Early Impact Learning

Outdoor Math Games – 50 Ideas That Really Work

Getting maths into the outdoors is one of the biggest concerns many practitioners have. It is probably the thing I am asked about the most where maths is concerned.

This post is by far the most comprehensive quantity of high-quality outdoor math activities for children aged 3 to 6 that you will be able to find all in one place.

Why do maths outside?

The benefits of maths outdoors are many, which include:

  • You can do things on a bigger scale
  • Maths can become really active and physical
  • You can use a wider range of found objects
  • You have the space for large games
  • Some children prefer being outdoors and will access maths opportunities more freely than indoors

Outdoors offer both an opportunity to learn new things, as well as practice basic math concepts they already understand with bigger and more active resources.

Here we go – let’s get stuck into some of the best and tried and tested outdoor math activities that will get your children loving maths outside.

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Table of Contents

Number Stones

I have created quite an array of different types of number stones. These are actually great for use either inside or out. Lots of the math games I will demonstrate below can be played with these, although you can use many other things such as sticks, leaves, or conkers.

I just bought lots of white pebbles from a hardware shop and some acrylic paint.

If you’re looking to buy similar pebbles, something on Amazon like this will work.

For acrylic paint, some bog-standard primary colors like these will do the job.

I painted the stones with acrylic paint in different ways, and sometimes used a Sharpie pen if I needed to put an outline on them.

The number stones I have created include:

Sets of 1-10 Stones

These are alternately colored, yellow, white, yellow, white, to begin the idea of odd and even in a visual way. Great for ordering or using to label.

numeracy activities outdoors

If you don’t want to create your own stones, you can also buy beautiful number stones, thus saving you time. Yellow Door painted number stones are a good choice (check out the latest price on Amazon here.)

Matching Numeral To Quantity Stones

Have some stones with numbers on, and some with quantities. It could be dots, or it could be something like insects.

numeracy activities outdoors

These are brilliant for one to one correspondence in particular. If you want to find out what one to one correspondence is, and the best ways to teach it, then check this out.

Animal Stones

I have some ladybird stones, some leopard ones, as well as some zebra and bee stones. Any animal that has a multi-colored pattern can be copied. These stones are great for games.

2s, 5s And 10s Stones

Great for higher-ability children in the early years, and for challenging younger kids who are starting to count in different ways.

These are perfect for ordering numbers in a range of ways.

Outdoor Models and Images

Mathematicians think in pictures.

Models and images seem to work really well outside because you can make them big, and they can be the focus of active games.

The benefits of using models and images include:

  • They present maths as pictures
  • They are visual
  • They allow for problem-solving
  • They allow for the manipulation of physical objects
  • They can be used again and again, often in different ways

Chalkboard Paint

A lot of the resources that I have created are using black chalkboard paint . This is one of the ultimate resources in the early years. It is great for painting large surfaces for mark-making, such as fences, sheds, pallets, or old furniture.

I imagine any can of chalkboard paint would work, but I use American Crafts DIY Chalkboard Paint (check out the current price on Amazon) . It does the job great.

I have painted several pieces of MDF from a hardware shop and then used these for games. However, you could just as easily chalk the games on the floor. I also once painted tree stumps with lots of games using acrylic paint. They lasted for at least a year, even out in the rain.

Addition Triangles

These are great for exploring number bonds. They represent the part-part-whole model used in Singapore Maths.

I have painted my addition triangles onto a piece of MDF. Using the animal stones (or another resource such as leaves and sticks), you can explore number bonds.

For example, start with five stones in the top circle. Split them up into different quantities, and put the stones in the two lower circles. For example, it could be 1+4, or 2+3.

numeracy activities outdoors

Higher-ability children could try to record what they have found.

2 Sets For Addition

This math game is another good one when children are beginning to add. You can use painted stones, or just found objects from the area.

Place some objects in either circle and then simply count how many you have got altogether. This is an excellent way of adding two sets and finding the total.

Trellis Models And Images

One of the best things I ever tried was sawing up a big trellis that I found at a garden center. I am pretty sure I saw this on Pinterest but cannot remember where. I cut it up into many different models, such as:

  • A ten frame
  • A five frame
  • A two-part addition frame
  • A four-part frame

There are so many games that you can play using these. Children really love finding objects to experiment with in the frames.

Ten frames are a key resource to introduce to young children both inside and out . To find out more about what ten frames are and the many ways to use them, take a look at this .

numeracy activities outdoors

Board Games Outside

Board games are fantastic for a range of mathematical skills. They encourage:

  • Counting for a purpose
  • Recognizing numbers
  • Problem-solving
  • Find more/less

Some examples of fantastic outdoor board games include:

Noughts And Crosses

This seems to be known more by the modern generation as tic tac toe.

It is a brilliant game for problem-solving and simple counting, as well as turn-taking. You can easily create simple boards on wood or logs, and use painted stones or objects such as pine cones and conkers.

numeracy activities outdoors

I have recently seen a board made out of rope.

It is good for simple counting, doing mental math and subitizing, as well as thinking ahead.

Connect Four

Another classic game from the old days.

If you play this game on the floor it is actually easier to get four in a row than if you play the standard plastic version.

Create a large grid board, and then use different objects for each player. It could be stones vs. conkers. Put one on at a time, and try to get four in a row. You can actually have more than 2 players if you want as well. Great for counting, subitizing numbers, tactics and problem solving.

Racetrack 1-6 Game

Have a dice with numerals on it and a board that is a simple grid, with numerals 1 to 6, and some other boxes. Pick which number you think will win, and put your colored stone at the top of the grid for that number. Then roll the dice multiple times. Every time you roll it, put a stone on the right numeral on the grid. The first number is the number that fills up its grid.

numeracy activities outdoors

This is a fantastic activity for number recognition. If you want to find out my favorite 16 games to teach recognizing numerals, then take a look at this article.

Racetrack 1-12 Game

This is quite a bit harder, and has a lot of probability and calculating involved. But this game makes math problems and math equations more enjoyable to solve.

Have a racetrack that is a 12 x 4 grid. Have the numbers 1-12 written on the bottom of the grid.

You will need two dice, ideally a dots dice and a numeral dice.

To start with every player predicts which number they think will win. They use something such as a colored stone to signify this by putting the stone at the top of the grid in the number column.

Then you take turns to roll a dice. For example, you might get 3+4. Put a stone on the first box in the 7 column. Keep going, adding stones to the number columns. The ‘winner’ is the first number to come out 3 times and make it to the top of the grid.

This game is excellent for multiple things:

  • Calculating
  • Counting on
  • Probability – Numbers 6 and 7 are the two most likely to win. They have the most combinations of numbers possible. Number 1 can never win as you can never throw a 1 with two dice. Children may start to get a bit of an idea of this when they play.
  • Thinking about ‘more’. I.e. how many more a number needs to win.

Number Line Race

This is a great way of exploring a number line.

Have a long number line either chalked on the floor (or painted on a piece of wood). Each child has one ‘counter’ such as a colored stone.

The idea is that everyone starts at the beginning of the line. The first child rolls a 1-6 dice. They move their stone along the line to that point (e.g. 5). Then the other children go. For the next go, you simply keep moving along the number line. The winner is the person that gets to the end first.

numeracy activities outdoors

This is good for number recognition, and also problem solving (such as how far your opponent is ahead of you)

Blank Number Line Race

I also have a number line that has blank spaces on it. Children can add their own numbers to it.

They could be 1, 2, 3, etc., or they could mix it up. They could go backwards. Or they could start from a number that’s not 1. You could also do a game counting in tens.

Active Outdoor Math Games

Here are some physical outdoor games that can get children really engaged.

Stepping Stones

This is an excellent game of cooperation and teamwork.

I use rubber spots for this game with numbers on them. You can find similar spots to these at Amazon here.

You need one more spot than you have children, so if you have a team of six children you will need 7 spots (with numbers 1 to 7 on).

numeracy activities outdoors

The children are in a line. The child at the front has all the spots (they have a hard job). The person at the back of the line actually has the hardest job, as they have to bend down and pick the spots up.

The idea is that the floor is now lava. You cannot stand on it. However, you can stand on the spots that are the stepping stones over the lava.

The child at the front finds number 1 and puts it on the floor. They stand on it. Then they put down number 2 in front of them, and step on that. Then number 3 etc. As there is a free stepping stone behind them, the others start to step onto the stones.

When number 7 is on the floor, the children should be standing on stones 2 to 7. Then it is the turn of the person at the back to pick up stone number 1 and pass it down the line.

They help each other to pass it down and the process starts again. The person at the back keeps on bending down and picking up the spare stepping stone.

I like to get them to say the number as they stand on it. This game is good for number recognition and ordering.

Using water spray-bottles

This is dead easy. Have water spray bottles and a dice. (A spray bottle lo oks a bit like this if you weren’t sure!)

Roll the dice and spray the bottle that number of times. It could be on the fence or on wallpaper. If you are brave you add a bit of paint to the water in the bottles.

Sticks Activities

There are so many learning opportunities can you perform with sticks including:

  • Making 2D shapes.
  • Ordering through size
  • Making pictures – such as houses, vehicles, rockets, etc.
  • Counting them
  • Making ten-frames, or number lines

Balloon Games

Balloons are great for physical development, cooperation, and turn taking. Some great outdoor maths games with balloons include:

  • Have a small group of children in a circle (approximately 4 to 6 children). Write numbers on a balloon in pen. Maybe put about 6 numbers on the balloon. One child hits the balloon up into the air, then another hits it up and continues. When you hit the balloon, say the number that you hit.
  • Have lots of balloons, each with one number on them. Start with one balloon, keep it up, and when you hit it say the number. Then add another balloon to the circle, then another. Keep saying the number as you hit each balloon.
  • Have one balloon again (this time with no numbers written on it). The first person says ‘One’ as they hit the balloon. Then the next person says, ‘two’. Continue like this.
  • The harder version is counting back from 10 to 0. The first person hits the balloon and says ‘ten’. Then the next person says ‘nine’ as they hit it, and so on.

numeracy activities outdoors

Maths Ball Games

All sorts of counting and number activities can really be brought to life with ball games . Here are some great examples:

Have Bibs With Numbers

This is one of the most fun outdoor math activities on this list!

Have shirts or bibs with numbers on that the children wear. The child-size version of these number sports vests would work well, as an example.

If you don’t have anything like this, you can write numbers on stickers and they stick them on their tops.

Stand in a circle.

The first child says a number that someone else is wearing and throws the ball to them. That person says ‘thank you’. Then that person chooses someone else, says their number and throws it to them.

This game can be done as a rolling game if they are struggling with catching.

Great for numeral recognition in a fun context. 

Write Numbers On The Balls

Either put stickers with numbers on onto balls, or write directly onto them if you don’t mind having permanent number balls. We use large rubber balls that look a bit like this (check them out on Amazon).

Again this could be a rolling game or a throwing game, depending on the skills of the children.

Start with one ball, but you want to quickly extend it to at least two and hopefully more.

One child says someone’s name and throws a ball to them. That child catches it and says the number.

Then they say someone else’s name and throw it to them. Repeat.

If you have two or three balls going at once there is lots of communication and teamwork required.

Pass The Number Balls Around The Circle

Using the same balls that you created for the last game, play a simple numeral recognition game.

The children sit in a circle and pass the balls around. When they are holding a ball they say the number that is written on it, before passing the ball to the next person.

This game is good because even if you don’t recognize all the numbers, you can listen to the person next to you and copy what they have said. Hopefully, in this way, you are absorbing what the numbers are in some way.

For those who know the numbers already, it is great for speed and quick recognition practice.

Symmetry – Building Half A Giant Outside

This is a great provocation for using outdoors with natural loose parts – things like sticks, leaves, conkers, reels, and building blocks. Just whatever you can find in the outdoor space. To find out the many resources you can use for loose parts play, take a look at this list of at least 100 ideas .

There is a simple way to do it, and a trickier way.

The simple way is for the adult to draw the silhouette of a huge giant on the floor with chalk. Draw a central line down the center of the body, from the top of the head down to the feet.

Now children ‘build’ the giant. Whatever they place on one side – for example, 4 conkers for hair – they try to copy on the other side.

There are harder ways of trying this game out. One harder variation is just draw a central line on the floor with chalk and nothing else. Then, once again, they try to build the giant on one side, and copy it on the other. This will create a much more random creation, and really get them thinking

Washing Lines

There are so many things you can do with washing lines , and it really is so simple to set up. Pretty much all you need is a piece of string.

You can put the string:

  • Between two fences
  • Between two walls
  • I know several teachers who have put wooden broomsticks into pots and then filled the pot with concrete so that the brooms stand up. These are great for creating a washing line between two brooms

If you put a washing line up outside, the big thing to be careful of is that children do not run into it by mistake. The big threat is things like neck injuries.

Some ways to combat this include:

  • Having the string next to a wall or fence
  • Have it above their head height, maybe with a platform for them to stand on to peg things on to it
  • Have it in an area where running is not possible

Anyway, here are some fantastic outdoor washing line activities:

  • Hanging up the giant’s clothes. The trick is to bring some large adult clothes in, and you will be amazed at how the children are convinced they are giant clothes. Hang them next to baby clothes, and talk about the differences in size
  • Hanging up pairs of socks
  • Finding objects outside, such as sticks and leaves and pegging them up. You can peg found objects up in patterns, or you can add or subtract from them. For example, you could have three red leaves and add two brown leaves. How many have you got altogether?
  • Ordering numbers. Ideally use something natural, like pegs with numbers on them or wood slices with numbers on them.

numeracy activities outdoors

Parachute Games

Parachutes are another fantastic resource that can be used either adult-led outside or can be used independently if you model the games and how to use them to the children.

The parachute that I use looks like this:

numeracy activities outdoors

These are really resilient and can create years of fun and learning. (Check out the latest price of this parachute on Amazon).

Here are some excellent maths parachute games:

  • Number dive. Have some numbers underneath the parachute. Have several children holding the parachute. Pick a child to go first, and say ‘1,2,3 – lift!’ Everyone lifts the parachute high into the air. Then shout a number. That child dives under the parachute, grabs the number, and brings it out to safety. Repeat for other children. If the children are doing it by themselves, then the child that has just gone picks the person to go next, and also what number they will get.
  • Shape Dive! This is the same as number dive but with shapes.
  • Singing counting songs . This works really well if you have some toys to go with it. For example, five monkey toys so you can sing 5 Cheeky Monkeys Jumping On The Bed. Great for singing the song, and taking off one monkey at a time. (Check out these gorgeous monkey finger puppets you could use for this activity here.)
  • Bean bag bounce. This is an excellent number bonds game. Have ten bean-bags on the parachute. You have a few seconds where everyone tries to bounce the bean-bags off the parachute. Count back by going 5-4-3-2-1-0. When you get to zero, see now many bean bags are left on the parachute. You will always have a number bond. If there are two on the chute, then there will be three on the ground. If there are four on the chute, there will be six on the ground.
  • Hit The Number! Have some rubber numbers (or something similar) and balance them on top of the parachute as everyone holds it together. Have a rubber ball for this game as well. The adult says a number, and everyone tries to roll the ball onto that number. This is a game of cooperation as well as number recognition. You can potentially make it harder by saying things like ‘one more than three’ (and trying to roll the ball onto number four).

Outdoor Games Top-Tips

  • Make everything big!
  • Make it active
  • Use lots of models and images for games
  • Use found objects like stones, sticks and leaves
  • Use balls, and floor games, and things like balloons

Outdoor math games have loads of fantastic benefits.

It makes maths fun!

It consolidates prior learning in an active and concrete way.

It helps children to link maths learning to the real world.

It is also extremely cheap and quite simple to set up. Pretty much all of these outdoor math activities use resources that are easy to source, and cost next to nothing or are free.

So why not give outdoor math games a go today?

If you are reading this and are based in the UK, then you may well be interested in my Practical Early Years Maths Training Courses that I run around the UK. Check them out to find a venue near you. All sessions are hands-on, practical, and based on numerous ideas to help you find success in teaching maths.

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17 Awesome Outdoor Math Activities for Preschoolers

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17 outdoor math activities for preschoolers. Encourage an early love of math with teacher-designed games to teach mathematical concepts.

In my life as a teacher, I was always trying to encourage my students to problem-solve or add an educational value to any games we played.

This wasn’t just in my classroom, but during time spent with my nephews and friends’ children too!

Combine this with being outdoors or in the garden , where children can be free to roam and explore, with a plethora of natural apparatus and stimulus to inspire them.

Your possibilities are virtually endless.

Having a teaching background has obviously made it easier for me to bring math activities into any play with little ones. But you can too, with little to no equipment needed!

It’s more about a mindset and a questioning brain that can twist any activity into one that involves learning. And most of the time your child won’t even know that what they are doing is educational! They’ll just be having busy fun!

Any learning you do with your toddlers is beneficial and will put them in a great place for when they begin preschool or kindergarten. In fact, most of these math activities can be tailored and adapted to such children into kindergarten, first grade and beyond, too!

As well as activities to practice math, I’ve also included ideas to extend the learning through questioning and adapting the math games too.

Plus I’ve split the activities for kids up by the mathematical concept that will be practiced for each one (for some there will be an overlap)!

Let nature and the outdoors be your classroom, teaching early math education to help your child get school (or preschool) ready.

Outdoor Activities to Learn Counting with One-to-One Correspondence

Counting is great, and a lot of parents are always very proud when their children can count to 10 (or higher!) .

But once your child knows the words, it’s important for them to use the words in relation to their numerical meaning. Otherwise, it’s just like reciting a song (and the words have no actual meaning to them).

This is called one-to-one correspondence.

It’s what happens when your child counts and recognizes one object per number – counting while pointing – and it can be a lot trickier that you’d expect, and done in plenty of different ways!

Here are 5 outdoor math activities and math games to help your kids practice one-to-one correspondence.

Head Out on a Counting Nature Walk

There are so many things you can count outdoors: leaves, stones, jumps in puddles…. You literally have endless options!

Use a walk in the garden, forest, or even your neighborhood to encourage counting. Anywhere outdoors will work for to get active and practice their maths!

