How to Write A Journa l Reflection Before you Grab Your Diary

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What is the point of a Reflective Diary

Examples of a Reflective Diary

How to write a Reflective Diary & Other Tips

  In Short – this is how you do it

I. What is the point of a Reflective Diary 

Quick explanation of a reflective diary:.

A reflective diary is a personal journal (also known as a reflective journal)  where individuals write about their thoughts, feelings, and experiences. Hence allowing them  to reflect on their emotions, from said entry’s.

As humans we are forgetful – The Importance of a Reflective Diary:

There are multiple studies suggest the average human being has 1000’s of thoughts a day. A 2020 Study goes as far to say that this scales to 10’s of thousands if we include our subconscious thinking. Depending on which scientist  you believe 50-95% of these thoughts are the same as the day before. Let me repeat that ,  over 50% of what we think is repeated  everyday .

So if you feel life is getting reptitive , chances are  it is and something needs to change.

Reflective Diaries and journaling can help identity not only these existing thought patterns but bring out the  other hopeful 5-50% .

This brings to light a concept popularised by James Clear (Author of Atomic Habits) that most of what we do is subconscious – a automated habit.

How does Journaling help?

By regularly reflecting on one’s experiences and emotions, individuals can gain insight into their thoughts and behaviours, promote self-awareness, and develop coping strategies for dealing with difficult situations.

We gain regain and conquer our minds , OUR 5-50%!

Objectives of Reflective Diary

The objectives of keeping a reflective diary can vary from person to person, but may include:

  • Gaining insight into one’s thoughts and behaviours
  • Promoting self-awareness and self-discovery
  • Improving communication skills
  • Encouraging personal growth and development
  • Providing a safe and non-judgmental space for reflection.

II. Examples of a Reflective Diary & Journal

There are many different ways to keep a reflective diary, and the format that works best for you may vary based on your personal preferences and goals.

There is not limits or restrictions to how much formats you use.

These are just to list the examples of reflective journals – feel free to have 1 , 3 or as many as you like!

Some common focuses of reflective diaries include:

  • Daily journal reflections – a compact way to track your learning experience and self-growth
  • Gratitude journals – to refocus your energy to be more positive (which in biochemistry has been linked with longevity and better living)
  • Travel journals – a way to track defining moments of and relive the experience without going abroad
  • Growth and self-discovery journals – identifying your “core” , your values and who you are

5 Easy Reflective Journal prompts to help get you started.

If you’re struggling to come up with things to write about, consider using prompts or questions to help guide your reflection.

Some examples of reflective journal prompts / questions include:

  • What was the most difficult part of my day and why?
  • What did I learn about myself today?
  • What am I grateful for today?
  • What challenges did I face today and how did I overcome them?
  • What did I enjoy most about today?

Reflective Practice – 4 Intermediate Journal Prompts 

Examples Reflective journaling can take many different forms and may include writing prompts or questions to help guide the reflection process.

Now that you’ve seen the basic’s , here are some more advanced reflective journaling prompts to consider.

 Describe a difficult situation you faced today and how you responded to it.
  Write about a positive experience you had today and what made it so special.
  Reflect on a decision you made and why you made it.
 Write about something you’re grateful for today.  

III. How to Write a Reflective Diary

3 easy steps to write a reflective diary .

Beginning can often be the biggest issue and reflection can sometimes be difficult, but there are a few simple steps that can help get the cogs turning.

An easy way to remember and Apply this is a  RRR framework , with the 3R’s being:

  • Record or write down your thoughts and feelings in a free-flowing manner.
  • Reflect  on what you’ve written and consider what insights or realizations you may have gained.
  • Repeat the process on a semi-regular basis and remember to review  your previous logs

IV. The 4 Common Problems Of Your 1st Entry & How to Overcome Them

Problem #1: can’t seem to concentrate .

Choose a quiet place or enviorment you are comfortable with to reflect where you won’t be disturbed. The impact of your surroundings are much more detrimental than you may expect- so zoom out a bit.

Problem #2: Don’t have enough time to Journal?

Set aside a regular time each day or week for reflective journaling – this can be as rigorous as you want , whether that be routinely or every now and then. The point of this is to make it a automatic habit. To make Journaling as normal as brushing your teeth or having a shower.

Problem #3: Don’t know where to plot your thoughts?

Chances are  if your reading this, even if you dont have access to paper , you definitely have access to a digital device. Decide whether you prefer a physical journal or an electronic one, and select a format that works best for you. Be willing to experiment and be as unconventional as you wish – let your initiative guide your pen or keyboard.

Problem #4: Unsure what to write or uninspired?

Simple answer, relax and write. Be honest with yourself ,  don’t judge your thoughts and feeling – just write them down. Be open to writing anything , even if it seems random now , it may be a key discovery to a thought pattern in the future.

In Short – How to Write a Reflective Diary

Remember that the main purpose of reflective logs is to gain insight of your own thoughts without judgment and be able to develop from them.

In order to effectively write your reflective diary , Begin with:

  • Writing your thoughts & jot your feelings,
  • Following the 3R’s process (Record , Reflect , Repeat)
  • Finding a quiet place, set a routine, choose format, and write without judgment.

Trust and enjoy the process , quickly dethatch yourself from your day-to-day routines  and embrace the silence. Dont expect instant results , prepare to review and take action from any of your new discoveries throughout your Journal Journey. Good Luck!

reflective diaries examples

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Examples of Reflective Writing

Types of reflective writing assignments.

A journal  requires you to write weekly entries throughout a semester. May require you to base your reflection on course content.

A learning diary is similar to a journal, but may require group participation. The diary then becomes a place for you to communicate in writing with other group members.

A logbook is often used in disciplines based on experimental work, such as science. You note down or 'log' what you have done. A log gives you an accurate record of a process and helps you reflect on past actions and make better decisions for future actions.

A reflective note is often used in law. A reflective note encourages you to think about your personal reaction to a legal issue raised in a course.

An essay diary  can take the form of an annotated bibliography (where you examine sources of evidence you might include in your essay) and a critique (where you reflect on your own writing and research processes).

a peer review  usually involves students showing their work to their peers for feedback.

A self-assessment task  requires you to comment on your own work.

Some examples of reflective writing

Social science fieldwork report (methods section), engineering design report, learning journal (weekly reflection).

Brookfield, S 1987, Developing critical thinkers: challenging adults to explore alternative ways of thinking and acting , Open University Press, Milton Keynes.

Mezirow, J 1990, Fostering critical reflection in adulthood: a guide to transformative and emancipatory learning , Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.

Schön, DA 1987, Educating the reflective practitioner , Jossey-Bass. San Francisco.

We thank the students who permitted us to feature examples of their writing.

Prepared by Academic Skills, UNSW. This guide may be distributed or adapted for educational purposes. Full and proper acknowledgement is required. 

Essay and assignment writing guide

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  • Answering assignment questions
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  • How do I write reflectively?
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How to Write Reflective Logs and Diaries

What are reflective logs and reflective diaries.

Reflective Logs and Reflective Diaries (as they are sometimes called) are common requirements in UK university assessments. For many courses, it is essential for students to be able to effectively analyse their own progress and apply theoretical knowledge to practical situations. This will enable them to become strong, independent practitioners.

A Reflective Log is a perfect way to encourage this approach alongside with reflective reports . It is essentially a log or diary that contains regular entries by the student, detailing their experiences and emotions with regard to their learning process. Reflective Logs and Reflective Diaries should also include references to relevant theories to connect the student’s academic knowledge with their practical work. The log can be used to verify a student’s intellectual engagement with the course material or practical assignments, as well as their independent work outside of lectures and seminars.

How to Write a Reflective Log

It is normally expected that students will maintain a Reflective Log throughout a module or module component. Diary entries should be made at regular intervals. Some courses will require students to hand in their entries periodically throughout the course, while others will simply set a final deadline for submission of the log as a whole.

Students often have the option of entering their Reflective Logs and Reflective Diaries online. Many find quicker and easier than a traditional hand-written diary. For others, the physical process of writing something by hand can help stimulate their reflective mindset. Furthermore, some courses provide structured log entry forms that students must use.

Regardless of which format is chosen, the Reflective log should be kept diligently and students should aim to include as much critical reflective material as possible, often supported with reference to academic resources and lecture materials.

What to Include in Reflective Logs?

The specific content requirements of a reflective log vary depending on the course and subject matter, but the overall approach is always the same. Typically, students are asked to note down their personal responses to lectures or training sessions. This involves a brief summary of the activity and a serious and detailed account of the student’s exploration of it. Unlike other forms of academic assignment, in Reflective Logs students are encouraged to express their thoughts and emotions. In many ways, a Reflective Log provides a self-analysis of the student and their skill development.

You should also be sure to provide some kind of evidence to support your claims. These can be references to particular achievements or mentions of theoretical course material. This will ensure your log or diary is not too informal or casual. It will also meet the academic standards expected at a higher level of study.

In addition, special attention should be paid to any activities where the student was particularly challenged or struggled to complete tasks effectively. This is an essential part of the learning process. Examiners want to see that a student was resourceful enough to apply their acquired knowledge to eventually overcome any initial failings.

Keys to Success

  • Be Critical – A Reflective Log requires a slightly less formal approach than essays or exams. That said, you should still be sure that it is a serious and critical piece of scholarly work. The best way to do this is to focus more on the analysis of events than their description. Although you need to state what actions were undertaken, this should be brief and to the point. Save the extended descriptions for your analysis of those descriptions.
  • Be Specific – Also make sure that you are very specific in your language use. For example, it is not sufficient to write that you felt anxious or worried during a particular task. Instead, be very clear about which aspects concerned you and why. Also, state how you dealt with that anxiety. Similarly, if a found a task very easy, be sure to consider why you felt that way, and how you could improve even more. Write about the ways that specific elements of tasks were useful to your skill development. Note how they helped you understand the theoretical content of the module.
  • Be Thorough – A Reflective Log normally requires students to write about all the processes surrounding their practical experience. You are expected to include thorough discussions of the planning stages, the tasks themselves, the outcome of tasks, your critical reflection on them, and a subsequent plan for your future development.
  • Use Evidence – The log or diary should also include a good amount of supporting evidence to back up your reflective claims. Most obviously you can refer to concrete examples of your actions or experiences. Rather than simply stating you became confident using a certain method, describe precisely what actions you undertook. What elements of that action helped you to become practised at specific skills. You can also use evidence from established sources, such as scholarly journals, theoretical texts, and industry publications. These can be used to support your assertions of your own development, both through reference to relevant theories and to common approaches to practice within your field.
  • Develop a Structure – Writing a Reflective Log will be much easier if you develop a consistent structure that can be used for all the entries. Some students find it helpful to divide each entry into the stages of the task (planning, action, reflection, etc) and write about them separately. Others prefer to divide the entries according to the thematic content of the writing (description, reflection, evidence, analysis). Having a consistent approach like this makes the actual task of writing much quicker, and it also ensures a clear format for readers and examiners.

What to Do if you Fall Behind with your Reflective Log

While students are expected to maintain the log as an ongoing activity throughout a course, sometimes circumstances prohibit this. Although neglecting to maintain a Reflective Log is not something that should be encouraged, it is possible to catch up if you’ve failed to make entries on a regular basis. In actuality, this makes the task of writing Reflective Logs and Reflective Diaries much more difficult, but it IS possible.

If you fall behind, the easiest way to catch up on Log entries is to review your notes for each date and try to remember the experiences and emotions you felt at that time. If you are writing several log entries all at once, try to recollect your feelings about the subject matter at the date of the entry.

What is Expected of my Reflective Diary?

Part of the expectation for Reflective Logs is to track a student’s learning process over the course of a module. Therefore, when writing overdue log entries it is very important to demonstrate an evolution of knowledge and confidence. You can do this by remembering your feelings at various stages of the course and expressing some concerns about your abilities early on. In later entries, you can use a more confident and self-assured tone.

Writing Reflective Logs and Reflective Diaries is a very useful experience for most UK students. It helps them understand their own strengths and weaknesses. It is a relatively simple assignment and a good opportunity to improve your course marks overall!

Matin Hampton, University of Portsmouth, 2013. Reflective Writing: A Basic Introduction. Retrieved from https://www.port.ac.uk/student-life/help-and-advice/study-skills/written-assignments/reflective-writing-introduction. Last Accessed 01 Oct, 2020.

Ursula Lucas and Leng Tan, 2007. Developing a Reflective Capacity Within Undergraduate Education: The role of work-based placement learning. York: Higher Education Academy.

Pete Watton, Jane Collings and Jenny Moon, 2001. Reflective Writing: Guidance Notes for Students.

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Reflective Writing Models

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  • How To Produce A Reflective Learning Diary

A guide for teachers, assessors and verifiers.

You may be involved with courses, as a teacher, assessor or verifier, where learners are asked to produce a reflective learning diary. For some people this can be quite a difficult task if they’re not used to keeping written records or writing diaries.

We’ve come up with some tips to guide you through the process.

