural program 17 .

Sustainable agriculture is the way to maintain a parity between the increasing pressure of food demand and food production in the future. As population growth, change in income demographics, and food preference changes, there are changes in the demand of food of the future population.

Further, changes in climate and increasing concern regarding the depletion of non-renewable sources of energy has forced policymakers and scientists to device another way to sustain the available resources as well as continue meeting the increased demand of food.

Sustainable agriculture is the method through which these problems can be overlooked, bringing forth a new integrated form of agriculture that looks at food production in a holistic way.

Batie, S. S., ‘Sustainable Development: Challenges to Profession of Agricultural Economics’, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol. 71, no. 5, 1989: 1083-1101.

Dobson, A., The Politics of Nature: Explorations in Green Political Theory, Psychology Press, London, 1993.

Leaver, J. D., ‘Global food supply: a challenge for sustainable agriculture’, Nutrition Bulletin, vol. 36 , 2011: 416-421.

Martens, S., & G. Spaargaren, ‘The politics of sustainable consumption: the case of the Netherlands’, Sustainability: Science, Practice, & Policy, vol.1 no. 1, 2005: 29-42.

Morris, C., & M. Winter, ‘Integrated farming systems: the third way for European agriculture?’, Land Use Policy, vol. 16, no. 4, 1999: 193–205.

Reganold, J. P., R. I. Papendick, & J. F. Parr, ‘Sustainable Agriculture’, Scientific American , 1990: 112-120.

Townsend, C., ‘ Technology for Sustainable Agriculture. ‘ Florida Gulf Coast University, 1998. Web.

United Nations, ‘ Green technology for sustainable agriculture development ‘, United Nations Asian And Pacific Centre For Agricultural Engineering And Machinery, 2010. Web.

—, ‘ Sustainable agriculture key to green growth, poverty reduction – UN officials ‘, United Nations, 2011. Web.

1 United Nations, Sustainable agriculture key to green growth, poverty reduction – UN officials, UN News Centre, 2011.

2 J. D. Leaver, ‘Global food supply: a challenge for sustainable agriculture’, Nutrition Bulletin , vol. 36, 2011, pp. 416-421.

3 Leaver, p. 417.

5 Leaver, p. 418.

7 Leaver, p. 419.

8 J. N. Pretty, ‘Participatory learning for sustainable agriculture’, World Development , vol. 23, no. 8, 1995, pp. 1247-1263.

9 Chet Townsend, ‘Technology for Sustainable Agriculture’, Florida Gulf Coast University , 1998.

10 United Nations, ‘Green technology for sustainable agriculture development’, United Nations Asian And Pacific Centre For Agricultural Engineering And Machinery , 2010.

11 United Nations, p. 17.

12 J. P. Reganold, R. I. Papendick, & J. F. Parr, ‘Sustainable Agriculture’, Scientific American , 1990, pp. 112-120.

13 Regnold et al., p. 112.

14 S. S. Batie, ‘Sustainable Development: Challenges to Profession of Agricultural Economics’, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol. 71, no. 5, 1989, pp. 1083-1101.

15 S. Martens & G. Spaargaren, ‘The politics of sustainable consumption: the case of the Netherlands’, Sustainability: Science, Practice, & Policy , vol.1 no. 1, 2005, pp. 29-42.

16 A. Dobson, The Politics of Nature: Explorations in Green Political Theory , Psychology Press, London, 1993, p. 82.

17 C .Morris & M. Winter, ‘Integrated farming systems: the third way for European agriculture?’, Land Use Policy , vol. 16, no. 4, 1999, pp. 193–205.

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IvyPanda . "Essay on Sustainable Agriculture." October 29, 2023.

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