Keep the learning fun by switching between different activities, using both concrete items and abstract ideas.

  • Counting how many leaves you collect or pinecones you can spot (counting concrete items).
  • Guessing and then testing how many bunny hops it will take to reach the next tree (relating to abstract ideas).

As the adult, you can model counting objects in a random layout and showing the result is always the same as long as each object is only counted once.

For example, take a set of three leaves and count them in a line, pointing to each as you say one, two, three .

Then mix them up into a random order or make them into pile and count them. Will there still be three?

While this is obvious to adults, activities like this help kids understand the one-to-one correspondence of numbers!

Lead an Outdoor Math Scavenger Hunt

Host a scavenger hunt while on your walk, or picnic in the park.

However, rather than just sending your children to find random things as with an outdoor bingo game, add a number quantifier to make it trickier.

Some ideas of what to ask them to find or collect:

  • 3 yellow leaves
  • 2 pinecones

You can also combine quantifiers and objects with shapes and measuring/comparing skills.

Asking them to find 3 leaves that are bigger than their hand. Or 2 sticks shorter than their leg. Or 3 pinecones, 1 each in small, medium, and large.

All of this counting will become second nature, and by the time they go to preschool, they’ll be skilled up!

Have a Game of What Time is It, Mr. Wolf?

If its been awhile since you played this game, I’m going to let you in on a secret: this old classic doesn’t actually have much to do with telling time (although it does get kids used to the o’clock expression!).

Here’s how to play:

  • One person is the wolf (take turns being the wold with your child or children).
  • Whoever isn’t the wolf asks, “What time is it, Mr. Wolf?”
  • The wolf replies with an “o’clock number” (anywhere from 1 o’clock to 12 o’clock)
  • The non-wolf children take however many of steps that correspond to the time the wolf said (eg. 1 o’clock equals 1 step)
  • Occasionally the wolf can choose for it to be ‘dinner time!’ and cause lots of giggles as they chase everyone back to the start!

This outdoor math game can be played with zero equipment, any place, any time!

Counting Songs

There are lots of songs to encourage counting and math, and preschool kids love singing!

Find some favorites, such as 5 little frogs, 5 little ducks, or 10 green bottles, and act them out to make them more fun.

For 10 Green Bottles, for example, set 10 green (non-breakable) bottles on a wall, and knock them over (or even use a Nerf gun!), counting and singing as you do.

You can help your child develop a further understanding of the math and numbers by asking questions:

  • When one more frog jumps in, how many will there be in the pool altogether?
  • When one bottle accidentally falls, how many are left on the wall?

Human-Sized Board Game

Have hours of fun drawing out a life size board game with chalk on the driveway or in the yard.

Use your imagination, but just make sure there are enough spaces to jump on.

Then roll a dice and have your little one move themselves the right number of squares.

On different squares, you can also add challenges for your little one to complete, like do 5 jumping jacks or touch your toes 3 times!

In addition to improving their math skills, this will help to burn some active toddler energy too!

Ideas for Number Recognition

Number recognition is being able to see a digit represented in its number form, and know what it is.

Simply put, number recognition means your child can see a 5 and know – hey, that’s a five!

Outdoor Number Hunt Walk

When you look closely, there are actually so many numbers in our everyday, outdoor environment.

From house numbers on front doors, or mailboxes, to speed limit signs, and numbers on license plates.

Take a walk through your neighborhood and play a number spying game.

Spot as many numbers as you can, and have your kids name them (say them) when they see them in digit form.

Sidewalk Chalk Number Line

Use sidewalk chalk to draw a long number line. Let your kid jump along as they count the numbers, landing on each one.

This can be set up for open-ended play.

If they want to add a new challenge to it, they can also collect things (in the matching quantity) that match each number on the line, too.

Number lines are also useful when teaching ‘more than’ or ‘less than,’ or solving basic math problems . Children can move back and forth along the line to solve problems.

They will enjoy the active aspect of moving to solve the problems.

Water Spray Numbers for Recognition or Basic Math

If you’re outdoors, there’s definitely more scope to get a little messy. This activity includes getting a bit wet too!

Children love playing with a spray bottle, and this outdoor math activity is tons of fun, especially in the summer as it warms up.

You can also do this with water balloons, too. However, the water balloons version requires a bit more – preparation, and be prepared to get a lot wetter!

  • Write numbers on a large wall or fence using sidewalk chalk, at a child accessible height.
  • Call out a number and have them squirt the correct number with their spray bottle!
  • If you have siblings, you can make it a race and let them run across the yard to squirt it!

For older kids, you can make it trickier by giving them a simple addition or subtraction calculation to solve and squirt the correct number that is the answer.

Math Games with Number Rocks

Painting numbers onto rocks is a great learning resource.

I’d suggest making 2 sets: Pain one set of 10 rocks with the numerals, 1 to 10. At the same time, paint a second set of rocks with pictorial representations of the numbers 1 to 10 (i.e. 5 spots to represent the number 5).

The pictoral rocks don’t have to be over-the-top cute – simple spots will do!

You can play a ton of games with these:

  • Hide them around your outdoor area and have children find them.
  • Have them search for a certain value and only bringing it back once they find the correct one (this will also improve their memory as they recall where the other rocks were).
  • Match the numeral and pictorial representation rocks.

For more advanced little ones, you can begin early addition. Ask them, can you find me 2 rocks that make 7 altogether?

These games are great when played with friends or siblings too, and encourage gentle competition and collaboration.

Number Trails

Make “number tracks” by drawing or painting a number on paper plates. On the opposite side, draw or paint the spots on to show how many, as this will make the game more flexible!

Lay out the plates, like stepping stones, around your yard or on a patio.

Then have your little one follow them, counting each one in order.

You could also lay them out randomly and shout a number. Then you child has to jump on the correct plate as fast as they can.

Or you could scatter them around the yard in a random order, and have your child gather them and place them in the correct order.

Outdoor Activities to Teach Mathematical Language

Mathematical language sounds intimidating, but it doesn’t have to be hard. In fact, it’s an easy way to fit math activities into your day, and not just at playtime.

Using mathematical language can be as easy as using number words in meaningful contexts: Here is your other mitten. Now we have two .

You can also talk about the math in everyday situations, for example, when doing up a coat: one hole for each button.

Good vocabulary to introduce to start with, as well as the number words themselves, can include: ‘lots’, ‘fewer’, ‘more’, ‘less’, ‘in’, ‘on’, ‘inside’, ‘under’, ‘long’, ‘longer’, ‘longest’, ‘short’, shorter’, ’shortest’, ‘heavy’, ‘light’, ‘full’, ‘empty’, ‘how many?’, and ‘count’.

Plan a Picnic

If you’re going on a walk anyway, why not plan a picnic to go with it. Have your little one help you to plan and pack for it.

Question them: Will there be enough drinks for everyone? How many sandwiches will we need to make?

This will encourage thinking skills and estimation.

Small World Activities

Kids love playing, and mathematical vocabulary can lend itself to all sorts of play.

If they are playing with their dinosaur figures, have them organize them from longest to shortest, or tallest to smallest.

If they have diggers and dump trucks playing at a building site, discuss which machine can carry ‘more’ soil, and which ‘less’

If they are playing with dolls, ask them how many shoes the dolls will need.

Talk to children, as they play with water or sand, to encourage them to think about when something is full, empty or holds more or less.

Outdoor Math Games to Teach Early Addition and Subtraction

Number recognition and counting skills need to be practiced before you can delve into the world of early addition and subtraction.

However, even if that isn’t quite secure, you can still play some of the math games listed here without the extended number value concepts.

Bean Bag Buckets

Set out some buckets in your garden and throw 1 beanbag into each bucket. Explain that each time you get a bean bag into a bucket, it’s 1 point. And then ask your child to add up the points you just got in your example.

Sounds simple enough? This can be extended in so many ways.

One change could be to number each bucket with a points score, with smaller buckets or the buckets that are further away being worth more points.

If your child gets 1 beanbag in the 1-point bucket, and 1 beanbag in the 2-point bucket, ask them how many points they have in total.

You could make each beanbag have a different value, too.

Or have your child aim to get a certain score – how can they get 4 points with 3 throws?

You can challenge your child through questioning: If each bucket is worth 2 points and I throw 3 beanbags can I score 5 points? Could I score 4 points? What’s the highest score I could get? Or the lowest?

If you don’t have buckets and beanbags, you can always do a similar game by drawing targets with sidewalk chalk to throw pebbles/chestnuts etc at.

Play Backyard Bowling

Kids love playing skittles/bowling. As well as encouraging their motor skills, you can use them to teach math, too.

Playing with a set of 5 skittles/bowling pins will help smaller children begin number skills. Older toddlers can work with 10.

Through your language, you can use them to begin early subtraction skills.

Ask your little one, if I have 10 pins and I knock down 4, how many are left standing? Act it out by knowing down 4 to help them see the relationship.

As you play and question, enourage them to count the objects and use 1:1 recognition to count clearly and accurately.

If you don’t have a set of bowling pins, they are easy to make too by using old water bottles that you can slightly fill with dirt or stones from the garden to weigh down a little.

Children can have fun decorating them, too.

Outdoor Math Games to Teach Shape, Space, and Measurement

Shape, space, and measure is a huge part of math. And it’s often overlooked when sharing math games for preschool kids.

Developing this knowledge helps your preschooler with problem-solving and understanding different aspects of the world.

Natural Patterns

Collect stones, flowers, and leaves and make patterns with them.

They can be a simple recurring pattern, such as a line of leaf, flower, leaf, flower. Or you can make it trickier with a third object: pebble, leaf, flower / pebble, leaf, flower.

You can also look at making symmetrical patterns using natural objects.

Maybe draw a chalk outline of a head and have your child make the other half of the face using things in the garden.

Draw a Race Car Track

Use chalk to draw a track for toy race cars. You can extend and adapt mathematically by having children make a ‘longer’ way (or some shortcuts) or add in different routes to get to the finish line.

Not only will they love zooming their cars along the track, but you can develop vocabulary too.

You can also use plastic and wooden tracks, which encourage problem-solving and use of space.

Challenge them to make a track that loops back together, or that fits within a confined area but uses all of the pieces.

It’s not necessarily about them getting it ‘right’ but the design and learning skills they develop while changing and adapting.

When you head out on your walks, you can look for shapes.

Encourage children to talk about the shapes they see and use, and how they are arranged and used in the construction of buildings and spaces around them.

You’ll be surprised at how many triangles, squares, and circles there are in the outdoor world once you start looking!

Final Thoughts on Outdoor Math Activities for Kids

As an educator, I hope you can take these outdoor math activities and games and use them to support your children’s development and school readiness.

They can be played and adapted in many ways so you can keep it fresh and exciting.

Plus your kids won’t even realize they are learning. They will be way too busy having fun and playing games with their family to know that!

If you think this outdoor math activities article will be useful for other parents with kids who are preparing for preschool, kindergarten, or even first grade, feel free to share it with them too!

About The Author

numeracy activities outdoors

Laura Pulling

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14 Best Outdoor Math Activities That Make Learning Fun

Numbers on rocks

1. Nature’s Numbers Hunt

2. sidewalk chalk math, 3. garden measurement, 4. outdoor math bingo, 5. shape hunt, 6. water balloon math toss, 7. math relay races, 8. time-telling with sundials, 9. nature patterns and sequences, 10. math treasure hunt.

Mathematics , a subject crucial for cognitive development, can sometimes be challenging and less appealing to young minds. However, it transforms when taken outside amidst the playfulness of nature and the freedom of open spaces. Outdoor math activities break the monotony of traditional learning methods , making math both engaging and enjoyable . They provide a hands-on experience where children can connect mathematical concepts to the real world.

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This blog delves into fun and creative outdoor math activities. Whether you’re a parent or a teacher, these activities are simple to organize and rich in learning outcomes. 

Rainy day? No problem! Keep your kids learning math with SplashLearn indoors. Explore interactive indoor math adventures and make the most of any weather.

Nature hunt and counting objects

Nature’s Numbers Hunt is one of the best outdoor math activities that combines the thrill of a scavenger hunt with the foundational skill of counting. In this activity, children are given a list of natural items to find in specific quantities, such as 5 pine cones or 3 red leaves. As they explore and collect, they practice counting and number recognition , turning a simple walk in the park into a fun math adventure.

Age group: 3-6 

Learning Focus: Counting , number recognition.

Kid drawing a sidewalk chalk math art

Sidewalk Chalk Math brings creativity to outdoor math activities. With just a box of chalk, any pavement becomes a canvas for learning. Draw hopscotch grids with equations or create large number lines for kids to jump along. This activity makes math visually stimulating and physically engaging as children hop, skip, and jump their way through basic arithmetic and number sequences.

Age group: 4-8

Learning Focus: Basic arithmetic, number sequences.

A kid measuring in the garden

Garden Measurement is a hands-on approach among math outdoor activities , where kids engage directly with nature. They can measure the growth of plants, the length of garden beds, or even the amount of rainfall in a container. This activity teaches them how to measure and understand different units and instills a sense of responsibility and connection with the environment.

Age group: 5-10

Learning Focus: Measurement, understanding units .

Math bingo card

Outdoor Math Bingo is a versatile addition to math activity to play outside. Create bingo cards with various math challenges that kids can solve outdoors. These challenges could range from simple arithmetic to finding shapes or counting objects. As children explore their surroundings to complete their bingo cards, they engage with various math concepts in a playful and dynamic way.

Age group: 6-12

Learning Focus: Diverse math concepts depending on the challenges.

Shape hunt written in colorful background

Shape Hunt is an excellent way to introduce geometry through math activities outside. In this activity, children are encouraged to find and identify different shapes in their environment. This could be the circular shape of a tire swing, the rectangular outline of a park bench, or the triangular form of a tree’s leaves. It’s a fun way to develop shape-recognition skills and an understanding of basic geometric principles.

Age group: 3-6

Learning Focus: Geometry, shape recognition.

Balloons with time written on it

The Water Balloon Math Toss combines the excitement of a water game with the arithmetic challenge. In this activity, children solve math problems to earn the chance to toss a water balloon. This makes practicing math fun and adds a sense of reward and motivation to the learning process, making it a favorite among outside math activities.

Learning Focus: Arithmetic, reward-based learning.

Vector poster of math relay race

Math Relay Races bring a competitive edge to learning. Set up relay races where each leg of the race involves solving a math problem. This could include puzzles , mental arithmetic, or logical challenges. It’s a great way to encourage speed and accuracy in problem-solving while fostering teamwork and healthy competition among participants.

Age group: 7-13

Learning Focus: Speed and accuracy in solving problems, teamwork.

A DIY sundial

Teach kids about time-telling by creating a simple sundial. Place a stick (gnomon) in the ground, and as the sun moves, the shadow will indicate the time. This activity teaches time concepts and introduces the idea of angles and the Earth’s rotation.

Age group: 6-10

Learning Focus: Time-telling, understanding angles

Nature patterns

Nature Patterns and Sequences are a cornerstone of fun outdoor math activities. This activity involves creating or identifying patterns and sequences using natural items, such as leaves, stones, or flowers. It encourages children to observe the natural world closely and apply algebraic thinking to recognize and form patterns and sequences.

Learning Focus: Patterns, sequencing, algebraic thinking.

A math treasure hunt map

The Math Treasure Hunt turns solving math puzzles into an exciting adventure. Set up a treasure hunt where each clue is a math problem that needs to be solved to find the next location. This activity makes math problem-solving thrilling and enhances logical reasoning and critical thinking skills.

Age group: 7-12

Learning Focus: Problem-solving, logical reasoning.

11. Counting Stars

Stars with numbers

Counting Stars is a serene and educational activity that combines math learning with basic astronomy. On a clear night, children can count stars, learn about large numbers, and learn basic astronomical concepts. This activity not only introduces children to the vastness of the universe but also to the concept of infinity in a physical math activity setting.

Learning Focus: Counting, introduction to astronomy, and large numbers.

12. Stick Tally Challenge

Tally with sticks

The Stick Tally Challenge is an engaging outdoor math activity that combines nature exploration with learning basic counting and representation skills. In this activity, children gather sticks during an outdoor walk and use them to create tally marks . This hands-on approach helps them understand the concept of tallying and counting in a fun and interactive way. It’s an excellent method for teaching kids how to represent numbers visually and keep track of counting in groups of five.

Age group: 4-9 

Learning Focus: Basic counting, representation of numbers, fine motor skills.

13. Outdoor Number Line

Kids mankind number line

Create a giant number line in an open space using chalk or rope. Assign different math problems or equations to specific points on the number line. Kids can jump or hop to the correct answer, helping them practice addition , subtraction , or multiplication while having fun in a physical math activity setting.

Learning Focus: Basic arithmetic, number line concepts.

14. Math Picnic

Math picnic written on a colorful background

Organize a math-themed picnic where the food items are used to teach various math concepts. For instance, use slices of pizza to teach fractions or count the number of grapes in a bunch. This hands-on approach combines outdoor enjoyment with math learning.

Learning Focus: Fractions, counting, and simple arithmetic

7  Benefits of Outdoor Math Activities

Engaging in outdoor math activities offers many benefits for children. These activities not only make learning math more enjoyable but also contribute to their overall development. Here are some of the key advantages:

  • Hands-On Learning: Outdoor math activities provide a tangible, hands-on approach to learning math concepts. Children can touch, see, and experience mathematical ideas in the real world, making abstract concepts more concrete.
  • Enhanced Engagement: The novelty of learning outdoors sparks interest and enthusiasm among children. They are likelier to be engaged and motivated when math is integrated into fun outdoor experiences.
  • Connection with Nature: Outdoor activities foster a connection with the natural world. Children learn about math by observing natural patterns, shapes, and phenomena, which can inspire a greater appreciation for the environment.
  • Reduction of Math Anxiety: For some children, math can be intimidating. These activities offer a relaxed and non-threatening environment to build confidence in their math skills.
  • Multi-Sensory Learning: Outdoor math engages multiple senses – sight, touch, and sometimes even hearing or smell. This multi-sensory approach helps children retain information better.
  • Life Skills : Math activities in the outdoors often involve practical skills such as measurement, time-telling, and money calculations. These skills are essential for everyday life and are learned in a real-world context.
  • Positive Attitude Towards Math: By associating math with enjoyable outdoor experiences, children are more likely to develop a positive attitude towards the subject, leading to improved academic performance.