What is a reflective learning diary?

Reflective learning diaries – sometimes called ‘learning journals’ or ‘learning logs’ – are personal records about a person’s experiences of learning. They may simply list the things learned in a day, or over a longer period, with comments on why they are important.  Or they may include personal feelings about learning something new, overcoming barriers, or perhaps “light bulb” moments.

What are they for?

The main purpose of a reflective learning diary is to consolidate and extend learning through reflection.  It can often be used to provide evidence of that learning to show that a learner has met particular assessment criteria.

For some OCN London qualifications, producing a learning diary, journal or log is an essential part of the assessment.  For example a course in counselling may require people to demonstrate their self-awareness relating to various issues, such as bias towards or against a particular political stance held by a client. A reflective journal entry around this issue should show the learner’s awareness of such issues and the steps they would take to ensure they do not adversely affect their counsellor-client relationship.

It’s really important to be aware of privacy and confidentiality. You should use a code or pseudonym  in place of the client’s name in the diary. If the learner has included very personal information about themselves it’s important to make them aware before they submit work for assessment  that they can edit out inappropriate information.

For some qualifications and awards producing a learning diary is an optional assessment method. In those circumstances you need to decide whether it’s appropriate, or not. But check carefully with OCN London’s assessment criteria first.

What form should the diary take?

If you decide a reflective diary is appropriate then it needs a structure. It could be a written chronologically (with dates), or as case notes, or it could be a reflective video diary. Try to discourage learners from writing rambling text.

It’s also important that you produce clear guidance notes so learners know what’s appropriate and what’s relevant to include. These notes can also alert them to issues of personal disclosure and confidentiality. There is a list of suggested questions below that may help.

What about length?

Where it’s an essential part of assessment requirements, the guidance should suggest the number or range of words.  For a level 1  or award this might be just around 50 words an entry, but for levels 3 and above 500-1000 words or more may be what’s needed. The actual range will also depend on the context and the type of diary entries needed.

What starter questions would be useful, in relation to the learning experience?

  • Which achievement are you most proud of?
  • What was the thing that surprised you the most?
  • What did you find most challenging?
  • What did you enjoy the most?
  • What skills have you learned?
  • What skills would you most like to improve?
  • Describe your experience of working in a team?
  • What things have you learned that you didn’t know before?
  • If you were to pick out just one thing that you have learned, what would it be?
  • What have you learned about yourself from this experience?

If your learners are struggling to get started, try some trigger questions immediately after a group activity such as “What have you learned?” or “Describe your experiences – positive and negative?”

Are there any examples?

Here are two examples of the kind of information that could be included in a learning diary.

The thing I found most challenging on the course was giving presentations as it’s something that I haven’t done in the past. I was very nervous to begin with but my tutor showed me how to structure the presentation and engage with the audience. I learned a lot from that exercise and feel more confident about giving presentations in future.
It was very hard initially to remain neutral when the client expressed very strong political views. In a social situation I might have challenged this, but it was important not to show my own feelings and find a way of dealing with very pointed questions.

How should you encourage learners who don’t want to write about their experiences?

Some people are natural diary writers; others hate it. Some people may prefer to record a video diary. If a reflective learning diary is not an essential part of the assessment, perhaps you should question whether to insist on it for all learners.

What will the assessor be looking for?

There isn’t a single right or wrong way of producing a learning diary as there are a number of different formats. The main thing assessors are looking for is that the assessment criteria have been met.  Moderators will also want to see that effective feedback has been provided to the teacher. Don’t just write “Good” against a piece of evidence – say why it’s good.

Are there any do’s and don’ts?

DO ask learners to write in full sentences, not just notes.

DO ask them to check spelling and punctuation – or get someone else to proofread for them.

DON’T ask them to include names of people or organisations. It’s important to maintain confidentiality.

DO remind them that their diary will be looked at by external moderators so any inappropriate or personal comments that they wouldn’t want to share with a stranger should be left out.

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Study Skills

Reflective practice toolkit, introduction.

  • What is reflective practice?
  • Everyday reflection
  • Models of reflection
  • Barriers to reflection
  • Free writing
  • Reflective writing exercise
  • Bibliography

reflective diaries examples

Many people worry that they will be unable to write reflectively but chances are that you do it more than you think!  It's a common task during both work and study from appraisal and planning documents to recording observations at the end of a module. The following pages will guide you through some simple techniques for reflective writing as well as how to avoid some of the most common pitfalls.

What is reflective writing?

Writing reflectively involves critically analysing an experience, recording how it has impacted you and what you plan to do with your new knowledge. It can help you to reflect on a deeper level as the act of getting something down on paper often helps people to think an experience through.

The key to reflective writing is to be analytical rather than descriptive. Always ask why rather than just describing what happened during an experience. 

Remember...

Reflective writing is...

  • Written in the first person
  • Free flowing
  • A tool to challenge assumptions
  • A time investment

Reflective writing isn't...

  • Written in the third person
  • Descriptive
  • What you think you should write
  • A tool to ignore assumptions
  • A waste of time

Adapted from The Reflective Practice Guide: an Interdisciplinary Approach / Barbara Bassot.

You can learn more about reflective writing in this handy video from Hull University:

Created by SkillsTeamHullUni

  • Hull reflective writing video transcript (Word)
  • Hull reflective writing video transcript (PDF)

Where might you use reflective writing?

You can use reflective writing in many aspects of your work, study and even everyday life. The activities below all contain some aspect of reflective writing and are common to many people:

1. Job applications

Both preparing for and writing job applications contain elements of reflective writing. You need to think about the experience that makes you suitable for a role and this means reflection on the skills you have developed and how they might relate to the specification. When writing your application you need to expand on what you have done and explain what you have learnt and why this matters - key elements of reflective writing.

2. Appraisals

In a similar way, undertaking an appraisal is a good time to reflect back on a certain period of time in post. You might be asked to record what went well and why as well as identifying areas for improvement.

3. Written feedback

If you have made a purchase recently you are likely to have received a request for feedback. When you leave a review of a product or service online then you need to think about the pros and cons. You may also have gone into detail about why the product was so good or the service was so bad so other people know how to judge it in the future.

4. Blogging

Blogs are a place to offer your own opinion and can be a really good place to do some reflective writing. Blogger often take a view on something and use their site as a way to share it with the world. They will often talk about the reasons why they like/dislike something - classic reflective writing.

5. During the research process

When researchers are working on a project they will often think about they way they are working and how it could be improved as well as considering different approaches to achieve their research goal. They will often record this in some way such as in a lab book and this questioning approach is a form of reflective writing.

6. In academic writing

Many students will be asked to include some form of reflection in an academic assignment, for example when relating a topic to their real life circumstances. They are also often asked to think about their opinion on or reactions to texts and other research and write about this in their own work.

Think about ... When you reflect

Think about all of the activities you do on a daily basis. Do any of these contain elements of reflective writing? Make a list of all the times you have written something reflective over the last month - it will be longer than you think!

Reflective terminology

A common mistake people make when writing reflectively is to focus too much on describing their experience. Think about some of the phrases below and try to use them when writing reflectively to help you avoid this problem:

  • The most important thing was...
  • At the time I felt...
  • This was likely due to...
  • After thinking about it...
  • I learned that...
  • I need to know more about...
  • Later I realised...
  • This was because...
  • This was like...
  • I wonder what would happen if...
  • I'm still unsure about...
  • My next steps are...

Always try and write in the first person when writing reflectively. This will help you to focus on your thoughts/feelings/experiences rather than just a description of the experience.

Using reflective writing in your academic work

Man writing in a notebook at a desk with laptop

Many courses will also expect you to reflect on your own learning as you progress through a particular programme. You may be asked to keep some type of reflective journal or diary. Depending on the needs of your course this may or may not be assessed but if you are using one it's important to write reflectively. This can help you to look back and see how your thinking has evolved over time - something useful for job applications in the future. Students at all levels may also be asked to reflect on the work of others, either as part of a group project or through peer review of their work. This requires a slightly different approach to reflection as you are not focused on your own work but again this is a useful skill to develop for the workplace.

You can see some useful examples of reflective writing in academia from Monash University ,  UNSW (the University of New South Wales) and Sage . Several of these examples also include feedback from tutors which you can use to inform your own work.

Laptop/computer/broswer/research by StockSnap via Pixabay licenced under CC0.

Now that you have a better idea of what reflective writing is and how it can be used it's time to practice some techniques.

This page has given you an understanding of what reflective writing is and where it can be used in both work and study. Now that you have a better idea of how reflective writing works the next two pages will guide you through some activities you can use to get started.

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Template for Reflective Diaries

How To Create a Reflective Journal

  • Reflective Journal Template

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Template for Reflective Journals

Many fields have adopted the reflective journal template , including journals for art, law and social science. The reflective diary format makes it simple to apply critical thinking to nearly any type of creative endeavor. Examples include creation journals for artists, log books for scientists, and reflective notes for legal professionals. Many college courses now include a reflective journal as part of their course requirements.

These reflective journal template guidelines will help you get started in keeping track of your own insights and digging deeper into issues throughout the creative process.

Very briefly describe creative inputs in your diary entry . What are they and how did you encounter them?

Example: Inspiration for writing. I'm looking at an etching by Francisco Goya called “El sueño de la razón produce monstruos” (The sleep of reason breeds monsters). A man sits in a chair resting his head on a desk, presumably he fell asleep while working. I know how he feels. Fantastic monsters gather around him.

Significance

Describe why this is interesting to you. How are you using this? Why do you care? What's the context? Use theories and any other analysis tools you have but make it personal.

Example: I've been in this same position many times, up late working until I fall asleep. My dreams are usually full of whatever I was studying. I read that Goya was ridiculing Spanish society, saying that it had become superstitious and demented. The caption underneath the etching read “Fantasy abandoned by reason produces impossible monsters: united with her, she is the mother of the arts and the origin of their marvels." Fantasy needs reason to create art. Without reason, people let their imagination get the better of them and they act in monstrous ways. Was this a critical statement or a guide for artists?

Describe what actions you will take as a result. What have you learned? Does this reflection lead to any conclusions?

Example: No matter what Goya meant by creating this piece, it has made me reexamine my writing. Are my characters acting irrationally enough? What fears do they have? How do their fears drive them to act in monstrous ways? People rarely act out of reason, or even their own best interests. Drama comes from the reader realizing what the character should do, but understanding why they don't do it.

Future tasks and reminders

What is the next step? Has your reflective led you do any actionable tasks? Do you have a schedule for the next journal session?

Example: Must look into the Renaissance to Goya exhibit at British Museum. Remember to write down my dreams this week and examine them for monsters.

Picture all the ways that a reflective journal can be useful for whatever you want to accomplish.

There's no time like the present - start your free online reflective journal today!

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Reflective Goal Setting pp 47–62 Cite as

The Nature and Importance of Reflection and Keeping a Reflective Diary

What Can We Gain from Writing Reflectively About Our Goals?

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This chapter will introduce you to a key underlying feature of Reflective Goal Setting—on-going written reflection. It will firstly outline what we mean by reflection and other associated terms such as reflexivity, whilst sharing some key theories and frameworks. Secondly, it will help you develop an appreciation for this important personal development and transfer of learning tool and equip you with the skills to write reflectively to support your Reflective Goal Setting activities.

  • Reflexivity
  • On-going written reflective diary

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Travers, C.J. (2022). The Nature and Importance of Reflection and Keeping a Reflective Diary. In: Reflective Goal Setting. Palgrave Pivot, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-99228-6_4

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13 Self Reflection Worksheets & Templates to Use in Therapy

The art of self-reflection

While valuable for clients and students, it is equally vital for therapists, coaches, and mental health professionals.

Literature across multiple disciplines confirms that reflection serves therapists by improving “learning and performance in essential competencies” (Aronson, 2011, p. 200). In therapy, it helps the client “manage personal feelings, such as anxiety and inadequacy, and their impact on others” (Fisher, Chew, & Leow, 2015, p. 736).

This article introduces the basics behind reflection along with questions and worksheets that encourage and support the reflective process and maximize the benefits for therapists, clients, and students.

Before you continue, you might like to download our three Meaning and Valued Living Exercises for free . These creative, science-based exercises will help you learn more about your values, motivations, and goals and will give you the tools to inspire a sense of meaning in the lives of your clients, students, or employees.

This Article Contains:

Fostering reflection skills: the basics, 50+ questions to ask your clients or students, 5 helpful reflection worksheets & tools, journaling & diaries: 2 useful templates, top 3 activities for practicing reflection, 3 fun games to inspire clients, positivepsychology.com’s reflection resources, a take-home message.

While reflection has no single, universal definition, Aronson (2011, p. 200) frames it as the “process of analyzing, questioning, and reframing an experience in order to make an assessment of it for the purposes of learning (reflective learning) and/or improve practice (reflective practice).” It has multiple uses in various contexts.

Reflection is central to most therapies. Indeed, Socratic questioning (using open yet focused questions) is widely used in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) to encourage reflection and unpack deeply held beliefs (Bennett-Levy, Thwaites, Chaddock, & Davis, 2009).

Within therapy , Bennett-Levy et al. (2009) recognized that reflection can be beneficial for both the therapist and the client, and can be considered from several perspectives.

  • Reflective practices Reflection as part of the clinical experience, using journals, video, and group activities.
  • Reflective skills The ability to reflect on oneself through therapeutic interaction and self-awareness of feelings and thoughts.
  • Reflective systems Reflection results from the interaction of several processes, including the individual’s memory, skills, and reflective system.
  • Reflective processes Reflection involves the ability to observe (possibly via visualization) and then reflect or conceptualize to engage in further processing, including elaboration, problem solving, and self-questioning.

Bennett-Levy et al. (2009, p. 121) offer the following helpful definition of reflection:

“Reflection is the process of intentionally focusing one’s attention on a particular content; observing and clarifying this focus; and using other knowledge and cognitive processes (such as self-questioning, logical analysis and problem-solving) to make meaningful links.”

The benefits of reflection carry across to the learning process found within educational environments. It forms the second of the following four-stage model used by coaches engaging with students to understand the learning process (Adams, 2016):

  • Attending to and focusing on the relevant features of their experience
  • Actively reflecting on their experience
  • Extracting learning from that experience
  • Planning how to create new ways of behaving in response to the learning

Reflection and learning are also highly applicable outside of school.

While reflection is vital to self-awareness and healing for clients, it is also a powerful and insightful tool for therapists.

Mental health professionals must be self-aware and cognizant of the skills they are using, because “in no other profession does the personality and behavior of the professional make such difference as it does in counseling” (Meier & Davis, 1997).

The following questions can be helpful for new and existing counselors and their clients to increase self-awareness and knowledge of counseling techniques (modified from Bennett-Levy et al., 2009):

  • Observe the experience (such as the session or intervention). How did I feel? What did I notice?
  • Clarify the experience. What did I learn? Was it helpful? What did not change?

The following two points are more applicable for therapists:

  • Implications of the experience for clinical practice What are the implications for and impacts on one-to-one therapy, supervision, consultation, etc.?
  • Implications of the experience for how I see myself as a therapist What are the implications of this experience for my understanding of cognitive therapy and theory?

Considering each question in turn can provide insights that encourage greater knowledge of the therapeutic process and promote lessons to take forward to future sessions.

Self-reflection skills

Asking appropriate questions is a crucial aspect of reflection and central to deeper, long-lasting learning (Aronson, 2011; Adams, 2016).

Reflection questions for students

The following three sets of questions promote reflection in students by considering academic performance (modified from ones used by the Colorado Department of Education ):

Reflective Questions for personal academic performance

These Reflective Questions  prompt the student to think about what they are learning, why they are learning, and how they can improve the overall process.

The student answers the first question regarding what they have been learning and then selects a sample of other questions to prompt reflection.

They then complete the last column with their thoughts for later review by themselves or a therapist, coach, or counselor.

A sample of the questions includes:

What have you been learning about (today, this week, or this semester)? Why do you think these objectives and this subject are important? Did you give your best effort on your most recent assignment?

Reflective Metacognition Questions for students

Reflective Metacognition Questions help students reflect on how and what they think .

The questions are grouped under the following subsections and can be answered individually, in pairs, or as a group exercise, with a summary of the answers placed in the final column.

  • Reflection and collaboration
  • Self-reflection

Example questions include:

What are your thoughts about what was said? Are there any other similar answers or alternative answers? Why do you think this answer is true?

Reflection Questions in Therapy

Reflection is an essential part of therapy.

Using the Reflective Questions in Therapy worksheet, the therapist can encourage and facilitate the process of reflection in the client, such as (Bennett-Levy et al., 2009):

What do I wish people better understood about me? What behaviors and beliefs do I want to let go of? Have I been receiving enough support this year?

reflective diaries examples

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These detailed, science-based exercises will equip you to help others create a kinder and more nurturing relationship with themselves.

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During CBT and other therapies, the client is often given a workbook or journal to capture reflections on the practice or skills they develop as they progress through treatment.

Reflection reinforces learning within the sessions and, more importantly, leads to deeper insights between sessions (Bennett-Levy et al., 2009).

Learning From My Past

The Reflections on Learning From My Past worksheet helps the client capture and reflect on an event from their past and consider how different behavior may have led to an alternate outcome.

The client is asked a series of questions about the incident, such as:

What happened or what was the event? How did it make you feel? How did you handle it?

Self-Reflection Behavior Review

At the end of the year or looking back on the client’s life, it can help to look for patterns in behavior.

The Self-Reflection Behavior Review worksheet is a valuable way to summarize events and see the recurring traps into which the client falls.

The summary provides a valuable talking point during therapy sessions and can be referred to later in order to assess how behavior has changed and improved.

It asks the client to consider:

Do you see a pattern in your behavior? How could you act differently in the future? What situations should you try to avoid?

Who Am I Self-Reflection

In life, we are often so busy with everyday tasks that we forget to take stock of who we are, what we are good at, and what is important to us.

Clients or students can use the Who Am I Self-Reflection worksheet to think about what they are good at, what significant challenges they have been confronted with, and what inspires them.

Some questions to consider include:

Think of something significant that went wrong. What did I learn from it? What am I passionate about? What do I love most about myself?

Student Work Reflection

Students can help their existing and future learning by thinking about how they are approaching their work and using metacognitive skills to drive future improvements (Adams, 2016).

The Student Work Reflection is a set of simple repeating questions to consider how they approach each task in school.

It asks the student to consider:

How could I improve? What am I still working on? What am I most proud of?

Reflection on Group Activities

Reflection is equally important in group tasks as in individual tasks. The Reflection on Group Activities  is for an educational or therapy setting to assess the success and learnings from a group activity.

Working individually or in groups, students can answer questions such as:

What went well? What did not go well? What could we try next time?

Reflection journal

As an intervention, it is a creative way to engage clients in a therapeutic activity, increasing self-awareness  and personal growth.

It can be helpful to capture some of the key events of the day. The act of writing what happened and reviewing it later can be insightful and help you recognize positive and negative patterns in your behavior.

Daily Reflection of Feelings

Use the Daily Reflection of Feelings journal with the client to record how their day went and capture the feelings they experienced.

Questions include:

What was the best part of the day? What would you change about the day if you could? What are you looking forward to tomorrow?

Daily Reflection of Behavior

Clients and therapists can benefit from reviewing significant events that occurred between sessions.

Use the Daily Reflection of Behavior  journal with clients to capture daily behaviors that were unexpected or parts of habits that the client wishes to change.

What happened? How did I behave? Why did it happen?

How to start a creative journal – Johanna Clough

Several techniques can encourage the process of reflection in clients and students.

  • DARN The DARN acronym forms an important aspect of motivational interviewing . With the use of evocative change questions, the client is invited to engage in reflection to consider the change, including:

Desire questions – What I would like, wish, or want to do? Ability questions – Capturing the idea that change is possible. Reasons questions – Recognizing the reasons for change. Need questions – Identifying the urgency of the change.

  • OARS OARS is another acronym important to the process of motivational interviewing to elicit change talk through the use of the following:

Open questions encourage the client to talk. Affirmations include statements of understanding and offers of support. Reflections  capture and rephrase what the client has said Summarizing provides a check-in with the client by summarizing what has been said.

OARS encourages reflection in both the therapist and the client.

  • Socratic questioning Observing and taking part in Socratic questioning can be a valuable opportunity to learn about the process of encouraging reflection in others and in oneself.

Consider the five questions:

What happened? When did it happen? Where did it happen? Why did it happen? How did it happen?

Your life as a play

Try out the following three activities with clients or students.

Your life as a play

You can carry out this reflective exercise in small groups of three or four people.

Ask each person to describe their ideal life in three acts, as though it were a play.

What past dreams were achieved? What is the present (good and bad)? What is your ideal future?

Share with the group, discussing each of the acts, adding humorous insights along the way. End with your positive view of how the future might look.

Shield of honor

This activity is ideal for reflection in multiple small groups.

Ask each group to create a shield out of a large piece of paper.

Divide the paper into four equal rectangles, representing:

  • Skills and abilities they offer
  • Skills and abilities they need to improve
  • Frustrations
  • What they are proud of

Tell the group they are only allowed to use drawings and pictures – no words.

After 20 minutes, ask each group to share what they have created.

Reflection on communication

Individuals are grouped into pairs and asked to sit back-to-back.

One person is given either a pen and paper or building blocks and asked to create a novel design.

Ask them to describe what it looks like, while the other person attempts to recreate the design on their side.

Once finished, the two can compare what they have created and discuss the communication process.

Throughout this post, we’ve discussed the importance of clarifying wants, behavior patterns, and forces of motivation to better understand what brings meaning throughout one’s life. To this end, we invite you to check out our free Meaning & Valued Living Exercises Pack .

This pack features three of our top tools from the Positive Psychology Toolkit©, all of which center on the theme of values-based living:

  • The Top 5 Values This exercise draws on key principles of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy to help clients begin brainstorming their values. Following this, clients will then prioritize these values in a list to identify those most central to who they are.
  • Self-Eulogy This exercise invites clients to consider how they’d like to be remembered at their funeral as a means to identify and clarify values. Based on this, they can then consider how well they are living in alignment with these values.
  • The Scoreboard Metaphor This exercise helps clients recognize how to enact their values through goal-setting. In particular, it draws on the metaphor of a basketball game to illustrate how living into one’s values is an ongoing process and that the paths by which we pursue our goals are opportunities to enact our values in daily life.

You can access all three exercises for free by downloading our Meaning & Valued Living Exercises Pack .

Additionally, if you’re looking for further reading on the topic of self-reflection, be sure to check out our blog post featuring ten book recommendations .

Reflection engages clients and students in the process of analyzing, questioning, and reframing an experience. It encourages individuals or groups to learn and improve, and promotes deeper, longer lasting learning (Aronson, 2011).

Within therapy and coaching, reflection can help individuals manage their feelings (such as anxiety or self-doubt) and recognize how their behavior affects others (Fisher et al., 2015).

In an educational setting, research shows that questions and exercises prompt learners to improve core competencies (Aronson, 2011).

In any environment, reflection involves metacognition. Individuals must step outside of their existing cognition to think about their thinking . It is a skill that is best learned through practice.

Therapists, coaches, counselors, and teachers can help by prompting the client or class to consider what they have learned, what has gone well (and hasn’t), and what they could have done differently.

The takeaways from reflection can change a person’s view of what has already happened and influence how they behave in the future.

The exercises and questions within this article will engage others, promoting the reflective process and offering deeper understanding and tools for future learning.

We hope you enjoyed reading this article. Don’t forget to download our three Meaning and Valued Living Exercises for free .

  • Adams, M. (2016). Coaching psychology in schools: Enhancing performance, development and wellbeing . Routledge.
  • Aronson, L. (2011). Twelve tips for teaching reflection at all levels of medical education. Medical Teacher , 33 (3), 200–205.
  • Bennett-Levy, J., Thwaites, R., Chaddock, A., & Davis, M. (2009). Reflective practice in cognitive behavioural therapy: The engine of lifelong learning. In J. Stedmon & R. Dallos (Eds.), Reflective practice in psychotherapy and counselling (pp. 115–35). Open University Press.
  • Fisher, P., Chew, K., & Leow, Y. J. (2015). Clinical psychologists’ use of reflection and reflective practice within clinical work. Reflective Practice , 16 (6), 731–743.
  • Hayman, B., Wilkes, L., & Jackson, D. (2012). Journaling: Identification of challenges and reflection on strategies. Nurse Researcher , 19 (3), 27–31.
  • Meier, S., & Davis, S. (1997). The Elements of Counselling . Brooks/Cole.

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Reflective Journal: How to Write One and Prompts

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Reflective Journal: How to Write One and Prompts

Keeping a reflective journal is one of the most common ways of keeping a diary. Many people use it to write about their experiences, impressions, feelings, or doubts, and that’s exactly what reflecting is all about: gaining an insight into your inner life.

What is a Reflective Journal?

Imagine this: you’re out having dinner with your partner. Suddenly, they propose moving in together when you least expect it. How do you react?

Perhaps there’s a smile on your face — you’re happy to take your relationship to the next level. But, you also notice that your palms are suddenly sweaty and you’re simply not ready to just scream: ‘yes!’.

Reactions like these are normal. Moving in with someone, apart from being amazing, is also scary, complicated, and new. Just like many other situations life has to offer.

Keeping a reflective journal can be extremely helpful in situations like these.

All you need is a little time to yourself, just 5 minutes of focus, and an open mind. A self-reflective journal can help you gain a deeper understanding of certain situations in your life, untangle complex emotions, and make better decisions.

A reflective journal can be a curated notebook with various reflective journal prompts, or you can use a simple blank notebook to freely express what’s on your mind. What’s important is that you’re honest and open-minded when approaching your reflective journal.