In the great outdoors, we’ve discovered the beauty of math. Now, let’s bring that wonder indoors with SplashLearn. Our indoor math adventures are designed to make math a year-round delight. Join us on this educational journey and help your child embrace the magic of numbers, both indoors and out.

Frequently Asked Questions  (FAQs)

What is meant by outdoor activities in mathematics learning.

Outdoor activities in mathematics learning involve engaging in math-focused games, explorations, and practical applications in an outdoor setting, enhancing real-world understanding.

Why do we teach maths outside?

Teaching maths outside offers a dynamic, hands-on learning experience , fostering engagement and practical application of mathematical concepts in the natural environment.

numeracy activities outdoors

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35 Active Math Games and Activities for Kids Who Love To Move

For all those kids who think math is boring…

Collage of Active Math Games

Tired of hearing groans when you announce it’s time for math? These active math games and activities will spice up your learning game. They get kids up and moving, using their whole bodies to learn facts and skills. Lots of these ideas can be adapted to suit a variety of math concepts, so choose a few to try out with your own math students.

1. Throw snowballs inside or out

Four plastic buckets with math flashcards clothespinned to them, with large white pom poms in each (Active Math Games)

Clip flash cards to plastic tubs, then challenge kids to throw the correct number of large white pom-poms (“snowballs”) in from a distance. If there’s snow on the ground, bundle up and take this one outside to use real snowballs!

Learn more: Frugal Fun 4 Boys and Girls

2. Stack sticks to practice tally marks

Number cards on the sidewalk with piles of small sticks representing tally marks

Small sticks are perfect for practicing tally marks. Kids will have fun checking the ground under trees for twigs, then breaking them into pieces and creating tally piles.

Learn more: @amysam623

3. Fish for numbers

Child using a wood fishing pole to catch foam numbered fish in a kiddie pool

It’s so easy to make your own magnet fishing pole. Float some numbered foam fish with paper clips attached, then try to catch the numbers in the right order! (Don’t want to get wet? Just lay the fish on the ground instead.)

Learn more: Buggy and Buddy/Fishing Math

4. Draw and measure shapes on the sidewalk

Students using a measuring tape to measure shapes drawn on the ground with sidewalk chalk

First, give kids some sidewalk chalk and let them draw a variety of shapes, as big or small as they like. Then, arm them with measuring tapes and have them practice taking measurements.

Learn more: @playexploregrow

5. Stomp and smash on a number line

Student stomping on paper bags labeled with numbers (Active Math Games)

Grab some paper bags and number them, then shake them out and lay them in a number line. Now, call out an addition or subtraction problem, like 3 + 2. Have a student stomp on the bag labeled three, then on the next two to arrive at an answer of five. (Feeling brave? Try this one with balloons!)

Learn more: Schooltime Snippets

6. Grow fact-family flowers

Flowers made of rocks and leaves with math facts written on the leaves and answers on the stones (Active Math Games)

Pick up colorful fall leaves and write math facts on them. Gather them around a numbered rock to make pretty flowers.

Learn more: @discoverwildlearning

7. Toss beanbags to learn place value

Plastic bins labeled thousands, hundreds, tens, and ones sitting on the grass with beanbags (Active Math Games)

Label bins with place values like ones, tens, and hundreds. Kids toss beanbags into the bins, then count them and see what number they’ve created.

Learn more: Saddle Up for Second Grade/Place Value Toss

8. Form paper-plate number bonds

Students and teacher holding up numbered paper plates to form a number bond

Pass out numbered paper plates, then have students mix and mingle to see how many number bonds they can form.

Learn more: The Schroeder Page

9. Create a life-size number line

Young student running along a number line drawn on the sidewalk

Number lines are wonderful for all sorts of math games and activities. Make one big enough for kids to stand and jump around on using sidewalk chalk (or painter’s tape indoors). You’ll use it over and over again.

Learn more: Childhood Beckons

10. Hit the target and graph

Red yellow and blue target with Target Toss worksheet (Active Math Games)

You can teach graphing in lots of ways, so why not make it active? Students throw balls onto a target, graphing and analyzing their throws as they go.

Learn more: Amy Lemons

11. Head out on a plot graph scavenger hunt

Student holding a piece of graph paper with a map drawn on it

Create a map of your school, playground, or other area using graph paper (or even better, have kids help you do it). Then choose plot points for them to visit to find notes or small prizes. They’ll feel like real treasure hunters!

Learn more: Edventures With Kids

12. Roll the dice to count and move

Pair of dice with a wooden die with sides labeled jump, spin, and other activities (Active Math Games)

Get practice with low-number counting and addition using action dice. Write activities like “jump,” “clap,” or “stomp” on a small wooden block, then roll it along with a pair of dice. Kids add them up (or subtract if you prefer) and complete the activity the number of times shown.

Learn more: Buggy and Buddy/Math Dice

13. Whack a ball to subtract

Student's hand holding a wood mallet and card saying 8 minus 3 over a box with ping pong balls resting in holes

You know your elementary math students are going to love this! Build your own whack-a-mole 10-frame with a shoebox and Ping-Pong balls. Then, have kids whack the balls to practice their subtraction facts. So fun!

Learn more: Planning Playtime

14. Make a splash with water balloons

Young student splashing a water balloon onto the number ten drawn on the sidewalk (Active Math Games)

You’re going to need to be willing to get a little wet for this one, but kids simply adore math games (or any games!) with water balloons. Fill and label balloons numbered 1 through 20 (or whatever numbers you’re working on). Draw the numbers in a big circle on the playground. Then, have a student choose a balloon, find the matching number, and head off to make a splash!

Learn more: Little Bins for Little Hands

15. Tell time on a giant clock

Students standing on a large clock drawn on the sidewalk; text reads Sidewalk Chalk Clock Games

Draw a giant clock face with hours and minutes on the playground with sidewalk chalk. Choose two students to be the hour and minute hands, then call out a time and send them out to become the clock. Add more complicated elements by having them add to or subtract from the initial time too. (“Now it’s 23 minutes later!”)

Learn more: Creative Family Fun/Sidewalk Chalk Clock

16. Measure your frog jumps

Two children measuring tape lines on the floor

Have your students hop like frogs, leap like gazelles, or jump like kangaroos. Then, pull out the ruler or measuring tape so they can measure the distances they’ve covered.

Learn more: Coffee Cups and Crayons

17. Jump to math facts practice

Student jumping on a large number grid made of masking tape on the floor (Active Math Games)

Lay out a grid like the one shown that has the answers to whatever set of math flash cards you’re currently working with. (This teacher used masking tape; you could also do sidewalk chalk on the playground.) Two players face off, one on each side of the board. Show the flash card, and kids race to be the first to jump to the correct square with both feet inside the lines. Get all the rules at the link below.

Learn more: Teaching and Tapas

18. Run a flash-card race

Children walk along a line of flashcards on the floor

Tape a series of flash cards to the floor and challenge kids to see who can correctly make their way from start to finish the fastest. They can call out the answers or write them down, but they have to get it right before they move on. Kids can race side by side or work independently to beat their own best time.

Learn more: There’s Just One Mommy

19. Catch a math beach ball

Student holding a beach ball marked with numbers (Active Math Games)

Beach balls are so much fun in the classroom. Scribble numbers all over one with a Sharpie, then toss it to a student. Wherever their thumbs land, they add (or subtract or multiply) those two numbers together before tossing the ball to the next student.

Learn more: Saddle Up for Second Grade/Beach Ball Math

20. Do a number dance

Large mats with the numbers 0 to 9 laid out on the floor

Kids who love “Dance Dance Revolution” will get into this one. Make a number mat for each student like the ones shown. Flash an equation with an answer between 10 and 99 on the screen. Kids figure out the answer and jump to put their left foot on the correct tens place, right foot on the ones. They’ll be dancing and spinning as they learn!

Learn more: Number Loving

21. Groove with angles

numeracy activities outdoors

Teach kids about transversals and the angles they create with some fun dance moves! Get the details for “Dance Dance Transversal” at the link below.

Learn more: Communicating Mathematically

22. Add and subtract by stacking cups

Plastic cups with math problems and numbers, stacked into a pyramid (Active Math Games)

We’re not sure why, but kids simply  love stacking cups. Label yours with math problems and answers, then have kids build pyramids and towers galore!

Learn more: The Kindergarten Smorgasboard

23. Measure the height of a tree (no ladder needed)

numeracy activities outdoors

Kids will be amazed to learn they can measure the tallest tree while keeping their feet on the ground. The link below walks you through the steps with a free printable.

Learn more: From ABCs to ACTs

24. Count and learn on a nature walk

Field of flowers with text You already have 3 flowers. Count the rest of the pink flowers to find out how many you have altogether.

Take an outdoor stroll and practice basic math along the way. This works indoors too—walk the school hallways (quietly) and count doors, windows, posters, and more.

Learn more: Creative Family Fun/Math Walk

25. Hunt for shapes in the world around you

Clipboards with Shape Hunt worksheets showing colorful pictures of circles, triangles, and more (Active Math Games)

Looking for super-simple and fun active math games? Give students a sheet with shapes to find as you walk around the school or playground. Each time they find the shape, have them trace it on their worksheet and then make a mark to keep track of how many times they’ve seen it.

Learn more: Hands-On Teaching Ideas

26. Steal the balls with addition robbery

Collage of pictures showing colorful balls and a boy running with the text Addition Robbery: An Active Group Math Game

Kids compete to see whose basket of balls will add up to the highest amount. The trick? They don’t know at the beginning which balls are worth the most. Learn how to play at the link below.

Learn more: That After School Life

27. Puddle-jump from number to number

Student jumping around on construction paper puddles labeled with numbers (Active Math Games)

Lay out a series of construction paper puddles labeled with numbers. You can call out numbers and have kids jump to the correct one, or have them jump from one to the next in order forward or backward, or even try some skip counting.

Learn more: NurtureStore

28. Paint and hide number rocks

Colorful rocks painted with 19, plus sign, 34, and equals sign

Painted rocks are always a big hit! Have your class help you make these, then hide them around the playground and send kids off to find and answer equations.

Learn more: The OT Toolbox

29. Skip-count along a hopscotch board

Student playing hopscotch on the sidewalk

A hopscotch board can be used for a lot of fun and active math games. Try it for skip counting: Kids hop along counting by 2s, 5s, 10s, or whatever you’re currently working on. Learn more at the link below.

Learn more: Math Geek Mama/Skip-Counting Hopscotch

30. Aim and throw to practice math skills

Two hand-drawn dartboards with darts on the 70 ring and 40 ring (Active Math Games)

Pick up a set of Sticky Darts and draw two dartboards side by side. You can label the rings with any numbers you like. Kids throw the darts and then add, subtract, multiply, or divide the numbers—your choice!

Learn more: Inspiration Labs

31. Design an outdoor board game

Curved path drawn on the sidewalk with math problems and a pair of dice

Draw a winding path and fill the spaces with math equations. Kids roll the dice and move from space to space (have them jump, skip, or twirl to mix things up). If they get the answer right, they move to the new space. If not, their turn is over. Customizable math games like this can be used at any level.

Learn more: Look! We’re Learning!

32. Turn UNO into an active math game

Active Math Games Uno

Grab your UNO deck and get ready to move! Assign each color a movement (hop, touch toes, etc.). As kids draw the cards, everyone completes the movement the correct number of times. Skip and Reverse work as usual, but anyone who gets Draw Two has to draw two more cards and complete the actions on their own while others cheer them on. See more at the link below.

Learn more: Still Playing School

33. Bowl them over while learning math facts

Plastic bottles with numbers set up like bowling pins with a beach ball (Active Math Games)

Active math games using recycled materials are economical and good for the environment. Set up empty plastic bottles labeled 1 through 10, then roll the ball to see how many you can knock down. Add up the numbers of the knocked-over bottles to get your score.

Learn more: Learn With Play at Home

34. Compete to win at putt-putt math

numeracy activities outdoors

Pick up a few dollar-store supplies and make your own putt-putt course. This can be a simple game where kids simply shoot for the highest (or lowest) number. But you can also drive up the complexity by putting equations on the cups that kids have to solve first to determine which is the best cup to aim for.

Learn more: My Catch a Star Classroom!

35. Give a classic game a math twist

Students playing Twister with sticky note numbers on each circle

Create active math games that give new life to existing resources. For example, add numbers to Twister! For more advanced players, instead of saying “Right hand 5,” try saying “Right hand 14 – 9” to make them think.

Learn more: Math Geek Mama/Twister Math

If you like these active math games and are looking for more ways to move in the classroom, try these 21 Kinesthetic Reading Activities for your most active learners.

Plus, sign up for our free newsletters to get all the best teaching tips and ideas.

35 Active Math Games and Activities for Kids Who Love To Move

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13 Fun Outdoor Maths Activities For Early Years To Year 6

David Leighton

Check out our favourite outdoor maths activities to enjoy with your primary school class; most of these are entirely adaptable for any year from Reception upwards.

1. Find a maths connection

2. playground problem questions, 3. get the chalk out, 4. go on an angle hunt, 6. plan and run summer fete activities, 7. fun and games, 8. position and direction, 9. spot the shapes, 10. ball games, 11. measuring, 12. make shapes, 13. target games, bonus activity: spot patterns.

Once the summer term arrives bringing summer holidays closer you may be taking time to reflect on the progress that you and your pupils have made in maths this year. You may also be thinking about your plans for the summer…BBQs, camping trips and holidays abroad anyone?

Whether they’ll be heading into Year 6 in September, or they are just developing an awareness of number in Foundation Stage, help your pupils’ continue their progress by getting them in the habit of doing some outdoor maths activities, so that wherever they are, (and wherever you are) they can be keeping up their numbers, angles and bar charts.

Your pupils can complete the activities outside while basking in the summer sun, practising key topics from KS1 and KS2 Maths without even knowing it – our favourite form of “stealth learning”.

There are lots of structured activities that you can plan outdoors but why not start off by setting your pupils a more open ended, exploratory activity which challenges them to make links between things in the outdoor environment and maths e.g.  Look around you. What can you see that has a mathematical connection? Write or draw any mathematical words or shapes in and around the space you are in. Write your ideas down in words or draw a mathematical calculation. This helps pupils to start making connections with the work they do in class and the how it connects with the real world.

Write some word problems which require the children to explore the outdoors to find all the information they need to answer the question.

E.g. Find a picnic table.  How many legs has it got?

How many legs would there be on 5 picnic tables?

If there were 44 legs, how many picnic tables would there be?

Or It costs 26p for every metre of painted lines on the school playground.  How much would it cost to draw the line all the way round the netball court?

All you need for this is some playground space and some chalk. In foundation stage it’s a great way to explore cardinal numbers, with children drawing a different number of items. In KS1 and KS2, you can reinforce data and statistics by creating large scale bar charts, carroll and venn diagrams. You can make it more interactive by getting the children to stand in the correct place or sort different items they find in nature into different categories.

Topical Activities Linked To Key Dates This Term

Topical Activities Linked To Key Dates This Term

Maths investigations linked to key primary school events, designed to develop reasoning and problem solving in your pupils

If you are introducing right angles, make a template such as  these  then get out and about to see if children can spot right, acute and obtuse angles in their environment. In upper KS2 Maths, why not get the pupils to take accurate measurements of angles on the playground, then get them to create their own map with missing angles to challenge their partner, which they can then mark themselves. During your angle hunt you could also integrate some discussion about the use of horizontal, vertical, perpendicular and parallel lines.

Step outside the playground and observe cars and other traffic on a nearby road. Give younger pupils categories to collect data on or challenge older ones to come up with their own question to answer e.g. what is the most common colour car. Pupils should gather the information and then have a go at representing it in different ways.

Not necessarily outdoors but a great inspiration for Maths activities in the summer term nevertheless! Get your pupils into groups and challenge each of them to plan a stall or activity for your school summer fete or Enterprise Week. There are lots of opportunities to integrate maths e.g. weighing ingredients to make cakes for a cake stall, ratio of squash to water if making lemonade, working out totals and giving change on the day, totalling scores for participants in any games, recording popularity of different stalls on the day and presenting the data…

There are lots of different playground games that can be used to reinforce number facts. One which works well is to get the pupils to run around and then when you blow a whistle shout out the size of the group they have to get into. You can extend this by saying “get into a multiple of 3” or “get into a squared number” or “get into a factor of 24”. Alternatively, you could try “there must be 30 fingers in each group” or “there must be 16 arms and legs in each group”

Get pupils into teams and then challenge them to direct their team mates around the playground using only turns (turn 90s clockwise, turn 180 anticlockwise) along a particular route. Make this harder by blindfolding the person following the instructions or setting obstacles for pupils to avoid.

Send the children out with a list of shapes to spot outside. In Key stage 1, see if they can spot any regular polygons. Give weaker pupils a prompt sheet to help them. See if Key Stage 2 pupils can spot any 3d shapes, explore their properties and report back to the class. If you have digital cameras or tablets, you could even get them taking photos and presenting the info back to class for a good cross curricular link to Computing.

Third Space Learning SATs revision on shapes and their properties

In pairs, pupils can throw and catch a ball. Each time a successful catch is made they count up in a particular multiple. If they drop the ball they have to go back to the start. You can make this more of a competition by setting a time limit and seeing which pair can get to the highest multiple. With children who are struggling more you might want them to throw the ball round a circle and give a bit more support.

The are numerous potential opportunities for measuring experience outdoors. After reviewing different units of length, why not practise estimating by getting pupils to estimate the length of different parts of the playground, height and width of different bits of playground equipment or the distance from one particular spot to another. Then use rulers, tape measures, metres sticks to take accurate measurements. They can practise subtraction by getting pupils to calculate the difference between their estimate and the real measure. You could explore measuring with Key Stage 1 or foundation stage by using non standard measures e.g. how many pupils long is the playground? How many hands high is the bench?