In this article, we would like to tell you more about this amazing practice and give you some tips on how you can keep a reflective journal.

Why Keeping a Reflective Journal is Good for You

Expressive writing is one of the most efficient ways to combat stress, right after talking to someone you’re close with. Journaling about life events, feelings, insights, and relationships can have a tremendous positive impact on both your mental and physical health.

A large body of research shows that journaling can improve our immune system response , clarify our thoughts, improve our relationships with others, help us stay well-organized, and bring many more positive changes to our lives.

Whether you choose to reflect on what’s burdening you deeply, or how grateful you are for everything that’s good about your life, either way, you’re doing yourself a favor.

According to Dr. Mark Dinwoodie, practicing reflection has a number of benefits that might help you be a better person:

  • Helps you gain deeper insights into your thought processes and actions;
  • Brings you closer to making significant changes in your life;
  • Helps you build a different approach to problems.

If you’d like to find out more about why expressive writing about your life is good for you feel free to check out our article about the benefits of journaling.

How to Write a Reflective Journal

There are no clear rules on how to write a reflective journal , but there are some useful guidelines you can follow to benefit the most from this activity.

If you’re a fan of expressive writing, that’s great, as reflective journaling requires you to document situations that happen in your life. It’s sort of a critical dialogue that you’re having with yourself, only in written form.

One thing to avoid when approaching your reflective journal is obsessing over your use of language or phrasing. This kind of restrictive behavior can be uninspiring and push you away from journaling. Your self-reflective journal is for your eyes only, so you can talk gibberish, be pathetic, or tell bad jokes as much as you like!

Reflective Journal Tips

Reflective Journal

Here’s a short list of tips to help you get started with your reflective journal.

Keep it close: this doesn’t mean you have to carry it around everywhere if you don’t feel like doing so, but in order to get into the habit of journaling, it should be with you most of the time. Imagine thinking of something important to add to your journal while riding a train from one city to another. It’s hard to believe that you’d be able to hold on to that thought until you come home. That’s why it pays off to have your journal with you, or at least an online one that’s accessible from your phone.

Build a habit: journaling every now and then is okay, but if you really want to feel its benefits, you need to make it into a daily habit. Make sure to fill out your journal regularly, even when you’re not inspired. Building a habit is not easy, but luckily, there are some helpful tools: mobile reminders or alarms. After a while, you’ll be surprised by how much you have to share with your diary even when nothing big is going on.

Engage deeply: in order to be able to reflect properly, you need to be deeply engaged in the journaling process. Consider turning off your mobile phone for a while, so you can fully commit to it. Describe the situation in detail, as that’s how you warm up for reflection.

Appreciate small wins: it’s not necessary to have a profound life-changing experience every time you finish an entry. Also, you don’t have to spend an hour or two filling out your reflective journal, as sometimes 10-15 minutes is enough. According to psychologist and researcher Teresa Amabile, the highest driver of positive emotions is making progress with the tasks at hand. Small steps lead to big revelations.

Review: after finishing a reflective journal entry, processing that specific situation is not over. It’s recommended that you return to it after a while, and re-contemplate it. Do you feel any different? Do you have something to add? Did you learn something meaningful?

Effective Reflecting

Now you know how to approach writing in your reflective journal, but how do you actually reflect on things?

Again, there are no special rules, and no one can tell you that your thoughts and insights over a certain situation are not a reflection. However, when it comes to self-improvement, we can always do better, so let’s see what the experts have to say.

According to Donald Schon , reflective practice can take two forms:

  • Reflection-in-action
  • Reflection-on-action

Reflection-in-action happens while participating in a certain activity. It’s a cognitive habit of observing our thought processes in-action, and adapting them according to the situation. Reflection in-action means to analyze the situation, be aware of our presumptions, and understand the problem we’re facing. In Schon’s words, it's a ‘ conversation with a situation’ .

Here are some examples:

  • Thinking about your experience in a given moment;
  • Thinking what to do next;
  • Making presumptions about another person’s feelings;
  • Acting in the moment;
  • Defining your feelings on the run.

Reflection-on-action usually happens once the activity is done. It’s based on what you can remember about the situation. First, you need to explore your memory and try to remember as much as you can. Then, you try to understand the event more deeply and learn a valuable lesson from it.

Examples of reflection-on-action:

  • Recalling the details of a specific event;
  • Thinking about various solutions to it;
  • Thinking how that event has affected various areas of your life;
  • Defining your emotions over that certain event.

Keeping a reflective journal is practicing reflection-on-action. However, this practice is also considered to improve our reflection-in-action, as we become more and more sensitized to observing and identifying our emotional and mental states.

Besides Schon’s, there are other ways to approach the process of reflection. Yes, we can always reflect on past situations, journal about them, and rethink them multiple times. We can also become increasingly self-aware and learn how to reflect while being present and engaged in a certain situation. However, sometimes we expect a situation to happen, and the process of reflection starts before the event.

So, another approach to efficient reflection is to reflect before, during, and after the experience.

For example, you’re preparing for a job interview. Today is Tuesday, your job interview is on Thursday. One part of your psychological preparation can be to reflect on your expectations from the situation.

Before the interview :

  • What could the interviewer ask you?
  • What’s the worst thing that could happen?
  • What are you going to wear and why?
  • How will you describe yourself?
  • How will you describe your previous experiences?

During the interview :

  • How are you feeling at the moment?
  • Is this job a good decision?
  • Are you as confident as you expected?
  • How do you like the interviewer?
  • How are you handling the challenges?
  • Is there anything more you can say?

After the interview:

  • Take your reflective journal and describe the situation from an emotional distance.
  • Would you do or say anything differently?
  • What did you learn from this job interview? How do you evaluate this experience?

Reflective Journal Prompts

If journaling is new to you (especially reflective journaling), you might find yourself sitting and staring at a blank page for hours. As they say—beginnings are the toughest.

This can become quite frustrating, and even impact your will to continue keeping a reflective journal. In order to prevent such outcomes, and boost your ideas and creativity, we’ve prepared a list of reflective journal prompts.

We’ve divided these prompts into four subsections, however, you are free to change or reorganize them however you like. The more creative you get—the better!

When you don't know where to start, it’s always best to start with yourself. A reflective journal is a great space to think about who you are and how you feel about yourself. Here are some examples:

  • What are the five traits that describe you the best? Why?
  • Can you recall any situations when you exhibited these traits?
  • What unique skills do you have? When and how do you use them?
  • Where do you see yourself in a year/5 years/a decade?
  • What kind of person would you like to be?
  • How are you going to become such a person?
  • What do you value the most? Why? How did you gain those values?
  • What makes you happy? When was the last time you were happy? Get into details.
  • What do you fear the most? Why?
  • What’s an ideal gift for you? Why?
  • What are you looking forward to?
  • What makes you sad? Or angry?

Things that Happen to You

This category of prompts is probably the broadest, as it encompasses all of your experiences. You can dig through your personal history and reflect on your childhood, first sex, first refusal, or last week’s events.

  • In what ways have you grown throughout the last year?
  • What were some key events that happened last month?
  • Which memory do you cherish the most?
  • What is your least favorite memory?
  • What’s your first memory?
  • What was your day like? How did that business meeting/interview/date/road trip go?

Relationships

One of the most important aspects of our existence are other people. Relationships with other human beings encompass and define our reality, so they definitely should be a part of your reflective journaling. Here are some relationships prompts:

  • Name the 3 most important relationships in your life. Try to explain why they are so important.
  • Is there a person in your life on whom you’ve had a major impact, or who had a major impact on yours? In what way? Describe.
  • Who is your best friend? What are their top 3 qualities that you cherish? Why?
  • What qualities are important to you in a loving relationship?
  • What are the most important lessons you learned from your previous relationship with someone?
  • Are there any rituals or traditions that your family has? Try to think about their meaning.
  • What do you love the most about your parents? Why?
  • What values do your parents have that you feel aren’t aligned with your values? Why?
  • What do you think about the society you live in? What do you find good or empowering about it, and what do you dislike?

Things You Believe In

These are a bit more abstract, but always valuable to think about. Every human being sticks to a ton of explicit and implicit beliefs about themselves, the world, other people, nature, space, or religion. Exploring these can tell you a lot of things about yourself that you never thought about before!

  • What do you see as the most important invention for humankind? Why?
  • Do you believe in destiny or miracles? Are there any personal examples that support your beliefs?
  • Do you think that we’re alone in the universe? Or you believe there are other forms of life somewhere out there? How does the idea of (not) being alone in the universe make you feel?
  • Are you spiritual? If yes, in what way?

Reflective Journal

As you can see from this article, reflective journaling is a kind of self-therapy in a way. The only thing that could happen if you practice it is your personal growth. At first, your entries may seem more chaotic, but it doesn’t matter—they’re yours.

If you’re interested in finding out more about journaling—you’re at the right place. There are so many types of journals you could keep apart from the reflective journal. If you’d like to find out more about the various types of journals to keep , pay a visit to our blog and dive into the magnificent world of journaling .

  • Center for Innovative Teaching and Learning
  • Instructional Guide
  • Reflective Journals and Learning Logs

Reflective journals are personal records of students’ learning experiences. Students typically are asked by their instructors to record learning-related incidents, sometimes during the learning process but more often just after they occur. Entries in journals and learning logs can be prompted by questions about course content, assignments, exams, students’ own ideas or students’ thought processes about what happened in a particular class period. Journals and learning logs are then submitted to the instructor for feedback. Both paper-based and online journals or logs can be turned in before or after each class period or at any other designated time.

A student’s writing style for journals and logs can be informal and sometimes inappropriate. However, to help students learn more about a particular subject or content, you can require students to write more formal entries using correct terminology, facts, and connections to course content. Consider providing guidelines and/or rules to help students write meaningful and authentic journals or logs.

Journals have long been used in exploratory writing activities but also can benefit the student beyond learning how to write. As with any instructional or learning activity, selecting to use reflective journals or learning logs as part of a course should fit your teaching style and also connect with the course learning goals and objectives (Bean, 1996). Because it takes time for students to write in their reflective journals or learning logs, so too, it will take time for you to read and respond.

Journals have long been used in exploratory writing activities but also can benefit the student beyond learning how to write.

The literature is not consistent in defining the differences between reflective journals and learning logs. One may be considered less personal than the other; one might incorporate more instructor prompts and questions while the other might be more student-driven. “Journals often focus subjectively on personal experiences, reactions, and reflections while learning logs are more documentary records of students’ work process (what they are doing), their accomplishments, ideas, or questions” (Equipped for the Future, 2004). However, there is evidence that the art of reflection can help boost students’ critical thinking skills, encourage students to think about their own thinking (meta-cognition), and help students prepare for assignments and examinations (Homik, M. & Melis, E., 2007; Johnson, S., n.d.; RMIT, 2006).

…reflection can help boost students’ critical thinking skills, encourage students to think about their own thinking (meta-cognition), and help students prepare for assignments and examinations…

Types of Reflections

Journals and learning logs can be used to reflect on a range of issues and situations from numerous viewpoints and perspectives (RMIT, 2006). RMIT (2006) lists six types of reflections. The following descriptions depict a reflection on university student groups and drinking. Possible student comments are in italics.

Observations

At this stage a student would write about what they actually saw or their viewpoint on a particular event. For example , At the pre-game parties outside the stadium I saw student groups guzzling buckets of beer.  

Upon reflection, the student could ask the question, Why do the all of the student groups drink together at football games but don’t seem to get along when they don’t drink?                              

Speculations

After thinking about the situation, the student could reflect, Maybe it’s possible that that student groups drink because it’s easier to socialize that way. Or, maybe they think that they have to drink because everyone else does!

Self-awareness

At this point a student may place himself or herself in the situation by considering the ramifications. I really don’t think I need to drink to be able to socialize with my friends and think we would get into trouble if we decided to drink as much as the groups do.

Integration of theory and ideas

By reflecting on theories or ideas about cultural norms the student has connected the experience with what he or she has learned. The student might write, Social norm theory explains that particular group members think other group members drink more than their group does.

This is where the student may self-reflect on or “critique” the situation by writing, I can now reflect on my own drinking experiences to see if I really drink because my friends do.

By reflecting on theories or ideas about cultural norms the student has connected the experience with what he or she has learned.

Reflecting is a cyclical process, where recording ones thoughts (reflecting) “leads to improvement and/or insight” (RMIT, 2006). Improvement could mean progress, development, growth, maturity, enhancement, or any number of words which could imply change. In education, we want students to change for the better, to grow while learning and to mature into knowledgeable adults. Recording what has happened, reflecting on processes and analyzing to improve deeper learning all can lead to new dimensions of students’ inner selves.

There are a number of stages through which students progress when writing reflective journals or learning logs. Each source outlines the stage or process somewhat differently yet with a similar approach. The essence of these models is presented below as the fundamental method of reflective journal and learning log entries. Note that each of the items below could be modified to fit a personal situation (for the reflective journal) or a learning environment/situation (for the learning log).

Method of Creating Reflective Journals and Learning Logs

It is suggested that students capture all formal and informal events which will prove useful when the time comes to return to the reflective journal or learning log for review. Students should focus on the areas which pose the most problems or difficulty in addition to those which are less problematic. Key to reflective journals and learning logs is to see progression over a period of time and to “gain a sense of achievement” (Dalhousie University, n.d.).

Key to reflective journals and learning logs is to see progression over a period of time and to “gain a sense of achievement.”

Write, record

  • Describe the situation (the course, the context)
  • Who was involved with the situation?
  • What did they have to do with the situation?

Reflect, think about

  • What are your reactions?
  • What are your feelings?
  • What are the good and the bad aspects of the situation?
  • What you have learned?

Analyze, explain, gain insight

  • What was really going on?
  • What sense can you make of the situation?
  • Can you integrate theory into the experience/situation?
  • Can you demonstrate an improved awareness and self-development because of the situation?

Conclusions

  • What can be concluded in a general and specific sense from this situation/experience and the analyses you have undertaken?

Personal action plan

  • What are you going to do differently in this type of situation next time?
  • What steps are you going to take on the basis of what you have learned?”

(Sources include: Homik, M. & Melis, E., 2007; Johnson, S., n.d.; RMIT, 2006) 

Reflective journals and learning logs can be useful as a teaching and learning tool. Either format can be adopted in any discipline where you can determine what students are learning and in what areas they need assistance. Be open to read entries by students who might request feedback more often than scheduled.

Bean, J. C. (1996). Engaging ideas: The professor’s guide to integrating writing, critical thinking, and active learning in the classroom. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Equipped for the Future (2004). Teaching/Learning Toolkit. Learning logs. http://eff.cls.utk.edu/toolkit/tools_learning_logs.htm

Johnson, S. (n.d.) Faculty strategies for promoting student learning. http://www.csudh.edu/titlev/learninglog.htm

RMIT University, Study and Learning Centre, Melbourne, Australia (2006). Reflective journals. https://www.dlsweb.rmit.edu.au/lsu/content/2_AssessmentTasks/assess_tuts/reflective%20journal_LL/index.html

Selected Resources

Dalhousie University (n.d.). Learning logs. http://channelcontent.dal.ca/portfolio/r_learnlogs.html

Paskevicius, M (n.d.). Conversations in the cloud: The use of blogs to support learning in higher education. https://bluelightdistrict.org/assets/SharedBlogs_2010_v5-completeFinal.doc

Writing to learn learning logs (n.d.). http://www.wku.edu/3kinds/mfllmpg.html#Independent%20Study

Creative Commons License

Suggested citation

Northern Illinois University Center for Innovative Teaching and Learning. (2012). Reflective journals and learning logs. In Instructional guide for university faculty and teaching assistants. Retrieved from https://www.niu.edu/citl/resources/guides/instructional-guide

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  • Journal Types
  • Reflective Journal

What is a Reflective Journal?

A reflective journal is a place to write down your daily reflection entries . It can be something good or bad that has happened to you that you can self-reflect on and learn from past experiences.

A reflective journal can help you to identify important learning events that had happened in your life. The events include your relationships, careers and personal life. By writing a reflective diary , you can find the source of your inspiration that defines you today. A reflective journal also provides a better understanding of your thought process.

Reasons to Write a Reflective Journal

  • To understand the things that have happened.
  • To reflect on why it happened this way.
  • To align future actions with your values and lessons learned from your past experiences.
  • To share and get your thoughts and ideas out of your head.

How to Reflect Effectively

According to Schön, there are two types of reflection, one during and one after an activity or event.

Reflection In-Action

When you are thinking about or reflecting while you are in an activity, you are using reflection in-action. Some reflection include:

  • Experiencing
  • Thinking on your feet
  • Thinking about what to do next
  • Acting straight away

Reflection On-Action

You can do reflect-on-action once the activity has finished based on what you can remember about it. Step back into the experience, explore your memory and retrieve what you can recall. Reflect and understand what has happened and draw lessons from the experience.

  • Thinking about something that has happened
  • Thinking what you would do differently next time
  • Taking your time

Examples to Reflect Effectively

Before the experience.

  • Think about the things that could have happened.
  • What are the things that you feel might be a challenge?
  • The things that you can do to prepare for these experiences.

During the Experience

  • Observe what is happening at the moment, as you make a particular decision.
  • Is it working out as expected? Are you dealing with the challenges well?
  • Is there anything you should do, say or think to make the experience successful?

After the Experience

  • Describe your thoughts immediately after, and/or later when you have more emotional distance from the event.
  • Is there anything you would do differently before or during a similar event?
  • What are the takeaways from this experience/lesson?

How to Write Reflectively

Use the three "W"s to write reflectively. The three "W"s are What , So What and What next .

What (Description)

Recall an event and write it down descriptively.

  • What happened?
  • Who was involved?

So what? (Interpretation)

Take a few minutes to reflect and interpret the event.

  • What is most important / interesting / relevant / useful aspect of the event, idea or situation?
  • How can it be explained?
  • How is it similar to/different from others?

What's next? (Outcome)

Conclude what you can learn from the event and how you can apply it next time.

  • What have I learned?
  • How can it be applied in the future?

Reflective Journal Prompts

Side view of young woman is writing in notebook.

Here are the 10 writing prompts to guide you in self-reflection and self-discovery.

  • What makes you unique?
  • Name someone that means a lot to you and why?
  • Write a letter to your younger self.
  • What is something you can do to focus more on your health and well-being?
  • What makes you feel at peace?
  • List 10 things that make you smile.
  • What does it mean to live authentically?
  • What is your favourite animal, and why?
  • How do you maintain your physical/mental health? What can you do to improve the methods of recovery?
  • List the things that you want to achieve this week.

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Your guide to understanding and starting a diary of your own

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Simple and effective templates to help you start writing and reflecting

Ideas for Journals

Focus on the positive things in your live.

Write one line a day for the next five years.

A bible journal is one that holds your thoughts and reflections after a religion class and feelings that concerns life.

Record your dreams on a regular basis and keep track of the dream's themes and patterns.

Document your adventures, road trips, places that you have visited, and discoveries that you made along the way.

A self-reflective journal helps you to create your life with intention.

Cultivating inner strength and resilience using stoic journal.

Write a personalized experience of your pregnancy journey.

Equip yourself with on a journey towards improving your sleep

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A guide to starting your very own school diary

Keep a log of all your daily meals to ensure a balanced nature diet.

Get motivated, organized and productive by journaling

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Reflection Toolkit

Structure of academic reflections

Guidance on the structure of academic reflections.

Academic reflections or reflective writing completed for assessment often require a clear structure. Contrary to some people’s belief, reflection is not just a personal diary talking about your day and your feelings.

Both the language and the structure are important for academic reflective writing. For the structure you want to mirror an academic essay closely. You want an introduction, a main body, and a conclusion.

Academic reflection will require you to both describe the context, analyse it, and make conclusions. However, there is not one set of rules for the proportion of your reflection that should be spent describing the context, and what proportion should be spent on analysing and concluding. That being said, as learning tends to happen when analysing and synthesising rather than describing, a good rule of thumb is to describe just enough such that the reader understands your context.

Example structure for academic reflections

Below is an example of how you might structure an academic reflection if you were given no other guidance and what each section might contain.  Remember this is only a suggestion and you must consider what is appropriate for the task at hand and for you yourself.

Introduction

Identifies and introduces your experience or learning

  • This can be a critical incident
  • This can be the reflective prompt you were given
  • A particular learning you have gained

When structuring your academic reflections it might make sense to start with what you have learned and then use the main body to evidence that learning, using specific experiences and events. Alternatively, start with the event and build up your argument. This is a question of personal preference – if you aren’t given explicit guidance you can ask the assessor if they have a preference, however both can work.

Highlights why it was important

  • This can be suggesting why this event was important for the learning you gained
  • This can be why the learning you gained will benefit you or why you appreciate it in your context

You might find that it is not natural to highlight the importance of an event before you have developed your argument for what you gained from it. It can be okay not to explicitly state the importance in the introduction, but leave it to develop throughout your reflection.

Outline key themes that will appear in the reflection (optional – but particularly relevant when answering a reflective prompt or essay)

  • This can be an introduction to your argument, introducing the elements that you will explore, or that builds to the learning you have already gained.

This might not make sense if you are reflecting on a particular experience, but is extremely valuable if you are answering a reflective prompt or writing an essay that includes multiple learning points. A type of prompt or question that could particularly benefit from this would be ‘Reflect on how the skills and theory within this course have helped you meet the benchmark statements of your degree’

It can be helpful to explore one theme/learning per paragraph.

Explore experiences

  • You should highlight and explore the experience you introduced in the introduction
  • If you are building toward answering a reflective prompt, explore each relevant experience.

As reflection is centred around an individual’s personal experience, it is very important to make experiences a main component of reflection. This does not mean that the majority of the reflective piece should be on describing an event – in fact you should only describe enough such that the reader can follow your analysis.

Analyse and synthesise

  • You should analyse each of your experiences and from them synthesise new learning

Depending on the requirements of the assessment, you may need to use theoretical literature in your analysis. Theoretical literature is a part of perspective taking which is relevant for reflection, and will happen as a part of your analysis.  

Restate or state your learning

  • Make a conclusion based on your analysis and synthesis.
  • If you have many themes in your reflection, it can be helpful to restate them here.

Plan for the future

  • Highlight and discuss how your new-found learnings will influence your future practice

Answer the question or prompt (if applicable)

  • If you are answering an essay question or reflective prompt, make sure that your conclusion provides a succinct response using your main body as evidence.  

Using a reflective model to structure academic reflections

You might recognise that most reflective models mirror this structure; that is why a lot of the reflective models can be really useful to structure reflective assignments. Models are naturally structured to focus on a single experience – if the assignment requires you to focus on multiple experiences, it can be helpful to simply repeat each step of a model for each experience.

One difference between the structure of reflective writing and the structure of models is that sometimes you may choose to present your learning in the introduction of a piece of writing, whereas models (given that they support working through the reflective process) will have learning appearing at later stages.

However, generally structuring a piece of academic writing around a reflective model will ensure that it involves the correct components, reads coherently and logically, as well as having an appropriate structure.

Reflective journals/diaries/blogs and other pieces of assessed reflection

The example structure above works particularly well for formal assignments such as reflective essays and reports.  Reflective journal/blogs and other pieces of assessed reflections tend to be less formal both in language and structure, however you can easily adapt the structure for journals and other reflective assignments if you find that helpful.

That is, if you are asked to produce a reflective journal with multiple entries it will most often (always check with the person who issued the assignment) be a successful journal if each entry mirrors the structure above and the language highlighted in the section on academic language. However, often you can be less concerned with form when producing reflective journals/diaries.

When producing reflective journals, it is often okay to include your original reflection as long as you are comfortable with sharing the content with others, and that the information included is not too personal for an assessor to read.

Developed from:

Ryan, M., 2011. Improving reflective writing in higher education: a social semiotic perspective. Teaching in Higher Education, 16(1), 99-111.

University of Portsmouth, Department for Curriculum and Quality Enhancement (date unavailable). Reflective Writing: a basic introduction [online].  Portsmouth: University of Portsmouth.

Queen Margaret University, Effective Learning Service (date unavailable).  Reflection. [online].  Edinburgh: Queen Margaret University.

The power of reflective diaries as an evaluation tool

The popularity of reflective practice is growing, with the use of mentoring, workshops and diaries becoming commonplace.

Reflection is used to promote learning and greater independence in learning by bringing learning itself to consciousness and making it explicit (Watkins, 2001).

Reflection is a core part of teaching and learning, and can be used to make the learner more aware of their professional knowledge and how they use that knowledge. Historically reflective practice has been embedded in courses that are typically considered practical, like professional degrees in nursing or initial teacher training. As it has been embedded in different disciplines, reflective practice has various interpretations and intellectual traditions depending on the subject discipline (Fook et al, 2006). Broadly, within Higher Education reflective practice is commonly defined as learning through and from experience towards gaining new insights of self and practice (Finlay, 2008). Indeed, reflective practice is often used to evidence professional development (General Medical Council, 2009).

In terms of Advance HE Fellowship , for example, it is important that individuals reflect on their practice when they are writing an application, especially to draw out their effectiveness. We often hear that some individuals don’t like the term ‘reflection’ or say they can’t ‘reflect’ or there are certain disciplines that don’t reflect and even some languages where reflection can’t easily be translated.  In the guidance for applicants, therefore, we explain a simple reflective model to help them develop their narrative:

  • What you did (specific examples drawn from your practice)
  • Why you did it in this way (your approach and your choices and decisions)
  • How you carried out this approach (e.g. including any specific challenges or practical issues you had to overcome)
  • How you evaluated the effectiveness of what you did (the kinds of ‘information’ you used to review and evaluate your work including the impact this had on your learners’ learning)
  • What changes you made as a result of evaluating your effectiveness (for example, you might have modified a session in response to learner/ peer feedback and then evaluated the effectiveness of the change you implemented).