Children could explore making 2D shapes in two ways: with their bodies, e.g. lie on the floor to make a triangle, or using large loops of string/ribbon. The string method is better for Key Stage 2 so you can look more closely at the angles, e.g. make a right angled triangle, make an isosceles triangle, make an irregular pentagon.

Set a target and allocate a particular score for each area that the pupil is able to throw a beanbag into. Pupils can have clipboards and be responsible for noting down scores and adding them up. This is easily adaptable from Year 1 to Year 6: using single digit numbers for, move on to multiples of 10, 20 and 100 or challenge with a mixture of 3 or 4 digit numbers for upper KS2. You could even get them adding decimals numbers. Why not challenge each team to calculate their average score at the end?

Looking for more? We’ve got lots more maths games and fun maths activities for you, including 19 fun end of term maths activities, some great back to school maths activities and our favourite fun maths lessons .

Encourage your pupils to look for patterns either in nature or on buildings. Ask them to describe the patterns. What shapes do they use? Do they tessellate? How often do they repeat? Nursery and Reception children can engage with this one just as much as Years 5 and 6 (although you may struggle with the tessellate question… )

As you might be heading towards the summer break, you may also be interested in our summer maths activities to keep young minds working over the 6 week break.


Every week Third Space Learning’s maths specialist tutors support thousands of students across hundreds of schools with weekly primary school tuition designed to plug gaps and boost progress.

Since 2013 these personalised one to one lessons have helped over 150,000 primary and secondary students become more confident, able mathematicians.

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Sometimes the best way to sneak in a little learning is in unlikely places.  How about teaching some math at the park or in your own backyard?  Here are some outdoor math ideas for kids.

outdoor math activities for kids

After a long cold winter, it finally feels like summer! My kids have been spending a lot of time outside, so I’ve put together this list of ways that we’ve done some math in the great outdoors.

Outdoor Math Ideas

Counting, number recognition, one-to-one correspondence –, count the pine cones.

Looking for some outdoor math ideas? Here you'll find a variety of activities for kids in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade.

Under our pine trees we have thousands of tiny little pine cones. So following an idea from Peaceful Parenting , I drew boxes with the numbers 1-20 on the driveway.  Then my just-turned Four worked at filling up the numbers through 10 and my Five counted pine cones for the larger numbers.

Sorting, Measurement – Sort sticks by size

Looking for some outdoor math ideas? Here you'll find a variety of activities for kids in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade.

Despite my nervousness around little boys and very long sticks, my Four and Five love to collect the big sticks they find in our yard and the little wooded area in the back.  They rang the doorbell to show me all the sticks they had collected… and sorted by size.   You could also have your child put the sticks in order from shortest to longest.  You could do the same thing with leaves or wildflowers.

Measurement – Very Big & Very Small Hunt

Looking for some outdoor math ideas? Here you'll find a variety of activities for kids in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade.

Last spring, I printed this set of action cards and had my kids (ages 2,4, and 5 at the time) hunt for objects in the yard.  They loved this very active scavenger hunt, and it was great for teaching my almost-three-year-old about size.  I think we’ll have to pull it out again this year!  Learn more and get your free printable action cards in this post .

Patterns – Create nature patterns

Looking for some outdoor math ideas? Here you'll find a variety of activities for kids in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade.

 Addition, Subtraction, Number Recognition –

Water balloon math.

Looking for some outdoor math ideas? Here you'll find a variety of activities for kids in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade.

This game can be modified in so many different ways. Prepare some water balloons and write either a single number or an addition or subtraction fact on each one.  Then write matching numbers (or answers to the addition and subtraction problems) on your driveway or sidewalk. As your child chooses a balloon he throws it on the matching number or answer.

My kids loved learning and staying cool at the same time!

Fractions – Giant Fractions on the Driveway

Looking for some outdoor math ideas? Here you'll find a variety of activities for kids in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade.

Fractions can be a difficult concept, but this short lesson seemed to do the trick for my Five.  I drew a large rectangle on the driveway.  We talked about how this was one whole rectangle. Then I divided it in two equal parts (okay, they weren’t exactly equal, but the kids didn’t notice).  I had my Five stand in one part to show “one half.”  Then his sister stood in the other half to show “one half.”  We talked about how two halves make a whole.

Then we worked together to show different fractions. In the above picture we made “3/4.”

Looking for some outdoor math ideas? Here you'll find a variety of activities for kids in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade.

The kids liked finding ways to make fractions all by themselves.  Here my Seven is showing “4/4.”  This also gave us the chance to talk about equivalent fractions.  “4/4”  is the same thing as “one whole.”

Looking for some outdoor math ideas? Here you'll find a variety of activities for kids in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade.

My Five likes to find any opportunity he can to demonstrate standing on his head.  This worked well for “1/4.”

Number Recognition, Counting – 

Mr. wolf, what time is it.

Looking for some outdoor math ideas? Here you'll find a variety of activities for kids in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade.

This game was designed for my just-turned-Four, but it wouldn’t have been fun without his older siblings playing along. I had written the numbers 1-12 on pieces of construction paper.  I was the Wolf and stood at the end of the yard.  The kids stood facing me at the other end of the yard.

They called, “Mr. Wolf, what time is it?”  Then I showed a number, and they took turns reading it.  When I showed the “2,” for example, one of them would say “2:00!”  Then they walked toward me that number of steps.

Periodically I would put down the pages and call out “Lunch time!”  At that point the kids would try to reach the tree behind me or run back to start, where they were “safe.”  I ran after them to try to catch them. If they reached the tree behind me safely, they could be the next Wolf.

Hint: wear shoes you can run in. This is excellent exercise for the mom.


numeracy activities outdoors

This curriculum contains a wide selection of no-prep/no-worry math activities for our youngest learners!

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Reader Interactions


Stacey Marsh

April 8, 2019 at 5:22 am

Thank you for sharing all your great ideas. My first graders love these engaging activities. This is the first sight I visit when looking for new ideas to teach. Thanks again.

April 27, 2019 at 8:36 am

You’re welcome, Stacey!

October 4, 2018 at 9:54 am

These are really neat! I like the stick sizes and the counting objects in groups! thanks so much!

October 23, 2018 at 5:54 am

I hope you get a chance to try some of these with your learners, Stephanie! 🙂

May 20, 2018 at 1:24 pm

Your site is amazing! Thanks so much for all the great resources! Stephanie… Northern Ireland 🙂

June 2, 2018 at 3:36 pm

You’re welcome, Stephanie!

Edna Laserna

March 15, 2018 at 2:46 am

Thank you so much for accepting me in your blog. Your activities really help me to improve my teaching in different areas.

March 15, 2018 at 6:49 pm

You’re very welcome, Edna!

Milagros Montalvo

March 7, 2017 at 10:26 am

I’m working on an article for Scholastic Teacher magazine. In each issue, Teacher compiles lesson ideas on specific topics to share with teachers. (Readers total about 100,000 K-8 teachers in print and many more online.) You can see an example of these lesson ideas here.

I’m currently working on ideas for outdoor math activities for grades K-1. I came across your outdoor activities and would love to include one or two. They are so creative! I’m reaching out to ask your permission for me to summarize the lesson and quote from your blog post. I’m on a tight deadline and, as such, would appreciate your response by Friday, March 10.

Please also send along the following information for me to include: Full name (as you’d like to see it published): Grade you teach: School where you teach and city/state: Would you like for me to include your blog’s name (and link to it in the online version of the article)? Anything you’d like to add about the activity: A photo of the activity w/a photo credit

I look forward to hearing from you!

Anna Geiger

March 10, 2017 at 8:49 am

Thank you for reaching out! While I would love to be included, I do not have high quality photos of any of these activities. We are still having winter weather, so I wouldn’t be able to take new pictures for you. Thank you anyway!

June 14, 2015 at 3:48 pm

Nice ideas, I hope it works well with my pupils. Thank you


August 23, 2014 at 7:08 pm

I do not even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was great.

I do not know who you are but definitely you are going to a famous blogger if you aren’t already 😉 Cheers!

July 9, 2014 at 8:00 am

I love these math activites! Good for both my 8 year old and 4 year old!

July 12, 2014 at 8:44 pm

Thanks for commenting, Susen!

June 11, 2014 at 10:47 am

You have the best ideas! Thanks for sharing already used a bunch for my 3 and 1.5 kids, and I look forward to incorporating them into my classroom next year!

July 6, 2014 at 9:34 am

Thank you so much, Carmen! I hope your students enjoy them.

June 5, 2014 at 2:11 pm

These look fun! I will definitely try these with my kids!

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numeracy activities outdoors

Blog for Math Teachers & Students –  ByteLearn Blog

15 Fun Outdoor Math Activities Ideas

outdoor math activities

The concept of outdoor math activities effectively provides students with a fun and engaging exposure to mathematics. Instead of merely in the classroom, teachers can teach math concepts in the actual world and natural objects.

Students can experiment with ideas on a much larger scale outside than in a closed learning space because it is more indulgent in supplies and tools. In addition, outdoor activities can motivate students and foster their inquisitive nature to learn more about math.

The outdoor arena provides more opportunities for play-based learning , a particularly effective strategy for young children. In addition, by giving kids chances for physical activity, free movement, and a sense of well-being, outdoor math games promote the growth of healthy and active lives.

  • Below Are Some Math Outdoor Activities Ideas For Students:

1. The Game Of Fifteen:

2. nine holes, 3. number line race, 4. stepping stones, 5. write numbers on the balls, 6. addition triangles, 7. connect four, 8. racetrack 1-12 game, 9. blank number line race.

  • 10. Pass The Number Balls Round The Circle 

11. Tapatan

13. math racers, 14. flashcard toss, 15. leapfrog, conclusion:.

outdoor math activities The Game Of Fifteen

100+ Free Math Worksheets, Practice Tests & Quizzes

This two-player counting strategy game uses a grid with noughts and crosses. The game’s goal is to create a straight line of three numbers that adds up to 15, whether done vertically, horizontally or diagonally.

Here, every player adds a numeral to the matrix in turn. The first player to create a row totalling 15 wins. This game counts among the best outdoor math activities.

Instruction to play:

  • Sticks can be categorized into five different bundles. The rods can be used to represent figures up to five. It is helpful to educate young kids on how to count by giving them examples like “6 = 1 bundle of 5 sticks plus one stray stick.”
  • For elementary students, it can be a fun task to see if they can create a magic number grid before the time gets over. Each numbered line, whether it is vertical, horizontal, or diagonal, should add up to 15. 

outdoor math activities nine holes

Young kids should learn this game before Nine Men’s Morris. The transition from teaching Noughts and Crosses is a smart one.

It is also one of the most engaging and fun math games. The central concept of this game is to form three rows in a row; nevertheless, diagonal rows are not allowed. 

Directions to play games:

  • Place an object on the grid at any spot where two lines meet or cross by taking turns. Make sure you don’t let your opponent get three straights.
  • Players then alternately place an object into such an open space in the game until someone succeeds in getting three straight points. 

outdoor math activities number line race

It is a fantastic way to investigate a number line. Teachers need to create a lengthy number system in chalk or on the ground (or painted on a piece of wood).

Each student should be given a single “counter,” like a coloured stone. This game is suitable for outdoor learning math.

Everyone is supposed to start at the front of the line. The first student tosses a 1-6 die. They advance their stone to that point along the line (e.g., 5).

The other kids leave after that. You proceed down on the number line again for the next attempt. The one who crosses the finish line first wins.

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numeracy activities outdoors

This activity helps with problem-solving and number recognition (such as how far your opponent is ahead of the player).

outdoor math activities stepping stones

It is unique and one of the most engaging outdoor math activities that inculcate student teamwork and cooperation.

If you have a team of six children, one will need seven spots since you require one more area than the number of children (with numbers 1 to 7).

The kids are lined up in front of every spot (they have a hard job). However, the person at the rear of a line has the most difficulty since they must stoop back and grab the spots. 

The notion is that the earth is currently lava. On it, students cannot stand. Nevertheless, they can stand on areas that serve as stepping stones to traverse the lava.

Steps to play:

  • Number 1 is either located by a student in the front or on the floor where people stand.
  • They tread on number 2 after setting it down in front of them. Others begin to step upon the stones since there is a free major step behind them.
  • Kids should be positioned on stones 2 to 7 when the number 7 is on the ground.
  • The individual in the back is then in charge of taking rock number 1 and passing it down the track.
  • It is passed down with their help, and the cycle repeats. The individual sitting in the corner continues stooping to pick up the additional stepping stone.

outdoor math activities Write Numbers On The Balls

If one wants permanent number balls, stick stickers with figures or write directly on them. Again, depending on the student’s skills, it might be a throwing or trying-to-roll game. 

Begin with one ball, but gradually raise the number to at least two and, ideally, more.

Instructions to play:

  • A ball is thrown at an individual after one child calls their name. When it is caught, that youngster says the number.
  • They then call out someone’s name and toss something their way. Repeat.
  • It takes a lot of dialogue and collaboration to keep two or three balls in the air at once.

outdoor math activites Addition Triangles

These are excellent outdoor math games for teaching about number bonds. On a piece of MDF, students can paint their triangles.

One can investigate the number of bonds using the animals’ stones (or another resource, like leaves and sticks). 

Start, for example, with five stones inside the upper circle. The stones should then be divided into various numbers and put in the two lower processes. Next, higher-ability kids might try to write whatever they discover.  

connect four math outdoor activities

Connect four is another timeless game from the past. It is simpler to get four in a row playing this game on the floor than in the standard plastic version.

For each player, utilize a different object on a vast grid board. Conkers vs stones is a possibility. One should try this outdoor math activity by making three in a row as you put one on at a time.

However, you can play with more than two players if you wish. It is excellent for enhancing students’ problem-solving, strategy, subitising numbers, and calculating skills.

outdoor math activities Racetrack 1-12 Game

It is far more complex and requires a great deal of calculating outdoor math activities and probability.

Have a grid of 12 by four lanes again for the racetrack. Write the digits 1 through 12 on the grid’s bottom. Two dice are needed, preferably a dot and a numeral dice. 

Directions to play:

  • Each player begins by predicting which number they believe will win.
  • Then, they represent this by placing an item, such as a coloured stone, at the top of the grid in the row, matching the number.
  • Then each of them rolls a die once. So, for example, you might receive 3 + 4. Then, place a stone in the first box of the 7-column grid.
  • Proceed, placing stones between both the numbered columns. The first figure to show is the “winner.”

The two winning lottery numbers are 6 and 7. They have all of the conceivable possible combinations. Since you can never roll a 1 with two dice, number 1 can never win. As they play, kids could gain a vague concept of all this. This game is excellent for several purposes, such as Calculating , Predicting, Probability, etc.

Instructors can use a number line with empty rooms. Students can increase it using their numbers.

For example, they could be muddled up or in the order of 1, 2, 3, etc. They might turn back. Or they could begin from a varying amount than 1. Another option is to engage in a ten-counting game.

10. Pass The Number Balls Round The Circle 

Play a straightforward game of numeral recognition using the same balls you made for the “ Write Numbers on The Balls” game.

The students pass the balls around as they sit in a circle. Before moving the ball to the next player, the person who holds it says the number written on it. 

Even if individuals do not recognise all the numbers, students can still play the game by listening to the player and trying to copy what they say.

It is one of the most creative math activities that help students understand these numbers in some manner.

For someone already familiar with numbers, it is excellent practice for speed and fast recognition.

Making three consecutive cards in a row is the goal in this activity, like noughts and crosses.

There are two players. Making three straight shots is the game’s goal.

  • Each player takes their turn carefully, putting an object onto the grid, not allowing their opponents to win multiple straights.
  • The player’s exchange turns following the placement of six items. To place anything in a nearby blank land. No bouncing is permitted.
  • Situations can arise where no further actions can be taken. Repeated, but the game holds firm. The outcome is a tie.

outdoor math activites Fives

A 5×5 grid-based tabletop RPG. It is found to be more complicated than it seems.

The game’s object is to arrange five things in a row on the grid before your adversary.

  • Place your items inside the squares on the board one at a time.
  • To continue the game, move one thing to an adjacent turning square. Any motion occurs.
  • The first person to line up five objects in a line wins. Vertically, horizontally, or diagonally. 

At the far end of the playground garden or in a park nearby, gather a variety of little balls, conkers, or pine needles.

Give the children a bag with a strap and place them in a line about 30 feet away. Declare math problems; their difficulty level depends on their age and skill.

To share the knowledge better, teachers should go for these outdoor math activities to share the knowledge better.

They next compete to fill the bag with the correct number of balls, symbolizing the math problem’s solution without returning empty-handed.

To avoid crashing out of balls very soon, enlist assistance. After the game, review the correct answers and ensure that the children always bring back the correct number of hops.

flashcard toss outdoor maths activities

It is found to be a simple game that can be utilized to amuse and educate a single child or to engage a group of children in a timed contest.

An adequately challenging math puzzle should be written on every square of cardboard.

Throw the cards outside, either over a fence or, if there are stairs nearby, from the stairs. The key is making it harder for the kids to grab the cards by doing something.

The kids alternate picking up the card, solving the riddle, and running back as fast as they want to. Use a stopwatch to time each.

It is also one of the fun outdoor math games for students . For this exercise, you will need a large blue tarpaulin, tablecloth, or coloured sheet.

Make several “lily pads” out of green cloth or board. On a green area outside lay a tarp. You should use fabric glue or safety pins to attach the lily pads as you scatter them around the blue “pond.”

Linking up numbers should be cut out and attached to the lily pads beginning at number one. Alternatively, they can be written using a pen. Fill the remaining space in the pond with plastic ducks and frogs for playing this game. 

The ideal number of preschoolers for the game was two. Give whoever “it” is a name. The children must shout out the amount as they run to it. To reach their number, have them leap over one another. This exercise helps in number recognition. 