This simple model is means of supporting individuals to ‘think’ about their practice in a structured way as opposed to just describing what they do. This model enables applicants to draw out their effectiveness which is key in the new PSF . This process will also support how individuals apply one of the dimensions criteria (critical evaluation) as a basis for effective practice.

A tool to support reflection is reflective diaries.

What does a reflective diary look like?

As part of a training programme, attendees would be asked to reflect weekly on their learning and actions that week. A common misunderstanding about reflection is that it is simply sharing feelings or voicing opinions. Honestly, poor reflection can fit this description. To avoid this, prompts are used to guide the learners through the reflection process, which will support them in producing high-quality reflections. Prompts can be structured around: 1) the content; 2) the learning process; and 3) the value of their learning. Two prompts I like to use to encourage learners to think about the value of their learning are:

Do I feel that my time on this week has been well spent? If not, how could I have used my time more sensibly? Or should this week have been designed differently? Which parts of the week represent the time best spent? Which parts could be thought of as time wasted?

Overall, how has the training helped (or hindered) my motivation this week to learn more about [the topic]? Has it encouraged me, or disillusioned me?

With such broad and open prompts, learners may write or speak at length, therefore I advise putting a suggested word count or duration alongside each prompt.

Why should reflective diaries be used as an evaluation tool?

Reflective diaries can be a great tool to evaluate a teaching and learning initiative. Diaries can be written or spoken, and their efficacy has been well-established in research. Diaries provide longitudinal, real-time data that can be hard to access through other methods, like a one-off interview. Diary entries can provide a clear picture of learners’ activities and their experiences of those activities. Similarly, researchers’ reflective diaries are also commonly used to add an additional data point on the researchers’ positionality. However, as evaluation has a strong quantitative element, reflective diaries are underutilized.

The key benefit of using reflective diaries to evaluate learning and teaching is that by embedding the evaluation within the learning, the evaluation task is purposeful for the learner, whilst sharing valuable information about their learning with the evaluator. Thus reducing the burden of the evaluation on the learner.

This approach is particularly useful when evaluating a programme or activity that:

  • Involves fewer individuals (small n).
  • Is likely have an indirect impact on a longer-term goal through other factors (e.g. building confidence to improve career progression).
  • requires multiple strands of evaluation data to be pulled together, or to complement other evaluation activities.

Also by using reflective diaries as an evaluation tool the act of reflecting may consequently increase learner’s confidence in their learning. As reflective practice is strongly linked with increasing learners’ confidence in the material (McMahon & Hevey, 2017; Lestander et al., 2016), this is ideal if one of the learning objectives is to increase confidence.

Before I continue, it is important to note that consent from learners must be obtained to use learners’ reflective diaries as an evaluation tool.

How can a reflective diary be used in evaluation?

Reflective diaries can be used in several different parts of an evaluation. For example, entries can:

  • Illustrate the short-term (and implied long-term) impact of the training programme on the learner.
  • Provide a detailed account of the learner’s experience of the learning activities. This can form part of the process evaluation, about what went well in implementing or delivering the learning activities and what can be improved.
  • Inform the programme delivery team of what went well in the programme, where further support can be offered, and which areas of the programme could be improved.
  • Provide a narrative to support data on the effectiveness of the programme.
  • Illuminate the programme provider about whether learning strategies were implemented as planned.
  • Provide evidence of independent learning, and what provoked and inspired learners to further explore a topic.

In summary, reflective practice is an essential part of professional training, as it facilitates the linking between theory and practice and empowers learners to seek reasons behind their practices and beliefs. The insights that can be generated from reflective diaries are numerous, and importantly reflective diaries can be a pivotal tool in an evaluation of a training programme.

Learn more about how individuals have used the PSF to reflect on and improve their teaching practice.

Finlay, L (2008) Reflecting on ‘Reflective practice’. Practice-based Professional Learning Paper 52 , The Open University.

Fook, J, White, S and Gardner, F (2006) Critical reflection: a review of contemporary literature and understandings. In White, S, Fook, J, and Gardner, F (eds.) Critical reflection in health and social care . Maidenhead, Berks: Open University Press.

General Medical Council (2009)  Tomorrow’s Doctors.  GMC: London.

Lestander, O, Lehto, N and Engstrom, A (2016) Nursing students' perceptions of learning after high fidelity simulation: effects of a three-step post-simulation reflection model. Nurse Education Today , 40: 219–24.

McMahon, A, and Hevey, D (2017) "it has taken me a long time to get to this point of quiet confidence": what contributes to therapeutic confidence for clinical psychologists? Clinical Psychology, 21: 195–205.

Watkins, C. (2001). Learning about learning enhances performance . London, UK: Institute of Education School Improvement Network.

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How to Write a Reflective Diary?

Writing a reflective diary is a useful method of analyzing and evaluating experiences by focusing on the method of learning as well as the subject matter. Keeping a reflective diary or journal forces you to think more deeply and helps to provide a better understanding of a practice based learning experience and see the relationship between practice and theory more clearly. There is no one correct way how to write a reflective diary.

Contoh Reflective Diary Volunteerism

Unless you are told otherwise, the guidelines for how to write a reflective diary are not too strict. The following are some basic rules and guidelines for writing a reflective diary that should be kept in mind:

Basic Guidelines for Writing a Reflective Diary

reflective diaries examples

In general, guidelines are relatively loose as strict writing guidelines would defeat the purpose of reflective writing. Also, show that you understand what went wrong and how you plan to avoid making the same mistake again. Including only successes decreases the value of a reflective diary as a learning tool. Click and get to know some reflective facts .

A basic reflective diary sample above follows this reflective diary template as shown here:

  • Description of the experience/event
  • Describe what happened
  • Describe who and/or what was involved
  • Interpretation of the experience/event
  • What aspect of the experience/event was the most important? The most interesting? The most useful?
  • How can it be explained?
  • How is it similar to/different from others?
  • Outcome of the experience/event
  • What have I learned from this experience?
  • How can what I learned to be applied in the future?

There are many ways to structure reflective journals. For students keeping a diary/journal that will be submitted as an assignment, it is best to check with your instructor to see if there is a reflective journal structure they prefer.

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Readers' Questions

How to write reflective diary of teaching poerty?
To write a reflective diary about teaching poetry, follow these steps: Choose a specific period of time: Decide on the duration you want to reflect upon, such as a week, a unit, or a semester. Provide contextual information: Introduce the topic you taught, the grade level, specific learning goals, and any relevant details about the students you are teaching. Recount the lesson plans and activities: Describe the poetry lessons you conducted during the chosen timeframe. Outline the objectives, resources used, and the progression of activities. Reflect on students' engagement: Assess how well the students responded to the poetry lessons. Discuss whether they were engaged, attentive, and participated actively. Observe whether any specific strategies helped engage the students more effectively. Reflect on student progress: Consider whether students made progress in their understanding and appreciation of poetry. Analyze any improvements in their ability to analyze and interpret poems, identify literary devices, or express their thoughts creatively. Discuss challenges faced: Reflect on any difficulties or obstacles encountered during the poetry lessons. For instance, were there students who struggled more with understanding or expressing themselves? Did you encounter any classroom management issues? Analyze your teaching strategies: Evaluate the effectiveness of your instructional methods. Determine whether your approach fostered students' learning and development. Reflect on what worked well and what could be improved in future poetry lessons. Consider individual student needs: Reflect on whether individual students required additional support or different teaching strategies to engage with poetry effectively. Discuss any adaptations or modifications you made to meet their needs. Analyze student work and assessments: Review student work samples, such as poems they wrote or analyses they conducted. Reflect on the quality of their work, and analyze whether the teaching strategies employed helped them achieve the desired outcomes. Discuss personal growth and continuous learning: Reflect on your own growth as a teacher during the period. Consider what new insights or strategies you gained from teaching poetry. Identify any areas where you could further develop your skills in teaching poetry effectively. Plan for future improvements: Based on your reflections, outline strategies or changes you plan to implement to enhance future poetry lessons. Set specific goals for your teaching practice and for the students' learning outcomes. Remember, a reflective diary is a personal and subjective account, so be honest and open in your reflection. It helps you understand your strengths, weaknesses, and areas for growth, ultimately improving your teaching practice.
How to write a participation diary ina reflective writing?
Writing a participation diary as reflective writing involves capturing your thoughts, feelings, and experiences in a structured and thoughtful manner. Here's a step-by-step guide on how to write a participation diary: Read the instructions: Review the guidelines provided by your teacher or organization, which may include specific questions or prompts. Ensure you understand what is expected of your participation diary. Choose a format: Decide how you want to structure your diary entries. You can divide it into sections based on weeks, specific activities or events, or themes that emerge throughout your participation. Choose a format that allows you to organize your thoughts effectively. Be consistent: Set a regular schedule for writing in your diary. Whether it's daily, weekly, or after each significant event, try to maintain consistency. This will keep your reflections current and engaging. Reflect on your experiences: When writing, focus on personal reflection. Consider your thoughts, emotions, and reactions during events or activities. Reflect on both positive and negative aspects of your participation, making connections to relevant theories or concepts if applicable. Provide context: Start each diary entry with a brief description of the activity, event, or situation you are reflecting upon. This will provide context for readers, helping them understand the significance and your perspective on the experience. Ask reflective questions: Challenge yourself by asking reflective questions that deepen your understanding of your participation. For example, "How did I contribute to the group's success?" or "What areas could I improve upon for future participation?" Use a descriptive and detailed language: Write descriptively, using specific details to help readers visualize your experiences. Incorporate sensory details, dialogue, and any relevant observations to immerse readers in your reflections. Consider different perspectives: Think about the perspectives and experiences of others involved in the activity or event. How did your participation influence or interact with their experiences? Reflecting on multiple viewpoints will enhance your analysis. Assess your development: Reflect on any personal growth or changes that occurred during the period covered by your diary. Have your thoughts, opinions, or skills evolved? How has your participation shaped your understanding of the subject matter or the activity itself? Conclusion and planning: Conclude each diary entry by summarizing your overall experience, what you have learned, and any plans for further development or improvement. This helps in synthesizing your reflections and progressing towards continued growth. Proofread and revise: After completing your diary entry, make sure to proofread and revise for clarity, grammar, and coherence. Read it aloud to identify any areas that may require edits or improvements. Remember, reflective writing aims to delve into your thoughts, emotions, and experiences. Be honest, open, and critical in your reflections, allowing yourself to grow and learn from your participation.
How write reflective diary of music lessons in the secondary school?
Day 1 Today was my first music lesson in the secondary school. I was quite excited to get started with this new learning venture. During the lesson, we learned about different music styles and how to write music. We discussed the different instruments that can be used to create sound. I found this really interesting and enjoyed trying out the instruments. At the end of the lesson, I felt energised and inspired by the potential of music. Day 2 Today we started to look at composition and how to arrange music. We discussed the basics of writing a song and looked at some examples. I found this to be quite challenging but was glad to learn something new. I felt a sense of accomplishment after writing my first song. After the lesson, I felt excited and motivated to continue learning more about music. Day 3 Today we continued to explore music composition. We discussed the different elements of a song and experimented with creating different arrangements. I enjoyed being able to put my own spin on the songs and felt proud of my performance. I also learnt about some of the different genres of music and the different cultural influences that contribute to the sound. After the lesson, I felt a sense of joy and satisfaction from having learnt something new. Day 4 Today we looked at how to play instruments in an ensemble. We discussed how to work together to create a cohesive sound. We focused on listening to each other's parts and playing in time. I found this to be quite challenging but it was an incredibly rewarding experience. After the lesson, I felt confident in my ability to play in a group. Day 5 Today we discussed the importance of improvisation in music and had the chance to have a go ourselves. I found it quite difficult to come up with ideas on the spot, but I felt a sense of accomplishment once I had managed to create something. It felt great to have been able to take the lead in a piece of music. After the lesson, I felt inspired and energised by the potential of music.
How to set up a critical diary?
Choose a notebook or journal dedicated to your critical diary. If you prefer to type, create a folder on your computer for your entries. Create a list of topics to review on a regular basis. This can include books, films, music, lectures, TV shows, video games, and more. Create a plan for your critical diary. Choose how often you will review topics, what format your reviews will take, and what criteria you will use to judge them. Begin writing your reviews. Each entry should include a rating of the topic on a predetermined scale, a discussion of the elements you liked and disliked, and an overall evaluation. Track your reviews over time. This can help you identify trends in your preferences, recognize areas where your opinion has changed, and provide insight into what works for you and what does not.
How to write reflective dairy?
Begin by writing down key points you’d like to reflect on. Keep it brief and to the point. Reflecting on a few key points will ensure your reflective dairy entry is focused and concise. Choose a few positive and/or negative experiences you’d like to discuss. Reflecting on both positive and negative experiences can provide a comprehensive look into your life and help you acknowledge areas of growth and improvement. Describe the experience in detail. Including what happened, who was there, how you felt and any thoughts or opinions you had. Analyze the experience. Reflect on why and how the experience happened, what you learned from it, and how you would react differently (if possible) in the future. Close with a few affirmations. When you close your entries with affirmations, it helps to provide an emotional uplift. It can also provide clarity and help you focus on what matters to you.
What is a reflexive dairy?
A reflexive dairy is a form of self-reflection that involves writing about one's thoughts, experiences, and emotions on a daily basis. It is often used as a way to process and understand difficult situations and emotions in order to gain insight and self-awareness.
How to write a reflective diary health?
Day 1 Today, I started my journey to better health. I took a 30 minute walk around my neighborhood to get my body moving. I was surprised to find that I actually enjoyed it and felt great after. I enjoyed the fresh air and the new sights I took in. Day 2 Today, I took the time to plan out my meals for the week and make a grocery list. I paid attention to what I was eating, and made sure that I'm getting the nutrients I need to stay healthy. I also challenged myself to drink 8 glasses of water a day. Day 3 Today, I focused on making sure I was getting enough sleep. I tried to get to bed at a reasonable time and woke up feeling much more refreshed. Day 4 Today, I explored some different ways to practice mindfulness. I took the time to be in the moment and listen to my body. I felt more relaxed and focused by the end of the day. Day 5 Today, I challenged myself to try something new. I stepped out of my comfort zone and took a yoga class. Even though I was a bit nervous initially, I ended up really enjoying it. Day 6 Today, I spent some time journaling about my journey to health. I wrote down all my victories, thoughts and feelings throughout the week. Day 7 Today, I reflected on all the progress I've made this week. I felt proud of myself for being consistent and taking the time to focus on my health.
How to wriet an academic reflexive diary?
A reflexive diary is a useful tool for tracking, reflecting upon, and analyzing the progress of an academic project. In order to write an effective academic reflexive diary, it is important to consider the following steps: Choose an appropriate diary format – Consider whether you would like to use a daily journal, a weekly log, or a monthly calendar. It is important to choose a format that makes it easy for you to structure your thoughts, capture key insights, and provide analysis on a regular basis. Set goals – Before you begin writing your diary, set some specific goals or objectives that you want to accomplish as part of your project. This will ensure that you keep your entries focused and actionable. Write regularly – Set aside a specific time each day or week that you can devote to writing your diary. This will help to ensure that you stay on track with your project and make consistent progress. Reflect deeply – When writing your reflexive diary, aim to go beyond the facts and data to reflect upon your experiences and the key insights that you have gained. Be honest – Be honest with yourself and take the time to really think about the difficulties and successes that you have encountered. Being this open and honest with yourself will ultimately help you to identify areas for improvement and maximize your project’s success. Following these steps will help you to create an effective academic reflexive diary that will help you to fully analyze the progress of your project.
How to create a reflective diary in word?
Open Microsoft Word on your computer. Select a new blank document. Create a header at the top of the page with the title of your Diary, as well as a date. Write a short paragraph introducing the purpose of the diary and why you are recording your thoughts and reflections. Begin the text of your diary entries. Make sure to record the date for each entry, and be as descriptive as possible about your thoughts and feelings. Create separate sections for different topics. For example, if you are writing about different aspects of your job, create sections for each topic. Insert relevant images or diagrams to illustrate your points. Use bullet points or numbering to summarize ideas. Include quotes to emphasize your points. Reflect on what you have written and draw conclusions from your thoughts. Make sure to proofread and edit your entries to ensure they are clear and accurate. Save your document.
How to write percieve dairy?
Dear Diary, Today I feel so overwhelmed with stress. The amount of work I have to do seems never-ending and I'm struggling to keep up. On top of that, I'm trying to manage my social life, meet expectations, and stay on top of my grades. I'm having trouble figuring out how to balance it all. I feel guilty not being able to dedicate my full attention to one task. Everything feels like a competition, and I feel like I'm spinning my wheels and not making progress. Despite all this, I'm trying to remain positive. I'm trying to remind myself that success takes time and consistency. I'm trying to stay focused on the bigger goal and to take it one day at a time. I'm hoping that with a little bit of patience, I can find that balance and push through the stress. Sincerely, [Your Name]
How to write reflective diaries?
Start your reflective diary by writing down what happened in the day that you want to reflect on. Include any events, conversations, feelings, and thoughts that occurred throughout that day. Think about what emotions and thoughts this experience triggered within you. Take time to explore and write down how each event affected you. Ask yourself questions about the experience and list out any insights you’ve gathered. Examples may include: What were some of the underlying beliefs or values at play? What did I learn? What could I have done differently? Make connections between the experience and other parts of your life. Notice any similarities or patterns that the experience has helped you become aware of. Write down how you plan to make use of your reflections. What actions will you take or changes will you make as a result of what you’ve learned? Finish up your reflective diary entry by writing down any lingering questions or issues that you’d like to explore further.
How to write reflective diary notes (these needs to be dated) for an innovative sustainability idea?
11.08.20 - Today I read about an innovative sustainability idea called 'agrihoods.' It is a new kind of housing development where the whole surrounding neighborhood is dedicated to sustainable agriculture. It is really inspiring to see how this idea could revolutionize the way we live, work and play. I am excited to explore further and investigate how this type of development could be implemented in my local area. 12.08.20 - I spent the past few days researching the concept of agrihoods and the various benefits this type of sustainable development can bring. I feel energized and excited about the possibilities that this new concept could bring to my neighbourhood and the wider community. 13.08.20 - I've connected with local community members and organizations to get a better understanding of how we could create a successful agrihood in our area. It is great to see how passionate everyone is about making this vision a reality. I am excited to start putting together a plan to bring this idea to life. 14.08.20 - I have been exploring the different elements that will make up a successful agrihood in my area. It is important to consider how the land can be used in an ecologically responsible manner, what types of crops or produce should be grown, and how this development will benefit existing businesses and communities. 15.08.20 - I am nearing completion of my research and am very pleased with the progress I have made. I am eager to start the next phase of this project and am confident that I have all the necessary information to implement a successful agrihood in my area.
How to make reflection diary?
A reflection diary is a way to document your self-reflections on experiences, thoughts, and feelings. It is a powerful tool for personal development, growth, and self-awareness. Get a journal: Choose a journal that appeals to you, one that you can easily carry with you and won’t mind writing in regularly. Having a physical journal will make it easier to stay organized, rather than trying to keep your reflections in a document on your computer or phone. Set a schedule: A regular reflection time can help to become a habit and make sure nothing is missed. Decide how often you’d like to reflect. It could be once a day or once a week, whatever fits your schedule best. Decide what to write: You can reflect on anything that you’d like. You could write about something that happened during the day, or something that you’re feeling or thinking. Take notes: After you’ve decided on what you want to reflect on, start jotting down your thoughts. Every thought is valid and can be written down. Feel free to include your feelings, emotions, and reactions to whatever it is you’re reflecting on. Make a plan: After reflecting on an experience, use it to create goals and plans for the future. Ask yourself questions: What did I learn from this experience? What could I have done differently? How can I use this experience to improve in the future? Give yourself space: Reflection can often lead to feelings of guilt and regret, but you should also leave room to celebrate your successes and accomplishments. Reflecting on your experiences can help you to take responsibility for any mistakes, but it’s also important to recognize and appreciate the progress you’ve made.
How to fill school diary for reflection?
Reflect on key insights from the day: Take a few moments after school to reflect on the key takeaways from your day. Write down any key insights, thoughts, or questions that were sparked. Record any successes from the day: Take some time to record any successes, big or small, that happened during the day. It can be something as small as finally understanding a difficult concept, or as large as receiving recognition for an accomplishment. Consider what went right and what could have gone better: Take some time to reflect on what went well and what could have gone better throughout the day. What strategies worked? What strategies need to be improved? Take note of any emotional and physical feelings: This may seem like a strange one, but taking note of emotional and physical feelings can provide great insight into how your day was and potential areas of improvement. Was there stress and anxiety throughout the day? How were you feeling physically? Taking note of how your body reacted to various events can help you identify potential causes of stress or triumph. Set goals for tomorrow: Finally, take a few minutes to set goals for the next day. What do you want to accomplish? How can you be better? Where do you want to improve?
What are the events in your reflective diary?
Brainstorming Session: Reflecting on my ideas, successes, and challenges of the brainstorming session. Presentation: Making connections between my presentation and the content I presented, identifying areas to improve on for future presentations. Meeting: Self-reflection of how the meeting went and if the goals set were achieved. Team Project: Looking at what went well and what could have been handled better when working in a team setting. Learning Experience: Reflecting on what I learned and how it will help me in the future. Goal Setting: Considering whether I met the goals I set and if new goals should be created.
How to write a reflective diary?
Step 1: Choose a format. A reflective diary can be written in any format, such as a journal, a blog post, or a poem. Pick the format that works best for you and your goals. Step 2: Set aside time. Take the time to reflect and write your entries. You can do this daily, weekly, or monthly. Set aside at least 15 minutes for thoughtful reflection. Step 3: Brainstorm. Before you start writing, take a few moments to think about what you want to write about. What topics have been on your mind lately? Think about any challenges, successes, experiences, and other topics. Step 4: Write. Start writing your reflections. Keep your language genuine and honest. The goal is to capture your thoughts and feelings in an authentic way. Step 5: Read and review. After you’ve written your entry, take a few moments to read it and review it. Make sure that you’ve expressed yourself in a way that accurately captures your thoughts and feelings. Step 6: Look for patterns. As you write, look for patterns and themes in your entries. For example, if you’re reflecting on the same challenge or experience multiple times, it might be a sign that you should focus more on it.
How to create a creative visual reflection in diary entry?
Dear Diary, Today I had some time to myself and I decided to take a few moments to reflect on my life. I found this old painting that I had done a few months ago, and I couldn't believe how much I had changed since then. It was a surreal visualization of my journey from feeling lost and confused to discovering my true self. I took a few moments to study the colors, the details and the emotion that the painting evoked in me. The colors were bright and hopeful, even though there were still some gray mixed in. The detail was delicate and precise, representing the hard work and effort I have put in to get here. Most importantly, the emotion that the painting sparked was uplifting and encouraging. This painting was a visual representation of my journey and I am so proud of where I have gone. This reflection has been incredibly meaningful to me and it has reminded me to always stay humble and never regret the steps I have taken in life. Sincerely, Me
How to structure a reflective diary?
Start each entry with the date and time of the experience. Describe the experience. Include details such as the setting, events, people and conversations. Write down your thoughts and feelings at the time. Reflect upon the experience and how it made you feel. Make connections between the experience and your skills, values and beliefs. Consider the lessons you learned from the experience. Summarize what you have learned from the experience. Identify any action you will take as a result of the experience.

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Reflective Diaries Examples Example 1

Profile image of Saken Tleuberdin

As we shift from planning to designing and developing, there has been a team dynamic shift. We've known each other for a few weeks now; learning as we go about each other's strengths, weaknesses, characteristics and cultures. As the stress and time pressure has been prominent and ever-present this week, it has started to highlight the capabilities and personality of people in the team. I'm sure this isn't a new phenomenon, in fact, I warrant that most teams in the unit are experiencing something similar but in different ways. This week has shown that because we have failed to communicate to each other what we are doing at a given time, sometimes means that we take the back roads-the long way, to reach a goal that, if we worked as a team, could have been an easier journey, with less time spent. And I think we are aware of this problem, are already being reflective on it and are taking action. Slowly. In fact, I'm pretty sure following this iteration, we will all be sitting down to talk about this, and the role we all played in this miscommunication. It hasn't had an adverse effect on us or the project too much, but it is something we should sort out now before we get too far into the project. While I am learning about my team, I am also learning, for the umpteenth time, that I can only control and contribute so much. I'm a bit of a perfectionist, and this week has further emphasised that I only have some much time and skills to do things, and thus, I can't do everything. I always encounter this problem with a new group. Each time I get better, but it is something I still need to reflect and take a moment to assess, stop and relax or calm down and try a different way. So not much of a take away this week, nor prominent themes, but something to consider for the success of our team and our project. And I think, if we continue to identify problems, reflect and take action, we will get there. I just need to remember to breath and that things will get done. Example 2 This has been a hectic week with an unforeseen crisis. Iteration 'X' was around the corner and I found out that one of our core programmers has decided to take an intermission on Monday. Needless to say, this came as a shock to the entire team but it didn't really deter us from completing our goal as we respected his decision to leave. Of course, it would be disingenuous for me to say that I am not the least bit upset by this development but at the same time, I would be open to him coming back to us even after this episode. In short, I would still respect him if he came back rather than leaving us out to dry and this has shaken my trust in him in a professional capacity. Moving on, this has made my shortcomings in coding more apparent as I was still learning how to do UI design in Android studio. I felt quite useless outside of wrangling the data and all I could do was test the build in real time so xxxx could debug efficiently. To overcome this weakness, I have already gone through the java foundation note I got from my team, done a code academy course on Java and now I will be going over the Android Development notes to prepare myself for the upcoming crunch time before iteration 2 is due. Hopefully I can make it in time so that I can take on the 3 hours they spent working on the UI for a single page (Framingham Risk Score).