You may also like to read- 45 Funniest Indoor Math Games for Kids to Play Safely at Home

Outdoor math activities have many significant advantages. They make math exciting and centralize existing knowledge, however, clearly and practically. In addition to being highly affordable and relatively easy to set up, they allow kids to follow their curiosity, foster teamwork and increase their sense of independence. Students make insightful connections in their knowledge, which promotes experimentation and taking risks.

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7 Outdoor Math Games For Your Kids

May 27, 2021 | Articles , At Home Learning Tips , Math Activities , Math Tips

Outdoor Math Games for Summer Learning (and Math Joy!)

View the interview on WWLP News Channel 22’s Mass Appeal here .

numeracy activities outdoors

Memorial Day weekend marks the beginning of a time when kids are counting down the last few days of school and caregivers are pondering how to prevent summer slide (and keep their children’s minds engaged in learning while still having fun!). Here are a few recommendations of outdoor math games for the 12 and under crowd, along with downloadable PDFs to guide you in game creation. Best part? Not only are your kids learning and having fun in the sun, but these games are fun to create and use recycled or cheap materials. Kid-friendly, budget-friendly, math-friendly! And research shows that math games can really help kids who struggle with math.

1. A Giant Numberline

numeracy activities outdoors

What it teaches: Number sense, mental math, addition, subtraction, skip-counting, multiplication, spatial relationships, joy in math.

Ages: Toddler and up!

The gist: This math game is just plain fun! And so easy to make. Grab a piece of chalk and create a number line with your child, starting with zero. Then just let them jump, play, explore, count! For older kids, you may want to let them go beyond or below zero. Ask them: How low can you go? How high can you go? What’s fun?

The details: Find the PDF here with suggested adaptations for the 3rd grade and under crowd. For older kids, you can create a number line with both positive and negative integers. 

2. Coordinate Plane Twister

numeracy activities outdoors

What it teaches: Coordinate grids/planes, geometry, negative and positive integers, graphing, joy in math. 

Ages: 3rd grade(ish) and up (though don’t discount that a younger child couldn’t understand graphing coordinate points!).

The gist: Create a coordinate plane with paint and an old shower curtain for a more-forgiving grass-play game, or with chalk on the sidewalk. Players roll 2 dice and then put one appendage on a correlated spot on the coordinate grid. The next player then goes, alternating turns, until there is a big tangled, mathy mess of a math game!

The details: Find the PDF with directions for grown-ups here .

3. Coordinate Plane Battleship

numeracy activities outdoors

What it teaches: Coordinate grids/planes, geometry, negative and positive integers, math joy.

Ages: 3rd grade(ish) and up

The gist: Each player has a coordinate plane in front of them, hidden from the other player. Perhaps a trampoline or a car can hide the players’ boards! Find objects to be your boats (we used cones). Place cones on the coordinate plane and take turns firing “shots” to sink the other player’s boats. The last one with a boat still “floating” wins this math game!

numeracy activities outdoors

4. Frisbee Math

numeracy activities outdoors

What it teaches: Addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, positive and negative integers, number sense, number recognition, math joy

Ages: Toddlers on up

The gist: Take an old frisbee and a permanent marker. Write numbers around the edge of the frisbee. Throw the frisbee to your partner and encourage them to catch it with two hands (or one hand then place the other hand on it). The catcher then must find the sum, product, difference, or quotient of the numbers that each hand is touching. For younger kids, a simpler math game could be to identify the number their hand is touching and then finding a group of objects that represents that number.

The details: There are so many variations of this game and ways to make it simple or more complex. Find the PDF here with directions for grown-ups.

numeracy activities outdoors

5. Equation Creation Bowling

numeracy activities outdoors

What it teaches: Mathematical thinking, mathematical reasoning, applying arithmetic to algebraic equations, problem-solving, and strategy

Ages: 2nd grade on up (but who says a first grader couldn’t give it a try and conquer this!).

The gist: It’s bowling with either 2-liter bottles or empty aluminum cans as the pins. Use index cards to write and place numbers on the pins. Set up a challenge prior to bowling: Who can create the largest number? The smallest number? Get the closest to zero? Then you try to complete the challenge by creating an equation with the numbers that you have knocked over while bowling.

The details: Find the PDF here with directions for grown-ups. 

6. Product Water Squirt

numeracy activities outdoors

Ages: Toddlers+

What it teaches: Addition, subtraction, number recognition, multiplication, division, mathematical reasoning

The gist: Use empty toilet paper tubes or empty aluminum cans. Place numbers on each and put them in a line. Grab a water squirter and take aim! Find the sum, difference, product, or quotient of the tubes you knock over. 

2 player variation: Be the first player to reach … (number). Take turns knocking down targets until the goal is reached!

The details: Find the PDF here .

7. Place Value Toss

numeracy activities outdoors

What it teaches: addition, place value, building number sense

The gist: Love cornhole? Then you’ll love place value toss, its mathy cousin!

Grab some old pie tins, cardboard boxes, paper bags, or plastic cups. Anything you could toss a ping pong ball in! Place an index card or write on each a certain place value. Toss balls into each! Add up the total at the end (whiteboards, sidewalk chalk, or paper may help).

Don’t have ping pong balls? You can use small rocks too!

numeracy activities outdoors

Looking for more resources for your kids?

  • These outdoor math activities
  • This list of teacher-recommended math games
  • These directions to create your own math walk.

We also can match you to the perfect tutor for your child. Find out more here .

Pictures courtesy of Jessica Carey and Megan Allen. Special thanks to Jay Bright , Community Classroom tutor, for her contributions to this post!

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  • Maths Outdoors

numeracy activities outdoors

There’s about 90 blog posts with ideas and suggestions to support you to develop your maths provision outside, be this in the early years or primary school. Most are open-ended and can be easily adjusted to the level at which you work.

Note: for some visitors to this website, the photos in each blog post take an age to upload. They will appear. Be patient.

Maths Week Scotland webinar

25 Outdoor Maths Games for Everyone . A range of ideas and games for making maths accessible to all. Below is a brief video with some top tips for getting outside and enjoying maths in a more expansive space.

The Freebies

  • 30+ Outdoor maths books, packs, downloads and videos . Many are free to download, some you have to pay for.
  • Enjoy the video below which gives a flavour of my approach:

Useful posts to get you started teaching maths outside

  • Messy Maths and Outdoor Classroom Day. Some basic advice to get going outside
  • 100 maths sessions outside. An interview with Andrea Stevenson, a primary teacher who completed over 100 maths sessions outside in three months, having never previously taught outside. Some good advice.
  • Messy Maths is published . Answering some question about my award-winning book. Worth getting if you work with children, aged 3-6yrs old.
  • Maths investigations from Tyntesfield Primary . Careful thought to questioning can lead to some very creative explorations as demonstrated by the staff during a training day.

Outdoor number explorations

  • The black spot . It’s pirate maths outside for young children. Great for subitising too!
  • 20 something maths pictures . A simple yet challenging activity for children in Primary 1 or Primary 2 that involves collecting 20 objects.
  • Number bonds with sticks . Exploring how tapping with sticks can aid children learn more about number.
  • Celebrating 100 days at school. This is focusing on the theme of 100 outside.
  • What’s your picture worth? Exploring multiplication and calculating the value of a child’s art work through the quick creation of pictures outside.
  • Leaf multiplication Exploring compound leaves as a route to understanding multiplication.
  • Multiplication pebbles . Using painted number pebbles and dots to help children learn the concept of multiplication.
  • Leaf fraction walls Sorting leaves to create fraction walls and discussing the ins and outs of naturally found objects when meeting the rigour of pure maths.
  • Using sticks to understand fractions . Creating fractions wall and a get together in a nature reserve to explore fractions.
  • Fractions, decimals and percentages outdoors . A games based approach with a Primary 5 class.
  • Algebraic equations . When natural objects are substituted for numbers. So many possibilities.
  • The stripy sticks, subtilising and other challenges . Lifting the learning through a more unusual approach to subtilising.

Outdoor measurement

  • Stick pic problems . Using cut sticks of specific lengths to create pictures. This enables the combined length of different elements of each picture to be calculated. For older classes an additional challenge is to convert the answers to millimetres or metres.
  • The outdoor measuring continues with Primary 4. Find out what they got up to.
  • Outdoor stick stacking challenge invented by a Primary 4 class. How high are your poles?
  • Making maths sticks . Grow your own sticks and use practical measuring skills to cut them to size.
  • Measuring sticks . A one-metre stick. Just add 10cm stripes with masking tape.
  • A simple stick measuring game for little children. Great for assessing whether a young child understands aspects of length.
  • Kids measure in miserable weather . Exploring data handling and comparisons standard and non-standard units of measure.
  • What area of woodland do you need to capture your carbon footprint? A visual illustration of the impact of individual lifestyle choices on the amount of woodland needed to capture the carbon. A great way for older children to use their area and ratio skills and knowledge in an outdoor and real-life context.

Outdoor patterns and relationships

  • Nature pyramid patterns . Nice little exploration of creating pyramids through creating rules and using natural objects. Open-ended and suitable for a broad age range.
  • The number pebble game . Exploring attributes of numbered pebbles in a game similar to Black Jack or Uno.
  • An outdoor memory game . 3D pairs game. So simple. So outdoorsy.
  • Nature mastermind . A nifty adaptation of this popular game using natural materials. Definitely for upper primary and beyond.
  • Stick logic . Exploring the number of triangles it is possible to make with 9 sticks.
  • Rainy day rubbings . Exploring pattern our environment through tin foil. Great for wet days and early years classes.
  • Exploring fractals in nature: looking at the range of fractal formations.
  • How to make a fractal dragon with sticks . Practical exploration of how to create fractal formations.
  • Scale and geometric patterns with sticks . Why little and large sticks are fan-ta-stick.
  • A leafy tower of Hanoi . A problem solving challenge using leaves
  • Leaf logic . A game based upon the attributes of leaves. Adapted from logic blocks.
  • The Fibonacci sequence and nature . Some practical activities to help children explore this number pattern outside. Remember Fibonacci Day is 23rd November (1,1, 2, 3)
  • Happy Faces : How many different faces can you make with sticks, stones and cones.

Properties of 2D shapes and 3D objects – outside

  • A maths stick picture . A group activity that gets children talking about what they see and notice in different and changing arrangements of sticks.
  • Group masking tape art Exploring shapes within shapes and discussing what we can see within a picture. This is an interdisciplinary activity where the maths is threaded through what is happening. Increase the challenge by asking children to include properties of shapes, e.g. example of parallel lines, intersecting lines, right angles. Thus you can link it tightly to what children need to know.
  • Masking tape shape explorations . This is a similar activity but at an individual level so that the rubbings can be used to explore the environment
  • 2D shape art Very beautiful shapes created from dried leaves and cardboard. Another art project with an element of maths.
  • The mathematics of festive crafts . Creating beautiful 3D objects for hanging up outside or in.
  • Creating 3D skeletons using sticks . Time to practice your lashings to see what structures emerge.
  • An outdoor shape activity with sticks . Creating pictures that evidence a range of shapes and properties of sticks.

Outdoor angles, symmetry and transformations

  • Angles and numerals . Is it possible to create the set of numerals from 1 to 9 and have the same number of angles to match the numeral?
  • Investigating right angles with sticks . How many right angles can be made with six large and six small sticks?
  • Right angles – a series of lessons to help children link their indoor and outdoor experiences.
  • Looking at different angles in nature . Exploring acute, obtuse and right angles outside.
  • Exploring reflections outside , before a mirror is handed out.
  • From reflections into symmetry outdoors . Exploring reflection outside with young children.
  • Stick insect symmetry – using sticks to create symmetrical insects. Surprisingly good fun. Use rainbow sticks to increase the challenge even more. Are all insects symmetrical in real life? Go on a mini beast hunt and find out.
  • Wet weather nature symmetry circles . Tiny approach to exploring line and rotational symmetry outside using petals and other parts of flowers.
  • Investigating symmetry outdoors using Photo Booth . This is surprisingly challenging but very creative and often children rise to the occasion.
  • Plant ID in a parallel universe . Photo Booth comes alive using the mirror line function to make plant identification with a difference.
  • Kaleidoscope images and symmetry. Using Photo Booth to explore a range of features outside.
  • Operation bearings – top secret . A World War II approach to learning about bearings outside.
  • Compass Points . 15+ suggestions for different activities to develop this practical skill. Can be downloaded for ease of use.

Handling data outside

  • Daisy footprints . Does the size of your footprint or the place where your boot lands that will flatten the most daisies? Useful open-ended investigation for a range of ages.
  • Information or data handling outdoors . Exploring a range of possibilities with a group of teachers.

Resource-based outdoor maths explorations

  • A pocket outdoor maths kit – for emergency encounters of the mathematical kind. What would be in your kit? Ideal for early years practitioners and classroom assistant or older children working with younger children.
  • The joy of a pocket-sized cotton tens frame . Utterly brilliant for a go-anywhere approach to using tens frames for supporting children’s mathematical thinking.
  • Give your old tarp a mathematical makeover . Cut some shapes in an old holes tarp and lift the mathematical possibility. Oh and great for play in the early years. More than just shape explorations are possible.
  • 10 maths challenges that use cones, This is a useful example of how resource-full natural materials are for exploring maths concepts outside. If you don’t have cones, you could substitute pebbles, shells, or other small loose part.
  • Introducing Sammy, the one-metre rope snake . Exploring a standardised unit of measurement in a flexible way.
  • White line pebble maths Wonderfully simple resource to make to explore lines, angles, networks and shapes.
  • The stripy sticks – a subtilising challenge . Lifting the learning through a more unusual approach to subtilising.
  • Rainbow maths sticks . Applying the logic of a domino set to creating a set of coloured sticks.

Environmental maths explorations

  • The Macquarie play spiral – walking into the centre of maths
  • Must a triangle always have straight sides? Defining properties of shape can be more complicated outside.
  • Exploring rotation Definitely aimed at nurseries but useful for any teacher with a child obsessed with how things spin, turn and rotate!
  • Embedding money outdoors – adding a little sparkle to your outdoor space.
  • Original playground markings . A DIY approach to open-ended mathematical markings.

Broader explorations of maths

  • Sketchnoting Capturing maths and other educational thoughts. Examples that include maths concepts. I also advocate teachers showing children how to sketch note so they can do their maths journals using this technique.
  • Can I go on the computer, Mum? A parent’s experience of playing a game and giving her son the opportunity to create a game and change the rules. The outcome was much more positive.
  • Making environmental print meaningful at Stramash Fort William How one outdoor nursery created signs that were personalised and relevant to each child at nursery. It’s about using non-standard measurements to measure distance.
  • Amazing mazes . A wonderful exploration and creation of mazes by a group of P6 children with additional support needs. Thank goodness for brain diversity and creativity.

STEM explorations

  • 15 minibeast outdoor maths challenges . Beastly fun going on a hunt for little creatures that help us understand maths in the world around us. This approach can be adapted to exploring other aspects of nature too.
  • 10 primary maths ideas that need snow This is perfect for a mathematical celebration of snow that relies on very little resources. Go out and learn!
  • 5 ideas for using syringes in a mathematical way outside . Surprising uses for a little resource. Includes a variety of maths skills
  • Investigating symmetry outdoors using Photo Booth . This is surprisingly challenging.
  • Making a kite . An understanding of the symmetry in terms of mass, pattern and shape is essential.
  • Art, design, maths and playground markings . Brilliant mathematical playground markings – how would you adapt this idea?
  • Creating 3D nets using sticks . Time to practice your lashings to see what structures emerge.
  • Outdoor reflections . Exploring the art and science of reflections as an entrance into learning about symmetry.

Maths celebrations and events

  • Mud Pi Day – 20 Ideas to celebrate maths outdoors This is a handy blog post if you are organising a whole school maths event… outside! A shared post with Judy Duncan, a very experienced primary teacher who works outside most days.
  • Crianlarich Primary Mathematical Trailblazers – three hours of maths explorations outside one wet autumn day. A good example of a range of activities that can be undertaken with mixed age groups working together.
  • Teach Meet Beyond and the outdoor numeracy notes . An outdoor workshop delivered by teachers for teachers.
  • Messy Maths Outdoors – lots of ideas from a workshop I ran for a Learning through Landscapes conference in 2012.

If you are looking for more maths resources and ideas

  • Checkout the compilation of outdoor maths resources, downloads and videos . Many are free to download.
  • Join the Outdoor Maths in Primary and Early Years Facebook group . I set this up for educators to support each other and as a place to chat about all things outdoor maths related.
  • Buy my multi-award winning Messy Maths book .

numeracy activities outdoors

Compass Points – Outdoor Suggestions

Sep 15, 2023

15+ ways to learn about compass directions – all in a download.

Stick Pic Problems

Apr 29, 2023

A problem solving display for all abilities.

An Outdoor Memory Game

Mar 30, 2023

A home-made nature-based game of pairs. Simple and effective.

The Joy of a Pocket-sized Cotton Ten Frame

Mar 20, 2023

The ultimate go-anywhere ten frame resource

From Reflections into Symmetry Outdoors

Mar 15, 2023

Various reflective surfaces can be created or found.

Outdoor Reflections

Mar 14, 2023

Exploring reflections is the beginnings of symmetry.

Mud Pi Day – 20 Ideas to Celebrate Maths Outdoors

Mar 5, 2023

It’s almost here… join the Mud Pi Day celebrations!

A Nature Pyramid Pattern Investigation

Feb 21, 2023

A simple maths investigation easy to do but absorbing and great fun.

40+ Suggestions for Exploring Rotation Outside

Feb 20, 2023

Taking a new spin on the subject…

35+ Outdoor Maths Books, Packs, Downloads and Videos

Jan 13, 2023

Check out the list 🙂

10 Primary maths ideas that need snow

Dec 14, 2022

Make the mathematical most of every snowflake!

The Fibonacci Sequence and Nature

Nov 23, 2022

Introducing Fibonacci to upper primary children outside.

What’s your picture worth?

Nov 18, 2022

Everything comes at a price

Give your old tarp a mathematical makeover

Nov 17, 2022

A long lasting and much loved maths resource.

Rainbow Maths Sticks

Nov 16, 2022

A versatile cheap resource that has so many uses.

Art, Design, Maths and Playground Markings

Nov 15, 2022

Abstract maths markings that are simple to adapt and use for creative explorations

20 Something Maths Pictures

Nov 14, 2022

Simple, easy to do with little prep or planning needed. Check out the video!

The Mathematics of Festive Crafts

Nov 10, 2022

Nature art for Christmas

Leaf Fraction Walls

Nov 2, 2022

Reflective thinking around conceptual understanding outside.

2D Shape Art with Leaves

Nov 1, 2022

Dried leaves, cardboard and masking tape – so many possibilities.

Leaf Multiplication

Oct 31, 2022

Learn about multiplication with leaves

A Leafy Tower of Hanoi

Oct 24, 2022

Traditionally completed on rods with wooden discs, this one’s with leaves!

Oct 23, 2022

Logic, thinking and strategy activity for learning with leaves.

The Black Spot – Pirate Maths Outdoors

Oct 22, 2022

Leaves and maths outdoors for all ye landlubbers…arrr!

The Macquarie Mathematical Play Spiral

Aug 8, 2022

Brilliant spiral play feature spotted in a playground. How do you use these discoveries as teaching inspiration?

15 Minibeast Outdoor Maths Challenges

Jul 4, 2022

Lots of beastly ideas for different ages

Stick Insect Symmetry

Mar 30, 2022

Maths-made insects based on word play.

What area of woodland do you need to capture your carbon footprint?

Jul 6, 2021

Using area to illustrate lifestyle changes we need to make

Outdoor Maths: Creating 3D skeletons from Sticks

Nov 29, 2020

Sticks are making maths ever-more interesting outside.

Happy Faces

Nov 7, 2020

Is there a simple way of working out the solution?

Group masking tape artwork

Feb 19, 2020

Step-by-step process, ideal for completing over several sessions

Sketchnoting – Capturing Thoughts

Sep 2, 2018

Visual thinking to capture ideas, thoughts and observations.

Meaningful environmental print at Stramash Outdoor Nurseries

Jun 24, 2018

Reading, writing and maths on a post!

A Pocket Outdoor Maths Kit

Jan 10, 2018

Show and tell – best mini maths resources

6 ideas for using syringes in a mathematical way outside

Nov 21, 2017

Real, relevant and fun for children. Good for a maths play day!

Crianlarich Primary – Maths Trailblazers

Oct 15, 2017

3 hours of maths fun in the rain.

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How to teach numeracy outdoors

Ahead of numeracy day, discover 5 ideas for teaching numeracy outdoors from early years to secondary school..

Maths is a brilliant lesson to teach outdoors. With so many different subject areas to explore, nature provides an unbeatable canvas to engage and inspire pupils. From using leaves and pebbles to understand shapes to taking objects from the natural world to support equations, there are countless ways to make numeracy work outside of the classroom.

For many pupils, maths can be a tricky topic. It may feel harder to bring the fun to numeracy compared to a creative subject like literacy . However, stepping outside can lead to learning opportunities that are joyful, messy, engaging, and memorable; all through utilising outdoor tools that are less readily available indoors.

A group of primary school children in a number grid drawn out in chalk on the playground during an outdoor numeracy activity.

Why teach numeracy outdoors?

There’s no doubt that getting outside is good for us, and we know the key benefits of outdoor learning for improving child development; supporting mental health and wellbeing ; and promoting a more inclusive and engaging learning system. But why is it so valuable to teach numeracy specifically outdoors?

‘Taking maths outside isn’t just about making the subject fun. It also helps children master the very basics of the subject,’ says teacher and educational consultant, Juliet Robertson , author of Messy Maths: A Playful, Outdoor Approach for Early Years . Research shows that there are several core requirements that children need in order to get to grips with maths – all of which can be found outside! These important requirements are:

  • Access to concrete materials – for example, rocks, sticks, and leaves for counting, comparing, and measuring
  • A pictorial understanding – by learning outside, children can experience mathematical ideas in 3D and from every angle in real life
  • An understanding of the language and symbols of numeracy – the real life context of the outdoor classroom can make tricky language a lot easier to get to grips with

So, how do you actually make the transition towards teaching your maths lessons outdoors? We’ve collected five of our favourite outdoor numeracy lesson ideas for you to explore with your pupils. Try them out for Numeracy Day, or use them to celebrate outdoor maths on Outdoor Classroom Day – there’s still time to sign up for May 18!

Mathematical symbols depicted on the school playground using natural materials like sticks and pebbles.

5 outdoor numeracy lesson ideas

Whether outdoor numeracy is a daily occurrence or something that you share every once in a while, it’s useful to have a selection of lesson plans at your fingertips. Here are five of our ‘go-to’ outdoor maths lesson activities that we love to share with our training partners and attendees. Remember – it’s OK to use our lesson ideas as inspiration rather than instruction! Feel free to ‘take it, break it, and make it your own’!

1. 2D to 3D shapes

This handy lesson idea couldn’t be easier to get started – all you need is sticks and space!

Show your pupils how to create 2D and 3D shapes using sticks from the surrounding area. This is a brilliant way to show children the difference between 2D and 3D, and how you can move shapes from one form to another. The more confident they get, the more complicated shapes you can play around with.

Download 2D to 3D shapes .

2. Building Bridges

Playground covered in puddles ? Perfect!

With Building Bridges, children get the chance to build a bridge that will (or perhaps will not!) hold their weight, enabling them to cross a puddle. No rainy days in the forecast? Ignite your pupils’ imagination by asking them to create a bridge across a tarpaulin ‘raging river’ or a ‘bubbling lava’ blanket instead!

For this hands-on play-based learning activity, you’ll need a range of small and large materials, such as recycling, scrap construction, materials, natural items, and other loose parts . If you want to test the waters before building bodyweight bridges, you could go small-scale and create a microbridge to hold a 500g bag of sugar or similar.

Download Building Bridges .

3. Body Part Angles

If you’re teaching your pupils about angles, why not encourage them to use their own body as a learning resource?

There is a developmental need within children to move , and this active maths resource looks at different ways to harness that innate playfulness to support better understanding of the mathematical concepts of shape, space, and angles. With Body Part Angles, pupils use their bodies to visualise shapes and angles outdoors in the open space, helping them to gain a new perspective. You could even split the children into teams and let them record the shapes that they make by taking photographs!

Download Body Part Angles .

4. Magic Number Square

Gather sticks, chalk, and a range of small tokens (think fir cones, pebbles, feathers, and conkers) for this fun and educational maths activity.

A magic number square is a grid in which every row, column, and diagonal adds up to the same number – the magic number! It’s a novel way for pupils to problem solve through trial and error, consolidate number bonds, and work as a team.

This outdoor maths activity is brilliant for problem solving and data manipulation – it’s one of our most popular lesson plans!

Download Magic Number Square .

5. Mathematical Scavenger Hunt

Who doesn’t love a scavenger hunt? All you need for this outdoor numeracy activity is a list and an inquisitive mind – something that your classroom will undoubtedly have in abundance!

Write out a scavenger list for your pupils, then give them free reign to explore and discover every item. Not only will this strengthen their understanding of shapes, angles, and symmetry, but it’s also a fantastic means of encouraging independence and focus.

Download Mathematical Scavenger Hunt .

Primary school children using rope and chalk to draw a circle on the playground during an outdoor numeracy activity.

Take your outdoor numeracy practice to the next level

We’re delighted to share that we’ve just launched our new membership plans for schools and individuals. If you’re looking to take outdoor learning and play to the next level, this is the perfect opportunity!

With an LtL membership, you’ll gain access to exclusive resources and discounts – including 25% off one in-person training session for LtL School Members and 50% off online training courses for all LtL Members. LtL School Members will also get exclusive eligibility and support for our new LtL Outdoor Learning & Play Champion School award !

Ready to sign up? Visit our membership page to purchase a membership or compare plans.

For more outdoor learning support, take a look at our school stage hubs for early years , primary , and secondary where you will find everything you need to get outside, including lesson ideas , training , and guidance . Don’t forget to sign up to our newsletter to receive the latest outdoor learning news and opportunities direct to your inbox!

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Some Exciting Outdoor Math Games for Your Child

Created on Apr 05, 2022

Updated on January 14, 2024

outdoor math games

Concentrating during a math lesson might be tough for youngsters. However, if your youngster has trouble understanding math, you might break the learning barrier by taking the lesson outside. Keep reading to learn more about fun outdoor math activities to perform with your kids.

Outdoor Math Games

Fun outdoor math games can serve as a way for kids to channel the excess energy they use for jumping, screaming, and running into learning math . The simple pleasure of being outside might be reason enough to play fun outdoor maths activities. If you’re looking for some math games for your kids to play outside, here are a few ideas:

The Number Line Game

The number line game is similar to the number line found in many mathematics textbooks. You can play this game with your youngster on the driveway or playground. A bit of chalk and some empty ground are all you need to play this game.

To play math outdoor games like a number line, draw squares on the ground with numbers within. You can use either positive or negative integers on the number line, depending on your child’s arithmetic skills. Encourage children to participate in the counting by jumping on each number as you say it.

If you want your kid to learn subtraction, say 6 – 3, have them jump on the number 6, then direct them three steps towards the left. When dealing with positive numbers, progress is made to the right. Playing this game will get your kids excited about learning basic arithmetic skills like adding, subtracting, and recognizing numbers.

The Frisbee Game

One of the most well-liked mathematical pastimes in the great outdoors is the frisbee game. You’ll need a Frisbee, a permanent marker, and some paper to keep score. Before you pitch your Frisbee, you should number it from 1 to 10. Whoever gets their hands on it will be presented with math problems based on the positions of their fingers.

Preschoolers may have fun learning math outside with games like these. With this outdoor math activity, children may learn to recognize numbers by feeling them and then go on to collect toys that symbolize those numbers. For instance, if your kid touches the numbers 3, 9, 2, and 10, they could add to get 24.

Bowl, Sum Up, and Create!

Balls, index cards, cello tape, plastic bottles, paper, pens, and plastic containers are all required for this activity. Label the index cards with numbers and tape them to the containers. You may then position the numbered bottles far from the learners in a line.

The next step is to have the students bowl with the balls. They should keep track of how many targets each ball makes and add the totals on the paper. Your kid will learn to plan, apply arithmetic concepts, and solve problems, all while having fun with this outdoor math game.

Gather your army’s arsenal: empty aluminum cans, sticky notes, pencils, and a water squirter. Put the sticky notes on the cans and label them with numbers from one to ten. The cans should then be lined up in a neat row.

Show the kids how to aim and knock over the empty aluminum cans with a water squirter. The students may choose to find the total, difference, or product for each overturned container. Learners may benefit from math outdoor activities like War Game in many ways, including learning to recognize numbers, add, subtract, and multiply. Children of various ages may enjoy the game.

1:1 Math Lessons

Want to raise a genius? Start learning Math with Brighterly

It takes more than one student to participate in maths outdoor games such as the Egg Race. You need eggs, spoons, and baskets for this game. The kids may sprint to the finish line by stacking ten plastic eggs on a spoon.

If an egg drops during the race, competitors must return to the beginning to collect a replacement. When a child crosses the finish line, they should subtract the number of eggs they brought over from the initial number (10). This entertaining game may help your children cement their understanding of subtraction.

Ping Pong Throwing

Ping-pong throwing is one of the best math games to play outside that can keep your youngster active while teaching them to count and recognize numbers. To play this math game outside, you need baskets, ping pong balls or tiny stones, index cards, and chalk. Gather some index cards and use them to number the baskets.

Give your kid the chalk and a number to write down by calling it out. When they write the correct number, have them put that many balls in the basket. Children may benefit from learning to recognize numbers through ping pong.

Bounce and Shoot

You’ll need some number cards or chalk, a ball, and a tin can to play Bounce and Shoot. The numbers 1 through 10 may be marked on the pavement using chalk, or you can use cards with the corresponding numbers and place them on the pavement.

Get the students to solve easy arithmetic questions like “What is 10 minus 4?” Before returning to their seats, the youngster must run to the corresponding number on the floor, then bounce the ball six times before kicking it towards the tin can. Playing this game will let you know that your pupils are really learning the material and not simply guessing.

Roll the Die

Dice-based outdoor math activities are a great way to teach your kids number sense and fundamental arithmetic. Dice and paper are all you need for the “Roll the Dice” outdoor math game. Then, have the students roll the dice and record the number of black dots they get from every roll.

Let them do some math on the results after a certain number of rolls (say, two or three). For example, assume that a kid rolls the dice three times and gets 6, 2, and 3. Depending on their level, you may have them add or subtract the numbers.

Times Table Quest

You’ll need a soccer net, balls, and chalk to play the Times Table Quest. Mark off a field from 1 to 20 with numbers and place the soccer goalpost at the other end. Put the kids to work by asking them questions like, “What is 2 x 5?”

If a kid gets a question right, they should attempt to score a goal by standing on the corresponding number. They need to be awarded points for every goal they score. Kids should tally up their points after the game to choose a victor. A child’s timestable knowledge may be boosted via friendly competition with math games outdoor like this one.

Water Balloon

To play this maths games outside, you’ll need water, balloons, and chalk. Fill the balloons with water and name them whatever numbers you want. Create equations on the floor using the chalk; the results should correspond to the numbers on the balloons. 

When a student solves an equation and obtains the proper solution, have them choose and burst the balloon with a matching number. The numbers that may be written on the balloons can be determined in advance with the help of a worksheet with answers.

What Does the Clock Say?

You’ll need chalk and a big empty area to play this outside math game. To get the kids’ attention, draw a large circle on the playground and add minute markings in various colors of chalk to make it seem like a clock. Pick two youngsters randomly to represent the clock’s hour and second hands.

You may have one youngster stand where 6 o’clock would be and another child stand where 12 o’clock would be. You might make the game more difficult by having them stand for half past 9, quarter to 10, etc.

Math activities outside may include jumping and leaping. This activity requires nothing more than a measuring tape and the instruction to have your children jump from one end to the other. Then, kids may see how high they jumped by measuring their distance. Measurement is the focus of this fun outdoor math activity for youngsters.

Math Fact? Jump!

You’ll need some flashcards, a piece of paper, and some chalk for this fascinating outdoor math game. Start by making a grid with lines and numbers. So that children can’t predict where the answers lie, you might scatter them in a format such as 24, 32, 1, 4, 64, etc.

Put two youngsters head-to-head and have them compete on opposite sides of the grid line. Have the youngsters solve the problem on the flashcard and then race to the right solution by staying completely inside the square.

Race Against the Flashcards

For these math games outside, you need masking tape and flashcards. You may express equations on the floor by taping six to ten flashcards, such as 12 + 42 = x, 13 + 34 = x, etc. Then, have your child record the response or call it out.

They can only advance to the next mathematical problem after correctly answering the previous one. Kids may practice their math skills and develop their ability to think critically while playing this game.

Brighterly is an online math learning platform with tutors who understand that math doesn’t have to be boring for its students. Therefore, it is recommended that adults engage youngsters in outside math games at recess or after school. The site also recommends exercises that might help youngsters forget they’re studying math in the first place.

Author Jessica Kaminski

Jessica is a a seasoned math tutor with over a decade of experience in the field. With a BSc and Master’s degree in Mathematics, she enjoys nurturing math geniuses, regardless of their age, grade, and skills. Apart from tutoring, Jessica blogs at Brighterly. She also has experience in child psychology, homeschooling and curriculum consultation for schools and EdTech websites.

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Maths outdoors EYFS – Maths activities to try outside

  • Written By: Judith Dancer
  • Subject: Maths

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Maths outdoors EYFS – Maths activities to try outside

Numeracy doesn’t have to be dull or confined to the indoors! Judith Dancer suggests some creative (and messy) ways to get children using their mathematical skills in the fresh air…

Maths in the outdoors

When we begin to consider maths outdoors, it is worth reflecting on our own childhoods.

Outdoor play is one of the things that actually characterises childhood – indeed, many of our favourite childhood memories are of playing outdoors. But what was it that made outdoor play different from indoor play?

Of course, we could have played with our jigsaw puzzles, matchbox cars, Lego or dolls outside, but is that what we actually did? The answer is generally no, we didn’t simply repeat indoor play outdoors. Outdoor play was, by its very nature, different.

Sadly, though, as I visit a large number of early years settings, I am seeing increasing numbers of outdoor areas, with huge covered spaces, filled with tables and chairs. So although the children have the benefit of fresh air, they are often simply replicating activities they could do as easily indoors.

This really isn’t true, meaningful outdoor play.

So as we plan for outdoor maths learning, we need to ponder on our own early experiences, and the very essence of outdoor play.

Our outdoor play often included den-building, tree-climbing, making rose petal perfume, collecting bugs and assorted games with opportunities to shout, sing, experiment, marvel, discover, take risks and explore without the limits imposed by being indoors.

As we develop maths outdoors, we need to reflect on the maths experiences we provide indoors and think of ways to extend them outdoors, complementing and enhancing indoor provision and celebrating the unique qualities of the outdoor environment.

The role of the adult

As always, one of the key aspects of the adult role is in developing a stimulating environment with enriched areas of provision.

In the outdoor area this means identifying opportunities for maths learning and enhancing provision, and celebrating the unique qualities of the outdoor environment such as collecting and sorting natural objects, measuring huge areas using non-standard measures such as strides, moving really heavy objects together or playing hunting games for escaped dinosaurs or missing mini-beasts.

It’s important to remember that your role outdoors includes engaging as a co-player with children and extending learning; it is certainly not a ‘hands-off’ supervisory role, whatever the weather.

You need to plan to introduce, model and reinforce the use of specific vocabulary, enabling statements and open-ended questions about all aspects of mathematics learning.

In short, supporting children’s maths learning outdoors often means offering them mathematical opportunities that are bigger, noisier and messier, and using the natural and built environment in ways that are less easy indoors.

Extending outdoor maths experiences

Some practitioners make their planning more complicated than is really needed – by identifying different learning intentions/objectives for indoors and outdoors.