Related Papers

Lisa Childers

reflective diaries examples

This dissertation is an ethnographic study, accomplished through semi-structured interviews and participant observation, of the cultural world of third party Apple software developers who use Apple’s Cocoa libraries to create apps. It answers the questions: what motivates Apple developers’ devotion to Cocoa technology, and why do they believe it is a superior programming environment? What does it mean to be a “good” Cocoa programmer, technically and morally, in the Cocoa community of practice, and how do people become one? I argue that in this culture, ideologies, normative values, identities, affects, and practices interact with each other and with Cocoa technology in a seamless web, which I call a “techno-cultural frame.” This frame includes the construction of a developer’s identity as a vocational craftsman, and a utopian vision of software being developed by millions of small-scale freelance developers, or “indies,” rather than corporations. This artisanal production is made possible by the productivity gains of Cocoa technology, which ironically makes indies dependent on Apple for tools. This contradiction is reconciled through quasi-religious narratives about Apple and Steve Jobs, which enrolls developers into seeing themselves as partners in a shared mission with Apple to empower users with technology. Although Cocoa helps make software production easier, it is not a deskilling technology but requires extensive learning, because its design heavily incorporates patterns unfamiliar to many programmers. These concepts can only be understood holistically after learning has been achieved, which means that learners must undergo a process of conversion in their mindset. This involves learning to trust that Cocoa will benefit developers before they fully understand it. Such technical and normative lessons occur at sites where Cocoa is taught, such as the training company Big Nerd Ranch. Sharing of technical knowledge and normative practices also occurs in the Cocoa community, online through blog posts, at local club meetings, and at conferences such as Apple’s WWDC, which help to enroll developers into the Cocoa techno-cultural frame. Apple’s relationship with developers is symbiotic, but asymmetrical, yet despite Apple’s coercive power, members of the Cocoa community can influence Apple’s policies.

Khoa Đức Vũ

Camila Andrea Hurtado

Mary Beth Rosson

Abstract—Despite popular use of IM, Email, and other social software (eg, blogs and wikis) in collaborative work, the maintenance of project status awareness among team members remains a critical research problem. Team members often are silent while working on individual tasks until they reach critical issues, and maintain minimum awareness of others' work-in-progress in-between team meetings.

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Abstract Through this Master thesis we have studied acceptance of new developers in Open Source Software (OSS) projects. We have tried to identify the factors which influence acceptance and integration of new members. The thesis is based on empirical work, and we have participated in one small OSS project each. By small projects we mean projects with 10 or less developers.

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This Report provides a recommended CRM for Abtran and a framework which will help inform Abtran’s consultancy role in the utility sector.

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The Apothecary Diaries Episode 19 Spoilers: Maomao Solves the Palace Mystery

O ne of the most perfect examples of the butterfly effect is in  The Apothecary Diaries  episode 19 , wherein everything that had been happening over the previous  episodes  somehow seemed tied together with a single string. 

Titled “Chance or Something More,” the episode opens with Jinshi's court, where he sits with a frown. The concern stems from Maomao's indignant look from the previous episode when Jinshi informs Maomao of Lakan's intention to talk to her. Despite his constant worry, Gaoshun reminds him that attending to work is of utmost importance.

The episode then shifts to Lihaku approaching Maomao to discuss the events unfolding in the warehouse set on fire a few episodes ago. Likhaku informs Maomao that someone had stolen important ceremonial tools from the warehouse the same day. 

Moreover, the current warehouse manager got sick with food poisoning recently, and the last manager died due to a salt overdose. All these events, which once seemed to be unfolding in isolation, as Maomao speculates, might not be exactly coincidental. They may very well have been pre-planned to employ a much bigger plan. 

The Apothecary Diaries episode 19 recap: Maomao attempts to stop the royal ceremony

Lihaku mentions a court lady who, Maomao predicts, could be at the center of all these events. Suirei seemed to fit Lihaku's description of the court lady, but Maomao avoids throwing her under the bus based on conjecture. 

Soon, Jinshi summons Maomao, and she explains her findings to him. When Maomao seems reluctant to investigate further, Master Jinshi cleverly lures her to investigate using an Ox bezoar as bait. This naturally excites Maomao, and she agrees to work on the case. 

Later, with the demoted official's help, she looks through the archives only to realize that these events might not be entirely coincidental. With this realization, she runs towards the ceremony after she adds everything up. She understands that the noble who is performing the ceremony is in danger. 

As she reaches the ceremonial venue, a guard stops her questioning her authority. Though Maomao realizes that she has no right to interject the ceremony, she continues fighting with the guard until he loses his calm and lands a fatal blow on her face. 

The Apothecary Diaries episode 19 ending: Is Master Jinshi a prince?

As Maomao avoids losing consciousness and continues to argue with the guard, she agrees to put her life at risk just to be able to stop the ceremony. In the middle of the argument, Lakan appears behind Maomao, seemingly concerned that Maomao is hurt. Being an official of a higher rank, he persuades the guard to trust her words and let her in the ceremony. 

This interruption catches Maomao off-guard, but she reminds herself that she can’t worry about who the voice belongs to. As such, she uses the opportunity to sneak past the guard and run toward the ceremonial hall. 

Right as she barges in, the ceiling comes crashing down towards the noble performing the ceremony. Without a second's delay, Maomao manages to sneak past the guard, thereby saving the noble's life. Though she gets injured, she looks up to find herself in Jinshi's lap. With that, she crashes down on him.

A worried Jinshi then carries the unconscious Maomao as blood drops down from her injured leg. Moreover, Lakan's surprised face indicates that he might care for Maomao. However, only the upcoming episodes can reveal his true intentions. With Jinshi, whose identity as a person of noble importance has now been revealed, walking slowly as he carries Maomao, the episode comes to an end. 

The post The Apothecary Diaries Episode 19 Spoilers: Maomao Solves the Palace Mystery appeared first on ComingSoon.net - Movie Trailers, TV & Streaming News, and More .

The Apothecary Diaries Episode 19 Spoilers: Maomao Solves the Palace Mystery

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  1. How To Write A Good Reflective Diary

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  3. (PDF) Workplace diaries promoting reflective practice in radiation

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  4. Reflective Diary Sample

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  5. If you need to write a reflective journal, then this reflective journal

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  6. (PDF) Developing research using reflective diaries

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  1. REFLECTIVE APPROACH

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COMMENTS

  1. How to Write a Reflective Diary: Tips, Prompts & More!

    Examples of a Reflective Diary & Journal There are many different ways to keep a reflective diary, and the format that works best for you may vary based on your personal preferences and goals. There is not limits or restrictions to how much formats you use.

  2. How to Write a Reflective Journal with Tips and Examples

    For example, who was there, what was the purpose of the event, what do you think about it, how does it make you feel, etc. Write down everything, even if you don't have a clear idea of how this information will be helpful. Here are some of the most common reasons why people find reflective journals so useful: To make sense of things that happened.

  3. Examples of Reflective Writing

    Some examples of reflective writing Social Science fieldwork report (methods section) Engineering Design Report Question: Discuss at least two things you learnt or discovered - for example about design or working in groups or the physical world - through participating in the Impromptu Design activities.

  4. How to Write Reflective Logs and Diaries

    Many find quicker and easier than a traditional hand-written diary. For others, the physical process of writing something by hand can help stimulate their reflective mindset. Furthermore, some courses provide structured log entry forms that students must use.

  5. How To Produce A Reflective Learning Diary

    Reflective learning diaries - sometimes called 'learning journals' or 'learning logs' - are personal records about a person's experiences of learning. They may simply list the things learned in a day, or over a longer period, with comments on why they are important.

  6. PDF Reflective diaries as a means of facilitating and assessing reflection

    The context of the case study The Postgraduate Diploma/Master in Education (PgD/MEd) in Teaching in Higher Education at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University is a course designed for in-service tertiary teachers with the overall aim of enhancing the students' teaching through reflective practice.

  7. PDF Writing a reflective log

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  8. Reflective writing

    They will often record this in some way such as in a lab book and this questioning approach is a form of reflective writing. 6. In academic writing. Many students will be asked to include some form of reflection in an academic assignment, for example when relating a topic to their real life circumstances.

  9. Reflective Journal Template

    Template for Reflective Journals. Many fields have adopted the reflective journal template, including journals for art, law and social science. The reflective diary format makes it simple to apply critical thinking to nearly any type of creative endeavor. Examples include creation journals for artists, log books for scientists, and reflective ...

  10. The Nature and Importance of Reflection and Keeping a Reflective Diary

    619 Accesses Abstract This chapter will introduce you to a key underlying feature of Reflective Goal Setting—on-going written reflection. It will firstly outline what we mean by reflection and other associated terms such as reflexivity, whilst sharing some key theories and frameworks.

  11. 13 Self Reflection Worksheets & Templates to Use in Therapy

    Fostering Reflection Skills: The Basics. While reflection has no single, universal definition, Aronson (2011, p. 200) frames it as the "process of analyzing, questioning, and reframing an experience in order to make an assessment of it for the purposes of learning (reflective learning) and/or improve practice (reflective practice)." It has multiple uses in various contexts.

  12. Reflective blogs/journals/diaries

    Contact us Reflective blogs/journals/diaries Guidance and information on using reflective blogs, journals or diaries. A reflective blog, journal or diary requires multiple entries and is often used to track, evidence and monitor development over time. The development often refers to either a project or the development of the reflector, or both.

  13. Reflective Journal: How to Write One and Prompts

    Keeping a reflective journal is one of the most common ways of keeping a diary. Many people use it to write about their experiences, impressions, feelings, or doubts to gain an insight into their inner life. ... Examples of reflection-on-action: Recalling the details of a specific event; Thinking about various solutions to it;

  14. Reflective Journals and Learning Logs

    For example, At the pre-game parties outside the stadium I saw student groups guzzling buckets of beer. Questions Upon reflection, the student could ask the question, Why do the all of the student groups drink together at football games but don't seem to get along when they don't drink? Speculations

  15. Reflective Journal

    A reflective journal can help you to identify important learning events that had happened in your life. The events include your relationships, careers and personal life. By writing a reflective diary, you can find the source of your inspiration that defines you today. A reflective journal also provides a better understanding of your thought ...

  16. Structure of academic reflections

    Reflective journals/diaries/blogs and other pieces of assessed reflection. The example structure above works particularly well for formal assignments such as reflective essays and reports. Reflective journal/blogs and other pieces of assessed reflections tend to be less formal both in language and structure, however you can easily adapt the ...

  17. The power of reflective diaries as an evaluation tool

    The power of reflective diaries as an evaluation tool. The popularity of reflective practice is growing, with the use of mentoring, workshops and diaries becoming commonplace. Reflection is used to promote learning and greater independence in learning by bringing learning itself to consciousness and making it explicit (Watkins, 2001).

  18. How to Write a Reflective Diary?

    Focus on key points and ideas, as shown in our reflective diary example. Include mistakes as well as successes: Mistakes happen and it is okay to admit making one.

  19. PDF Reflective diary

    INSPIRING AND PREPARING TOMORROW'S DOCTORS Reflective diary MY ROUTE TO BECOMING A DOCTOR Where do I start? GCSE / Scottish Nationals All medical schools require different things, as a rough guide they'll ask for a minimum of five GCSE/Scottish National passes at grades A-C (9-4) or equivalent including subjects such as Maths and English. Top tip!

  20. Reflexive journals in qualitative research

    See for example Barry and O'Callaghan (2009), using diaries to record the experiences of student therapists in a hospital setting. Reflexive journals can also be used in autoethnography, or other qualitative research that focuses on the researcher as the participant or main focus of the study or context.

  21. 50 Best Reflective Essay Examples (+Topic Samples)

    Reflective Essay Examples 50 Best Reflective Essay Examples (+Topic Samples) If you have ever read reflective essay examples, you would know that these types of written works examine the writer's life experiences.

  22. Reflective Writing: Students' Diaries to Improve the Teaching and

    January 2009. Di ZHANG. The purpose of this thesis is to introduce the blogging phenomenon and the effectiveness of using blog exchanges for English writing. Firstly the thesis points out that the ...

  23. Reflective Diaries Examples Example 1

    Reflective Diaries Examples Example 1 As we shift from planning to designing and developing, there has been a team dynamic shift. We've known each other for a few weeks now; learning as we go about each other's strengths, weaknesses, characteristics and cultures. As the stress and time pressure has been prominent and ever-present this week ...

  24. The Apothecary Diaries Episode 19 Spoilers: Maomao Solves the ...

    One of the most perfect examples of the butterfly effect is in The Apothecary Diaries episode 19, wherein everything that had been happening over the previous episodes somehow seemed tied together ...