This really isn’t necessary or desirable and certainly doesn’t support children making links in their learning or revisiting their learning through different experiences and activities.

Once you have identified maths learning intentions for the week, plan experiences indoors and outdoors to support these. Think about experiences that are particularly successful indoors and consider ways to extend them outdoors.

So, if repeating patterns with beads and pegs are the focus indoors, the focus outdoors can be making patterns with twigs and rocks in the mud kitchen, rubbing leaves to make patterns, creating obstacle courses – eg tyre, crate, tyre, crate – and moving in a repeating pattern: hop, hop, jump, hop, hop, jump.

With a little creativity, the possibilities are endless.

Outdoor maths resources

Help children to learn maths through all their senses, including touch, smell, sound and taste.

● Explore empty and full using big containers – use wet sand, pebbles, branches and boulders.

● Investigate measures – look at tiny seeds, then measure the height of runner bean plants or tall sunflowers or balance leeks, marrows, potatoes and tomatoes.

● Collect, sort and count natural objects outdoors – leaves, twigs, stones, pebbles, fir cones and flowers.

Outdoor maths activities

Increasing numbers of children live in cramped conditions and have limited opportunities to explore space outdoors. We need to offer as much time and space to explore open-ended experiences outdoors as possible.

Muddy wellies Indoors, children may be measuring using rulers and tapes; outdoors they can explore non-standard measures. Consider beginning with sloppy wet mud and exploring boot tracks.

Extend using runny paint and lining paper – who has the longest stride? Who can predict the steps needed from the sandpit to the outdoor house?

Toppling towers In the indoor construction area, children could be building with small wooden blocks; outdoors they can explore natural or large objects.

Provide logs or large amounts of smooth flat stones to stack and knock over. Extend by providing large empty cardboard boxes to pile up – who can build the tallest structure? Which tower is the most stable?

Crash, bang, wallop The indoor music area offers opportunities to investigate small instruments and make sound patterns; outdoors, children can make lots more noise on a larger scale.

Supply new metal dustbins and lids and beaters for a steel band or make a bucket band with assorted plastic buckets, bowls and wooden spoons.

Extend by developing a hanging band with saucepans, metal mugs, assorted pans, lengths of metal and plastic piping and metal plates attached to a washing line. Who can repeat back a sound pattern?

Splish, splash, splosh The indoor water tray can be extended outdoors to give children time and space to explore water, without the need to ‘mop up’.

Consider an outdoor water tap, water barrel or hose. Make a collection of large containers to fill and empty, including those with sprinklers.

Extend to include large guttering and water pipes in paddling pools. Don’t forget the opportunities to splash in and sweep up puddles! Who can predict how many small buckets fill the watering can?

Mud kitchen The indoor home corner offers multitudinous chances to explore measures and an outdoor mud kitchen enhances this. Create a mud kitchen – with balances, scales, pots, pans, buckets, wooden spoons, ladles and a water source.

Extend by adding laminated recipe or ‘spell’ cards and encourage children to write their own. Who attempts to follow the recipe? How many pebbles balance the bucket of mud?

Hideaways The outdoor space offers the prospect of pursuing the universally popular activity of creating dens. Supply wooden blocks, crates, tyres, guttering, plastic pipes, cardboard tubes, cardboard boxes, rugs, blankets, duvet covers, lengths of fabric, ties and pegs, metal A frames, planks and barrels.

Extend by adding maps and explorer packs to encourage role play. Who plans a construction and who uses a trial and error method? How many children can fit inside the den?

Dig and delve Children need space to grow flowers, fruit and vegetables, but also space to simply dig, fill containers and transport soil.

A clearly identified ‘digging area’ offers this opportunity outdoors. Provide shovels, rakes, buckets, watering cans, sieves and wheelbarrows.

Extend by adding a pulley system to support children’s transportation of water and soil. What strategies do children use to move heavy buckets?

Travelling teabags Many children love to make a mess – and with teabags soaked in coloured paint, they can certainly do that!

Encourage children to predict who can throw their painty teabag the furthest, and then try it and see. Extend by using standard or non-standard measures to compare the throws. Who predicts the distance most accurately?

Numbers everywhere Numbers surround us everywhere in the environment. Involve families by encouraging them to share photos of numbers they see outdoors with their child – door numbers, bus numbers, price labels, advertising posters or road signs.

Collect the numbers and supplement them with your own – create a laminated outdoor number line and model use with the children.

Extend by adding a washing line and second set of numbers – encourage the children to order the numbers. Who uses the fixed number line for clues? Who uses number names?

Recording in mathematics

The outdoor area often offers unique opportunities for children to explore mark making in ways that are less threatening and more appealing than indoors – with chalks on paving slabs, with buckets of water and huge brushes or sticks in mud.

Scoring offers a ‘real purpose’ for recording numbers that is sometimes lacking indoors, and can attract children who avoid pencil and paper activities. Practitioners have an important role in supporting children’s mathematical graphics and recording indoors and outdoors:

● Take all opportunities throughout the day to model ways of recording mathematics, including the use of formal symbols – numerals. Outdoors, this will include writing scores.

● When acting as a co-player, practitioners should model tallying – drawing four lines and a fifth line through to show a group of five; or with younger children, using symbols to record scores – three circles to represent three beanbags in a bucket, perhaps.

● Provide a ‘have a go’ environment where all children’s mathematical graphics are valued and children have opportunities to experiment and practise recording in a variety of ways. Give children lots of time to explore recording so that they can become increasingly familiar and confident with mark making. Use encouragements to record: “How can we remember that?”

● Encourage children to talk about what they are doing and why – they need lots of time to talk about their recordings and think through how effective they are.

To promote mark making and recording, provide these must-have resources…

● Decorators’ brushes and buckets of water

● Playground chalk for marking on the ground

● Large external chalk boards, fixed to the wall

● Lining paper fixed to fences – paint and large brushes

● A wall area labelled ‘Our markmaking area’ for chalking

● A1 flip chart paper on stand and easels

● Clipboards and markers

● A range of different ground textures, including paving slabs for writing

● Wet sand and mud, and a variety of tools to make marks with

Provide an outdoor environment that complements, extends and enhances indoor provision and celebrates the unique qualities of the outdoor environment.

Plan opportunities that give children time and space to explore mathematics in ways that may be bigger, noisier or messier. And enjoy participating as a co-player with children as you explore maths outside together!

Judith Dancer is co-author with Carole skinner of The Little Book of Maths Problem-Solving and Foundations of Mathematics: an active approach to numbers, shape and measures in the early years .

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Bear wanders through N.J. neighborhood. Schools cancel outdoor activities.

  • Updated: May. 13, 2024, 6:12 p.m. |
  • Published: May. 13, 2024, 11:52 a.m.

  • Jeff Goldman | NJ Advance Media for NJ.com

A bear has been spotted wandering through South Orange on Monday morning, authorities said.

The bear was seen in the area of Thornden Street and Walton Avenue, South Orange police said in a statement shortly after 7 a.m.

All outdoor activities at district schools – including open lunch at Columbia High School in neighboring Maplewood and outdoor recess at all other schools – are canceled on Monday, official said. After school activities are on, though students and staff will stay inside school buildings for the rest of the day, a South Orange & Maplewood School District spokesman said.

The state Division of Fish and Wildlife has been contacted, police said. Sighting don’t warrant an on-site response, a spokesman said.

A woman in the neighborhood said she left her house at 6:35 a.m. to walk her dog and encountered a police officer who informed her about the bear. When she got home, she checked her Ring cameras and saw footage of the bear in her backyard and then walking along her driveway at 6:30 a.m.

She said she’s lived in the neighborhood for 10 years and had never previously encountered a bear.

Police couldn’t immediately be reached.

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Jeff Goldman may be reached at [email protected] .

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Out of the Centre

Savvino-storozhevsky monastery and museum.

Savvino-Storozhevsky Monastery and Museum

Zvenigorod's most famous sight is the Savvino-Storozhevsky Monastery, which was founded in 1398 by the monk Savva from the Troitse-Sergieva Lavra, at the invitation and with the support of Prince Yury Dmitrievich of Zvenigorod. Savva was later canonised as St Sabbas (Savva) of Storozhev. The monastery late flourished under the reign of Tsar Alexis, who chose the monastery as his family church and often went on pilgrimage there and made lots of donations to it. Most of the monastery’s buildings date from this time. The monastery is heavily fortified with thick walls and six towers, the most impressive of which is the Krasny Tower which also serves as the eastern entrance. The monastery was closed in 1918 and only reopened in 1995. In 1998 Patriarch Alexius II took part in a service to return the relics of St Sabbas to the monastery. Today the monastery has the status of a stauropegic monastery, which is second in status to a lavra. In addition to being a working monastery, it also holds the Zvenigorod Historical, Architectural and Art Museum.

Belfry and Neighbouring Churches

numeracy activities outdoors

Located near the main entrance is the monastery's belfry which is perhaps the calling card of the monastery due to its uniqueness. It was built in the 1650s and the St Sergius of Radonezh’s Church was opened on the middle tier in the mid-17th century, although it was originally dedicated to the Trinity. The belfry's 35-tonne Great Bladgovestny Bell fell in 1941 and was only restored and returned in 2003. Attached to the belfry is a large refectory and the Transfiguration Church, both of which were built on the orders of Tsar Alexis in the 1650s.  

numeracy activities outdoors

To the left of the belfry is another, smaller, refectory which is attached to the Trinity Gate-Church, which was also constructed in the 1650s on the orders of Tsar Alexis who made it his own family church. The church is elaborately decorated with colourful trims and underneath the archway is a beautiful 19th century fresco.

Nativity of Virgin Mary Cathedral

numeracy activities outdoors

The Nativity of Virgin Mary Cathedral is the oldest building in the monastery and among the oldest buildings in the Moscow Region. It was built between 1404 and 1405 during the lifetime of St Sabbas and using the funds of Prince Yury of Zvenigorod. The white-stone cathedral is a standard four-pillar design with a single golden dome. After the death of St Sabbas he was interred in the cathedral and a new altar dedicated to him was added.

numeracy activities outdoors

Under the reign of Tsar Alexis the cathedral was decorated with frescoes by Stepan Ryazanets, some of which remain today. Tsar Alexis also presented the cathedral with a five-tier iconostasis, the top row of icons have been preserved.

Tsaritsa's Chambers

numeracy activities outdoors

The Nativity of Virgin Mary Cathedral is located between the Tsaritsa's Chambers of the left and the Palace of Tsar Alexis on the right. The Tsaritsa's Chambers were built in the mid-17th century for the wife of Tsar Alexey - Tsaritsa Maria Ilinichna Miloskavskaya. The design of the building is influenced by the ancient Russian architectural style. Is prettier than the Tsar's chambers opposite, being red in colour with elaborately decorated window frames and entrance.

numeracy activities outdoors

At present the Tsaritsa's Chambers houses the Zvenigorod Historical, Architectural and Art Museum. Among its displays is an accurate recreation of the interior of a noble lady's chambers including furniture, decorations and a decorated tiled oven, and an exhibition on the history of Zvenigorod and the monastery.

Palace of Tsar Alexis

numeracy activities outdoors

The Palace of Tsar Alexis was built in the 1650s and is now one of the best surviving examples of non-religious architecture of that era. It was built especially for Tsar Alexis who often visited the monastery on religious pilgrimages. Its most striking feature is its pretty row of nine chimney spouts which resemble towers.

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40 Facts About Elektrostal

Lanette Mayes

Written by Lanette Mayes

Modified & Updated: 17 May 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett


Elektrostal is a vibrant city located in the Moscow Oblast region of Russia. With a rich history, stunning architecture, and a thriving community, Elektrostal is a city that has much to offer. Whether you are a history buff, nature enthusiast, or simply curious about different cultures, Elektrostal is sure to captivate you.

This article will provide you with 40 fascinating facts about Elektrostal, giving you a better understanding of why this city is worth exploring. From its origins as an industrial hub to its modern-day charm, we will delve into the various aspects that make Elektrostal a unique and must-visit destination.

So, join us as we uncover the hidden treasures of Elektrostal and discover what makes this city a true gem in the heart of Russia.

Key Takeaways:

  • Elektrostal, known as the “Motor City of Russia,” is a vibrant and growing city with a rich industrial history, offering diverse cultural experiences and a strong commitment to environmental sustainability.
  • With its convenient location near Moscow, Elektrostal provides a picturesque landscape, vibrant nightlife, and a range of recreational activities, making it an ideal destination for residents and visitors alike.

Known as the “Motor City of Russia.”

Elektrostal, a city located in the Moscow Oblast region of Russia, earned the nickname “Motor City” due to its significant involvement in the automotive industry.

Home to the Elektrostal Metallurgical Plant.

Elektrostal is renowned for its metallurgical plant, which has been producing high-quality steel and alloys since its establishment in 1916.

Boasts a rich industrial heritage.

Elektrostal has a long history of industrial development, contributing to the growth and progress of the region.

Founded in 1916.

The city of Elektrostal was founded in 1916 as a result of the construction of the Elektrostal Metallurgical Plant.

Located approximately 50 kilometers east of Moscow.

Elektrostal is situated in close proximity to the Russian capital, making it easily accessible for both residents and visitors.

Known for its vibrant cultural scene.

Elektrostal is home to several cultural institutions, including museums, theaters, and art galleries that showcase the city’s rich artistic heritage.

A popular destination for nature lovers.

Surrounded by picturesque landscapes and forests, Elektrostal offers ample opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, camping, and birdwatching.

Hosts the annual Elektrostal City Day celebrations.

Every year, Elektrostal organizes festive events and activities to celebrate its founding, bringing together residents and visitors in a spirit of unity and joy.

Has a population of approximately 160,000 people.

Elektrostal is home to a diverse and vibrant community of around 160,000 residents, contributing to its dynamic atmosphere.

Boasts excellent education facilities.

The city is known for its well-established educational institutions, providing quality education to students of all ages.

A center for scientific research and innovation.

Elektrostal serves as an important hub for scientific research, particularly in the fields of metallurgy, materials science, and engineering.

Surrounded by picturesque lakes.

The city is blessed with numerous beautiful lakes, offering scenic views and recreational opportunities for locals and visitors alike.

Well-connected transportation system.

Elektrostal benefits from an efficient transportation network, including highways, railways, and public transportation options, ensuring convenient travel within and beyond the city.

Famous for its traditional Russian cuisine.

Food enthusiasts can indulge in authentic Russian dishes at numerous restaurants and cafes scattered throughout Elektrostal.

Home to notable architectural landmarks.

Elektrostal boasts impressive architecture, including the Church of the Transfiguration of the Lord and the Elektrostal Palace of Culture.

Offers a wide range of recreational facilities.

Residents and visitors can enjoy various recreational activities, such as sports complexes, swimming pools, and fitness centers, enhancing the overall quality of life.

Provides a high standard of healthcare.

Elektrostal is equipped with modern medical facilities, ensuring residents have access to quality healthcare services.

Home to the Elektrostal History Museum.

The Elektrostal History Museum showcases the city’s fascinating past through exhibitions and displays.

A hub for sports enthusiasts.

Elektrostal is passionate about sports, with numerous stadiums, arenas, and sports clubs offering opportunities for athletes and spectators.

Celebrates diverse cultural festivals.

Throughout the year, Elektrostal hosts a variety of cultural festivals, celebrating different ethnicities, traditions, and art forms.

Electric power played a significant role in its early development.

Elektrostal owes its name and initial growth to the establishment of electric power stations and the utilization of electricity in the industrial sector.

Boasts a thriving economy.

The city’s strong industrial base, coupled with its strategic location near Moscow, has contributed to Elektrostal’s prosperous economic status.

Houses the Elektrostal Drama Theater.

The Elektrostal Drama Theater is a cultural centerpiece, attracting theater enthusiasts from far and wide.

Popular destination for winter sports.

Elektrostal’s proximity to ski resorts and winter sport facilities makes it a favorite destination for skiing, snowboarding, and other winter activities.

Promotes environmental sustainability.

Elektrostal prioritizes environmental protection and sustainability, implementing initiatives to reduce pollution and preserve natural resources.

Home to renowned educational institutions.

Elektrostal is known for its prestigious schools and universities, offering a wide range of academic programs to students.

Committed to cultural preservation.

The city values its cultural heritage and takes active steps to preserve and promote traditional customs, crafts, and arts.

Hosts an annual International Film Festival.

The Elektrostal International Film Festival attracts filmmakers and cinema enthusiasts from around the world, showcasing a diverse range of films.

Encourages entrepreneurship and innovation.

Elektrostal supports aspiring entrepreneurs and fosters a culture of innovation, providing opportunities for startups and business development.

Offers a range of housing options.

Elektrostal provides diverse housing options, including apartments, houses, and residential complexes, catering to different lifestyles and budgets.

Home to notable sports teams.

Elektrostal is proud of its sports legacy, with several successful sports teams competing at regional and national levels.

Boasts a vibrant nightlife scene.

Residents and visitors can enjoy a lively nightlife in Elektrostal, with numerous bars, clubs, and entertainment venues.

Promotes cultural exchange and international relations.

Elektrostal actively engages in international partnerships, cultural exchanges, and diplomatic collaborations to foster global connections.

Surrounded by beautiful nature reserves.

Nearby nature reserves, such as the Barybino Forest and Luchinskoye Lake, offer opportunities for nature enthusiasts to explore and appreciate the region’s biodiversity.

Commemorates historical events.

The city pays tribute to significant historical events through memorials, monuments, and exhibitions, ensuring the preservation of collective memory.

Promotes sports and youth development.

Elektrostal invests in sports infrastructure and programs to encourage youth participation, health, and physical fitness.

Hosts annual cultural and artistic festivals.

Throughout the year, Elektrostal celebrates its cultural diversity through festivals dedicated to music, dance, art, and theater.

Provides a picturesque landscape for photography enthusiasts.

The city’s scenic beauty, architectural landmarks, and natural surroundings make it a paradise for photographers.

Connects to Moscow via a direct train line.

The convenient train connection between Elektrostal and Moscow makes commuting between the two cities effortless.

A city with a bright future.

Elektrostal continues to grow and develop, aiming to become a model city in terms of infrastructure, sustainability, and quality of life for its residents.

In conclusion, Elektrostal is a fascinating city with a rich history and a vibrant present. From its origins as a center of steel production to its modern-day status as a hub for education and industry, Elektrostal has plenty to offer both residents and visitors. With its beautiful parks, cultural attractions, and proximity to Moscow, there is no shortage of things to see and do in this dynamic city. Whether you’re interested in exploring its historical landmarks, enjoying outdoor activities, or immersing yourself in the local culture, Elektrostal has something for everyone. So, next time you find yourself in the Moscow region, don’t miss the opportunity to discover the hidden gems of Elektrostal.

Q: What is the population of Elektrostal?

A: As of the latest data, the population of Elektrostal is approximately XXXX.

Q: How far is Elektrostal from Moscow?

A: Elektrostal is located approximately XX kilometers away from Moscow.

Q: Are there any famous landmarks in Elektrostal?

A: Yes, Elektrostal is home to several notable landmarks, including XXXX and XXXX.

Q: What industries are prominent in Elektrostal?

A: Elektrostal is known for its steel production industry and is also a center for engineering and manufacturing.

Q: Are there any universities or educational institutions in Elektrostal?

A: Yes, Elektrostal is home to XXXX University and several other educational institutions.

Q: What are some popular outdoor activities in Elektrostal?

A: Elektrostal offers several outdoor activities, such as hiking, cycling, and picnicking in its beautiful parks.

Q: Is Elektrostal well-connected in terms of transportation?

A: Yes, Elektrostal has good transportation links, including trains and buses, making it easily accessible from nearby cities.

Q: Are there any annual events or festivals in Elektrostal?

A: Yes, Elektrostal hosts various events and festivals throughout the year, including XXXX and XXXX.

Elektrostal's fascinating history, vibrant culture, and promising future make it a city worth exploring. For more captivating facts about cities around the world, discover the unique characteristics that define each city . Uncover the hidden gems of Moscow Oblast through our in-depth look at Kolomna. Lastly, dive into the rich industrial heritage of Teesside, a thriving industrial center with its own story to tell.

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Parents are having to make 'tough' sacrifices to send their kids to extracurricular classes. But some say it's worth it

A female piano teacher conducts a lesson for a female student inside a classroom

Geetika Sharma and her husband are paying $5,000 for a nine-week private tutoring course for their year 12 daughter in Parramatta, Sydney. 

"We are prioritising our child's education over everything else," Ms Sharma told the ABC. 

The Sharmas are hoping their daughter will get into a science degree at university after she graduates, but said "the public school education was not working".

"My daughter has always been very good in academics but recently her grades were dropping and her mental wellbeing was being affected."

So the family turned to tutoring outside of school hours.

But amid the rising cost of living, difficult choices have to be made.

Students sitting at their desks watching a teacher write on a whiteboard

"It's been hard for my partner and I, even while working full-time," she said.

"We have cut down on so many other expenses in our lives. Buying new clothing and taking vacations aren't options anymore."

Ms Sharma said her family had also become "much more careful" with what they spend on groceries.

"We cook meals with a lot of simple ingredients like lentils and rice — anything to reduce the cost," she said.

And eating out is something they only do for special occasions now, rather than once a weekend.

Like Ms Sharma, parents across Australia are being forced to weigh up what's worth spending on. 

'Tough choices' as education costs spiral  

The financial burden of tutoring and extracurricular activities comes on top of the escalating costs of everyday education.

A 2023 study found some families were forking out up to $2,000 on back-to-school expenses, with 60 per cent of respondents paying more than $200 on "voluntary" school contributions.

The study by the Australian Council of State School Organisations also found one in five parents were using pay-later services to cover education expenses and one in four could not afford to send their kids on excursions or school camps. 

Council president Damien Ellwood said while most parents wanted the best for their children, some were being forced to make "tough choices". 

"Parents and carers are finding it increasing difficult to afford basic necessities and cover additional expense related to their children's education," he said. 

Mr Ellwood said extracurricular activities provided students with "new ways to learn" and "significant benefits for personal growth, social development, health and wellbeing". 

But even though some state governments provide vouchers to subside the cost, some families are reluctant to use them "due to pride or trust".

"Providing some subsidies and scholarships for extracurricular activities can ensure all students have equal opportunities to participate regardless of their family’s financial situation," Mr Ellwood said. 

Sports clubs feeling the pinch

The cost-of-living crunch is also being felt at local sports clubs.

Some are experiencing a drop in junior players and a rise in parents requesting financial assistance for fees.

Lyton Martin has been part of the Keon Park Football Club in Melbourne's northern suburbs for more than a decade and is "very conscious" of the pressures on families. 

"Definitely, there's a cost-of-living crisis and that’s impacting kids being out and playing sport," he said.

"Junior sport can get costly very quickly."

A stoic football club secretary stands on a sprawling AFL field during twilight

The latest data from the annual AusPlay sports participation survey found it cost $845 on average per child to play sport, and cost was one of the top five reasons why children did not get involved. 

On top of membership fees and equipment expenses, families have to contend with the cost of driving to and from sporting venues every weekend. 

Mr Martin said his club tried to reduce the burden on families by keeping fees as low as possible and operating a second-hand boot swap.

"We don't want kids to miss out on playing because families can't afford it," he said.

"[Team sport] is not just about winning and losing. It's about making new friends, learning through challenges, problem solving skills and beginning to learn social skills as well."

Education 'an investment', not a cost

On the other side of the coin, enrolments for activities like tutoring have increased for some companies.

Kumon, a national maths and reading program, says enquiries to it were up 16 per cent in the first quarter of 2024.

"We attribute this to a shift in attitude of seeing education as an investment rather than a cost," James Wells, spokesperson at Kumon Australia and New Zealand, told the ABC. 

"This is especially true during this period of increased cost-of-living, as parents want their children to have as many options as possible later in life."

A photo of a learning centre outside with a blue logo

Mr Wells said an "increased demand for students' learning to be tailored towards individual needs" was another factor.

"Some students can revise content if needed until they are confident in a particular topic, while others of advanced ability can be extended."

Ms Sharma echoes this, saying enrolling her daughter in private tuition helped greatly.

"Her grades improved and she said concepts were becoming a lot clearer." 

She said her daughter's private tuition allowed her to "get ahead of her public school's curriculum", while learning at a pace that better suited her.

Music participation dropping, but not everywhere

When it comes to creative activities, national data from 2023 revealed children's participation declined between 2017 and 2022.

Specifically, the number of kids singing or playing an instrument fell from 23 per cent to 19 per cent , according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).

The ABS did not ask survey respondents why, although it said it was safe to assume the outbreak of COVID-19 and lockdowns played a part.

The Australian Society for Music Education says cost is also clearly a factor.

President Jason Goopy told the ABC music education had become "simply unaffordable and a luxury item" in the current economic environment. 

"Families are having to choose between putting food on the table and paying rent and choosing a music education for your children," he said.

But not all music schools are seeing declines.

Gillian Erskine, co-founder of Forte School of Music, said their schools had experienced "extremely strong growth … over 2022 and 2023".

"Whilst growth is often dependent on each school owner's goals, what we have noticed is 2024 has had student enrolments similar to last year or slightly higher," Ms Erskine told the ABC.

Ms Erskine said she sympathised with parents who were feeling the pinch. 

Two children playing the violin

"Some Forte schools offer family discounts … to make it more affordable and to support families who are supporting our schools," she said.

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'free' public school education projected to cost parents more than $92,000 from prep to year 12.

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  • 100% Made in Germany » ... because the first impression last, quality flag for representative purposes *****
  • State-of-the-art High-Tech Outdoor Fabric » One air-permeable 110 GSM Polyester to keep wind forces low and lifetime high
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Flag: Elektrostal Moscow oblast landscape flag | 2.16m² | 23sqft | 120x180cm | 4x6ft Elektrostal Moscow oblast Elektrostal obwód moskiewski , flaga ???????????? ?????????? ??????? Since we know how important your external presentation is, we print our Elektrostal Moscow oblast flag for your representative appearance using the most modern machines in Germany. To ensure your maximum flexibility, we have equipped the flags with quality metal eyelets, to let you simply attach these flags to any flagpole. To let you use the flags for a long time, we have strengthened the flag using double safety seams and a tear proof strap at the side of the pole. Due to the quality of this business flag, you show a particular degree of the closeness to Elektrostal Moscow oblast. Details about this flag This landscape Elektrostal Moscow oblast flag is a quality product Made in Germany made of 110g/m² gloss polyester. This Elektrostal Moscow oblast flag is wind- and weather-resistant and highly durable. The flag colors are intensive and UV-resistant. This flag is specially made for outer space. This Elektrostal Moscow oblast flag will be delivered with a double safety-seam as well as with 2 metal eyelets to hoist at the flag pole. The metal eyelets give you great flexibility for placing this flag on any flagstaff. The mast side is reinforced with a white hem. The quality flag material and the metal eyelets will take care of a long endurance of this Elektrostal Moscow oblast flag. If required, the flag can be washed at 60 degrees Celsius. Recommended height of flag pole Elektrostal Moscow oblast flags of 2.16m² | 23sqft | 120x180cm | 4x6ft look best with flagpoles of around 6m | 18ft height. Need a bigger size or an other configuration? We can provide bigger sizes, other configurations, exclusive indoor ...

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The Unique Burial of a Child of Early Scythian Time at the Cemetery of Saryg-Bulun (Tuva)

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Pages:  379-406

In 1988, the Tuvan Archaeological Expedition (led by M. E. Kilunovskaya and V. A. Semenov) discovered a unique burial of the early Iron Age at Saryg-Bulun in Central Tuva. There are two burial mounds of the Aldy-Bel culture dated by 7th century BC. Within the barrows, which adjoined one another, forming a figure-of-eight, there were discovered 7 burials, from which a representative collection of artifacts was recovered. Burial 5 was the most unique, it was found in a coffin made of a larch trunk, with a tightly closed lid. Due to the preservative properties of larch and lack of air access, the coffin contained a well-preserved mummy of a child with an accompanying set of grave goods. The interred individual retained the skin on his face and had a leather headdress painted with red pigment and a coat, sewn from jerboa fur. The coat was belted with a leather belt with bronze ornaments and buckles. Besides that, a leather quiver with arrows with the shafts decorated with painted ornaments, fully preserved battle pick and a bow were buried in the coffin. Unexpectedly, the full-genomic analysis, showed that the individual was female. This fact opens a new aspect in the study of the social history of the Scythian society and perhaps brings us back to the myth of the Amazons, discussed by Herodotus. Of course, this discovery is unique in its preservation for the Scythian culture of Tuva and requires careful study and conservation.

Keywords: Tuva, Early Iron Age, early Scythian period, Aldy-Bel culture, barrow, burial in the coffin, mummy, full genome sequencing, aDNA

Information about authors: Marina Kilunovskaya (Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation). Candidate of Historical Sciences. Institute for the History of Material Culture of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Dvortsovaya Emb., 18, Saint Petersburg, 191186, Russian Federation E-mail: [email protected] Vladimir Semenov (Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation). Candidate of Historical Sciences. Institute for the History of Material Culture of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Dvortsovaya Emb., 18, Saint Petersburg, 191186, Russian Federation E-mail: [email protected] Varvara Busova  (Moscow, Russian Federation).  (Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation). Institute for the History of Material Culture of the Russian Academy of Sciences.  Dvortsovaya Emb., 18, Saint Petersburg, 191186, Russian Federation E-mail:  [email protected] Kharis Mustafin  (Moscow, Russian Federation). Candidate of Technical Sciences. Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology.  Institutsky Lane, 9, Dolgoprudny, 141701, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation E-mail:  [email protected] Irina Alborova  (Moscow, Russian Federation). Candidate of Biological Sciences. Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology.  Institutsky Lane, 9, Dolgoprudny, 141701, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation E-mail:  [email protected] Alina Matzvai  (Moscow, Russian Federation). Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology.  Institutsky Lane, 9, Dolgoprudny, 141701, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation E-mail:  [email protected]

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  1. Our outdoor math station

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  1. Outdoor Math Games

    Balloon Games. Balloons are great for physical development, cooperation, and turn taking. Some great outdoor maths games with balloons include: Have a small group of children in a circle (approximately 4 to 6 children). Write numbers on a balloon in pen. Maybe put about 6 numbers on the balloon.

  2. 17 Awesome Outdoor Math Activities for Preschoolers

    Host a scavenger hunt while on your walk, or picnic in the park. However, rather than just sending your children to find random things as with an outdoor bingo game, add a number quantifier to make it trickier. Some ideas of what to ask them to find or collect: 3 yellow leaves. 5 stones. 2 pinecones.

  3. 14 Best Outdoor Math Activities for Kids to Boost Math Skills

    1. Nature's Numbers Hunt Source: @playofthewild.com Nature's Numbers Hunt is one of the best outdoor math activities that combines the thrill of a scavenger hunt with the foundational skill of counting. In this activity, children are given a list of natural items to find in specific quantities, such as 5 pine cones or 3 red leaves.

  4. 13 Fun Outdoor Math Activities For Kids

    9. Spot the shapes. Send the children out with a list of shapes to spot outside. See if younger students can spot any regular polygons. Students who are struggling may be given a prompt sheet to help them. See if older students can spot any 3D shapes, explore their properties and report back to the class.

  5. 35 Active Math Games and Activities for Kids Who Love To Move

    12. Roll the dice to count and move. Get practice with low-number counting and addition using action dice. Write activities like "jump," "clap," or "stomp" on a small wooden block, then roll it along with a pair of dice. Kids add them up (or subtract if you prefer) and complete the activity the number of times shown.

  6. 13 Fun Outdoor Maths Activities For Early Years To Year 6

    Write or draw any mathematical words or shapes in and around the space you are in. Write your ideas down in words or draw a mathematical calculation. This helps pupils to start making connections with the work they do in class and the how it connects with the real world. 2. Playground problem questions.

  7. PDF 25 Outdoor maths games for Everyone

    Take turns to place an object on the grid at any of the points where two lines meet or intersect. Take care not to let your opponent get three in a row. The play then continues by players taking turns to move an object into an empty point until one person manages to get three-in-a-row. 4. Tapatan.

  8. Active Maths Ideas & Outdoor Maths Games

    Maths Relay Races - In groups, children can run a relay race to complete a times table (e.g. counting in 2's, 3's, 4's etc.). This way one person would run up to a line and write the first number (x1), then run back to the group. Then the second person would run up and write the second number (ex. x2). Nature Hunt and Arrays/Groups ...

  9. Outdoor Math Ideas for Kids Ages 3-7

    Water Balloon Math. This game can be modified in so many different ways. Prepare some water balloons and write either a single number or an addition or subtraction fact on each one. Then write matching numbers (or answers to the addition and subtraction problems) on your driveway or sidewalk.

  10. 15 Fun Outdoor Math Activities Ideas

    The concept of outdoor math activities effectively provides students with a fun and engaging exposure to mathematics. Instead of merely in the classroom, teachers can teach math concepts in the actual world and natural objects. Students can experiment with ideas on a much larger scale outside than in a closed learning space because it is more indulgent in supplies and tools.

  11. Free Outdoor Learning Maths Activities

    Download our free Outdoor Learning Maths Activities, with lots of ideas and games for Early Years and Primary children. 5 Minute Outdoor Learning Maths Activities. Free Workbook. In this free guide, I have included 29 introductory games and activities, organised into Early Years, Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2 that you can adapt them as needed. ...

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    An interview with Andrea Stevenson, a primary teacher who completed over 100 maths sessions outside in three months, having never previously taught outside. Some good advice. Messy Maths is published. Answering some question about my award-winning book. Worth getting if you work with children, aged 3-6yrs old.

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    Outdoor Maths Activities KS1 -Maths Outdoor Learning. The following is a list of some of my favourite outdoor maths learning activities for KS1 (Key stage 1 - ages approximately 5-7). Maths in outdoor and outside learning is a fun way for children to use maths in real, hands-on situations. It also promotes making connections between different ...

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  16. Outdoor Math Games and Activities for Kids

    Keep reading to learn more about fun outdoor math activities to perform with your kids. Outdoor Math Games. Fun outdoor math games can serve as a way for kids to channel the excess energy they use for jumping, screaming, and running into learning math. The simple pleasure of being outside might be reason enough to play fun outdoor maths activities.

  17. Outdoor Maths Activities EYFS

    The following are some of my favourite outdoor maths ideas & activities for EYFS (Early Years - Children aged approximately 2-5). For outdoor maths activity ideas for older children, you may want to see my post, Outdoor Maths Activities KS1 . Young children need to be able to manipulate and use hands-on materials to explore mathematical thinking.

  18. Maths outdoors EYFS

    Collect, sort and count natural objects outdoors - leaves, twigs, stones, pebbles, fir cones and flowers. Outdoor maths activities. Increasing numbers of children live in cramped conditions and have limited opportunities to explore space outdoors. We need to offer as much time and space to explore open-ended experiences outdoors as possible.

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  22. 40 Facts About Elektrostal

    40 Facts About Elektrostal. Elektrostal is a vibrant city located in the Moscow Oblast region of Russia. With a rich history, stunning architecture, and a thriving community, Elektrostal is a city that has much to offer. Whether you are a history buff, nature enthusiast, or simply curious about different cultures, Elektrostal is sure to ...

  23. Outdoor Maths Activities KS2

    I have put together some fun outdoor maths activities for KS2 to support teaching maths outside. Teaching maths outside is a wonderful way to explore different mathematical ideas and practice learning away from the classroom. It also exposes children to the use of maths in real, hands-on situations, and as well as to problem solve.

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  28. The Unique Burial of a Child of Early Scythian Time at the Cemetery of

    Burial 5 was the most unique, it was found in a coffin made of a larch trunk, with a tightly closed lid. Due to the preservative properties of larch and lack of air access, the coffin contained a well-preserved mummy of a child with an accompanying set of grave goods. The interred individual retained the skin on his face and had a leather ...